Workshop problems for Geotech

© All Rights Reserved

26 views

Workshop problems for Geotech

© All Rights Reserved

- Six-Minute Solutions for Civil PE Exam Structural Problems
- pe geo
- Geotecnical Depth Set 2
- Civil Depth Notes for Mar 16th-EnVIROMNTAL
- Compacion and Diff Types of Comp Action Equipment
- Application of Automation In Geotechnical Testing
- SCHOOL OF PE.pdf
- Six-minute Solutions for Civil PE Exam Geotechnical Problems
- Soil Improvement
- p30.pdf
- Soil Compaction Handbook
- Soil Compaction NRP 2017-18-I
- Geotechnics of Waste Fills
- D7263.8772.pdf
- Wykeham Farrance English 2008 Low Resolution
- E-Book Rockfill for Mines
- Git
- 4000000106_1.pdf
- AASHTO_GeoTechnical Design of Pile
- Ground Improvement

You are on page 1of 83

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Table of Contents

PROBLEM 1.1............................................................................................ 1

PROBLEM 1.2............................................................................................ 3

PROBLEM 1.3............................................................................................ 5

PROBLEM 1.4............................................................................................ 7

2.0 Soil Classification .................................................................................... 9

PROBLEM 2.1............................................................................................ 9

PROBLEM 2.2............................................................................................ 9

PROBLEM 2.3 ......................................................................................... 12

PROBLEM 2.4.......................................................................................... 14

3.0 Soil Sampling and In-Situ Testing Methods......................................... 17

PROBLEM 3.1.......................................................................................... 17

PROBLEM 3.2.......................................................................................... 17

PROBLEM 3.3.......................................................................................... 19

PROBLEM 3.4.......................................................................................... 19

4.0 Compaction ............................................................................................ 21

PROBLEM 4.1.......................................................................................... 21

PROBLEM 4.2.......................................................................................... 23

PROBLEM 4.3.......................................................................................... 25

PROBLEM 4.4.......................................................................................... 27

5.0 Permeability and Seepage ..................................................................... 29

PROBLEM 5.1 ......................................................................................... 29

PROBLEM 5.2.......................................................................................... 31

PROBLEM 5.3.......................................................................................... 33

PROBLEM 5.4.......................................................................................... 33

6.0 Vertical Stresses and Pore Water Pressure ......................................... 35

PROBLEM 6.1 ......................................................................................... 35

PROBLEM 6.2.......................................................................................... 37

PROBLEM 6.3.......................................................................................... 37

PROBLEM 6.4.......................................................................................... 39

7.0 Pressure Distribution ............................................................................. 41

PROBLEM 7.1.......................................................................................... 41

PROBLEM 7.2.......................................................................................... 43

PROBLEM 7.3.......................................................................................... 45

PROBLEM 7.4.......................................................................................... 46

8.0 Consolidation ......................................................................................... 49

PROBLEM 8.1.......................................................................................... 49

PROBLEM 8.2.......................................................................................... 51

PROBLEM 8.3.......................................................................................... 53

PROBLEM 8.4.......................................................................................... 55

i

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 9.1.......................................................................................... 57

PROBLEM 9.2.......................................................................................... 59

PROBLEM 9.3.......................................................................................... 61

PROBLEM 9.4.......................................................................................... 63

10.0 Lateral Earth Pressure ........................................................................... 65

PROBLEM 10.1 ....................................................................................... 65

PROBLEM 10.2 ....................................................................................... 67

PROBLEM 10.3 ........................................................................................ 69

PROBLEM 10.4 ........................................................................................ 71

11.0 Slope Stability and Braced Excavations .............................................. 73

PROBLEM 11.1 ........................................................................................ 73

PROBLEM 11.2 ........................................................................................ 74

PROBLEM 11.3 ........................................................................................ 77

PROBLEM 11.4 ........................................................................................ 79

ii

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 1.1

A saturated specimen is tested in the laboratory. The following

properties were obtained:

Weight after oven drying: 2.50 lb

Oven temperature: 110 C

Drying time: 24 hrs

Specific gravity: 2.73

A) 0.35

B) 0.45

C) 0.55

D) 0.65

1

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

W G

e w s Ws, Gs and S are given, Ww = W - Ws

Ws S

e 0.546

Ws S (2.5 lb)1.0

2

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 1.2

Project specification for the construction of a highway

embankment require the fill to be compacted to a dry unit weight of

112 pcf to construct a 125,000 cubic yard engineered fill

embankment. The fill soil needs to be imported from a borrow site.

Laboratory tests performed on the borrow soil indicated the

following properties: void ratio (e) = 0.8, specific gravity (Gs) = 2.7,

and moisture content (w) = 15 %.

from the source to the construction site; the minimum volume of

soil required to transport in cubic yards (yd3) is most nearly :

A) 148,600

B) 149,000

C) 149,600

D) 150,000

3

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Borrow Soil:

Known Properties: e, Gs, w

[Calculate dry unit weight of Borrow soil]

d s w 93.6 pcf

1 e 1 0.8

112

V 125,000 yd3 149,572 yd3

93.6

4

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 1.3

A soil sample weighing 5 pounds has a moisture content of 20

percent. How many pounds of water must be added to increase

the water content to 30 percent?

A) 0.38

B) 0.42

C) 0.83

D) 1.25

5

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Ww

w Ww wWs Ww wWs

Ws

Ww wWs 0.42 lb

1 w 1 0.2

Alternate Solution:

W(20%) Ws Ww 5 lb

W 5 lb

At 20% Ws 4.17 lb

1 w 1 0.2

Water to be added

6

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 1.4

A saturated soil sample has a void ratio of 1.65 and specific gravity

of 2.65. Which of the following statements are TRUE:

ii. The moisture content of the sample must be 62%

iii. The degree of saturation of the sample must be 100%

B) Only statement (iii) is true

C) Statements (i) and (iii) are true

D) Statement (i), (ii), and (iii) are true

7

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Statement A:

e 1.65

n 0.62 TRUE

e 1 1.65 1

Statement B:

Se (1)(1.65)

w= 100% 62% TRUE

Gs 2.65

Statement C:

V

S w 1.0 TRUE

Vv

8

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

The following laboratory test results were obtained for two soil

samples.

Sieve Size Sample A Sample B

Percent Percent

Finer Finer

No. 4 85 100

No. 10 70 --

No. 40 43 --

No. 200 35 65

LL 40 55

PL 14 22

PROBLEM 2.1

The USCS Classification of Sample A is:

A) A-2-6

B) SC

C) A-2-4

D) SW

PROBLEM 2.2

The AASHTO Classification of Sample B is:

A) MH

B) CH

C) A-7-5

D) A-7-6

9

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Process of elimination:

B) SC CORRECT

C) A-2-4 Not USCS

D) SW "Clean" sands must have F200 < 5%

LL = 40 PL = 14 PI = 26

F200 < 50% Coarse-grained Refer to Figure 2.4

% Gravel = 15% < % Sand = 50% SANDS

F200 > 12% WITH FINES

Fine = CL (Refer to Figure 2.6) Group Symbol "SC"

10

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Process of elimination:

A) MH Not AASHTO

B) CH Not AASHTO

C) A-7-5 PL is too high

D) A-7-6 CORRECT

LL = 55 PL = 22 PI = 33

F200 > 35% Fine-grained Refer to Figure 2.3

11

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 2.3

The results of a sieve analysis for a soil sample are shown below.

Determine the USCS classification of the sample.

Percent

Sieve Size

Finer

1 in. --

No. 4 100

No. 10 96

No. 40 73

No. 100 --

No. 200 55

LL 56

PL 30

A) MH

B) CH

C) SC

D) SM

12

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

LL = 56 PL = 30 PI = 26

Gravel = 0 %

Fines = 55 %

Sand = 100 55 = 45 %

very close to A-Line.

equation have two significant digits. Per the multiplication rule the

result should be expressed in the number of significant digits as

the least mulitiplicand. Therefore, for this problem, the result

should be expressed in two significant digits. For more on

significant digits, see CERM Ch 3.5.

13

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 2.4

The results of grain size analysis and hydrometer tests on a

sample are given in the plot. LL = 40 and PL = 30.

A) SC

B) GM

C) GC

D) SM

14

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

LL = 40 PI = 10

Gravel = 100 67 = 33 %

Sand = 67 42 = 25 %

Fines = 42 %

% gravel > % sand GRAVEL

F200 > 12 % WITH FINES

Fines = ML (refer to Fig 2.6) Group Symbol = GM

15

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

classification system. (e.g. If the problem asks for the

USCS classification, the correct AASHTO group

classification may be one of the options.)

passing the No. 200 sieve:

less than or equal to 35% passing the No. 200 sieve.

than 50% passing the No. 200 sieve.

16

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

A steel framed building with column loads ranging from 250 to 450

kips is planned. The boring log shown is typical for the site. Rock

was encountered at a depth of 29 feet. Referring to the boring log

answer the following:

3.1 What would be the most

appropriate sampling method to

obtain an undisturbed sample of the

soft clay at a depth of 16 feet?

A) Pitot Tube

B) Shelby Tube

C) Bucket Sampler

D) Splitspoon Sampler

be most suitable?

A) Mat foundation

B) Shallow spread footing

C) Drilled piers bearing on rock

D) Driven H-piles bearing on rock

17

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Shelby tube sampler is the only acceptable method of the given

choices to obtain an undisturbed sample.

A) Because of the large isolated column loads and loose sands, a

mat would be relatively thick. Between the loose sand at the

surface and the relatively shallow depth of the soft clay layer,

excessive settlement is likely. Total and differential settlements

could also be a concern depending on the distribution of the loads.

low requiring large spread footings for the 450 kip column loads.

Large spread footings will result in a high stress increase in the

soft clay causing excessive settlement.

C) Although the loose sand and soft clay present some difficulty,

drilled piers can be readily cased to deal with these difficulties. It

is also possible to remove or break up boulders if encountered.

Drilled piers are the best choice for this profile.

boulders can interfere with driving to proper bearing. In addition,

H piles cannot be inspected for damage. Driven piles generally

and H piles in particular would be a poor choice for this profile.

18

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Refering to the boring and rock core logs shown below, answer

the following:

Penetration Test (SPT) N-value of

the sand encountered at the ground

surface to a depth of 12 feet?

A) 8

B) 9

C) 10

D) 13

20 ft to 25 ft, which of the following

statements is true?

B) The RQD is 94%

C) The recovery is 80%

D) The bearing capacity is poor

19

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

The SPT N-value is ALWAYS the sum of 2nd and 3rd increment.

Nave = 10

lengths of intact pieces of core >100 mm

RQD = 100%

length of core advance

RQD = 100% 80%

5'12 in ft

20

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

4.0 Compaction

PROBLEM 4.1

A sand cone test was performed on a layer of compacted fill.

Ottawa sand ( = 100 pcf) is used to fill the jar in the testing

apparatus. The following data was recorded during the test:

Soil sample (from hole) oven-dried weight: 4.02 lb

Volume of cone: 0.02 ft3

Weight of jar + sand before test: 12.50 lb

Weight of jar + sand after test: 7.00 lb

maximum dry unit weight of 118 pcf. The relative compaction

(percent) of the fill is most nearly:

A) 85

B) 97

C) 103

D) 112

21

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

(W f W0 ) 12.5 lb 7.0 lb

Vhole Vcone 0.02 ft 3 0.035 ft 3

sand 100 lb 3

ft

Ws 4.02 lb

d 115 lb 3

Vhole 0.035 ft 3 ft

RC 100% 97%

( d )max 118 pcf

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Alternate Solution:

..

Water Content = = = 15%

.

4.62

= = = 115 lb/ft3

(+) 0.035(1+0.15)

RC 100% 97%

( d )max 118 pcf

22

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 4.2

A contractor is to construct an earth embankment. The

specification requires compaction to a minimum dry density equal

to 95% of the modified Proctor maximum dry density. The average

total unit weight and moisture content of the soil in the borrow

source is 134 pcf and17.5%, respectively. The modified Proctor

curve for the borrow material is given below. The required

minimum compacted dry density (pcf) of the fill is most nearly:

A) 114.0

B) 123.5

C) 127.3

D) 130.0

23

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

From the figure, the Modified Proctor maximum dry density is:

Set RC to 95% and solve for minimum field dry density value:

( d ) field

RC

( d ) max

24

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 4.3

Structural fill is required to support a slab-on-grade in a region

where the frost depth extends 42 inches. Which of the following

materials would be the LEAST desireable structural fill?

B) Clayey sand (SC)

C) Non-elastic silt (ML)

D) Low plasticity clay (CL)

25

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

The smaller the tubes formed by soil voids, the higher the

capillary rise

(ML and MH) are most susceptible to frost heave

26

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 4.4

Several nuclear density tests were performed on a layer of

compacted fill. The test results were irregular, and it was

speculated that the fill may have been frozen when the nuclear

density tests were performed.

fill that is not frozen the dry density and moisture content readings

were MOST LIKELY:

A) lower higher

B) higher lower

C) lower lower

D) higher higher

27

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

disproportionately to the solids.

content would be higher.

28

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 5.1

What is the pressure head (cm) at the midpoint of the sand

column? Assume a datum at 0 cm.

A) 30

B) 60

C) 80

D) 90

29

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

hENT hz h p 50 cm 50 cm 100 cm

hEXT hz h p 70 cm 10 cm 80 cm

the direction flow (bottom to top):

h 100 cm 80 cm

i 0.667

l 30 cm

30 cm

hMID hENT il 100 cm 0.667 90 cm

2

h p, MID hMID hz ,MID 90cm 60cm 30 cm

Graphical representation:

30

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 5.2

The total length of the dam is 800 ft. The hydraulic conductivity of

the permeable sand layer is 0.05 ft/min.

The discharge through the permeable sand layer in cubic feet per

minute (ft3/min) is most nearly:

A) 0.13

B) 9

C) 30

D) 100

31

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

30 ft

Q kiA (0.05 ft min ) (800 ft)(20 ft) 100 ft 3

min

240 ft

32

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Use the following figure for Problems 5.3 and 5.4.

PROBLEM 5.3

The seepage (ft3/day) per lineal foot of wall through the permeable

layer if k =1.5 x 10-4 ft/min is most nearly:

A) 1.6 x 10-3

B) 3.8 x 10-3

C) 2.3

D) 5.5

PROBLEM 5.4

Point A is at the midpoint of the permeable layer. The pressure

head (ft) at Point A is most nearly:

A) 18

B) 30

C) 40

D) 56

33

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Nf = 4 Nd = 6

Calculate seepage:

4

Nf

1.5 104 ft 16 ft (1 ft) 1.6 103 ft per ft

3

Q k h

Nd min 6 min

min

Q 1.6 103 ft per ft 1440 min 2.3 ft per ft

3

day day

Total head at entrance = 56 ft

H 16 ft

(No. of drops to Pnt A) 3 drops 8 ft

Nd 6 drops

34

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 6.1

A soil deposit with the soil profile shown below has a piezometric

head of 20 feet at a depth of 15 feet below the ground surface.

Both of the sand layers have a saturated unit weight of 135 pcf.

The vertical effective stress (psf) at a depth of 15 feet is most

nearly:

A) 775

B) 1090

C) 1715

D) 2025

35

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Watertable above datum, total head = 15ft

Piezometric head above datum = 20 ft

Change in total head implies that there is flow (upward

direction); must use seepage condition to compute pore

pressure, u

At EL 0 ft (datum) hp = h - hz = 20 ft 0 ft = 20 ft

surface):

v H

v (135 pcf)(6 ft 9 ft) 2025 psf

ground surface) for seepage condition (Case 2):

'v v u v (h p w )

'v 2025 psf (20 ft)(62.4 pcf ) 777 psf

36

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Note: PWE = Piezometric Water Elevation (total head)

PROBLEM 6.2

The total vertical stress (psf) at Point B of the soil profile shown is

most nearly:

A) 1260

B) 2010

C) 2320

D) 3940

PROBLEM 6.3

The effective vertical stress (psf) at Point C of the soil profile

shown is most nearly:

A) 1260

B) 2010

C) 2320

D) 3940

37

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Compute the total vertical stress at Point B:

v ( i Hi )

v (130 lb

ft 3

)(3 ft) (135 lb

ft 3

)(12 ft) 2010 lb

ft 2

The total head is constant at Points A, B, and C, therefore

groundwater conditions are hydrostatic.

'v v u ( i Hi ) ( w zw )

'v (130 lb

ft 3

)(3 ft) (135 lb

ft 3

)(12 ft) (138 lb

ft 3

)(14 ft) (62.4 lb

ft 3

)(26 ft)

2320 lb

ft 2

38

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 6.4

The total unit weight of the soil above the water table is 125 pcf.

The specific gravity (Gs) of the soil is 2.65 and the void ratio is 0.4.

For the sand deposit shown below, the vertical effective stress

(psf) at point A is most nearly:

A) 1242

B) 1342

C) 1442

D) 1542

39

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Specific gravity = Gs = 2.65

Void Ratio = e = 0.4

Unit weight of soil below the watertable =

sat w s 136 pcf

1 e 1 0.4

'v (125 pcf )(8 ft) (136 pcf 62.4 pcf )(6 ft) 1,442 psf

40

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 7.1

A continuous wall footing with a width of 3 feet is proposed for a

tall warehouse. The wall loads are expected to be approximately 6

kips per lineal foot. A soft clay layer was encountered below the

base of the footing as shown in the figure. An estimate of the

increase in vertical stress (psf) below the center of the continuous

footing at the midpoint of the soft clay layer is most nearly:

A) 100

B) 135

C) 400

D) 550

41

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

P 6000 lb

q 2000 psf

A 3 ft 1 ft

Chart:

x = 0 ft

z = 9 ft

B = 3 ft

x 0 ft

Horizontal distance from center of footing: x 0B

B 3 ft

z 9 ft

Vertical distance from base of footing: z 3B

B 3 ft

42

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 7.2

A 10,000 lb load acts uniformly over a 4x4 ft square footing. Use

the 2v:1h pressure distribution. The average pressure distribution

(psf) on a plane 5 ft below the bottom of the footing is most nearly:

A) 80

B) 125

C) 625

D) 1980

43

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

P 10,000lb

123.5 psf

( B z )( L z ) (4 ft 5 ft )2

44

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 7.3

A continuous wall footing with a width of 3 feet is proposed for a

tall warehouse. The wall loads are expected to be approximately 6

kips per lineal foot.

distribution (psf) on a plane 5 ft below the bottom of the footing is

most nearly:

6 kip/ft

A) 500

B) 550

C) 650

D) 750

3 ft

45

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

,

=

= =

( + )() ( + )()

46

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 7.4

A new building is proposed for a previously undeveloped site. The

ground surface is realtively flat, and it is anticipated that the

building will be supported by 12 ft x 12 ft square foundations

embedded approximately 6 ft below the ground surface. Soil

borings must be drilled at the site to a minimum depth equivalent

to where the maximum stresses induced by the proposed footings

approximately equal to 10% of the applied bearing pressure.

Assume that isolated footings are spaced far enough apart that

any interaction between adjacent footings (i.e. addition of the

induced stresses acting on any given point by two adjacent

footings) is negligible.

The minimum depth (ft) of the soil borings at this site is most

nearly:

A) 10

B) 20

C) 30

D) 40

47

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

stress is equal to 10 % of the applied pressure (i.e. = 0.1q):

foundations

Draw a vertical line downward from center of footing

where induced stresses will be at a maximumto meet

0.10p (note 0.10p = 0.1q)

Draw horizontal line to determine depth in relation to B

stress is equal to 10 % of the applied pressure:

Depth of Borings = 2B + Df = 24 ft + 6 ft = 30 ft

48

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

8.0 Consolidation

PROBLEM 8.1

A 10-ft thick clay layer has the following properties:

Cc = 0.14

Cr = 0.02

eo = 0.92

o = 1,800 psf

c = 2,200 psf

layer. The primary consolidation settlement (inches) is most

nearly:

A) 0.24

B) 0.76

C) 1.0

D) 1.7

49

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

c > o soil is OC

H 'c 'f

Sc r C log Cc log

1 eo 'o 'c

Sc 0.02log 0.14log

1 0.92 1800 psf 2200 psf

Sc 0.085 ft (1.02 in)

50

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 8.2

The average effective stress in a normally consolidated clay layer

will be reduced from 1800 psf to 1200 psf due to a proposed

excavation above it. The normally consolidated clay layer is 5 feet

thick with an initial void ratio of 0.9, compression index (Cc) of

0.20, and recompression index (Cr) of 0.04. The anticipated

heave (inches) of the clay layer due to unloading is most nearly:

A) 0.09

B) 0.19

C) 0.22

D) 1.12

51

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

theoretically equal to the recompression index, Cr:

Cr 'f

Shv H log

1 eo 'o

Shv (5 ft)log 0.019 ft (0.22 in)

1 0.9 1800 psf

The negative number indicates that the soil is heaving and not

consolidating.

52

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 8.3

A tall building is supported on a large mat foundation with a

uniform pressure of 1000 psf. The mat bears at the surface on

silty clay soil 10 feet above the water table. The silty clay soil layer

is 28 feet thick and it is underlain by gravel. The soil below the mat

was fully consolidated before drilling water wells, which lowered

the water table to 18 feet below the foundation. Which, if any, of

the layers shown below (A, B or C) will consolidate after the water

table is lowered?

B) Layers B and C will consolidate.

C) Only layer B will consolidate.

D) None of the above.

53

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

effective stress after the change in water table elevation:

change once the water table is lowered, therefore there will be no

consolidation.

due to the decrease in pore water pressure, therefore

consolidation will occur.

due to the increased vertical effective stress in the layer above it,

therefore consolidation will occur.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Calculate Effective Stress for INITIAL & FINAL Conditions

(Neglect MAT q=1000 psf for ease of calculation as it remains CONSTANT Before & After Drilling)

Bottom of Layer A = 100 x 10 = 1000 psf

Bottom of Layer B = 1000 + (120 62.4) x 8 = 1461 psf

Bottom of Layer C = 1461 + (120 - 62.4) x 10 = 2037 psf

Bottom of Layer A = 100 x 10 = 1000 psf

Bottom of Layer B = 1000 + 100 x 8 = 1800 psf

Bottom of Layer C = 1800 + (120 - 62.4) x 10 = 2376 psf

Layer A = 0

Layer B = 1800 1461= 339 psf (Consolidation will occur)

Layer C = 2376 2037 = 339 psf (Consolidation will occur)

54

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 8.4

Calculations indicate that a 20 foot thick soft clay layer with sand

above and gravel below will reach 40% consolidation in 1 month.

The coefficient of consolidation is 0.4 ft2/day. The engineer

discovers that because poor sampling technique was used, shale

was misclassified as gravel and the clay is actually underlain by

impervious shale. What change in the rate of consolidation is

expected?

B) Time for consolidation doubles, (2 months)

C) Time for consolidation quadruples, (4 months)

D) Consolidation is slower but more information is needed to

answer

55

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Tv ( H )2 Tv H 2

For double drainage: t 2

cv 4cv

Tv H 2

For single drainage: t

cv

56

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 9.1

A continuous footing is 2 ft wide and bears 3 ft below the ground

surface in a clean sand with = 125 pcf and = 34. Use

Terzaghis method and assume FS = 2.5. The maximum net

allowable bearing capacity (psf) is most nearly:

A) 6850

B) 7150

C) 7300

D) 7450

57

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

capacity in sand):

qnet D f ( N q 1) 0.5 BN

qnet (125 pcf )(3 ft)(36.50 1)

0.5(125 pcf )(2 ft)(36.46) 17,870 psf

q 17,870 psf

(qnet )all net 7148 psf

FS 2.5

58

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 9.2

A gross load of 6 kips per lineal foot is applied to a continuous

footing bearing in a clay soil at a depth of 4 feet below the ground

surface. The clay soil has cohesion of 1000 psf and unit weight of

115 pcf. The groundwater table is far below the base of the

footing. Using Terzaghis method and an assumed factor of safety

against bearing failure of 3, the minimum required footing width (ft)

is most nearly:

A) 2.0

B) 3.0

C) 4.0

D) 5.0

59

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Bearing capacity factors for 0 and shape factor for continuous

footing:

for bearing capacity in clay soils:

qult cN c Sc D f

qult (1000 lb2 )(5.70) (115 lb3 )(4 ft)

ft ft

qult 6160 lb2

ft

q 6160

qall ult 2053 lb2

FS 3 ft

given as:

Pg Pg Pg ( lb )

Qg B(ft) ft

A B (1 ft) Qg ( lb2 )

ft

the allowable bearing capacity. To determine the minimum footing

width, use the maximum applied gross bearing pressure, which is

equal to the allowable bearing capacity:

Pg Pg 6,000 lb

B ft 2.92 ft say 3.0 ft

max

Qg qall 2053 lb2

ft

60

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 9.3

A 4-ft square foundation bears on sand at a depth of 3 ft.

Groundwater is at a depth of 5 feet. The sand has a moist unit

weight, = 112 pcf, saturated unit weight, sat = 115 pcf, and

friction angle, = 33 degrees. Determine the maximum allowable

net load in kips for this foundation. Use a factor of safety of 3.

A) 65

B) 75

C) 95

D) 110

61

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

d d

' 1

B B

2 ft 2 ft

(112 pcf ) (115 pcf 62.4 pcf ) 1 82.3 pcf

4 ft 4 ft

capacity in sand:

qnet D f ( N q 1) 0.5 BN S

qnet (112 pcf )(3 ft) 32.23 1 (0.5)(82.3 pcf )(4 ft)(31.30)(0.85)

qnet 14,872 psf

q 14,872 psf

(qnet )all net 4957 psf

FS 3.0

( Pnet )all (qnet )all A 79.3kips

1000 lb kip

62

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 9.4

A continuous strip footing bears in a clean sand with groundwater

one-half the footing width below the bottom of the footing. Which

of the following changes will INCREASE the allowable bearing

pressure. Hint: Consider the bearing capacity equation.

decreased

B) Embedment depth remains D, but groundwater is raised to

B/4 below the base of the footing

C) Embedment depth and groundwater remain D and B/2, but

the relative density of the sand is increased

D) Groundwater remains at B/2 below the base of the footing,

but the embedment depth is decreased

63

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

groundwater between the base of the footing and a depth of B

below the base of the footing (Case 2):

1

qall

D f N q 0.5 BN

FS

the N term and decrease the allowable bearing pressure.

in the N term and decrease the allowable bearing pressure.

shear strength , which will increase the value of Nq and N

and increase the allowable bearing pressure.

in the Nq term and decrease the allowable bearing pressure.

64

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 10.1

A 12-ft gravity retaining wall retains a clean sand with the

parameters shown. Assume the back of the wall is vertical and

that the backfill is flat. The active earth pressure (psf) acting at the

midpoint of the wall is most nearly:

A) 220

B) 440

C) 660

D) 880

65

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

height):

lb lb

pa K a H (0.283)(130 )(6 ft ) 220.74

ft 3 ft 2

66

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 10.2

A clay deposit has a unit weight of 100 pcf and an unconfined

compressive strength of 2000 psf. The depth (ft) in a vertical

excavation at which the horizontal soil pressure is zero is most

nearly:

A) 0

B) 10

C) 20

D) 40

67

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

=0

The critical depth, zcr, which is the depth at which the horizontal

pressure is zero, can estimated by:

2c 2(1000 psf )

zcr 20 ft

Ka 100 pcf

68

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 10.3

For the cantilever retaining wall pictured, which of the conditions

listed below will INCREASE the factor of safety against sliding?

B) A key (shown dashed) is added to the base of the wall.

C) A uniform surcharge acts at the surface behind the wall.

D) The weep holes become plugged and water builds up in the

backfill behind the wall.

69

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

forces and reduces the factor of safety. Even if passive

resistance is not considered in design, the factor of safety

will be reduced although it will be less likely to cause failure.

increases the factor of safety.

the full height of the wall adding to the driving forces and

reducing the factor of safety.

forces reducing the factor of safety.

70

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 10.4

A cross-section of a concrete cantilever retaining wall is shown in

the figure below. The both the backfill sand and foundation sand

have a unit weight of 135 pcf and an internal friction angle of 38

degrees. The backfill has a slope of 17 degrees. The resultant

active force, acting parallel to the slope of the backfill, is 2,576 plf.

The total weight of the concrete wall and the block of soil retained

above the heel is 10,631 plf. The friction angle between the base

of the wall and the foundation sand is =2/3. The unit weight of

concrete is 150 pcf. The factor of safety against sliding and

overturning, respectively, are most nearly (neglect passive

pressure):

B) 2.4 and 7.3

C) 7.0 and 2.3

D) 7.5 and 2.5

71

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

force:

Ra,h Ra cos (2576plf )cos17 2463plf

Calculate the total resisting shear force at the base of the wall:

3

FR F 5389 lb ft

FSSL s 2.19

F0 Ra,h 2463 lb ft

FSOT

M R W x Ra,v B

M 0 Ra,h y

FSOT

10,631lb ft 5.54 ft 753 lb ft 9 ft

6.67

2463 ft 4 ft

lb

72

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 11.1

An embankment of dry cohesionless soil is sloping at 260 to

horizontal and 12 ft high. The dry unit of the soil is 120 pcf and

internal friction angle is 320. The factor of safety of the slope is

most nearly:

A) 1.18

B) 1.28

12 ft = 120

C) 1.38 = 32

D) 1.48 = 260

73

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

tan tan(32)

= = = 1.28

tan tan(26)

74

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 11.2

Laboratory tests have yielded the parameters given in the figure.

Use the chart provided.

A) 1.4

B) 1.6

C) 1.8

D) 1.9

75

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

Solution:

5.8

20

= = =1

20

0 5.8 x 750

= = = 1.8

120 x 20

76

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 11.3

(Ka = 0.307) is planned for a construction site. The unit weight of the

sand is 125 pounds per cubic foot. The excavation is narrow and will

be supported with cross-bracing. The groundwater table is very deep.

The cut will extend to a depth of 20 feet and will be braced with three

levels of struts at 5 feet,10 feet, and 15 feet below grade. Assume the

sheeting is free at the bottom of the excavation. The load (plf) carried

by bottom strut is most nearly:

A) 450

B) 900

C) 4500

D) 9000

77

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

ft 3 ft 2

P3 1.1 (499 lb ) ( 5 ft 5 ft) 4117 lb

ft 2 2 ft 2

78

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

PROBLEM 11.4

A wide (approx 200 x 200 ft) and deep excavation (approx 30 feet) is

planned for a construction project located in a highly developed area

with adjacent structures close to the excavation. The groundwater

table is deep and the excavation will be through alternating layers of

medium dense sand and stiff lean clay. Construction sequencing and

staging requires that the excavation be open.

based on the information given?

A) Cantiliever wall

B) Cross-bracing

C) Tie backs

D) Rakers

79

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

Workshop Problems and Solutions Geotechnical

especially with adjacent structures

and it is not appropriate for wide excavations

could comprise adjacent structures, which makes tie backs

an inappropriate choice

excavations and wide excavations.

80

This copy is given to the following student as part of School of PE course. Not allowed to distribute to others.

Nannette Jover Vega (nannette.jover@gmail.com)

- Six-Minute Solutions for Civil PE Exam Structural ProblemsUploaded byJason Edwards
- pe geoUploaded byV
- Geotecnical Depth Set 2Uploaded byrocky21st
- Civil Depth Notes for Mar 16th-EnVIROMNTALUploaded byMuhammad Azeem Khan
- Compacion and Diff Types of Comp Action EquipmentUploaded byAtish Kumar
- Application of Automation In Geotechnical TestingUploaded byTravis Kilkenny
- SCHOOL OF PE.pdfUploaded byTABIBI11
- Six-minute Solutions for Civil PE Exam Geotechnical ProblemsUploaded byElle S
- Soil ImprovementUploaded byAbhishek Sharma
- p30.pdfUploaded byshaikh a n
- Soil Compaction HandbookUploaded byRajeuv Govindan
- Soil Compaction NRP 2017-18-IUploaded byAjay Meena
- Geotechnics of Waste FillsUploaded byGarima Gupta
- D7263.8772.pdfUploaded byjjjimenezb
- Wykeham Farrance English 2008 Low ResolutionUploaded byAlfredo Gallardo
- E-Book Rockfill for MinesUploaded bySam Jandali
- GitUploaded bySiva Vade
- 4000000106_1.pdfUploaded byMukhlish Akhatar
- AASHTO_GeoTechnical Design of PileUploaded byAlfredo A Lopez
- Ground ImprovementUploaded bypatelahmad77
- civil project on power plantUploaded bySrinu Reddy
- Rr410111 Ground Improvement TechniquesUploaded byAnil Dhobale
- D7263.26013 Laboratorio Determinación de la densidad (peso unitario) del Suelo Las muestrasUploaded byAlejandro Zambrano Valbuena
- untitledUploaded byKat
- MRWA_Backfill_Specification_04-03.2 (1)Uploaded byJaybethGeminaBetinol
- Modelling of Circular Footing on Lateritic SoilUploaded byEditor IJTSRD
- CE2812_Geo I - Standard Proctor Compaction TestUploaded byJohn
- Concrete Construction Article PDF_ Soil Cement ConstructionUploaded byAditi Priya
- syllabus.pdfUploaded bySumit Suman
- lec15Uploaded byharish babu aluru

- Accord Building StandardUploaded byMohammad Shahidul Islam
- Poetry by EE Cummings MOBIUploaded byManotapaBhaumik
- FRP Strengthening project sampleUploaded byManotapaBhaumik
- TNT Equivalency.pdfUploaded byManotapaBhaumik
- EUROPLEXUS- FEM Code.pdfUploaded byManotapaBhaumik
- ACI 201.1-08.pdfUploaded byManotapaBhaumik
- TT Indiana State Fair Commission Investigation ReportUploaded byManotapaBhaumik
- Timber Tower ResearchUploaded byManotapaBhaumik
- Changes in IBC 2015Uploaded byManotapaBhaumik
- Design of Buckling-Restrained Braced FramesUploaded byTony Starks
- 2002-Cook Et Al - Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis-4edUploaded byRobert Kelly

- Pile Cap Design 1 PptxUploaded bykatheran
- Dpr Metro Line IIIUploaded byHari Chandan
- FoundationCode2004.pdfUploaded bycu1988
- VOLUME 1 - Civil & Architectural SpecificationsUploaded byKawser Hossain
- piles subjected to lateral soil movementUploaded byAwais Safder Malik
- Stephen Kwan - Pile Design in ECUploaded byThiru Kumanan
- Aham Company Profile 2011-1Uploaded byalicarlos13
- Alberta Transportation Integral AbutmentUploaded byM56p1358
- agkrizi_2Uploaded byΈνκινουαν Κόγκ Αδάμου
- BS4 - Universal Bearing Piles - UBPUploaded byhdierke
- Quay Construction with Concrete Caisson.pdfUploaded bydndudc
- Environmental dependence of underwater sound propagation resulting from impact pile drivingUploaded byNational Physical Laboratory
- From Piles to Piled Raft Foundation(Der-Wen Chang)Uploaded byWendell Ariel Lanzas
- 665402-ST-00-BD-001_CUploaded byUALU333
- Micropile SpecificationUploaded bychongpt
- SOR-01-04-2018.pdfUploaded bySushantKumar
- Lamacan Bridge Plan3.pdfUploaded byDrew B Mrtnz
- Foundation Code 2017Uploaded byCheung Lee
- Professional Resume Aybek Otceken WithappreciationlettersUploaded byAybek Otceken
- ENG20120600002_83421882.pdfUploaded byShashi Vaish
- VP1, RFP for Coal Unloading Jetty Work_PSMC_BOQUploaded byThai Hai Ly
- Guide on Ground Investigation and Geotechnical Characteristic Values to EC7 24 Apr 2015Uploaded by俞仰鸿
- CE boardUploaded byRustom Renz Nuñez
- Asst.engineer Civil .PDFUploaded byAnilkumar CE
- Coduto-Appendices.pdfUploaded byRoger Poon
- 4DeepFoundation (1)Uploaded byNasrul
- Geotechnical ReportUploaded bymamandawe
- dUploaded byDavid Web
- Www.p3planningengineer.com Productivity Sheet Piling sUploaded byroldski
- Nonlinear Modeling of Piles Using SAP2000Uploaded byTuanQuach