You are on page 1of 4

# Paul'sOnlineMathNotes

DifferentialEquations(Notes)/PartialDifferentialEquations(Notes)/VibratingString[Notes]
DifferentialEquationsNotes

VibratingString
Thiswillbethefinalpartialdifferentialequationthatwellbesolvinginthischapter.Inthissectionwellbesolvingthe1Dwaveequationto
determinethedisplacementofavibratingstring.Therereallyisntmuchinthewayofintroductiontodoheresoletsjustjumpstraightintothe
example.

Example1Findasolutiontothefollowingpartialdifferentialequation.

Solution
Oneofthemaindifferencesherethatweregoingtohavetodealwithisthefactthatwevenowgottwoinitialconditions.Thatisnotsomething
weveseentothispoint,butwillnotbeallthatdifficulttodealwithwhenthetimerollsaround.

almostcompletelyworkedout.

So,letsstartoffwiththeproductsolution.

Pluggingthisintothetwoboundaryconditionsgives,

Pluggingtheproductsolutionintothedifferentialequation,separatingandintroducingaseparationconstantgives,

## Wemovedthe totheleftsideforconvenienceandchose fortheseparationconstantsothedifferentialequationfor wouldmatchaknown

(andsolved)case.

Thetwoordinarydifferentialequationswegetfromseparationofvariablesarethen,

WesolvedtheboundaryvalueproblemaboveinExample1oftheSolvingtheHeatEquationsectionofthischapterandsotheeigenvaluesand
eigenfunctionsforthisproblemare,

Thefirstordinarydifferentialequationisnow,

andbecausethecoefficientofthehisclearlypositivethesolutiontothisis,

Becausethereisnoreasontothinkthateitherofthecoefficientsabovearezerowethengettwoproductsolutions,

Thesolutionisthen,

Now,inordertoapplythesecondinitialconditionwellneedtodifferentiatethiswithrespecttotso,

Ifwenowapplytheinitialconditionsweget,

BothoftheseareFouriersineseries.Thefirstisfor on whilethesecondisfor on withaslightlymessycoefficient.
Asinthelastfewsectionswerefacedwiththechoiceofeitherusingtheorthogonalityofthesinestoderiveformulasfor and orwecould
reuseformulafrompreviouswork.

ItseasiertoreuseformulassousingtheformulasformtheFouriersineseriessectionweget,

Uponsolvingthesecondoneweget,

So,thereisthesolutiontothe1Dwaveequationandwiththatwevesolvedthefinalpartialdifferentialequationinthischapter.

DifferentialEquations(Notes)/PartialDifferentialEquations(Notes)/VibratingString[Notes]