You are on page 1of 5

Thermodynamic analysis

1. Pre-heating process: Isosteric heating

Interface
Adsorbent bed receives heat QH from heating water to increase its
Fluid Fluid
internal energy. in Adiabatic out

xmax = constant (Water uptake remains constant)


U = Q = Qinterface
Q S
S= =
T T
H = 0 (Heat of Q, U,
sorption)
S, H
i = f = 0 (Exergy of vapor flow)

qH
qH
qconv

qH

2. Desorption process: Isobaric heating


Desorber receives heat QH from heating water, desorption and
releases heat Qcon to cooling water at condenser through refrigerant
vapor.

xmax xmin: (Water uptake descrease)


U = Q = Qinterface
Q S
S= =
T T
H = constant 0 (Heat of sorption)
i = f 0 (Vapor flow from Disober to Condenser)
Interface
Fluid Fluid
Adiabatic out
in

Vapor out

Q, U,
S, H

qH
qH
3. Pre-cooling process: Isosteric cooling

Adsorbent
Interface bed releases heat QL to cooling water.
Fluid Fluid
Adiabatic out
in
xmin = constant: (Water uptake descrease)
U = Q = Qinterface
Q S
S= =
T T
H = 0 (Heat of sorption)
Q, U,
i = f = 0 (No vapor flow)
S, H

qL
qL
qconv

qL

4. Adsorption process: Isobaric cooling


Interface
Fluid Fluid
in Adiabatic out
Adsorber receives heat Qeva from refrigerant vapor and releases heat
QL to cooling water.

xmin xmax: (Water uptake increase)


Vapor in
U = Q = Qinterface
Q S
S= =
T T
H = constant 0 (Heat of sorption)
i = f 0 (Vapor flow from Evaporator to Adsorber)
Q, U,
S, H

qL
qL
qconv

qL

Additional parameters
Volume fraction: =V a /V b
m a a ( T )
Since water uptake: x= = =x s ( 1 ) =x s ( 1 )
ms s 1 a(T ) a ( T )

Total porosity: = p + ( 1 p ) b ; p=1 p / s

Components mass: ms= s (1 ) V b , ma= a ( T ) V b , mg =g ( P ,T ) ( ) V b