You are on page 1of 74

.

.

.

FIVE-FIGURE LOGARITHMIC AND OTHER TABLES CASTLE V .

.

'I MACMILLAN AND CO. MARTIN'S STREET. M.Mech. LONDON 1920 .E..I.FIVE-FIGURE LOGARITHMIC AND OTHER TABLES BY FRANK CASTLE. LIMITED ST.

Reprinted with additions 1910. t First Edition 1909. 1917. 1920 Oft n^6 GLASGOW : PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS BY ROBERT MACLEHOSE AND CO. 1916. LTD. . 1918. 1914. 1919 (twice). COPYRIGHT. Reprinted 1913.

. and Reciprocals 44-45 Squares from i to 10 46-47 * Cubes from i to 10 48-49 Cube Roots from i to 10 - 50-51 -. . . . - - 5 --53 Cube Roots from 100 to iooo 54-55 Areas of Circles. Roots. . . 3^-39 Square Roots from 10 to 100 40-41 Reciprocals of Numbers from i to 10 42-43 Powers. Cube Roots from 10 to iqo - . . 16-17 Logarithms of Sines 18-19 Logarithms of Cosines 20-21 Logarithms of Tangents . . - 22-23 Logarithms of Cosecants 24-25 Logarithms of Secants 26-27 Logarithms of Cotangents 28-29 Degrees to Radians 30-31 Radians to Circular Functions 32 Functions of Angles at i" Intervals 33 Chords of Angles 34-35 Hyperbolic or Naperian Logarithms 36-37 Square Roots from i to 10 - . . CONTENTS PAGES Formulae in the Differential and Integral Calculus vi Useful Data . . . i Logarithms - 2-3 ^ Antilogarithms 4-5 Natural Sines 6-7 Natural Cosines 8-9 Natural Tangents lo-ii Natural Cosecants 12-13 Natural Secants 14-15 Natural Cotangents . . . Diameters advancing by Tenths . . Diameters advancing by Eighths 56-57 Areas of Circles. 58-59 Exponential and Hyperbolic Functions 60 . . .

. C dx = sin-"f.. (l"^""=I+. If y = cosec-i if 4: -5^" a -. Theorem: Ar)=/(o)4-x/'(o)+ . _ dx ~n+i' ^y If j = sin $1 n jcosdde = sin6'.3 .. 1.:r4-^^pl)yi^"(^-0(^-2)^. ^y " n ism Ode 6.^3/"(o)+ . . . /cot 6 cosec Odd= - cosec d. ^= -cosec^^. ^ = = - cos ' fsec-^OdO = tan 0. If ^ = cot^. If dy i^ y=\ogXy dx~ x' js'mhxdx = cosh x Binomial Theorem Icosh X dx = sinh.r. If y=secO. = " log . ^= -cot ^cosec ^= -^^. ^ Maclaurin's Isech-xdx ' ""= tanh X. jvdu. If _"' sec~^ = dy _ a J x"s/x^-d^ C "adx = cosec"'-. Taylor's Theorem: Ax+h)=/{x)^hf{x)+ ^^f"{x)^.. FORMULAE IN THE DIFFERENTIAL AND INTEGRAL CALCULUS. a dx xslx'^-a^ {^dx If . dx~ "Ja^Zr^ -dx -\X cos If "' = cos~^-. 7==. dy _ I JVa If y = tan-^~. n /J sin ^ [tan 6 sec Odd =sec(9. fe^dx ' a If y = ^\ a" [c^dv ~\oga = log.r. fcosec^'Ode = -cot^. If "' COS^. for Integ^tion by Parts : J a^-x^ a a 2a ^a-x \udv = uv..1+1 X If y = x-. If j=cosec ^. If jy = tan 6. a If ^ = sin-i-.2.=r'. ^y ... . Formula / -2" " 2 =-tanh '. /adx = tan dx~a^-\-x^' f-a dx cot"' If j = cot-i dy a^ J d^+x^ dx~ a'^+x^' r adx = sec-i-.

=30-479 cm. perpendicular to axis of figure M V12 4/ Hollow cylinder Axis of figure ----- 1 - M(J^. radian = degrees = 57"-296. = I lb. = i -0936yd. I metre =3-2809 ft. 5280 ft. yd. =0-43429 I acre ^4840 s-q. Body. =0-001 tonne. 1 . where k denotes radius of gyrationand A area of cross-section. to planp - Circle . i horse-power = 33000 ft. I gallonweighs 10 lbs. - bd^lz. log62-3 = 1-79449. =0-1604 cub. Rectangular lamina Through centre of gravity. cm.+ r^)l2 Sphere - Any diameter ------- 2Mr^/$. ft. parallel to side b bd''l\2. log o.of water weighs62-3lb. I ft. of figure Mr^\2.perpendicularto Rectangular solid - \ face ad - M(a^+d^)fi2. rThrough centre of gravity. =16 oz.-lb.. TT I in. in. 16-3866c. parallelto side b Ma^/ 12. Axis of perpendicular figure. log 1728 = 3-23754 I kilog. diameter Circular lamina {Any Through centre. I mile =1760 yds. centre of area. Position of Axis. -=0-31831. log0-7854 1-89509. - diameter TTJR^-r^) Any M denotes mass .=0-40468 hectare. =6-4514 sq. I=lQ-"rMy^jwhere y is the distance between parallelaxes. ft.c. / length \ a^ b^ c and d sides edges \ R or ov r radius of cross-section.yds. To convert common to hyperboliclogarithms multiplyby 2-30258 (2-3026). 77 = 3-14159. Moment of Inertia. ------ perpendicular to plane Mr^l2. Right cylinder {Axis Through centre. = 746 watts. I litre [ooo c. At end. m. / denotes the moment of inertia about an axis and /q about a parallelaxis through the centre of gravity.1 604 = I -20520. Volts X amperes = watts. k^=I-^A or k'^ = I-^M. {Through - Rectangle Axis coinciding with side b .^=2-71828. I sq.=0-8361 1 sq. perpendicularto length MP/ 12. perpendicularto length Uniform thin rod - -{ At middle. weighs 4-5438litres.49715 I sq. USEFUL DATA. = 1000 gm. 772=9-8696.min. weighs i kg.perpendicular to I plane rThrough centre of gravity. in. .. =2-53998 cm. =7000 grains 453-59 = gm. lOgelO =2-30258 I cub. I cub.c. = 2l lb. = logTT =0.weighs 2-20362lb.

LOGARITHMS. .

.LOGARITHMS.

.ANTILOGARITHMS.

.ANTILOGARITHMS.

NATURAL SINES. .

NATURAL SINES. .

Numbers in differencecolumns to be subtracted. NATURAL COSINES. . not added.

Numbers in difference columns to be subtracted^ not added. NATURAL COSINES. .

NATURAL TANGENTS. 10 .

.

Numbers in columns difference to be subtrcuted. NATURAL COSECANTS.not added. 12 .

Nutnbers in difference columns to be subtracted. NATURAL COSECANTS. 13 A3 .not added.

NATURAL SECANTS. u .

NATURAL SECANTS. 15 .

16 . NATURAL COTANGENTS. Numbers in columns difference to be subtracted.not added.

17 . NATURAL COTANGENTS.not added. Numbers in columns difference to be subtracted.

LOGARITHMS OF SINES. 18 .

.

20 . Numbers in columns difference to be subtracted^not added. LOGARITHMS OF COSINES.

LOGARITHMS OF COSINES. Numbers in columns difference to be subtracted^ not added. 21 .

LOGARITHMS OF TANGENTS.

22

LOGARITHMS OF TANGENTS.

23

LOGARITHMS OF COSECANTS.
Numbers in columns
difference to be subtracted,not added.

24

Numbers in difference columns to be subtracted. 25 . LOGARITHMS OF COSECANTS.not added.

LOGARITHMS OF SECANTS. 26 .

.

. Numbers in coin inns difference to be subtracted. LOGARITHMS OF COTANGENTS. not added.

LOGARITHMS OF COTANGENTS. not added. Numbers in columns difference to be stibtracted. 29 .

.\dians.deCtRees to r.

31 .DEGREES TO RADIANS.

RADIANS TO CIRCULAR FUNCTIONS. 32 .

33 .FUNCTIONS OF ANGLES AT i" INTERVALS.

CHORDS OF ANGLES 34 .

.

HYPERBOLIC OR NAPERIAN LOGARITHMS. Hyperbolic or Naperian Logarithms of 10' 36 .

Hyperbolic or Naperian Logarithms of 10 37 .HYPERBOLIC OR NAPERIAN LOGARITHMS.

From i to io. 38 .SQUARE ROOTS.

From i to io.SQUARE ROOTS. .

^ " ri) 40 . Xj^. From io to too.SQUARE ROOTS.

SQUARE ROOTS. From io to ioo. 41 .

From i to io. 42 . not added. Numbers in columns difference to be subtracted.RECIPROCALS OF NUMBERS.

.

POWERS. ROOTS. AND RECIPROCALS. 44 .

ROOTS. 45 . AND RECIPROCALS.POWERS.

SQUARES. 46 . From i to io.

47 .SQUARES. From i to io.

From i to io. 48 .CUBES OF NUMBERS.

From i to io.CUBES OF NUMBERS. 48 .

From i to io.CUBE ROOTS. ISO .

.

CUBE ROOTS. S2 . From io to ioo.

9040 3-9061 3-9083 3-9105 3-9127 4 7 II 13 15 18 20 60 39149 3-9170 3-9192 3-9214 3-9235 3-9257 3-9279 3-9300 3. From io to ioo.4242 4-4259 4-4191 4-4276 4-4293 9 10 12 14 15 87 4-4310 4-4327 4-4344 4-4361 4-4378 4-4395 4-4412 4.5420 4-5436 4-5452 8 10 II 13 .3409 4-3427 2 4 5 9 II 12 14 16 4-3392 82 4-3445 4-3462 4-3480 4-3498 4-3515 4-3533 4-3551 4-3568 4-3586 4-3603 245 9 II 12 14 16 83 4-3621 4-3638 4-3656 4-3673 4-3691 4-3708 4-3726 4-3743 4-3760 4-3778 2 3 5 9 10 12 14 16 84 4-3795 4-3813 4-3830 4-3847 4-3865 4-3882 4-3899 4-3917 4-3934 4-3951 2 3 5 9 10 12 14 16 85 4-3968 4-3986 4-4003 4-40204-4054 4-4072 4-4089 4-4037 4-4106 4-4123 9 10 12 14 16 86 4-4140 4-4157 4-4174 4-4208 4-4225 4. "2 123456 789 65 38030 38053 3-8076 3-8099 3-8121 3-8144 3-8167 3-8190 3-8213 3-8236 5 7 II 14 16 18 21 38259 3-8281 38304 3-8327 3-8350 3-8372 38395 3-8417 3-8440 3-8463 5 7 II 14 16 18 20 38485 3-8508 3-8530 3-8552 3-8575 3-8597 3-8620 3-8642 38664 3-8687 4 7 II 13 16 18 20 38709 3-8731 3-8753 3-8775 3-8798 3-8820 3-8842 3-8864 3-8886 3-8908 4 7 II 13 15 18 20 38930 3-8952 3-8974 3-8996 3-9018 3.6198 4-6214 4-6229 4-6245 6.9408 3-9429 3-9451 39472 3-9494 39515 3-9536 3-9558 15 17 62 3-9579 3-9600 3-9621 39643 3-9664 3-9685 3.4429 4-4446 4-4462 9 10 12 14 15 4-4480 4-4496 4-4513 4-4530 4-4547 4-4564 4.1 602 4-1621 4.1640 4-1659 4-1679 4-1698 4-1717 4-1736 4-1755 4-1774 10 II 13 15 17 73 4-1793 4-1812 4-1832 4-1851 4-1870 4-1889 4-1908 4-1927 4-1946 4-1964 10 II 13 15 17 74 41983 4-2002 4-2021 4-2040 4-2059 4-2078 4-2097 4-2115 4-2134 4-2153 9 II 13 15 17 75 4-2172 4-2190 4-2209 4-2228 42246 4-2265 4-2284 4-2302 4-2321 4-2340 9 II 13 15 17 76 42358 4-2377 4-2395 4-2414 4-2432 4-2451 4-2469 4-2488 4-2506 4-2525 9 II 13 15 17 77 4-2543 4-2562 42580 4-2598 4-2617 4-2635 42653 4-2672 4-2690 42708 9 II 13 15 17 78 4-2727 42745 4-2763 4-2781 4-2799 4-2818 4-2836 4-2854 4-2872 4-2890 9 II 13 14 16 79 4-2908 4-2927 4-2945 4-2963 4-2981 4-2999 4-3017 4-3035 4-3053 4-3071 9 II 13 14 16 80 4-3089 4-3107 4-3125 4-3143 4-3160 4-3178 4-3196 4-3214 4-3232 4-3250 2 4 5 9 II 13 14 16 81 4-3267 4-3285 4-3303 4-3321 4-3339 4-3356 4-3374 4.9322 3-9343 15 17 61 39365 39386 3.4930 4-4946 4-4963 8 10 12 13 15 91 8 4-4979 4-5029 4-5045 4-5062 4-5078 4-5094 4-5127 4-5111 10 12 13 15 92 8 4-5144 4-5193 4-5209 4-5225 4-5242 4-5258 4-5274 4-5290 10 II 13 15 93 4-5388 4-5404 4. Mean Differences.9727 3-9748 3-9770 15 17 63 39791 3-9812 3-9833 3-9854 3-9875 3-9896 3-9916 3-9937 3-9958 3-9979 10 13 15 17 19 64 40000 4-0021 4-0042 4-0062 4-0083 4-0104 4-0125 4-0145 4-0166 4-0187 10 12 14 17 19 65 40207 4-0228 40248 4-0269 4-0290 4-0310 4-0331 4-0351 4-0372 4-0392 10 12 14 16 18 66 40412 40433 4-0453 4-0474 4-0494 4-0514 4-0535 40555 4-0575 4-0595 10 12 14 16 18 67 40615 4-0636 4-0656 4-0676 4-0696 40716 4-0736 40756 4-0777 4-0797 10 12 14 16 18 40817 4-0837 4-0857 4-0877 4-0896 40916 4-0936 40956 4-0976 4-0996 10 12 14 16 i! 41016 4-1035 4-1055 4-I075 41095 4-1115 4-1134 4-1154 4-1174 4-1 193 10 12 14 16 il 70 41213 4-1232 4-1252 4-1272 4-1291 41311 4-1330 4-1350 4-1370 4-1389 10 12 14 16 18 71 4-1408 4-1428 4-14474-1466 4-1486 4-1505 4-1524 4-1544 4-1563 4-1582 10 12 14 16 17 72 4. 4-5307 4-5355 4-5371 94 I4-5468 4-5517 4-5533 4-5549 4-5565 4-5581 4-5597 4-5613 8 10 II 13 95 4-5629 4-5677 4-5693 4-5709 4-5757 4-5773 6 8 10 13 14 4-5725 4-5741 96 4-5789 4-5852 4-5868 4-5884 4-5900 4-5931 4-5915 689 13 97 4-5947 4-5994 4-6010 4-6026 4-6042 4-6057 4-6073 46089 689 13 i4-6104 4-6151 4-6167 4-6183 4. CUBE ROOTS.9706 3.4580 4-4597 4-4614 4-4631 8 10 12 13 15 4.4647 4-4664 4-4681 4-4698 4-4714 4-4731 4-4748 4-4764 4-4781 4-4797 8 10 12 13 15 90 4-4814 4-4864 4-4880 4-4897 4-4913 4. 8 9 13 14 4-6261 4-6307 4-6323 4-6338 4-6354 4-6369 4-6385 4-6400 689 12 14 53 .

CUBE ROOTS. From ioo to iooo. 54 .

CUBE ROOTS. From ioo to iooo. 55 .

AREAS OF CIRCLES. Diameters advancing by Eighths. 56 .

Diameter.AREAS OF CIRCLES.s advancing by Eighths. 57 .

AREAS OF CIRCLES. Diameters advancing by Tenths. 58 .

.

s\x\hx=\{e*-e-*).EXPONEl^JTIAL AND HYPERBOLIC FUNCTIONS. co^r\. .\=^\{(f + e-*).

.

6d. " For pupils in continuation schools and in technical classes this seems to u. ELEMENTARY PRACTICAL MATHEMATICS FOR TECHNICAL STUDENTS. 7s. LOGARITHMIC AND OTHER TABLES FOR SCHOOLS. Cs. LTD. " *' They may fairly claim to provide far more inspiring information and serviceable exercises than can usually be found in text-books designed for use in schools. it to intending students. 6i. Globe iio. 2d. each. 9d.. net.er. 2s. " These books are admirably suited for classes of working-men. M. Is.E. Machine Construction and Drawing " Nature. Is. MANUAL OF MACHINE DESIGN." Teacher. being the kind of 'Practical Mathematics' required in the workshop. WORKSHOP ARITHMETIC. 4to. 38. . " The book can be cordially recommended for use in drawing classes and to yonng engineers who are seeking after knowledge on which to base subsequent work in machine design. Crown Svo." " Practical Teacher. Crown 8vo. A MANUAL OF PRACTICAL MATHEMATICS." MATHEMATICAL TABLES FOR READY REFERENCR Crown 8vo. "We have nothing but high praise for the whole work. "An admirable " publicationproduced in the firm's well-known excellent style. Fcap. LONDON : MACMILLAN AND CO. Practical Arithmetic and Mensuration " School World." Educational News." Croim Svo. 8d.s to be au excellent text-book. Is. 6d. Globe Svo. Svo. Key. The subject is presented in a thoroughly interesting mani." " Practical Ertgineer." Globe Svo. Cloth limp. 48. Workshop Mathematics Nature. .Mech. 7s. and will be most useful alike to teacher and student in their work. 3d. Fr\rE-FiaURE LOGARITHMIC AND OTHER TABLES. Paper covers. Globe Svo. 9d. " We are sure that this work of the author is based upon the right lines.I. Sewed. Price 5s. . In Two Parts. With Diagrams. WORKS BY FRANK CASTLE. Globe Svo. PRACTICAL MATHEMATICS FOR BEGINNERS. 6d. and strongly recommend . 6d. " *' One of the most practicaland up-to-date books on the market.