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SALVIA CAERULEA HERBA

Definition

Salvia Caerulea Herba consists of the fresh
or dried leaves and smaller twigs of Salvia
africana-caerulea L. (Lamiaceae).

Synonyms

Salvia africana L.
S. lanuginosa Burm. f.
S.undulata Benth.
Vernacular names
Bloublomsalie (A), blue sage

Description

Macroscopical1

Figure 2 – line drawing

Microscopical

Figure 1 – Live plant

Aromatic shrub 0,6-2m high, often branching
at the base with several erect stems; stems
greyish and variably hairy, sometimes
bearing glandular as well as clothing hairs;
leaves simple, petiolate, rough to leathery, Figure 3 – microscopical features
obovate, 8-35 × 4-25mm, greenish and
roughened on the upper surface, grey- Characteristic features are: the uniseriate 2-
green, slightly hairy and gland-dotted on the 5 celled clothing hairs, up to 200 microns
lower surface, margin entire to partly long, particularly numerous on the leaf
denticulate; flowers (Jun-Jan) in 2-6 margin and lower leaf surface, with thin
flowered verticils, each subtended by a warty walls, swollen basal cell and tapering
persistent bract; calyx purplish, funnel apical cell (1+5); the numerous glandular
shaped, glandular-hairy, expanding in fruit; trichomes of leaf and stem, of two kinds: a)
corolla light blue, blue-purple or pinkish; with 1-2 celled stalk and multicellular head
lower lip paler or white in the centre with (3) up to 80 microns in diameter b) with
light blue margin, 16-28mm long. unicellular stalk and 4-celled head up to 30
microns in diameter (2), filled with yellow-
brown contents; the small polygonal
straight–walled cells of the leaf epidermis
1
(4); the single palisade layer below the
Codd, L.E. (1985). The genus Salvia. In: Flora
of Southern Africa 28(4): 79-101.

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5% (range: 22. the whole herb is pungent-aromatic. Purity tests Assay Not yet available Major chemical constituents Figure 5 – TLC plate Figure 7 – chemical constituents 2 . flowers and fruit in season. on sandy flats and lower slopes from Figure 6 – HPLC spectrum Vanrhynsdorp south to the Cape Peninsula and eastwards to Montagu and Caledon. Geographical distribution Figure 4 – distribution map Confined to the Western Cape Province.79). Major compounds: Methanol extract: (figure 6) Quality standards Retention times (mins): 20. Collected as needed or available in the Rf values of major compounds: 0. using as solvent a mixture of toluene:diethyl ether:1. smaller stems.1% in chloroform).61 (yellow). Appendix 2b.75 (blue-purple). cineole: 0.upper leaf epidermis. Reference Crude drug compound cineole (0.71. the anomocytic Thin layer chromatography on silica gel stomata on lower leaf surface only.75M acetic acid (1:1:1). (bright purple). 0.23.66-26. 20. method according to rough in texture.52 market place as bundles of fresh or dried (yellow). 21. 0. 22.92 Identity tests Ethanol (70%) soluble extractive value: not less than 22. 0. Method according to Appendix 2a. grey-green in colour and HPLC on C18 column.55 (purple).66 material comprising leaves.03.

Other Salvia species. antioxidant. Phytochemistry 64(2): 395-399. See however traditional medical practice have identified monographs for Salvia Lutea Herba and various diterpenes (Figure 7) as major Artemisia Afra Herba. the South Staphylococcus aureus was shown by African National Biodiversity Institute. See 2 for a recent review of the bioactivity of the genus. Candida albicans or Mycobacterium smegmatis. Further information regarding the secondary chemistry of this species is An infusion may be made with two lacking. A. 3 . Adults: Half a teacupful (90ml) three times Medicinal uses daily. antidiabetic and antitumour activity. (2003). If fresh herb is used. Studies of the secondary chemical profiles of other Salvia species used in No special precautions.Microchemical tests indicated the presence Adverse reactions of saponins. four tablespoonsful of chopped Used as an aqueous infusion. 2 Ulubelen. No activity was shown against Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Dosage forms The mixture is strained when cold. glycosides in 2/3 collections. It may aqueous extracts prepared from dried leaf not be reproduced in whole or in part without the written consent of the copyright holders. taken leaf are infused with one litre of boiling internally or applied externally. used as traditional medicines in various parts of the world.0g) of dried ground herb to which is added one litre of boiling water. tannins and cyanogenic glycosides in 3/3 collections and cardiac None recorded. Alkaloids and anthraquinone derivatives were not Precautions detected. the South African Medical Research Council and the University of the Western Cape. have been shown to possess antibacterial. headache and bronchial congestion associated with influenza or bronchitis. Contraindications None known. cardiovascular. water. components2. Pharmacology/bioactivity Weak in vitro antimicrobial activity against Copyright in this monograph resides with the authors. material by infusion. treat ulcers or taken orally to relieve stomach-ache. See monograph for Salvia Lutea Herba. Further information is lacking. Cardioactive and antibacterial terpenoids from some Salvia species. tablespoonsful (±7. Children (6-12 years): Quarter of a Applied externally as an antiseptic wash to teacupful (45ml) three times daily. (See Salvia Herba Lutea for a summary of the secondary chemistry of the Dosage genus Salvia).