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India has achieved considerable progress in production of chemicals. And with slash in tariffs, Indian chemical companies with
well-built systems and structured operations are likely to be benefited further.
It is not only country’s oldest industry, but the Indian Chemical Industry has been contributing to India’s growing economy in a
phenomenal way. It may be hard to believe, but the industry serves the basic need of many different industry verticals like natural
gas, water, oil, metals, minerals, air, oil, etc and all these verticals eventually bring into marketplace an array of products, almost
70000 products, to be precise.
Today, India has achieved considerable progress in production of basic organic and inorganic chemicals, pesticides, paints,
dyestuffs and intermediates, petrochemicals, fine and specialty chemicals and toiletry product segments. And with slash in tariffs,
Indian chemical companies with well-built systems and structured operations are likely to be benefited further. The companies
manufacturing highly valued chemicals, and who are compliant of industrial quality standards, can make their mark not just in
India but even in the overseas markets as well.
In Indian context, the rise in disposable income has led to improved chemical consumption. This has aided country’s GDP climb
further, from 9% to 13%. In an attempt to make the industry more progressive and flourishing, the government of India has
introduced a slew of policies and special economic zones centering on the petrochemical sector. Furthermore, several
manufacturing companies are focusing on expansion plans in the coming years.
Chemicals and chemical products influence our lives in a significant way. Be it donning synthetic clothes, or consuming drugs, or
when it comes to using thermoplastic furniture at homes and offices, chemicals have become a way of life in this fast-changing
world. In addition, the industry plays a pivotal role in agricultural and development sectors. Some of the other sectors, like
engineering, automotive, consumer durables and food processing also depend on this sector in a big way.
The industry is on a high growth trajectory. The industry, through a series of efforts is expected to achieve USD 100 billion in the
upcoming years. The industry’s contribution to the Indian manufacturing sector is almost 17.6 percent. Since the ages, Indian
chemicals have been traded and today imports stand at USD 7.92 billion and exports at 5.95 billion. And now with the onset of
liberalization and globalization, the Industry is on a major expansion spree. The industry today is into manufacturing wide range
of goods including fine and specialty chemicals, drugs and pharmaceuticals, dyes and pigments, agrochemicals and fertilizers,
pesticides, plastics and petrochemicals etc.
However, Indian chemical industry is yet to makes its presence felt in a big way in the international markets.
Fast-facts on Indian chemical industry
• Highly fragmented
• Operates at the micro level.
• Increased per capita consumption level has put the industry on fast-track
• Higher cost of capital, import duties and power, making it less competitive in the international markets.
• Very little spotlight on Resource & Development
• Presence of many multinational companies
• Big players in bulk chemicals. Presence of small and big players in fine and specialty chemicals.
Major Segments
The Indian Chemical Industry has following major segments:
* Petrochemicals
* Inorganic Chemicals
* Organic Chemicals
* Fine and specialties
* Bulk Drugs
* Agrochemicals
* Paints and Dyes
Petrochemicals form the biggest category in the chemicals, and it is also one of the fastest growing sectors. The segement is into
producing basic chemicals like Ethylene, Propylene, Benzene and Xylene etc, intermediates like MEG, PAN and LAB etc.,
synthetic fibres like Nylon, PSF and PFY etc, polymers like LDPE/HDPE, PVC, Polyester and PET etc, synthetic rubber like
SBR, PBR etc. The key players include: Reliance, IPCL, NOCIL, Haldia and GAIL etc.
Inorganic Chemicals
At present it is worth US$ 2.5 Billion industry. The segment concentrates on the production of caustic, chlorine, sulphuric Acid
etc. The inorganic chemicals are commonly used in detergents, glass, soap, fertiliser, alkalies etc. However, the industry is
encountering stiff competition from international players, when it comes to catering to the requirements of the local markets.
Organic Chemicals
It is reportedly 1billion dollar industry and includes an array of chemicals. Most of the companies manufacturing organic
chemicals can be found in western India.
Fine Specialties
The fine specialties segment is highly fragmented, with sizeable number of big players. However, all these players operate on low
volume and high price margin. It is one of the fastest growing sectors with market around US$80 million p.a. And many big and
small Indian companies form part of it. The major end user segments include: Textile, Leather, paper, detergent, rubber, paints,
polyester, oil and gas etc.
Bulk Drugs
Bulk Drugs have a large market in India and in the outside world. Out of the 475 drugs used, 425 are locally procured. There are
around 350 units in the organized sector, while there can be many more in the unorganized sector. Bulk drug production is
concentrated in the areas around Bombay, Ankleshwar, Hyderabad – Madras, Chandigarh.
India has very strong base in reverse engineering, molecular chemistry and patents on processes and not just on products. Major
players in India in bulk drug category include: Ranbaxy, Dr. Reddy's, Cheminor, Shasun, Cipla, Lupin, IPCA, Sun, Aurobindo,
Kopran, Cadilla, Wockhardt, etc. It is a well-acknowledged fact that most of the bulk drug companies are Indian companies while
those into formulations are primarily MNCs.
India being an agricultural dominated country, it is obvious that the country is a major user of agrochemicals; nonetheless, the
average Indian consumption is reportedly low i.e., 1/20th of world average. The segment has been witnessing a growth of 10% pa
and has registered revenue worth US$800 million. Consumption of the crop varies depending on the crop and region. Cash crops
like sugarcane, tobacco etc. consume large amount of pesticides, almost over 60%. Major agrochemicals exports include:
Insecticides, Fungicides, Herbicides, Weedicides, Rodenticides, and Fumigants.
Paint and Dyes
Indian dyes are in demand world over, thanks to ban on production of dyes in developed nations due to the reservations related to
pollution. Dyes are principally used in Paints, Inks, Textiles and Polymers. The total market of paint and dyes is almost US$ 1
Billion, and the growth rate is almost 12%. In addition, the marketplace is highly fragmented. There are about 25 large and
medium players, which cover 50% market share, while 2000 other organized players contribute next fifty percent. Moreover, the
per capita consumption is very low in India(400 gms) as opposed to the developed countries(15 kgs).
Overseas Trade
In the early 1990s, India was more into importing of chemicals; however, with the setting up of large scale petrochemical plants
like Reliance, etc exports have improved. Even exports of bulk drugs, pharma, pesticides, dyes and intermediates have climbed
The overall performance of Indian Chemical Industry has been good in the domestic markets; however, in the international
markets the industry it is yet to make its presence felt in a significant way. And factors like recession and crises in the Middle
East have had a poor impact on the manufacturing and export sector of the industry.
The International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA), an association that consists 80% of the world manufacturers of
chemicals has announced its support for a new round of multilateral trade negotiations in the World Trade Organization.
ICCA’s main concerns include: removal of chemical tariffs, management of anti-dumping practices, making simpler the custom
processes and full execution of TRIPs agreement. While management of anti- dumping practices would profit India, the tariff-
free world would lead to stiff competition
Road ahead
Highly developed technology, in-depth research capabilities, backward and forward linkages, development of domestic capacity
to decrease the dependence on imports are some of the crucial factors that need to be taken into consideration. Nowadays, safety,
health and environment protection issues have become the major-talking point in almost all industries and even in the Indian
chemical industry too. The Indian chemical manufacturers are addressing the issue on a war-footing. is a leading B2B portal from India, and has listed on its portal, some top manufacturers, exporters and
suppliers of varied chemical products
This Section Covers the Unique Books on Industries especially on Organic and Inorganic Industries, Synthetic Dyes, Pigments,
Petrochemicals, Lubricants and Electroplating, Anodizing and Metal Treatments. All are Published by EIRI
Name A - Z

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Hand Book of Agro Chemical Industries (Insecticides and Pesticides)

ISBN Number:8186732462
Price:Rs. 1,050.00
The book covers Agrochemical Industries, Introduction of Pesticide,
Insecticides, Fungicides, Nematicides, Rodenticides, Molluscicides,
Fumigants, Acaricides, Herbicides, Plant Growth Regulators, Repellents,
Attractants, Pheromones, Synergists, Synthetic Inhibitors and
Proinsecticides, Toxicology and Safe Use of Pesticides, Insecticide Act,
Pesticide Formulations, Pesticide Mixtu.... read more
ISBN Number:8186732330
Price:Rs. 900.00
The book covers Principles of Electroplating, Technology of Cleaning,
Pickling & Dipping, Electrolytic & Chemical Processes for the Polishing of
Metals, Nickel Plating, Chromium Plating, Hard Chromium Plating ,
Copper Plating, Electroforming, Brass Plating, Silver Plating, Gold
Plating (Gilding), Cadmium Plating, Zinc Plating, Tin & Tin Alloy Plating,
Plating for Electronic.... read more
Hand Book of Lubricants, Greases and Petrochemicals Technology
ISBN Number:9788189765217
Price:Rs. 750.00
The Book Hand Book of Lubricants, Greases and Petrochemicals
Technology covers almost all the basic and advanced details to setup
own Product Introduc tion, Lubricating Base Stocks, Oxidative
Degradation and Stabilisation of Mineral Oil Based Lubricants, Lubricating
Oils Classification, Synthetic Fluids, Speciality Oils, Miscellaneous
Additives and Vegetable Oils, Various Formulations of Lubricants and
Grease, Asphalt Technology, Speciali.... read more
Industrial Chemicals Technology Hand Book
ISBN Number:8186732780
Price:Rs. 1,250.00
Acetylene, Acetaldehyde, Acetic Acid,Ammonium Nitrate, Ammonium Sulphate, Ammonium Sulphate
from Gypsum or Anhydrite, Ammonium Phosphate, Alkyd Resins and Plastics, Alcohol Beverages, Ethyl
Alcohol, Alcohol from Waste Suphite Liquor, Alcohol as Fuel, Alum, Ammonium Alum etc.
.... read more

ISBN Number:9788189765323
Price:Rs. 900.00
In order to deal with and overcome the various complex, technical
problems which will be encountered, the industry’s scientific and
technological inno vative skills will be continually challenged. In
responding to these challenges the industry will be involved in inventing,
improving and refining products and processes at a rate faster than ever
before. However, we can be confident that to satisfy the emerging
demands of society, our indu.... read more
ISBN Number:8186732179
Price:Rs. 325.00
Description : The book covers Colour Matching, Raw Materials, Waxes and Additives, Typographic Inks,
Formulations, Photogravure Indks for Three and Four Colour Reproduction, Screen Process Inks, Ball Point
Pen Inks, Testing of Finished Inks, Formulae, Toner Ink for Automatic Machine, Printing Inks, Screen
Printing Inks, Offset Printing Inks, Stamp Pad Inks, Flexographic and Rotogravure Ink, Printing Inks
(Flexographic Ink) Duplicating Ink, Ball Pen Refill Ink, Plasti.... read more


ISBN Number:9788189765231
Price:Rs. 1,400.00
The book covers Ammonia, Aluminium, Chlorine and Sodium Hydroxide,
Cosmetics and Perfumes, Dyes, Enamels, Explosives, Glass and Alkali
Silicates, Gyps um, Glass Fibres, Optical Fibres and Mineral Fibres,
Industrial Chemicals from Benzene, Industrial Chemicals from Toluene,
Industrial Chemicals from Xylenes, Industrial Chemicals from Methene,
Industrial Gases, Lime, Mineral Fertilizers, Preparation of Methanol,
Magnesium, Nickel, Organic Dyes, O.... read more
Small Medium & Large Chemical Industries
ISBN Number:8186732063
Price:Rs. 500.00
The book covers Acetylene Gas Oxygen Gas (Integrated Unit), Activated
Carbon From Coconut Shell, Automobile Polish, Bleaching Powder
(Stable), Barium Carbonate, Calcium Carbonate (Precipitated &
Activated), Chemicals From Prawn Fish Head, Detergent Cake & Powder,
Dry Distemper, Dead Burnt Dolomite, Gas Filling of L.P.G. Cylinder,
Hydrochloric Acid (HCL), Hydrogenation of Non-Edible Oils, H-Acid,
Hydrogen Gas Plant, Indian Made For.... read more
Technology of Petrochemicals, Lubricants, Greases and Petroleum Refining
ISBN Number:8186732586
Price:Rs. 900.00
The book covers Petroleum Refinery and Petrochemicals, Hydrocarbons from Petroleum, Petrochemicals,
Industrial Organic Synthesis, Lubricants, Man ufacture of Oils and Greases, Distillation of Crude Petroleum,
Petroleum Products, Purification of Petroleum Products, Refining of Petroleum , Testing of Petroleum,
Application of Lubricating Agents, Formulating and Compounding of Lubricants, Reclamation of Used
Lubricating Oil, Re-Refining of Used Lube Oil, Formula.... read more

Technology Of Synthetic Dyes, Pigments and Intermediates

ISBN Number:8186732519
Price:Rs. 1,250.00
The book covers Dyes, Azo Dyes, Acid Dyes, Basic Dyes, Disperse Dyes,
Vat Dyes, Anthrimides & Carbazoles, Vat Dyes & Vat Pastes, Indigoid and
Thioindi goid Dyes, Sulphur Dyes Reactive Dyes, Inorganic Pigments,
Azoic Dyes, Acid Dyes, Basic Dyes, Disperse Dyes, Sulphur Dyes,
Reactive Dyes, Intermediates for Dyes and Pigments
Phthalocyanines,Quality Control and Evaluation of Pigments, Pigments
for Textiles, Pigments for Paints, Pigme.... read more