26 views

Uploaded by Vincent Oryang

Geotechnics

save

- Aurahi 1 Estimate
- Anexo #2 - Memoria de Calculo Muro de Contencion
- R-05-CIV-PE
- Bearing Capacity 120405032828 Phpapp01
- 2001-2 The Versatile Canopies
- DeepMix1
- International Journal of Engineering Research and Development (IJERD)
- 13875
- BEARING CAPACITY OF THE WORKING PLATFORM WITH KINEMATIC METHOD
- @_Summary of Rubble Mound Breakwater Design Equations
- 86877098 Well Foundation
- btech_acadcivil4
- video_3
- 503-543
- 4.2_Ultimate Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations (Part 2)
- Curriculum Vitae ABD RAHMAN
- Inside. Okx
- BENTOFIX® GEOSYNTHETIC CLAY LINERS
- RingGirder
- Consolidation test.docx
- NEDUET Geotech Seminar
- F1
- Granular Piles
- Who's Who in Spanish Road Infrastructure Technology. Ed. 3ª, 2012.pdf
- civilbtech.pdf
- Chap 4 Structures.pptx
- Tall Trends of 2013
- Professional Training Course in Civil & Structural Design Engineering
- DD Curriculum
- 216_1.pdf
- indian_sugar_industry.pdf
- My Steel-Tables.pdf
- UserGuide(DEPR).pdf
- 021-1700-030e-09a_Bridges.pdf
- ThinkArchitecture[1].pdf
- 7262 samsung manual.pdf
- HP Designjet 510 Printer Series User Guide
- Katalog_techniczny_Grey_EN_36str2.pdf
- 54_Uganda_Code.pdf
- 28127668 Std Formulae Electrical Engr[1]
- Information Technology.pdf
- Types of Construction Contracts and Their Comparison
- surface developments
- 29051718 Calculating Motor Speed Formula[1]
- Bridges design
- 54 Uganda Code
- 03 Biological Treatment

You are on page 1of 8

What is bearing capacity of Soil?

**The bearing capacity of soil is defined as the capacity of the soil to bear the loads
**

coming from the foundation. The pressure which the soil can easily withstand

against load is called allowable bearing pressure.

**Following are some types of bearing capacity of soil:
**

Ultimate bearing capacity of soil (qu)

**The gross pressure at the base of the foundation at which soil fails is called ultimate
**

bearing capacity.

Net ultimate bearing capacity (qnu)

**By neglecting the overburden pressure from ultimate bearing capacity we will get
**

net ultimate bearing capacity.

Where = unit weight of soil, Df = depth of foundation

Net safe bearing capacity of soil (qns)

**By considering only shear failure, net ultimate bearing capacity is divided by certain
**

factor of safety will give the net safe bearing capacity.

qns = qnu/ F

Where F = factor of safety = 3 (usual value)

Gross safe bearing capacity (qs)

**When ultimate bearing capacity is divided by factor of safety it will give gross safe
**

bearing capacity.

qs = qu/F

Net safe settlement pressure (qnp)

**The pressure with which the soil can carry without exceeding the allowable
**

settlement is called net safe settlement pressure.

Net allowable bearing pressure (qna)

**This is the pressure we can used for the design of foundations. This is equal to net
**

safe bearing pressure if qnp > qns. In the reverse case it is equal to net safe

settlement pressure.

**How to Calculate Bearing Capacity of Soil?
**

Calculation of bearing capacity of soil:

**For the calculation of bearing capacity of soil, there are so many theories. But all
**

the theories are superseded by Terzaghi’s bearing capacity theory.

Terzaghi’s bearing capacity theory

**Terzaghi’s bearing capacity theory is useful to determine the bearing capacity of
**

soils under a strip footing. This theory is only applicable to shallow foundations. He

considered some assumptions which are as follows.

**1. The base of the strip footing is rough.
**

2. The depth of footing is less than or equal to its breadth i.e., shallow footing.

3. He neglected the shear strength of soil above the base of footing and

replaced it with uniform surcharge. ( Df)

4. The load acting on the footing is uniformly distributed and is acting in vertical

direction.

5. He assumed that the length of the footing is infinite.

6. He considered Mohr-coulomb equation as a governing factor for the shear

strength of soil.

**As shown in above figure, AB is base of the footing. He divided the shear zones into
**

3 categories. Zone -1 (ABC) which is under the base is acts as if it were a part of

the footing itself. Zone -2 (CAF and CBD) acts as radial shear zones which is bear

by the sloping edges AC and BC. Zone -3 (AFG and BDE) is named as Rankine’s

passive zones which are taking surcharge (y Df) coming from its top layer of soil.

**From the equation of equilibrium,
**

Downward forces = upward forces

Load from footing x weight of wedge = passive pressure + cohesion x CB sin

Where Pp = resultant passive pressure = (Pp)y + (Pp)c + (Pp)q

**(Pp)y is derived by considering weight of wedge BCDE and by making cohesion and
**

surcharge zero.

(Pp)c is derived by considering cohesion and by neglecting weight and surcharge.

(Pp)q is derived by considering surcharge and by neglecting weight and cohesion.

Therefore,

By substituting,

So, finally we get qu = c’Nc + y Df Nq + 0.5 y B Ny

**The above equation is called as Terzaghi’s bearing capacity equation. Where q u is
**

the ultimate bearing capacity and Nc, Nq, Ny are the Terzaghi’s bearing capacity

factors. These dimensionless factors are dependents of angle of shearing resistance

().

**Equations to find the bearing capacity factors are:
**

Where

Kp = coefficient of passive earth pressure.

**For different values of , bearing capacity factors under general shear failure are
**

arranged in the below table.

Nc Nq Ny

0 5.7 1 0

5 7.3 1.6 0.5

1

9.6 2.7 1.2

0

1 12.

4.4 2.5

59

2 17.

7.4 5

07

2 25. 12.

9.7

51 7

3 37. 22.

19.7

02 5

3 57. 41.

42.4

58 4

4 95. 81. 100.

07 3 4

**4 172 173 297.
**

5 .3 .3 5

**5 347 415 115
**

0 .5 .1 3.2

Finally, to determine bearing capacity under strip footing we can use

qu = c’Nc + Df Nq + 0.5 B Ny

**By the modification of above equation, equations for square and circular footings
**

are also given and they are.

For square footing

qu = 1.2 c’Nc + Df Nq + 0.4 B Ny

For circular footing

qu = 1.2 c’Nc + Df Nq + 0.3 B Ny

Hansen’s bearing capacity theory

**For cohesive soils, Values obtained by Terzaghi’s bearing capacity theory are more
**

than the experimental values. But however it is showing same values for cohesion

less soils. So Hansen modified the equation by considering shape, depth and

inclination factors.

According to Hansen’s

qu = c’Nc Sc dc ic + Df Nq Sq dq iq + 0.5 B Ny Sy dy iy

Where Nc, Nq, Ny = Hansen’s bearing capacity factors

Sc, Sq, Sy = shape factors

dc, dq, dy = depth factors

ic, iq, iy = inclination factors

**Bearing capacity factors are calculated by following equations.
**

For different values of Hansen bearing capacity factors are calculated in the

below table.

Nc Nq Ny

5.1

0 1 0

4

6.4 1.5 0.0

5

8 7 9

1 8.3 2.4 0.0

04 7 9

1 10. 3.9 1.4

5 97 4 2

2 14. 3.5

6.4

0 83 4

2 20. 10. 8.1

5 72 66 1

3 30. 18. 18.

0 14 40 08

3 46. 33. 40.

5 13 29 69

4 75. 64. 95.

0 32 18 41

**4 133 134 240
**

5 .89 .85 .85

**5 266 318 681
**

0 .89 .96 .84

Shape factors for different shapes of footing are given in below table.

Sha

pe

of S

Sc Sq

foo y

tin

g

Con

tinu 1 1 1

ous

1-

1+ 1+ 0.

Rect

ang 0.2 0.2 4

ular B/L B/L B/

L

0.

Squ 1.3 1.2

are 8

0.

Circ 1.3 1.2

ular 6

Depth factors are considered according to the following table.

Dep

th

Values

fact

ors

1+0.35(D

dc

/B)

1+0.35(D

dq

/B)

dy 1.0

**Similarly inclination factors are considered from below table.
**

Inclinati

Valu

on

es

factors

1–

[H/(2

ic

cB

L)]

1–

iq 1.5

(H/V)

iy (iq)2

Where H = horizontal component of inclined load

B = width of footing

L = length of footing.

- Aurahi 1 EstimateUploaded byshree prasad sah
- Anexo #2 - Memoria de Calculo Muro de ContencionUploaded byTres G Ingenieria Civil Topografia
- R-05-CIV-PEUploaded bytakuva03
- Bearing Capacity 120405032828 Phpapp01Uploaded bySuman Manandhar
- 2001-2 The Versatile CanopiesUploaded byEDITORIAL STARBOOKS
- DeepMix1Uploaded byWilliam Chong
- International Journal of Engineering Research and Development (IJERD)Uploaded byIJERD
- 13875Uploaded byDalibor Rios
- BEARING CAPACITY OF THE WORKING PLATFORM WITH KINEMATIC METHODUploaded byshare4learn
- @_Summary of Rubble Mound Breakwater Design EquationsUploaded byapi-3709579
- 86877098 Well FoundationUploaded bymallikarjuna rao boddu
- btech_acadcivil4Uploaded byRupesh Thota
- video_3Uploaded byDhiraj Raj
- 503-543Uploaded byRajendra Kamble
- 4.2_Ultimate Bearing Capacity of Shallow Foundations (Part 2)Uploaded byKenneth Arvin Tabios
- Curriculum Vitae ABD RAHMANUploaded byPenjahat09
- Inside. OkxUploaded byEdgar Aleta
- BENTOFIX® GEOSYNTHETIC CLAY LINERSUploaded byHussein Amir Mohsen
- RingGirderUploaded byAh Leng Lau
- Consolidation test.docxUploaded byKai Frank
- NEDUET Geotech SeminarUploaded bySajid Iqbal
- F1Uploaded byعمر دبيش
- Granular PilesUploaded bysgaluf5
- Who's Who in Spanish Road Infrastructure Technology. Ed. 3ª, 2012.pdfUploaded byspaerkleeng
- civilbtech.pdfUploaded byZimmy
- Chap 4 Structures.pptxUploaded byafnene1
- Tall Trends of 2013Uploaded byratiguana
- Professional Training Course in Civil & Structural Design EngineeringUploaded bybapug98
- DD CurriculumUploaded byNiket Vora
- 216_1.pdfUploaded bynidhul07

- indian_sugar_industry.pdfUploaded byVincent Oryang
- My Steel-Tables.pdfUploaded byVincent Oryang
- UserGuide(DEPR).pdfUploaded byVincent Oryang
- 021-1700-030e-09a_Bridges.pdfUploaded byVincent Oryang
- ThinkArchitecture[1].pdfUploaded byVincent Oryang
- 7262 samsung manual.pdfUploaded byVincent Oryang
- HP Designjet 510 Printer Series User GuideUploaded byVincent Oryang
- Katalog_techniczny_Grey_EN_36str2.pdfUploaded byVincent Oryang
- 54_Uganda_Code.pdfUploaded byVincent Oryang
- 28127668 Std Formulae Electrical Engr[1]Uploaded byVincent Oryang
- Information Technology.pdfUploaded byVincent Oryang
- Types of Construction Contracts and Their ComparisonUploaded byVincent Oryang
- surface developmentsUploaded byVincent Oryang
- 29051718 Calculating Motor Speed Formula[1]Uploaded byVincent Oryang
- Bridges designUploaded byVincent Oryang
- 54 Uganda CodeUploaded byVincent Oryang
- 03 Biological TreatmentUploaded byVincent Oryang