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thermodynamics tut 6 /iit

thermodynamics tut 6 /iit

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shown in Fig. Initially both contain water, with A at 100 kPa, saturated vapor

and B at 400C, 300 kPa, 1 m3. The valve is now opened and, the water in both A and

B comes to a uniform state.

b. If the process results in T2 = 200C, find the heat transfer and work. Calculate the reversible

work and irreversibility for the process described in this assuming that the heat transfer is with

the surroundings at 20C. (10.1) Ans: 6.6 kJ, Irr=271.4kJ

at 500 kPa, 400C. It is cooled to 40C, at which point the pressure is 300 kPa.

Calculate the heat transfer for the process. Calculate the reversible work and the irreversibility

for this process assuming the surroundings temp to be 20C. (10.2) w=195 KJ, I= 240.7kJ

3. An air compressor takes air in at the state of the surroundings 100 kPa, 300 K.

The air exits at 400 kPa, 200C at the rate of 2 kg/s. Determine the minimum

compressor work input. (10.6) Ans: 312.73kW

4. A steam turbine receives steam at 6 MPa, 800C. It has a heat loss of 49.7 kJ/kg

and an isentropic efficiency of 90%. For an exit pressure of 15 kPa and

surroundings at 20C, find the actual work and the reversible work between the

inlet and the exit. (10.9) Ans: Wact= 1483.91, W-rev=1636.8

5. A flow of steam at 10 MPa, 550C goes through a two-stage turbine. The pressure

between the stages is 2 MPa and the second stage has an exit at 50 kPa. Assume

both stages have an isentropic efficiency of 85%. Find the second law efficiencies

for both stages of the turbine. (10.40) Ans: 0.918, 0 .871

efficiency of 85% is connected to the line by a valve and it exhausts to the

atmosphere at 100 kPa. If the steam is throttled down to 2 MPa before entering

the turbine find the actual turbine specific work. Find the change in availability

through the valve and the second law efficiency of the turbine. (10.44) Ans: 835.2 kJ, 0.91

It goes through a reversible polytropic process to a final state of 700 kPa, 500 K,

and exchanges heat with the ambient at 25C through a reversible device. Find the

total work (including the external device) and the heat transfer from the ambient. (10.52) Ans: -

9.58kJ

8. Air in a piston/cylinder arrangement, shown in Fig, is at 200 kPa, 300 K

with a volume of 0.5 m3. If the piston is at the stops, the volume is 1 m3 and a

pressure of 400 kPa is required to balance the piston. The air is then heated from the

initial state to 1500 K by a 1900 K reservoir. Find the total irreversibility in the

process assuming surroundings are at 20C. (10.59) Ans: Irr =303.kJ, sgen=1.034kJ/K

has stops mounted so Vmin = 0.01 m3 and Vmax = 0.5 m3. The piston is loaded

with a mass and outside P0, so a pressure inside of 5 MPa will float it. Heat of

15000 kJ from a 400C source is added. Find the total change in availability of

the water and the total irreversibility.

10. Air enters a steady-flow turbine at 1600 K and exhausts to the atmosphere at 1000

K. The second law efficiency is 85%. What is the turbine inlet pressure? (10.50) Ans: 3003kPa

11. A compressor is used to bring saturated water vapor at 1 MPa up to 17.5 MPa,

where the actual exit temperature is 650C. Find the irreversibility and the

second-law efficiency. (10.39) Ans: Irr = 44.48kJ, 0.951

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