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# Draw-down Test Analysis

Section #10

T. in Water-Drive Reservoirs . Draw-down Test Analysis Agenda  Draw-down testing (transient)  Reservoir Limit Testing (R.L.) • Oil reservoirs (case example) • Gas reservoirs (case example)  R.L.T.

hrs  Long tests are possible Transient Late Pseudo  Reservoir limits can be flow Transient steady state P. Draw-Down Shut-in Testing q Flow period Why conduct draw- down testing? 0  No loss in revenue (no shut.S estimated Pressure profile at a well for a bounded circular reservoir and constant-rate test dPwf/dt = const. tp in period) Time.S. 0 Time. hrs .

rinv. 162.2275  0. Draw-down Testing A.6 q B   k  Pi  Pwf  log t  log 2  3. where the slope of the straight line is "m" and the intercept is at log t = 0 or at t = 1 .) has not reached any of the boundaries.8686 S k h    c r t w  This equation represents a straight line relationship between the Pwf and the Pwf  m logt  P1hr log t. Infinite-acting reservoir: The pressure response (radius of investigation.

1513   log( 2 )  3. S): 162.23   m   c t rw  .6 q B  Slope  m  Psi/cycle kh  P1 hr  Pi k  s  1. Infinite-acting reservoir: The slope of the Horner straight line is used to obtain the various reservoir parameters (k. Draw-down Testing A.

is expressed by the linear relationship: Pwf  m* t  Pint Where: m*: The slope of the straight line Pwf vs. on a linear scale (time is in hours) Pint: The intercept of the straight line at zero time psi . Draw-down Testing B. The dimensionsliess equation during P.T.L. time on psi/hr.S.) The dimensionless equation that describes the P.S.S.Reservoir Limit Testing (R. flow regime.2458  PD  2  t DA  ln  2   ln   2  rw  2  CA  During P.S.S.S. the reservoir pressure declines at a constant rate ( ÄP/ Ät) which is linearly proportional to the volume of the OOIP. regime is: 1  A 1  2. Pseudo Steady State .

q2) 0 t1 t2 Time .q2 used to rate-normalize the test q1 q2 . Principle of Superposition q3 The “Superposition Principle” is q2 q3 .q1 by adding up the pressure response due to each rate change 0 t1 t2 Time Pressure drop caused by production at rate q1 Additional pressure drop caused by increasing production by ( q2 .q1) Additional pressure drop caused by increasing production by ( q3 .

Principle of Superposition Pi  Pwf 162.6 B   N q j q j 1 k     j 1 log (t  t j 1 )  log  3.2275  0.8686 S  qn k h  qN   c t rw2  Rate-Normalized Plot Where: qn Flow rate at time t (last flow rate before shutin) t: Total flow period q j: Flow rate at time step j n: Number of time steps .