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PLANT CLASSIFICATION

Plant classification is the method of organizing plants in an order based on the features they have in common. The science of classification of plants is known as plant taxonomy. Plant taxonomy includes finding, identification, description, classification and naming plants. Classification of plants includes identification and naming of the organisms, it also ensures that the plants is given correct definition of the organism and establishes an individual unit in the living world

Plant Classification Chart

Plant Classification Chart

PLANT CLASSIFICATION Plant classification is the method of organizing plants in an order based on the

Classification System

Earlier fungi and some members of the Monera and Protists which have cell walls were included with the Plantae. Now, plants are classified as algae, bryophytes, pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms.

The earliest classification systems used only morphological characters, they mainly considered vegetative characters like structure of androecium. This artificial system of classification separated species that were closely related and considered only few characteristics. This system gave importance to vegetative and sexual characteristics, where as vegetative characteristics are affected by the environment.

The natural classification system is based on natural affinities among the organisms, and also internal features like ultrastructure, anatomy, embryology and phytochemistry.

The phylogenetic classification systems is based on evolutionary relationships between various organisms.

Numerical taxonomy is carried out based on observable characters which are assigned numbers and codes and are then processed as data.

Cytotaxonomy considers cytological information like chromosome number structure and behavior.

Chemotaxonomy uses chemical constituents of plants.

Algae

Algae are organisms bearing chlorophyll, they are simple, thalloid, atutotrophic and mostly aquatic organisms. They are both fresh water and marine organisms. They occur in a variety

of habitats and also in association with fungi as animals. They are of variable sizes, they may be microscopic like Chlamydomonas and colonial forms like Volvox, few marine forms like kelps form massive plant bodies. Reproduction in algae is by vegetative, asexual and

sexual

methods.

 Numerical taxonomy is carried out based on observable characters which are assigned numbers and codes

Algae are useful in many ways:

They can fix carbon dioxide through photosynthesis.

They increase the level of dissolved oxygen in their immediate environment.

They are important as they are primary producers which form basis of the food cycle of all aquatic organisms.

Bryophytes

The bryophytes include organisms like mosses and liverworts, they are commonly found growing in moist shaded areas in the hills.

Bryophytes are known as amphibians of the plant kingdom cause they live in soil but are dependent on water for sexual reproduction.

They occur in damp, humid habitats.

These plants plants lack true roots, stem or leaves or they may possess root-like, leaf-like or stem-like structures.

These are of little economic importance but some act like food for herbaceous mammals, birds and other animals.

 Bryophytes are known as amphibians of the plant kingdom cause they live in soil but

Pteridophytes

Pteridophytes include horsetails and ferns.

 

They are mostly used for medicinal purposes and soil-binders. They are also grown as ornamentals.

Pteridophytes are the first plants to possess vascular tissues xylem and phloem.

These are present conditions.

in

cool, damp, shady place

and flourish

well in sandy-soil

The main plant body of the pteridophyte is a sporophytes and it is differentiated into true root, stem and leaves.

They have well differentiated vascular tissue.

 

The gametophytes require cool, damp, shady places to grow and hence they are restricted to narrow geographical regions.

 The gametophytes require cool, damp, shady places to grow and hence they are restricted to

Gymnosperms

Gymnosperms are plants in which the ovules are not enclosed by any ovary wall and they remain exposed both before and after fertilization.

These seeds develop post fertilization and are not covered, hence naked.

The gymnopserms includes medium-sized or tall tress and shrubs.

The leaves may be simple or compound and they can withstand extreme temperature, humidity and wind.

The gymnosperms are heterosporous and have a sporophyte dominant life cycle while the gametophytes phase is relatively short.

They have many economic uses, like pine, spruce, fir and cedar are used for lumber.

Some of them are also used as soap, nail polish, varnish, gum, food and perfumes.

 The gametophytes require cool, damp, shady places to grow and hence they are restricted to

Angiosperms

Angiosperms are flowering plants; they have developed structures called flowers.

 

The seeds of these plants are enclosed by fruits.

 

These plants occur in a wide range of habitats.

They provide commercially important products like food, fodder, fuel, medicines, etc.

They

are

majorly

divided

into

two

classes

-

the

dicotyledons

and

the

monocotyledons.

 

The characteristics of angiosperm include flowers, seeds which contain endosperm and the production of fruits which enclose the seeds.

Angiosperms  Angiosperms are flowering plants; they have developed structures called flowers.  The seeds ofhttp://biology.tutorvista.com/plant-kingdom/plant-classification.html Classification of Flowering Plant Families The table gives the classification of Plant Families according to APG III CLADE: Unplaced CLADE: Magnoliids CLADE: Monocots CLADE: Commelinids (A clade in Monocots) Superorder: Superorder: Order: " id="pdf-obj-4-79" src="pdf-obj-4-79.jpg">

Classification of Flowering Plant Families

The table gives the classification of Plant Families according to APG III

CLADE: Unplaced

CLADE: Magnoliids

CLADE: Monocots

CLADE:Commelinids

 

(A clade in Monocots)

 

Superorder:

Superorder:

Order:

Superorder:

MAGNOLIANAE

LILIANAE

Not placed yet

AMBORELLANAE

Family:

Order:

Order:

Dasypogonaceae

Order:

Canellales

Acorales

Amborallales

Families:

Family:

Order:

Family:

Canellaceae

Acoraceae

Arecales

Amborellaceae

Winteraceae

Family:

Order:

Arecaceae

Superorder:

Order:

Alismatales

NYMPHAEANAE

Piperales

Families:

Order:

Families:

Alismataceae

Commelinales

Order:

Aristolochiaceae

Aponogetonaceae

Families:

Nymphaeales

Hydnoraceae

Araceae

Commelinaceae

Families:

Lactoridaceae

Butomaceae

Haemodoraceae

Cabombaceae

Piperaceae

Cymodoceaceae

Hanguanaceae

Hydatellaceae

Saururaceae

Hydrocharitaceae

Philydraceae

Nymphaeaceae

Juncaginaceae

Pontaderiaceae

Order:

Posidoniaceae

Superorder:

Laurales

Potamogetonaceae

Order:

AUSTROBAILEYANAE

Families:

Ruppiaceae

Poales

Atherospermataceae

Scheuchzeriaceae

Families:

Order:

Calycanthaceae

Tofieldiaceae

Anarthriaceae

Austrobaileyales

Gomortegaceae

Zosteraceae

Bromeliaceae

Families:

Hernandiaceae

Centrolepidaceae

Austrobaileyaceae

Lauraceae

Order:

Cyperaceae

Schisandraceae

Monimiaceae

Petrosaviales

Ecdeiocoleaceae

Trimeniaceae

Siparunaceae

Family:

Eriocaulaceae

Petrosaviaceae

Flagelliariaceae

Order:

Order:

Joinvilleaceae

Chloranthales

Magnoliales

Order:

Juncaceae

Family:

Families:

Dioscoreales

Mayacaceae

Chloranthaceae

Annonaceae

Families:

Poaceae

Degeneriaceae

Burmanniaceae

Rapateaceae

Eupomatiaceae

Dioscoreaceae

Restionaceae

Himantandraceae

Nartheciaceae

Thurniaceae

Magnoliaceae

Typhaceae

Myristicaceae

Order:

Xyridaceae

Pandanales

Families:

Order:

Cyclanthaceae

Zingiberales

Pandanaceae

Families:

Stemonaceae

Cannaceae

Triuridaceae

Costaceae

Velloziaceae

Heliconiaceae

Lowiaceae

Order:

Marantaceae

Liliales

Musaceae

Families:

Strelitziaceae

   

Alstroemeriaceae

Zingiberaceae

Campynemataceae

Colchicaceae

Corsiaceae

Liliaceae

Melanthiaceae

Petermanniaceae

Philesiaceae

Ripogonaceae

Smilacaceae

Order:

Asparagales

Families:

Amaryllidaceae

Asparagaceae

Asteliaceae

Blandfordiaceae

Boryaceae

Doryanthaceae

Hypoxidaceae

Iridaceae

Ixioliriaceae

Lanariaceae

Orchidaceae

Tecophilaeaceae

Xanthorrhoeaceae

Xeronemataceae

CLADE: Eudicots

CLADE: Core Eudicots

CLADE: Rosid

CLADE: Fabids

s

(A clade in

(A clade in

Rosids)

Core Eudicots)

Superorder:

Superorder:

Superorder:

Superorder:

CERATOPHYLLANA

MYROTHAMNANAE

ROSANAE

ROSANAE

E

Order:

Order:

Order:

Order:

Gunnerales

Vitales

Zygophyllales

Ceratophyllales

Families:

Family:

Families:

Family:

Gunneraceae

Vitaceae

Krameriaceae

Ceratophyllaceae

Myrothamnaceae

Zygophyllaceae

Superorder:

Superorder:

Order:

RANUNCULANAE

Not placed yet

 

Celastrales

Families:

Order:

Order:

Celastraceae

Ranunculales

Not placed yet

Lepidobotryacea

Families:

Family:

e

Berberidaceae

Dilleniaceae

Circaeasteraceae

Order:

Eupteleaceae

Superorder:

Oxidales

Lardizabalaceae

Not placed yet

Families:

Menispermaceae

Brunelliaceae

Papaveraceae

Order:

Cephalotaceae

Ranunculaceae

Saxifragales

Connaraceae

Families:

Cunoniaceae

Order:

Altingiaceae

Elaeocarpaceae

Not placed yet

Aphanopetalaceae

Huaceae

Family:

Cercidiphyllaceae

Oxalidaceae

Sabiaceae

Crassulaceae

Daphniphyllaceae

Order:

Superorder:

Grossulariaceae

Malpighiales

PROTEANAE

Haloragaceae

Families:

Hamamelidaceae

Achariaceae

Order:

Iteaceae

Balanopaceae

Proteales

Paeoniaceae

Bonnetiaceae

Families:

Penthoraceae

Calophyllaceae

Nelumbonaceae

Peridiscaceae

Caryocaraceae

Platanaceae

Saxifragaceae

Centroplacaceae

Proteaceae

Tetracarpaeaceae

Chrysobalanacea

e

Superorder:

Superorder:

Clusiaceae

TROCHODENDRANA

BERBERIDOPSIDAN

Ctenolophonacea

e

E

AE

Dichapetalaceae

Order:

Trochodendrales

Order:

Berberidopsidales

Elatinaceae

Family:

Trochodendraceae

Families:

Aextoxicaceae

Berberidopsidaceae

Erythroxylaceae

Euphorbiaceae

Euphroniaceae

Goupiaceae

Superorder:

BUXANAE

Superorder:

SANTALANAE

Humiriaceae

Hypericaceae

Order:

Irvingiaceae

Buxales

Order:

Ixonanthaceae

Families:

Santalales

Lacistemataceae

Buxaceae

Families:

Linaceae

Haptanthaceae

Balanophoraceae

 

Lophopyxidaceae

Loranthaceae

Malpighiaceae

Misodendraceae

Ochnaceae

Santalaceae

Pandaceae

Olacaceae

Passifloraceae

Opiliaceae

Phyllanthaceae

Schoepfiaceae

Picrodendraceae

Podostemaceae

Superorder:

Putranjivaceae

CARYOPHYLLANAE

Rafflesiaceae

Rhizophoraceae

Order:

Salicaceae

Caryophyllales

Trigoniaceae

Families:

Violaceae

Achatocarpaceae

Aizoaceae

Order:

Amaranthaceae

Cucurbitales

Anacampserotaceae

Families:

Ancistrocladaceae

Anisophylleaceae

Asteropeiaceae

Begoniaceae

Barbeuiaceae

Coriariaceae

Basellaceae

Corynocarpaceae

Cactaceae

Cucurbitaceae

Caryophyllaceae

Datiscaceae

Didiereaceae

Tetramelaceae

Dioncophyllaceae

Droseraceae

Order:

Drosophyllaceae

Fabales

Frankeniaceae

Families:

Gisekiaceae

Fabaceae

Halophytaceae

Polygalaceae

Limeaceae

Quillajaceae

Lophiocarpaceae

Surianaceae

Molluginaceae

Montiaceae

Order:

Nepenthaceae

Fagales

Nyctaginaceae

Families:

Physenaceae

Betulaceae

Phytolaccaceae

Casuarinaceae

Plumbaginaceae

Fagaceae

Polygonaceae

Juglandaceae

Portulacaceae

Myricaceae

Rhabdodendraceae

Nothofagaceae

 

Sarcobataceae

 

Ticodendraceae

Simmondsiaceae

Stegnospermataceae

Order:

Talinaceae

Rosales

Tamaricaceae

Families:

Barbeyaceae

Cannabaceae

Dirachmaceae

Elaeagnaceae

Moraceae

Rhamnaceae

Rosaceae

Ulmaceae

Urticaceae

CLADE: Malvids (A clade in

CLADE: Asterids (A clade in

CLADE: Lamiids (A clade in

CLADE: Campanulid s

Rosids)

Core Eudicots)

Asterids)

(A clade in

Asterids)

Superorder:

Superorder:

Superorder:

Superorder:

ROSANAE

ASTERANAE

ASTERANAE

ASTERANAE

Order:

Order:

Orders:

Order:

Geraniales

Cornales

Not placed yet

Aquifoliales

Families:

Families:

Families:

Families:

Geraniaceae

Cornaceae

Boraginaceae

Aquifoliaceae

Melianthaceae

Curtisiaceae

Vahliaceae

Cardiopteridaceae

Vivianiaceae

Grubbiaceae

Icacinaceae

Helwingiaceae

Hydrangeaceae

Metteniusaceae

Phyllonomaceae

Order:

Hydrostachyacea

Oncothecaceae

Stemonuraceae

Myrtales

e

Families:

Loasaceae

Order:

Order:

Alzateaceae

Garryales

Asterales

Combretaceae

Order:

Families:

Families:

Crypteroniaceae

Ericales

Eucommiaceae

Alseuosmiaceae

Lythraceae

Families:

Garryaceae

Argophyllaceae

Melastomataceae

Actinidiaceae

Asteraceae

Myrtaceae

Balsaminaceae

Order:

Calyceraceae

Onagraceae

Clethraceae

Gentianales

Campanulaceae

Penaeaceae

Cyrillaceae

Families:

Goodeniaceae

Vochysiaceae

Diapensiaceae

Apocynaceae

Menyanthaceae

Order:

Ebenaceae

Gelsemiaceae

Pentaphragmaracea

Crossosomatales

Ericaceae

Gentianaceae

e

Families:

Fouquieriaceae

Loganiaceae

Phellinaceae

Aphloiaceae

Lecythidaceae

Rubiaceae

Rousseaceae

Crossosomataceae

Marcgraviaceae

Stylidiaceae

Geissolomataceae

Mitrastemonacea

Order:

Guamatelaceae

e

Lamiales

Order:

Stachyuraceae

Pentaphylacacea

Families:

Escalloniales

Staphyleaceae

e

Acanthaceae

Family:

Strasburgeriaceae

Polemoniaceae

Bignoniaceae

Escalloniaceae

Primulaceae

Byblidaceae

Order:

Roridulaceae

Calceolariaceae

Order:

Picramniales

Sapotaceae

Carlemanniaceae

Bruniales

Family:

Sarraceniaceae

Gesneriaceae

Families:

Picramniaceae

Sladeniaceae

Lamiaceae

Bruniaceae

Styracaceae

Linderniaceae

Columelliaceae

Order:

Symplocaceae

Lentibulariaceae

Huerteales

Tetrameristaceae

Martyniaceae

Order:

Families:

Theaceae

Oleaceae

Paracryphiales

Dipentodontaceae

Orobanchaceae

Family:

Gerrardinaceae

Paulowniaceae

Paracryphiaceae

Tapisciaceae

Pediliaceae

Phrymaceae

Plantaginaceae

Plocospermatacea

Order:

Order:

Dipsacales

Brassicales

Families:

Families:

e

Adoxaceae

Akaniaceae

Schlegeliaceae

Caprifoliaceae

Bataceae

Scrophulariaceae

Brassicaceae

Stilbaceae

Tetrachondraceae

Order:

Capparaceae

Apiales

Caricaceae

Thomandersiaceae

Families:

Cleomaceae

Verbenaceae

Apiaceae

Emblingiaceae

Araliaceae

Gyrostemonaceae

Order:

Griseliniaceae

Koeberliniaceae

Solanales

Myodocarpaceae

Limnanthaceae

Families:

Pennantiaceae

Moringaceae

Convolvulaceae

Pittosporaceae

Pentadiplandracea

Hydroleaceae

Torricelliaceae

e

Montiniaceae

Resedaceae

Solanaceae

Salvadoraceae

Sphenocleaceae

Setchellanthaceae

Tovariaceae

Tropaeolaceae

     

Order:

Malvales

Families:

Bixaceae

Cistaceae

Cytinaceae

Dipterocarpaceae

Malvaceae

Muntingiaceae

Neuradaceae

Sarcolaenaceae

Sphaerosepalacea

e

Thymelaceae

Order:

Sapindales

Families:

Anacardiaceae

Biebersteiniaceae

Burseraceae

Kirkiaceae

Meliaceae

Nitrariaceae

Rutaceae

Sapindaceae

Simaroubaceae

Classification of Flowering Plant Families

The table gives the traditional classification of Plant Families into their Orders and Superorders, in the Subclasses Dicotyledonae and Monocotyledonae, in the Class Gymnospermae

SUBCLASS: DICOTYLEDONAE

SUPERORDER:

SUPERORDER:

SUPERORDER:

SUPERORDER:

Magnoliidae

Hamamelidae

Caryophyllidae

Dilleniidae

Order:

Order:

Order:

Order:

Magnoliales

Trochodendrales

Caryophyllales

Dilleniales

Families:

Family:

Families:

Families:

Magnoliaceae

Trochodendraceae

Cactaceae

Dilleniaceae

Winteraceae

Aizoaceae

Paeoniaceae

Himantandraceae

Order:

Caryophyllaceae

Crossosomataceae

Cannellaceae

Hamamelidales

Nyctaginaceae

Annonaceae

Families:

Amaranthaceae

Order:

Myristicaceae

Cercidiphyllaceae

Phytolaccaceae

Theales

Degeneriaceae

Platanaceae

Chenopodiaceae

Families:

Hamamelidaceae

Didiereaceae

Theaceae

Order:

Portulacaceae

Ochnaceae

Illiciales

Order:

Basellaceae

Dipterocarpaceae

Families:

Eucommiales

Clusiaceae

Illiciaceae

Family:

Order:

Elatinaceae

Schisandraceae

Eucommiaceae

Batales

Quiinaceae

Family:

Marcgraviaceae

Order:

Order:

Batidaceae

Laurales

Leitneriales

Order:

Families:

Family:

Order:

Malvales

Austrobaileyaceae

Leitneriaceae

Polygonales

Families:

Lactoridaceae

Family:

Scytopetalaceae

Eupomatiaceae

Order:

Polygonaceae

Elaeocarpaceae

Gomortegaceae

Myricales

Tiliaceae

Monimiaceae

Family:

Order:

Sterculiaceae

Calycanthaceae

Myricaceae

Plumbaginales

Bombacaceae

Chloranthaceae

Family:

Malvaceae

Lauraceae

Order:

Plumbaginaceae

Sphaerosepalacea

Hernandiaceae

Fagales

e

Families:

Sarcolaenaceae

Order:

Betulaceae

Piperales

Fagaceae

Order:

Families:

Balanopaceae

Urticales

Piperaceae

Order:

Families:

Saururaceae

Ulmaceae

Peperomiaceae

Casuarinales

Moraceae

Family:

Urticaceae

Order:

Casuarinaceae

Aristolochiales

Order:

Families:

Lecythidales

Aristolochiaceae

Family:

Nepenthaceae

Lecythidaceae

Order:

   

Order:

Nymphaeales

Violales

Families:

Families:

Ceratophyllaceae

Violaceae

Nymphaeaceae

Flacourtiaceae

Lacistemataceae

Order:

Passifloraceae

Ranunculales

Turneraceae

Families:

Malesherbiaceae

Berberidaceae

Fouquieriaceae

Ranunculaceae

Caricaceae

Lardizabalaceae

Bixaceae

Menispermaceae

Cochlospermaceae

Cistaceae

Order:

Tamaricaceae

Papaverales

Ancistrocladaceae

Families:

Frankeniaceae

Papaveraceae

Achariaceae

Fumariaceae

Begoniaceae

Loasaceae

Order:

Datiscaceae

Sarraceniales

Cucurbitaceae

Family:

Sarraceniaceae

Order:

Salicales

Family:

Salicaceae

Order:

Capparales

Families:

Capparaceae

Tovariaceae

Brassicaceae

Resedaceae

Moringaceae

Order:

Ericales

Families:

Clethraceae

Grubbiaceae

Cyrillaceae

     

Ericaceae

Epacridaceae

Empetraceae

Pyrolaceae

Order:

Diapensales

Family:

Diapensiaceae

Order:

Ebenales

Families:

Sapotaceae

Ebenaceae

Styracaceae

Order:

Primulales

Families:

Primulaceae

Myrsinaceae

SUPERORDER:

SUPERORDER:

SUPERORDER: Alismatida

Rosidae

Asteridae

e

Order:

Order:

Order:

Rosales

Gentianales

Alismatales

Families:

Families:

Families:

Cunoniaceae

Loganiaceae

Butomaceae

Pittosporaceae

Gentianaceae

Limnocharitaceae

Droseraceae

Apocynaceae

Alismataceae

Brunelliaceae

Asclepiadaceae

Eucryphiaceae

Oleaceae

Order:

Bruniaceae

Hydrocharitales

Rosaceae

Order:

Family:

Crassulaceae

Polemoniales

Hydrocharitaceae

Cephalotaceae

Families:

Chrosobalanaceae

Nolanaceae

Order:

Solanaceae

Najadales

Order:

Convolvulaceae

Families:

Fabales

Menyanthaceae

Aponogetonaceae

Families:

Lennoaceae

Scheuchzeriaceae

Papilionaceae

Polemoniaceae

Juncaginaceae

Caesalpiniaceae

Ehretiaceae

Lilaeaceae

Mimosaceae

Hydrophyllaceae

Najadaceae

Boraginaceae

Potamogetonaceae

Order:

Zannichelliaceae

Podostemales

Order:

Ruppiaceae

Family:

Lamiales

Zosteraceae

Podostemaceae

Families:

Posidoniaceae

Verbenaceae

Cymodoceaceae

Order:

Lamiaceae

Haloragales

Tetrachondraceae

Order:

Families:

Callitrichaceae

Triuridales

Theligonaceae

Phrymaceae

Family:

Haloragaceae

Triuridaceae

Hippuridaceae

Order:

Plantaginales

Order:

Family:

Myrtales

Plantaginaceae

Families:

Sonneratiaceae

Order:

Trapaceae

Scrophulariales

Lythraceae

Families:

Rhizophoraceae

Columelliaceae

Penaeaceae

Myoporaceae

Thymelaeaceae

Scrophulariaceae

Myrtaceae

Globulariaceae

Punicaceae

Gesneriaceae

Onagraceae

Orobanchaceae

Oliniaceae

Bignoniaceae

Melastomataceae

Acanthaceae

Combretaceae

Pedaliaceae

Hydrostachydaceae

Order:

Martyniaceae

Cornales

Lentibulariaceae

Families:

Nyssaceae

Order:

Garryaceae

Campanulales

Alangiaceae

Families:

Cornaceae

Campanulaceae

Lobeliaceae

Order:

Stylidiaceae

Proteales

Brunoniaceae

Families:

Goodeniaceae

 

Elaeagnaceae

Protaceae

Order:

Rubiales

Order:

Family:

Santales

Rubiaceae

Families:

Santalaceae

Order:

Medusandraceae

Dipsacales

Olacaceae

Families:

Loranthaceae

Adoxaceae

Misodendraceae

Caprifoliaceae

Cynomoriaceae

Valerianaceae

Balanophoraceae

Dipsacaceae

Calyceraceae

Order:

Rafflesiales

Order:

Families:

Asterales

Rafflesiaceae

Family:

Hydnoraceae

Asteraceae

Order:

Celastrales

Families:

Geissolomataceae

Celastraceae

Stackhousiaceae

Salvadoraceae

Corynocarpaceae

Icacinaceae

Aquifoliaceae

Dichapetalaceae

Order:

Euphorbiales

Families:

Buxaceae

Pandaceae

Euphorbiaceae

Order:

Rhamnales

Families:

Rhamnaceae

   

Vitaceae

Order:

Sapindales

Families:

Staphyleaceae

Melianthaceae

Connaraceae

Sapindaceae

Sabiaceae

Julianiaceae

Hippocastanaceae

Aceraceae

Burseraceae

Anacardiaceae

Simaroubaceae

Coriariaceae

Meliaceae

Cneoraceae

Rutaceae

Zygophyllaceae

Order:

Juglandales

Family:

Juglandaceae

Order:

Geraniales

Families:

Houmiriaceae

Linaceae

Geraniaceae

Oxalidaceae

Erythroxylaceae

Limnanthaceae

Balsaminaceae

Tropaeolaceae

Order:

Polygalales

Families:

Malphighiaceae

   

Trigoniaceae

Tremandraceae

Vochysiaceae

Polygalaceae

Krameriaceae

Order:

Umbellales

Families:

Araliaceae

Apiaceae

SUPERORDER: Commelinida e

SUPERORDER: Arecidae

SUPERORDER: Liliidae

Order:

Order:

Order:

Commelinales

Arecales

Liliales

Families:

Family:

Families:

Xyridaceae

Arecaceae

Pontederiaceae

Rapateaceae

Philydraceae

Mayacaceae

Order:

Iridaceae

Commelinaceae

Cyclanthales

Liliaceae

Family:

Amaryllidaceae

Order:

Cyclanthaceae

Agavaceae

Eriocaulales

Xanthorrhoeaceae

Family:

Order:

Velloziaceae

Eriocaulaceae

Pandanales

Haemodoraceae

Family:

Taccaceae

Order:

Pandanaceae

Stemonaceae

Restionales

Smilacaceae

Families:

Order:

Dioscoreaceae

Flagellariaceae

Arales

Centrolepidaceae

Families:

Order:

Restionaceae

Lemnaceae

Orchidales

Araceae

Families:

Order:

Burmanniaceae

Poales

Orchidaceae

Family:

Poaceae

Order:

Juncales

   

Families:

Juncaceae

Thurniaceae

Order:

Cyperales

Family:

Cyperaceae

Order:

Typhales

Families:

Typhaceae

Sparganiaceae

Order:

Bromeliales

Family:

Bromeliaceae

Order:

Zingiberales

Families:

Musaceae

Strelitziaceae

Zingiberaceae

Cannaceae

Marantaceae