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Types of Essays

By: Mrs. Christian, 5th Grade ELA, Centertown Elementary School

Informative/Descriptive/Explanatory/Expository: Describe, give detailed descriptions. How does it

look, feel, sound, smell, and taste? Expository: Explain how to do the prompt. Discuss the way to
accomplish whatever the prompt asks you to do. Give details explaining and outlining the steps to
complete the project (sequencing). Define how to do it and what each step involves. Write
informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly.

a. Introduce a topic clearly, provide a general observation and focus, and group related information
logically; include formatting (e.g., headings), illustrations, and multimedia when useful to aiding

b. Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other information and
examples related to the topic.

c. Link ideas within and across categories of information using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., in
contrast, especially).

d. Use precise language and domain-specific vocabulary to inform about or explain the topic.

e. Provide a concluding statement or section related to the information or explanation presented

Narrative: Tell a story. Use the prompt as a beginning (Reword the prompt). Develop the story (make up
a story or write from something that happened to you). Make the characters come alive by using
adjectives. Finally, write a conclusion. Be sure to use dialogue, including quotation marks, to show
the exact words the character says. Use action words (verbs) to make the scenes come alive. Write
narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, descriptive
details, and clear event sequences.

a. Orient the reader by establishing a situation and introducing a narrator and/or characters;
organize an event sequence that unfolds naturally.

b. Use narrative techniques, such as dialogue, description, and pacing, to develop experiences and
events or show the responses of characters to situations.

c. Use a variety of transitional words, phrases, and clauses to manage the sequence of events.

d. Use concrete words and phrases and sensory details to convey experiences and events precisely.
e. Provide a conclusion that follows from the narrated experiences or events.

Opinion/Persuasive: In my opinion Then, convince the reader to accept your opinion. Give three
thoroughly persuasive arguments convincing the reader that your opinion is the correct one. You
want them to agree with you and feel as you do. Write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting
a point of view with reasons and information.

a. Introduce a topic or text clearly, state an opinion, and create an organizational structure in which
ideas are logically grouped to support the writers purpose.

b. Provide logically ordered reasons that are supported by facts and details.

c. Link opinion and reasons using words, phrases, and clauses (e.g., consequently, specifically).

d. Provide a concluding statement or section related to the opinion presented.