You are on page 1of 28

Presentation on

ENERGY CONSERVATION IN PUMPS


An Overview
 Types of Pumps
 Features of various Pumps
 Selection of pumps
 Performance Calculation
 Flow control strategies
 Energy saving measures in Pumps
Types of Pumps
 Dynamic Pumps
Centrifugal
Special effect pumps
 Displacement Pumps
Rotary
Reciprocating
Order of Preference
 Centrifugal
 Rotary
 Reciprocating
Pumps Used in Building Services
 Sump Pumps
Monobloc
 Bore well Pumps
Submersible Pumps
Jet Pumps
Centrifugal Pumps
 Very simple design
 Two main parts are the impeller and the
diffuser
 Impellers
Bronze
poly carbonate
cast iron
 stainless steel
Pressure developed by the Pump
 depends upon
Impeller dia
No.of impellers
size of the impeller eye
shaft speed
Size of the pump
 Depends on
Head
Capacity
Advantages of centrifugal Pump
 Very efficient
 Produce smooth and even flow
 Reliable with good service life
Disadvantages
 Loss of priming easily
 Efficiency depends upon operating design
head & speed.
Submersible Pumps
 Centrifugal pump closely coupled with
motor
 Does not require long drive shaft
 Motor operates at a cooler temperature.
 Noiseless operation.
 High efficiency
 Smooth and even flow
 In case of repair full pump to be removed.
Jet Pumps
 Combination of a surface centrifugal pump,
nozzle and venturi arrangement.
 Used in small dia bore wells.
 Simple design
 Low purchase and maintenance cost.
 Easy accessibility to all moving parts.
 Low efficiency.
DSM measures to reduce
consumption in pumps
Demand side management measures
 Use of friction less foot valve.
 Use of HDPE pipes
 Use of appropriate capacitor.
 Use of higher size suction pipe compared to
delivery pipe.
Pump Performance calculation
 Overall Efficiency = Hydraulic power ( P2) X
100/ Power input ( P1)
 Pump efficiency. = Hydraulic power ( P2) X
100/ Power input to pump shaft ( P3)
 Hydraulic Power ( P2) = Q X Total Head ( hd -
hs ) X p X g / 1000
 Q = discharge in m/s
 p = density of fluid in kg/ m
 g = acceleration due to gravity ( m/s)
 P1 = 1.732 X V X I X pf
 P3 = P1 X eff.of motor.
Key Parameter for determining
efficiency
 Flow
 Head
 Power
Flow Measurement Techniques
 Tracer Method
 Ultrasonic flow measurement
 Tank filling method
 Installation of online flow meter
Determination of total head
 Suction head
measured from pump inlet pressure gauge
reading
 Discharge head
This is taken from the pump discharge side Pr.
gauge
Typical name plate details of
pump
 Pumps: (Monoblock Pumps used for
Drinking water)
Sl.No ITEM Pump1 Pump2
1 Make Beacon Beacon
2 Capa hp/kW 5 (3.7) 5 (3.7)
3 Pipe sizes S/D 65/50 mm 65/50 mm
4 Head 25 m 25 m
Typical name plate details of
pump
5 Discharge 8 L/s 8 L/s
6 Amps 8 8
7 Overall Efficiency 47% 47 %
Typical performance
calculations
 PUMP EFFICIENCY CALCULATION
SHEET
 SL.NO. ITEM Pump1 Pump2 Units
 1 Voltage 406 407 volts
 2 Current 6.0 6.6 amps

3 P.F 0.83 0.82


 4 Power input 3.5 3.48 KW
Typical performance
calculations
5 Dis. Head 22.2 22.2 m
6 Suc.Head 2.2 2.2 m
7 discharge 8 8 L/s
8 Hyd.Power 1.57 1.57 KW
9 Pump Effi. 44.85 45.10
Typical observations/
Recommendations

 1. Replace the existing discharge line with


the 50 mm dia pipes to reduce the friction
losses.
 2. Provide water level switch to switch off
the pump sets as soon as the Tank is filled.
 3. Replace the existing pump sets with
high efficiency pump sets.
Factors to be considered from
user side
 Size pump correctly
 Operate close to the best efficiency point.
 Size all piping and valves correctly
 Avoid all leakages.
Flow control Strategies
 Varying speed
 Pumps in parallel
 stop/start control
 Flow control valve
 By pass control valve
 Trimming impeller
 Use of VFDS
Energy conservation
opportunities in pumping
 Operate pump near best efficiency point.
 Replace old pumps by energy efficient
pumps
 Reduce system resistance by pressure
drop assessment and pipe size
optimization.
 Provide booster pump for few areas of
higher head.
Energy conservation
opportunities in pumping

 Conduct water balance to minimize water


consumption.
 Ensure availability of instruments like
pressure gauges, flow meters.
 Repair seals and packing to minimize water
loss.
 Avoid valves in discharge side as far as
possible.
 Operate pumpset during non-peak hours.
Thank You