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pdfMachine

A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease! Ing.
Ing. Roberto
Roberto Salas
Salas
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES
APLICACIONES
DE
DE PERFORACION
PERFORACION DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES DE LA PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Localizaciones Inaccesibles

reas a perforar de difcil acceso por


condiciones naturales o construcciones
pdfMachine
hechas por el hombre.
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES DE LA PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Domos de Sal

Los yacimientos a explotar se encuentran


debajo de un levantamiento de sal.
pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES DE LA PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Formaciones con Fallas

El yacimiento est dividido por varias fallas


originadas durante la compactacin.
pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES DE LA PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Pozo de Alivio

Es aquel que se perfora para controlar un pozo en


erupcin, contrarrestando asi las presiones que
pdfMachine
ocasionaron el
A pdf writer that producesreventn
quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES DE LA PERFORACINDIRECCIONAL

Mltiples Pozos con


una misma Plataforma

Desde la misma plataforma se pueden perforar varios


pozos para reducir el costo de la construccin de
plataformas individuales
pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES DE LA PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL
Desviacin de un Pozo Perforado Originalmente ( Side
Desviacin
Track ) .

Pozo en proceso de perforacin que no


marcha segn la trayectoria programada por
pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces
problemas quality PDF files with ease!
operacionales
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES DE LA PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Pozos Verticales
(Control de Desviacin)

Donde en el rea a perforar existan fallas naturales,


las cuales pdfMachine
ocasionan la desviacin del hoyo.
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES DE LA PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Diferentes Arenas Mltiples

Atraviesa yacimiento de varias arenas con


un mismopdfMachine
pozo.
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES DE LA PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Aprovechamiento de Mayor
Espesor del Yacimiento

El yacimiento es atravesado por el pozo en


forma horizontal.

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
APLICACIONES DE LA PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Desarrollo M ltiple de
Mltiple
un Yacimiento

Cuando
Cuando se
se requiere
requiere drenar drenar el el yacimiento
yacimiento lo
lo ms
ms rpido
rpido
pdfMachine
posible
posibleAo
pdf para
o writer
para establecer
that produces los
quality PDF files with
establecer los ease!lmites
lmites de
de contacto.
contacto.
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO

DE

pdfMachine TERMINOS
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

PUNTO DE ARRANQUE K.O.P.

PROFUNDIDAD DEL HOYO EN LA CUAL SE COLOCA LA HERRAMIENTA


S DE DEFLEXIN INICIAL Y SE COMIENZA EL DESVO DEL MISMO

V1 TASA DE ANGULO
ANGULO DE INCLINACION
NUMERO DE GRADOS DE AUMENTO DEL ANGULO DE INCLINACIN
ANGULO FUERA
SOBREDE LA LONGITUD
UNA VERTICAL. ESPECIFICA
TAMBIEN SE LLAMA ANGULO DE
A MEDICIN DE PROFUNDIDAD
DEFLEXIN
V2 Numero de gradosEN
PROFUNDIDAD aumento DIRECCIONALAB
/ longitud
EL POZO QUE SE HACE CON LA
MEDICIN DE LA SARTA DE PERFORACIN, MIDE LA LONGITUD
PROFUNDIDAD DEL VERTICAL
HOYO SB VERDADERA
DISTANCIA VERTICAL DE CUALQUIR PUNTO DADO DEL HOYO AL PISO
DE LA CABRIA
B B
DESVO
DISTANCIA HORIZONTAL DE CUALQUIER PUNTO DEL HOYO AL EJE
VERTICAL A TRAVES DEL CABEZAL. TAMBIEN SE LE CONOCE
COMO DESVIACION HORIZONTAL

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

S
SECCION AUMENTADA

V1 PARTE DEL HOYO DESPUES DEL PUNTO DE ARRANQUE INICIAL,


DONDE EL ANGULO DE DESVIO AUMENTA AB

A SECCIN TANGENCIAL
V2
PARTE DEL HOYO DESPUES DEL AUMENTO DEL ANGULO DE
V3 DESVO, DONDE EL ANGULO Y LA DIRECCIN SE MANTIENEN
CONSTANTES B C

SECCIN DE DESCENSO
B B PARTE DEL HOYO DESPUES DE LA SECCIN TANGENCIAL DONDE
EL ANGULO DE INCLINACIN DISMINUYE C D
V4
C
C TASA DE DISMINUCIN
TASA DE DISMINUCIN EN GRADOS ENTRE LA LONGITUD DE
DISMINUCIN C D

D pdfMachine D
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

S
LONGITUD DEL RUMBO
DISTANCIA A LO LARGO DEL HOYO ENTRE LAS PROFUNDIDADES
DE DOS REGISTROS
A R2 R1

1 INCREMENTO DE PROFUNDIDAD VERTICAL VERDADERA


PVVR1
DIFERENCIA DE LONGITUD ENTRE LAS PROFUNDIDADES
PVVR2 2 VERTICALES VERDADERAS DE DOS REGISTROS

PVVR2 PVVR1
B B

INCREMENTO DE DESVO
DIFERENCIA DE LONGITUD ENTRE LOS DESVIOS DE DOS
REGISTROS

DESVO2 DESVIO1

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

OBJETIVO
PUNTO FIJO DEL SUBSUELO EN UNA FORMACIN QUE DEBE SER
PENETRADO CON EL HOYO DESVIADO

TOLERANCIA DEL OBJETIVO


MAXIMA DISTANCIA EN LA CUAL EL OBJETIVO PUEDE SER ERRADO

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

DIRECCIN U ORIENTACIN
ANGULO FUERA DEL NORTE O SUR HACIA EL ESTE U OESTEN EN
O E LA ESCALA DE 90 GRADOS DE LOS CUATRO CUADRANTES

AZIMUTH
ANGULO FUERA DEL NORTE DEL HOYO A TRAVES DEL ESTE QUE
SE MIDE CON UN COMPS MAGNETICO CON BASE EN LA ESCALA
O E COMPLETA DEL CIRCULO DE 360 GRADOS

S pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

GIRO
MOVIMIENTO NECESARIO DESDE LA SUPERFICIE DEL
O E ENSAMBLAJE DE FONDO PARA REALIZAR UN CAMBIO DE
DIRECCIN U ORIENTACIN

CARA DE LA HERRAMIENTA
N

N50E

O E

S22O

pdfMachine S
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

REGISTRO
MEDICIN POR MEDIO DE INSTRUMENTOS DEL ANGULO DE INCLINACIN Y DE LA DIRECCIN EN
CIERTO PUNTO O ESTACIN DEL HOYO

N N50E
8
6

4
2

O E
2
4
6
8

S
pdfMachine
S22O
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

COORDENADAS
SON LAS DISTANCIAS EN LA DIRECCIN N-S y E-O A UN PUNTO CERO
PERO ADAPTADO GEOGRFICAMENTE
Catedral

COORDENADAS OBJETIVO

COORDENADAS
SUPERFICIE

YACIMIENTO

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

N
N
RUMBO
ESTRATO
ESTRATO
RUMBO DE UN ESTRATO DE FORMACIN ES LA
PLANO
INTERSECCIN ENTRE EL ESTRATO Y UN PLANO
PLANO HORIZONTAL
HORIZONTAL
HORIZONTAL MEDIDO DESDE EL PLANO N-S

N
N
PLANO
PLANO PERPENDICULAR
PERPENDICULAR

BUZAMIENTO
ESTRATO
ESTRATO
ANGULO ENTRE EL PLANO DE ESTRATIFICACIN DE LA
FORMACIN Y EL PLANO HORIZONTAL MEDIDO EN UN
PLANO
PLANO HORIZONTAL
HORIZONTAL PLANO PERPENDICULAR AL RUMBO

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

SENO COSENO

a c a c

b b

Sen = b/c Cos = a/c

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
GLOSARIO DE TRMINOS

PATA DE PERRO
CUALQUIER CAMBIO DE ANGULO SEVERO ENTRE EL RUMBO VERDADERO
O LA INCLINACIN DE DOS SECCIONES DEL HOYO

SEVERIDAD DE PATA DE PERRO


TASA DE CAMBIO DE ANGULO REAL ENTRE LAS SECCIONES, EXPRESADAS
EN GRADOS SOBRE UNA LONGITUD ESPECFICA

SPP = PP x 100 / Iperf

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACI N DIRECCIONAL
PERFORACIN
Mechas:
- Tricnicas.
- De Dientes.
- PDC.
Cucharas Deflectoras (Guiasondas)
- Removibles.
- De Circulacin.

Juntas Articuladas
Motores de Fondo pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Poseen uno o dos chorros de mayor


dimetro que el tercero, a travs
del cual sale el fluido de
perforacin a altas velocidades

La fuerza hidrulica generada


erosiona una cavidad en la
formacin, permitiendo que la
mecha se dirija en esa direccin

Boquilla o chorro grande


pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Mechas de Dientes:
Son fabricadas fresando los dientes en el interior
del cono de acero. Los dientes se encuentran
recubiertos de metal de carburo de tungsteno.

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Mechas Tricnicas:

Los dientes estn recubiertos


por metal duro carburo de
tungsteno, ofrecen gran
resistencia al desgaste por
abrasin e impacto.

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Mechas
Mechas de
de Compactos
Compactos de
de Diamantes
Diamantes Policristalinos
Policristalinos ((PDC):
PDC):
..

Diseadas con un diamante a


partir del grafito. Con cuerpo de
matriz de tungsteno, siete aletas
y postes hbridos impregnados
de diamantes naturales
pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

PDC hbrida de cuerpo de


matriz de carburo de
tungsteno con nueve aletas, en
cada aleta posee dos postes
impregnados de diamante para
proteger los cortadores y
brindar estabilidad a la mecha
en el fondo del hoyo.

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA PERFORACION
DIRECCIONAL

Sistema de desviacin de un solo viaje (Trackmaster):

El objetivo de este sistema es conseguir los siguientes pasos en


un solo viaje: Correr el ensamble en el hueco, orientar la cara de la
cua desviadora (con MWD o Gyro), sentar el anclaje
(hidrulicamente), separar la fresa de la cara de la cua, abrir la
ventana, perforar el hoyo de rata, salir del hoyo. El resultado es una
ventana de tamao completo con mnimos tiempos de fresado y un
Hoyo de rata de calibre completo listo para el ensamble direccional

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA PERFORACION
DIRECCIONAL

Anclaje:
Se asienta Hidrulicamente. Requiere de una presin una
presin de 3200 libras por pulgadas cuadrada para ser
asentado.

Permanente con Permanente sin Recuperable con Recuperable sin


empacadura empacadura empacadura empacadura
pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA PERFORACION
DIRECCIONAL

Herramientas Deflectoras:
Son aquellas que se encargan de dirigir el hoyo en el sentido que
se tenga predeterminado

Cucharas Deflectoras:

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA PERFORACION
DIRECCIONAL

Herramientas Deflectoras:

Cuchara Removible

Cuchara de Circulacin

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Cuchara Permanente
Queda permanente en el pozo y se aplica
para desviar a causa de una construccin
o colapso de un revestidor o para
reingresar a un pozo existente para
perforarlo

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Whipstock pdfMachine
Pilot Mill
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA PERFORACION
DIRECCIONAL

Tipo Fast Track (Fresado Rpido)

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

Juntas Articuladas:
Se utiliza para desviar pozos sin necesidad de usar
cuchara
Est compuesta por una junta universal tipo esfera
cargada de resorte, conectada a la sarta de
perforacin a fin de que la mecha pueda perforar un
ngulo con relacin al eje de la sarta.

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS
UTILIZADAS EN
EN LA
LA
PERFORACIN
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL

Motor de Fondo.
Tiene
Tiene la
la particularidad
particularidad dede eliminar
eliminar la
la
rotacin
rotacin de
de la
la tubera
tubera mediante
mediante una
una
fuerza
fuerza de
de torsin
torsin pozo
pozo abajo,
abajo,
impulsada
impulsada por
por el
el fluido
fluido de
de perforacin
perforacin

Transforma la fuerza hidrulica, (Lodo


de perforacin) en fuerza mecnica
(Rotacin), aliviando el trabajo de la
sarta y equipo de perforacin, llegando
a reemplazar totalmente la perforacin
rotatoria.

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS
UTILIZADAS EN
EN LA
LA
PERFORACIN
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL

Motores
Motores de
de fondo
fondo

CONSIDERACIONES:

Alta Temperatura en el Fondo del Hoyo (+250F):


El incremento de la temperatura reduce la fuerza de la
goma en el estator.
La expansin de la goma hace que haya mayor
interferencia entre el rotor y el estator.
Se reduce el mximo diferencial de presin a altas
temperaturas.

Fluidos de Perforacin:
Los Aromticos contenido en el fluido hincha y reduce la
fuerza de la goma del estator. .
Densidades del lodo mayores a 16 Lpg.
Uso de densificantes abrasivos que puedan ocasionar una
falla prematura.
pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS
UTILIZADAS EN
EN LA
LA
PERFORACIN
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL
Motores
Motores de
de fondo
fondo

Motores de desplazamiento positivo:


El motor convierte la energa hidrulica del fluido de
perforacin en energa mecnica en el forma de torque
y velocidad rotativa. Esta conversin es cumplida a
travs del uso de un rotor espiral que encaja en un
estator de forma similar.

- Incremento de flujo, incremento de velocidad


- Incremento de presin, incremento de torqu
Motores de diferentes etapas disponibles para el
desempeo de la perforacin.

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS
UTILIZADAS EN
EN LA
LA
PERFORACIN
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL

Motores
Motores de
de fondo
fondo

Vlvula descarga

Trampa seguridad

Ensamblaje de
la seccin poder
Vista de perfil de la
seccin de poder
Ensamblaje
del acoplado

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!
HERRAMIENTAS
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS
UTILIZADAS EN
EN LA
LA
PERFORACIN
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL

Motores
Motores de
de fondo
fondo

Ventajas:
Requerimiento de baja presin.
Se puede trabajar con mechas de diferentes dimetros y estilos.
Baja cada de presin y baja fuerza de carga.
Se logran hoyos mas uniformes y menos desviados.

Desventajas:
Se requiere conectar al ensamblaje para conectar la barra.
Problemas con altas temperaturas y altos % de arena.
Limitante en el tipo de lodo, especialmente en lodos base aceite

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Beneficios fsicos usando MDF

Reduce el desgaste o dao de el swivel,


cuadrante, rotaria y controles de la rotaria.
Mayor eficiencia de combustible.
El poder que las bombas necesitan para poner a
funcionar un MDF y mecha es mucho menor que
la requerida para una sarta rotativa.
Disminuye el desgaste externo de la sarta de
perforacin.
Disminuye el desgaste interno del revestidor.
Un MDF efectivo colocado con la mecha
adecuada produce mejores tasas de
penetracin.
Altas tasas de penetracin = menos costo por pie
perforado.
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Beneficios Econmicos al usar un MDF

Convencional Rendimiento en la
perforacin usando MDF
Mayor vibracin y fatga
Menos poder transmitido a la mecha
Menor vibracin y fatga
Menos control sobre desviaciones y
patas de perro Mayor poder transmitido a la
mecha
Mayor desgaste en las tuberas y el
revestidor Mayor control sobre
desviaciones y patas de perro
Mayor desgaste en el equipo de
superficie Menos desgaste en las tuberas
y revestidor
Uso mayor de combustible
Menos desgaste en el equipo de
Menor tasa de penetracin superficie
ex. 9 ft/hr Uso de menos combustible
Mayores tasas de penetracin

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HERRAMIENTAS
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS
UTILIZADAS EN
EN LA
LA
PERFORACIN
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL

Turbinas
Turbinas de
de Perforacion
Perforacion
(Turbo-drill)
El turbo-drill fue diseado para proporcionar un motor de
alta velocidad para operar en zonas donde, un Motor de
Desplazamiento Positivo (PDM) no es prctico. El turbo-drill
est diseado para perforar a alta RPM en formaciones
donde deban utilizarse mechas de diamante o PDC y lograr
una efectiva perforacin .

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HERRAMIENTAS
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS
UTILIZADAS EN
EN LA
LA
PERFORACIN
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL

Turbinas
Turbinas de
de Perforacion
Perforacion
CARACTERISTICAS:

Un jet de desviacin est disponible en el rotor. El Jet permite desviar el fluido de


perforacin a las aspas de la turbina. Este es ajustable en el campo ayudando a reducir la
presin de bomba requerida.

Todos los rotores y estatores son de metal lo que permiten operar a temperaturas altas
as como con fluidos de perforacin de alta viscosidad.

Baja vibraciones ayudan a los dispositivos electrnicos de las herramientas de fondo. El


rotor de la turbina gira concntricamente al estator.

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HERRAMIENTAS
HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS
UTILIZADAS EN
EN LA
LA
PERFORACIN
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL
Turbinas
Turbinas de
de Perforacion
Perforacion
APLICACIONES:

- La turbina opera a altas RPM, lo que la hace ideal para formaciones duras donde se usen
mechas de diamantes Impregnados .
- Al no estar provisto de elastmeros. El equipo es muy resistente a las alta temperatura
y lodos a base aceite

VENTAJAS:.
No utiliza Elastmeros en la seccin de poder.
Utilizable en altas temperaturas.
Utilizable en lodos base aceite o sintticos que tiendan daar los elastmeros de los
estatores convencionales.
Rotor Bypass Nozzle ( se puede ajustar los requerimientos de presin del turbo-drill en
locacion).
Alta potencia en la mecha. (Mejor tasa de penetracin).
Estabilizador reemplazable en el taladro.
Rotacin concntrica del rotor en el estator . (Menos vibracin lo que promueve mejor
integridad de los MWD)
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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

Totco ( Pndulo Invertido )

Single Shot ( Toma Sencilla )

Multi Shot (Tomas Mltiples )

MWD
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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

Totco ( Pndulo Invertido )


Se basa en el principio del pndulo y solo indica
el grado de desviacin sin mostrar el rumbo.
Consta de tres partes principales:

Pndulo: En
Pndulo: En posicin
posicin invertida
invertida que
que descansa
descansa sobre
sobre un
un fulcro
fulcro
de
de Zafiro
Zafiro de
de tal
tal modo
modo que
que permanece
permanece en
en posicin
posicin vertical.
vertical. La
La
punta
punta superior
superior esta
esta conformada
conformada por
por una
una aguja
aguja de
de acero
acero

Disco: Marcado
Disco: Marcado con
con crculo
crculo concntrico
concntrico

Mecanismo
Mecanismo de Tiempo: Permite
de Tiempo: Permite al
al disco
disco descender
descender hasta
hasta la
la
aguja
aguja del
del pndulo
pndulo en
en un
un tiempo
tiempo determinado
determinado
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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

Totco ( Pndulo Invertido )

Seleccin de perodo de Tiempo.

El tiempo depende del mtodo de bajar el


instrumento, peso y viscosidad del lodo y
tiempo adicional para que est esttico.

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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

Single - Shot (Toma Sencilla)


Se utiliza para registrar simultneamente la
direccin magntica del rumbo del pozo sin
entubar y su inclinacin con relacin a la vertical.
Consta de tres unidades bsicas:

- Cronmetro.
- Cmara.
- Indicador de Angulo.

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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

Multi - Shot (Toma Sencilla)

Determina el rumbo y la inclinacin, es


energizado por bateras y de accionamiento
mecnico. Su funcin es fotografiar las
posiciones relativas en el comps a las
profundidades predeterminadas.

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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

Orientacin Direccional ( D.O.T ):


Permite al operador
mantener debidamente la
orientacin de los motores
pozo abajo durante la
perforacin.
Transmite los datos al
procesador de datos
situado en la superficie y
este a una unidad de lectura
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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

MWD
Measurement While Drilling
Son mediciones hechas por herramientas colocadas en el ensamblaje de
fondo las cuales a travs de diferentes dispositivos de medicin recogen una
gran cantidad de informacin en el fondo del pozo y las enva a superficie en
tiempo real. Esto ayuda a los ingenieros a tomar decisiones de gran
envergadura para la optimizacin de las labores de perforacin

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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

TRANSMISION DE DATOS EN TIEMPO REAL A SUPERFICIE

Telemetra de pulsos (PowerPulse): Los datos


obtenidos en el fondo del pozo son enviados a superficie como
pulsos de presin a travs del fluido de perforacin y
decodificados en superficie mientras se avanza con la
perforacin

Telemetra de electromagntica (EMpulse): esta


herramienta propaga una onda electromagntica por la
columna de perforacin hacia la superficie, donde se detectan
y descifran los datos por medio de un transmisor - receptor.
Este mtodo permite hacer la transmisin de informacin sin
importar cuales sean las propiedades del fluido de
perforacin
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At Bit inclination (ABI)

Alerta
Alerta temprana
temprana de
de aumento
aumento oo disminucin
disminucin
de
de ngulo
ngulo

Incrementa
Incrementa elel control
control de
de la
la profundidad
profundidad
vertical
vertical verdadera
verdadera (TVD)
(TVD) para
para el
el
aterrizaje
aterrizaje de
de los
los pozos
pozos horizontales
horizontales

Minimiza
Minimiza la
la tortuosidad
tortuosidad de
de los
los hoyos
hoyos

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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

Registro Grfico del MWD Ensamblaje del MWD

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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

pdfMachine
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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

pdfMachine
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HERRAMIENTAS DE MEDICIN

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HERRAMIENTAS AUXILIARES

Estabilizadores.
Estabilizadores.

Portamechas.
Portamechas.

Martillo.
Martillo.

Tubera
Tuber
de Transici
a de Transicin
n (( Hevi
Hevi-Wate ).
-Wate ).

Bent-Sub.
Bent -Sub.

Sub-Orientacin.
Sub -Orientacin.
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HERRAMIENTAS AUXILIARES

Estabilizadores
Funciones de los estabilizadores:
Controlan el comportamiento direccional de los
ensamblajes de fondo
Centralizan la tubera dentro del pozo.
Minimizan las flexiones y vibraciones de la mecha.
Reducen el torque.
Evitan la pega diferencial.
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HERRAMIENTAS AUXILIARES

ESTABILIZADORES

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HERRAMIENTAS AUXILIARES
PORTAMECHA K MONEL
Barra no magntica de acero
inoxidable que elimina los
efectos magnticos que
pueden influir en la lectura de
un registro de desviacin

PORTAMECHA
Proporciona el peso
requerido sobre la mecha y
mantiene la direccin
deseada del hoyo

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HERRAMIENTAS AUXILIARES

Martillo:
Es una herramienta que se coloca en la
sarta de perforacin y se usa solamente
en caso de pega de tubera. Actualmente
utilizada en la perforacin direccional.

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HERRAMIENTAS AUXILIARES

Tubera de Transicin: (Hevi-Wate)

Tubera de transicin
Es un componente de peso
intermedio para la sarta de
perforacin. Son tubos de
pared gruesa unidos entre s
Recalco central
por juntas extra-largas.

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HERRAMIENTAS AUXILIARES
Eje vertical de la
Sarta de perforacin

Bent - Sub

Es un sustituto el cual est


desviado de su eje axial vertical
por grados especficos en el
mismo para cada 100 pies
perforados

Eje vertical del


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Motor de perforacin
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HERRAMIENTAS AUXILIARES

Camisa desviadora ( Bent Housing )

Sustituto desviado de su eje axial

Sub de Orientacin:
Este mtodo requiere un niple de
portamecha tipo K-monel o junta corta y
equipo orientador especial, as como un
instrumento de toma sencilla. Su funcin es
indicar la relacin en la cara de la
herramienta, la inclinacin y el norte
magntico.
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HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

ENSAMBLAJE
HW
DE FONDO

PM

PM
EST

PM

PM MONEL

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HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA PERFORACION
DIRECCIONAL

ENSAMBLAJE DE FONDO (BOTTOM HOLE ASSEMBLY BHA)

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ENSAMBLAJE DE FONDO (BOTTOM HOLE ASSEMBLY BHA)

Clasificacin de ensamblajes de fondo

Ensamblajes para incremento utilizado para aumentar el


ngulo de inclinacin, la posicin de estabilizadores se
encuentra generalmente a 0 pies y a 60 o 90 pies de la mecha,
aunque existen otras variantes en cuanto a esta posicin.

Ensamblaje para mantenimiento llamado ensamblaje


empacado, utilizado para mantener el ngulo de inclinacin, la
posicin de los estabilizadores en este ensamblaje
generalmente se encuentra a 0, 30,60 o 90 pies de la mecha,
aunque posee variantes.

Ensamblajes para disminucin llamado ensamblaje pndulo,


utilizado para disminuir el ngulo de inclinacin, los
estabilizadores estn ubicados generalmente a 30, 60 pies o
60, 90 pies de la mecha, al igual que los otros tiene tambin
variantes.
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ENSAMBLAJE DE FONDO (BOTTOM HOLE ASSEMBLY BHA)

HOYO DIRECCIONAL HOYO VERTICAL

INCREMENTO PENDULO EMPCADA


DISMINUCION MANTENIMIENTO

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HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

ENSAMBLAJE
ENSAMBLAJE DE
DE FONDO
FONDO
SARTA
SARTA DE
DE CONSTRUCCION
CONSTRUCCION DE
DE ANGULO
ANGULO

Estabilizador
Estabilizador
Full
Full calibre
calibre

PM
PM (30
(30 pies)
pies) Monel
Monel

Mecha
Mecha

Estabilizador
Estabilizador
Near
Near Bit
Bit
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HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

ENSAMBLAJE
ENSAMBLAJE DE
DE FONDO
FONDO
SARTA
SARTA DE
DE DISMINUCIN
DISMINUCIN DE
DE ANGULO
ANGULO

Estabilizador
Estabilizador
Full
Full calibre
calibre
PM
PM (30
(30 pies)
pies)

Monel
Monel

Mecha
Mecha

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HERRAMIENTAS UTILIZADAS EN LA
PERFORACIN DIRECCIONAL

ENSAMBLAJE
ENSAMBLAJE DE
DE FONDO
FONDO
SARTA
SARTA EMPACADA
EMPACADA oo RIGIDA
RIGIDA
PM
PM (30
(30 pies)
pies)

Estabilizador
Estabilizador PM
PM (30
(30 pies)
pies)

Monel
Monel

Estabilizadores
Estabilizadores
Full
Full Calibre
Calibre
PM
PM corto
corto

Estabilizadores
Estabilizadores
Full
Full Calibre
Calibre

Mecha
Mecha

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TEORIAS DE DESVIACIN

T: Punto de tangencia

X
Fb: Fuerza con la cual la mecha
PORTAMECHA acta contra la formacin

T F1: Fuerza longitudinal aplicada a


lo largo del eje del pozo

Fp
F2: Fuerza lateral aplicada
MECHA
perpendicularmente al eje
del pozo
F2
Fp: Peso de flotacin de la seccin
F1
Fb
y
de portamechas
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TEORIAS DE DESVIACIN

Cuando la fuerza F2 esta actuando


sobre la cara inferior del hoyo, la
tendencia es reducir la desviacin
X
PORTAMECHA
del hoyo.

T En el caso de que la desviacin del


hoyo est disminuyendo, la fuerza
F2 se har cada vez mas pequea y
Fp se llegar a una condicin de
MECHA
equilibrio para valores pequeos
del ngulo x
F2
Un aumento de Fp resultar en un
y
F1
Fb
aumento de F2
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TEORIAS DE DESVIACIN

Cuando la fuerza F2 esta


actuando contra la cara superior
del hoyo, la tendencia es X

aumentar la desviacin del hoyo. PORTAMECHA

T
En el caso de que la desviacin
del hoyo est aumentando, se
alcanzar una condicin de
Fp
equilibrio para valores grandes MECHA
del ngulo x F2

Un aumento de Fp resultar en y

un disminucin de F2 Fb
F1

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TIPOS DE POZOS
DIRECCIONALES

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TIPOS DE POZOS DIRECCIONALES

Tangenciales

Tipo S
Tipo S Especial
Inclinado
Horizontal

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TIPOS DE POZOS DIRECCIONALES
Perfil tipo J ( Ta ngencial )
Son aquellos pozos direccionales que en su construccin
la desviacin deseada es obtenida a una profundidad
relativamente llana y esta misma desviacin inicial se
mantiene constante hasta la profundidad total.

PUNTO DE ARRANQUE

SECCION DE INCREMENTO DE ANGULO


PROFUNDIDAD VERTICAL

LINEA TANGENCIAL

OBJETIVO
DESPLAZAMIENTO HORIZONTAL
pdfMachine
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TIPOS DE POZOS DIRECCIONALES
Perfil tipo S
Son aquellos pozos direccionales que poseen en
su construccin la seccin vertical, el punto de
arranque y las secciones de incremento,
tangencial y disminucin del ngulo de
inclinacin, cero grados.
PUNTO DE ARRANQUE

SECCION DE INCREMENTO DE ANGULO


PROFUNDIDAD VERTICAL

LINEA RECTA

m
SECCION DE DISMINUCIN DE ANGULO

VERTICAL
0
DESPLAZAMIENTO HORIZONTAL OBJETIVO
pdfMachine
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TIPOS DE POZOS DIRECCIONALES
Perfil tipo S especial
Son aquellos pozos direccionales que poseen en su
construccin una seccin de aumento de ngulo, una
seccin tangencial intermedia, una seccin de cada de
ngulo (diferente de cero grados) y una seccin de
mantenimiento de ngulo al objetivo.

PUNTO DE ARRANQUE

SECCION DE INCREMENTO DE ANGULO


PROFUNDIDAD VERTICAL

LINEA RECTA

m
SECCION DE DISMINUCIN DE ANGULO

MANTENIMIENTO DE ANGULO

m
OBJETIVO

DESPLAZAMIENTO HORIZONTAL
pdfMachine
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TIPOS DE POZOS DIRECCIONALES

REPERFORACIONES O POZOS REENTRADAS

Horizontal a Hoyo abierto

45 grados de desviacin en hoyo


empacado

Hoyo completado

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TIPOS DE REENTRADAS

Reentradas en hoyo abierto:

Consiste en abandonar la seccin inferior de un pozo original que no se


encuentra revestida, colocar un tapn de cemento, orientar la perforacin
con otro tapn de cemento o herramienta deflectora dependiendo del grado
de dureza que posea la formacin, abrir una ventana y realizar un desvo
hasta la arena objetivo.

Reentradas en hoyo revestido:

Consiste en abandonar la seccin inferior de un pozo original, colocar un


tapn de hierro o cemento (utilizado en menor grado), orientar la
perforacin con una herramienta deflectora, abrir una ventana a travs del
revestimiento y realizar un desvo hasta la arena objetivo.

pdfMachine
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Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
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METODOS DE CONSTRUCCIN
DE LA CURVA

pdfMachine
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PLANIFICACIN DE POZOS

La
La planificacin
planificacin de
de pozos
pozos direccionales
direccionales tiene
tiene que
que tomar
tomar en
en cuenta
cuenta
la
la direccin
direccin oo inclinacin
inclinacin yy el
el desplazamiento
desplazamiento horizontal
horizontal de
de cada
cada
pozo.
pozo. Para
Para ello
ello se
se utilizan
utilizan las
las siguientes
siguientes formulas:
formulas:

Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) E - O


Direccin = Tan -1
Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) N - S

Nota = Norte: + ; Sur: - ; Este: + ; Oeste: -

1/2
2 2
Desplaz. horizontal = (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) N - S + (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) E - O

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PLANIFICACIN DE POZOS

Ejemplo:

Se tienen las coordenadas


de dos pozos de alivio que se
SLB-5-4X (OBJETIVO)
desean perforar para
S: 134.050.74
O: 11.990.63 solventar un problema de
O E reventn en el pozo SLB-5-
4x

Se requiere calcular la
(SUPERFICIE)
TRITON-II direccin y el desplazamiento
(SUPERFICIE)
PLATAFORMA B S: 134.319.04 horizontal de cada pozo
S: 134.444.66 O: 11.620.43
O: 12.060.09

S
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N
Plataforma B Pozo SLB-5-4X

SLB-5-4X (OBJETIVO)
Nota = Norte: + ; Sur: - ;
S: 134.050.74
O: 11.990.63 Este: + ; Oeste: -
O 2
E
131

10 (SUPERFICIE)
TRITON-II
(SUPERFICIE)
S: 134.319.04
PLATAFORMA B
O: 11.620.43
S: 134.444.66
O: 12.060.09 Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) E - O
Direccin = Tan -1
S ( ) Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) N - S

-11.990.63 ( - 12060.09 )
= Tan -1 = 10
-134.050 ( - 134.444.66 )

2 2 1/2
Desplaz. horizontal = (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) N - S + (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) E - O

2 2 1/2
Desplaz. horizontal = ( 134.050.74 134.444.66 ) + ( 11.990.63 - 12.060.09 )

pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces
Desplaz. quality PDF files with ease!
horizontal= 399.97 mts = 1312 pies
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N
Tritn II Pozo SLB-5-4X

SLB-5-4X (OBJETIVO)
Nota = Norte: + ; Sur: - ;
S: 134.050.74
O: 11.990.63 Este: + ; Oeste: -
O E
15
00

54
131

10 (SUPERFICIE)
TRITON-II
(SUPERFICIE)
S: 134.319.04
PLATAFORMA B
O: 11.620.43
S: 134.444.66
O: 12.060.09 Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) E - O
Direccin = Tan -1
S ( ) Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) N - S

-11.990.63 ( - 11.620.43 )
= Tan -1 = 54
-134.050.74 ( - 134.319.04 )

2 2 1/2
Desplaz. horizontal = (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) N - S + (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) E - O

2 2 1/2
Desplaz. horizontal = ( 134.050.74 134.319.04 ) + ( 11.990.63 - 11.620.43 )

pdfMachine
Desplaz.
A pdf writer that produces = 457.2 mts = 1500 pies
quality PDF files with ease!
horizontal
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
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METODOS DE CONSTRUCCIN DE LA CURVA

Las tcnicas de construccin de la curva mencionados,


se basar en el Mtodo de Radio de Curvatura, el
cual describe el pozo como un arco parejo y esfrico
Para tal efecto se debe recordar que la longitud de un
arco es:
L=2 R
Dando como resultado que:

Rc = 180 x L / a
Donde:
L : Longitud especfica del arco

a pdfMachine
: Angulo de Inclinacin ( parcial o total )
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METODOS DE CONSTRUCCIN DE LA CURVA

Tipo Tangencial:

En la construccin de la curva en el plano vertical o de


inclinacin del tipo de pozo tangencial, se requiere
comparar el Radio de Curvatura con el desplazamiento
horizontal o desvo.

En el mismo se pueden presentar tres casos:


* Rc = Dh
* Rc < Dh
* Rc > Dh

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METODOS DE CONSTRUCCIN DE LA CURVA

Tipo Tangencial (Caso 1):

Rc L Observando el LEF :
a Angulo en F = Angulo de Desv a
Rc

D Sen a= Rc / D = Dh / D
E
a Rc = Dh
F
Dh
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METODOS DE CONSTRUCCIN DE LA CURVA

Tipo Tangencial (Caso 2): Rc < Dh

Rc a = X+ y
a
Tg X = (Dh Rc )/ D
Rc

c Sen y = Rc/c 0

Cos X = D / c
D
a
c = D / Cos X
y0 x
0

Sen y = Rc / (D / CosX)

Dh Sen y = Rc x Cos X / D
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METODOS DE CONSTRUCCIN DE LA CURVA

Tipo Tangencial (Caso 3): Rc > Dh

Rc
a = Y - X
a
Tg x0 = Rc Dh / D
Rc

b Sen y = Rc / b
D y0
Cos x = D / b
x0
Sen y = Rc / (D/CosX)
Dh Sen y = Rc Cos X / D
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TANGENCIAL

Debemos recordar que:

Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) E - O


Direccin = Tan -1
Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) N - S

Nota = Norte: + ; Sur: - ; Este: + ; Oeste: -

1/2
2 2
Desplaz. horizontal = (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) N - S + (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) E - O

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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TANGENCIAL

Ejemplo:
Coordenadas de superficie: S: 16.202.54 mts
E: 13.338.99 mts
Coordenadas del objetivo: S: 16.470.38 mts
E: 13.229.00 mts
Elevacin del terreno: 34 pies
Elevacin mesa rotaria: 47 pies
Buzamiento de la estructura: 5 S-O
Miembro Oficina: 2.192 pies
Miembro Colorado: 2.254 pies
Tope arenas productoras: 2.364 pies
Tope Form. Merecure: 2.557 pies
Objetivo: pdfMachine 2.534 pies
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TANGENCIAL

Ejemplo:
La tasa de aumento de ngulo, punto de arranque y el radio
de tolerancia son parmetros pre establecidos en la
planificacin del programa de perforacin

Otros datos:
Punto de arranque (KOP) = 347 pies
Tasa de aumento de ngulo = 3/100 pies
Radio de Tolerancia (Rt) = 50 pies

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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TANGENCIAL

Calculo de la direccin :

Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) E - O


Direccin = Tan -1
Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) N - S

13.228.0 ( 13.338.99 )
= Tan -1 = 22 19
-16.470.38 ( - 16.202.64 )

Direccin = S 22 19 O

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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TANGENCIAL

Calculo del desplazamiento :


2 2 1/2
Desplaz. horizontal = (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) N - S + (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) E - O

2 2 1/2
Desplaz. horizontal = ( 16.470.38 16.202.64 ) + ( 13.229.0 - 13.338.99 )

Desplaz. horizontal = 289.45 mts

Calculo del Radio de Curvatura (Rc) :

Rc= 180x L /
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TANGENCIAL

Calculo del Radio de Curvatura (Rc) :

Rc= 180 x L / pero /L = 3/100


entonces L/ = 100/3

Rc= 180/ 3.1416 ( 100/3 ) = 1.909.86 pies

Rc= 582.13 mts Rc > Dh

Este valor se puede comprobar en la tabla siguiente


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AUMENTO
AUMENTO O
O DISMINUCIN
DISMINUCIN DEL
DEL ANGULO
ANGULO Y
Y SU
SU CORRESPONDIENTE
CORRESPONDIENTE
RADIO
RADIO DE
DE CURVATURA
CURVATURA

TASA DE INCREMENTO DEL ANGULO RADIO


0/100' 0/10 mts. PIE MTS.
1.0 0.328 5729.6 1746.4
1.25 0.410 4583.7 1397.1
1.50 0.492 3819.7 1164.3
1.75 0.574 3274.0 997.9
2.0 0.656 2864.8 873.2
2.25 0.738 2546.5 776.2
2.50 0.820 2291.8 698.6
2.75 0.902 2083.5 635.0

3.0 0.984 1909.9 582.1


3.25 1.066 1762.9 537.3
3.50 1.148 1637.0 499.0
3.75 1.230 1527.9 465.7
4.0 1.312 1432.4 436.6
4.25 1.394 1348.1 410.9
4.50 1.476 1273.2 388.1
4.75 1.558 1206.2 367.7
5.0 1.640 1145.9 349.3
5.25 1.722 1091.3 332.6
5.50 1.804 1041.7 317.5
5.75 1.886 996.4 303.7
pdfMachine
6.0 1.969 954.9 291.1
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TANGENCIAL

Rc > Dh

a = y - x

Tg x = R Dh / D-KOP

Tg x = (582.13-289.45) / (772.36-105.77)

Donde: KOP = 347 pies = 105.77 mts

x = 23.70

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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TANGENCIAL

Sen y = ( R Cosx ) / D-KOP

Sen y = (582.13 Cos 23.7) / (772.36-105.77)

y = 53.09

a = y - x
a = 53.09-23.70

a = 29.39
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METODOS DE CONSTRUCCIN DE LA CURVA

KOP A A Rc A
a
Rc

B B
Rc > Dh
a

C C C
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Dh
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TIPO S

Tipo S
La construccin de la curva en el tipo de pozo S,
requiere comparar la sumatoria de los Radios de
Curvatura calculados en la seccin de incremento y
disminucin del angulo en el desplazamiento horizontal
o desvo
Radio de Curvatura:
Seccin de Incremento
Rc11 = 180 x L /

Donde:
L : Longitud especfica del arco
: Angulo de Inclinacin (aumento)
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TIPO S

Seccin de Disminucin:

Rc 2 = 180 x L /

Donde:
L : Longitud especfica del arco
: Angulo de Inclinacin (descenso)

En el mismo se pueden presentar dos casos:


Rc1 + Rc2 > Dh
Rc1 + Rc2 < Dh
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TIPO S

V1

A Rc1
O
V2
V3

1
Rc
V4 B B

V5
C
C

2
D Rc D

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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TIPO S

Rc1 + Rc2 > Dh

V4 V1 Rc1 + Rc2 V4 V1
Sen (Tan-1 )
= Tan -1
Rc1 + Rc2 - Dh
- Cos-1
V4 V1 Rc1 + Rc2 -Dh

V4 : profundidad vertical al objetivo Rc1 : radio de curvatura seccin de aumento


Dh : desplazamiento al objetivo Rc2 : radio de curvatura seccin de descenso
V1 : punto de arranque (KOP) : ngulo maximo de desviacin

Rc1 + Rc2 < Dh

V4 V1 Rc1 + Rc2 V4 V1
Sen (Tan-1 )
= 180 - Tan -1
Dh - Rc1 + Rc2
- Cos-1
Dh - Rc1 + Rc2
V4 V1
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TIPO S

Ejemplo:
Coordenadas de superficie: N: 10.000.00 pies
E: 30.000.00 pies
Coordenadas del objetivo A: N: 8.260.00 pies
E: 29.000.00 pies
Punto de arranque 1: 1480 pies
Tasa de aumento de angulo: 2/100 pies
Radio de tolerancia: 100 pies a la profundidad vertical
de 4800 pies (PVV)
Coordenadas del Objetivo B: N: 7.432.00 pies
E: 29.312.00 pies

Punto de arranque 2: 5300 pies (PVV)

Tasa de disminucin de angulo 2 1/2/100 pies a 6695 pies


hasta 0 de inclinacin
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:
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TIPO S

Ejemplo:
Radio de tolerancia: 100 pies a la profundidad vertical
de 7000 pies (PVV)
Profundidad vertical total Pt: 7.200 pies

Solucin:
Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) E - O
Direccin = Tan -1
Diferencia de coordenadas ( Objetivo - Superficie) N - S

29.312 30.000
Tan -1
Direccin =
7.432 10.000

Direccin = N 15 E
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TIPO S

2 2 1/2
Desplaz. horizontal = (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) N - S + (Dif. Coord. ( Obj. - Sup.) E - O

2 2 1/2
Desplaz. horizontal = ( 7.432 10.000 ) + ( 26.312 - 30.000 )

Desplaz. horizontal = 2658.56 pies

Rc= 180 x L / x

Rc1= 180/ 3.1416 ( 1/2/100 )

Rc1 =
pdfMachine
2.864.79 pies
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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TIPO S

Rc2= 180/ 3.1416 ( 1/ 2.5/100 )

Rc2 = 2.291.83 pies

Rc1 + Rc2 = 2.864.79 + 2.291.83

Rc1 + Rc2 = 5.156.62 > Dh

V4 V1 Rc1 + Rc2 V4 V1
Sen (Tan-1 )
= Tan -1
Rc1 + Rc2 - Dh
- Cos-1
V4 V1 Rc1 + Rc2 -Dh

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PLANIFICACIN DE UN POZO TIPO S

6.695 1.480 5.156.62 6.695 1.480


Sen (Tan-1 )
= Tan -1
5.156.62 2.658.56
- Cos-1
6.695 1.480 5.156.62 2.658.56

= 37.51

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METODOS DE CONSTRUCCIN
DE LA CURVA
S

KOP A A Rc1 A

Rc 1

B B Rc11 + Rc22 > Dh



C C C

Rc 2
D D D

E E E
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Dh
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Zona
Zona 3
3

Zona
Zona 2
2
Zona
Zona 2
2
CORRECCIN
POR DECLINACIN
Zona
Zona 1
1

MAGNTICA
Zona
Zona 3
3
Zona
Zona 2
2

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CORRECCIN POR DECLINACIN MAGNTICA

Todos los instrumentos de estudio magntico estn


diseados para apuntar al Norte Magntico, a tiempo
que los planos direccionales se grafican con relacin
al Norte Real o Polar.

El grado de correccin necesaria vara de ciclo en


ciclo, dichas variaciones se indican en un gran nmero
de grficos que se denominan Isognicos, calculados
para diferentes localizaciones geogrficas

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CORRECCIN POR DECLINACIN MAGNTICA

Declinacin Oeste
N verdadero
Norte
Norte
Magntico
Magntico

Azimuth
Azimuth
O Magntico
Magntico
E

Azimuth
Azimuth
Observado
Observado

pdfMachine
S
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CORRECCIN POR DECLINACIN MAGNTICA

Declinacin Oeste
Norte
Norte
Magntico
Magntico
N verdadero N verdadero

IV I + -
O E O E

III II - +

S S

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CORRECCIN POR DECLINACIN MAGNTICA

Declinacin Este
N verdadero
Norte
Norte
Magntico
Magntico

Azimuth
Azimuth
O Magntico
Magntico
E

Azimuth
Azimuth
Observado
Observado

S
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CORRECCIN POR DECLINACIN MAGNTICA

Declinacin Este

N verdadero N verdadero
Norte
Norte
Magntico
Magntico

IV I - +
O E O E

III II + -

S S

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CORRECCIN POR DECLINACIN MAGNTICA

Ejemplo:
Declinacin Oeste = 6
Norte
Norte
Magntico
Magntico
N verdadero N 50 E
S 21 O
+ - N 85 O

O E
Norte Verdadero
- + N 44 E
S 15 O

S S 89 O

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CORRECCIN POR DECLINACIN MAGNTICA

Ejemplo:
Declinacin Este = 6
N verdadero N 50 E
Norte
Norte
Magntico
Magntico
S 21 O
- + N 85 O

O E
Norte Verdadero
+ - N 56 E
S 27 O

S N 79 O

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CONVERSIN DE DIRECCIN EN AZIMUTH

Azimuth
Azimuth == 360
360 -- Ang.
Ang. de
de direccin
direccin Azimuth
Azimuth == Direccin
Direccin

O E

Azimuth
Azimuth == 180
180 ++ Ang.
Ang. de
de direccin
direccin Azimuth
Azimuth == 180
180 -- Ang.
Ang. de
de direccin
direccin

S
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CONVERSIN DE AZIMUTH EN DIRECCIN

Direccin
Direccin == 360
360 -- Azimuth
Azimuth Direccin
Direccin == Azimuth
Azimuth

O E

Direccin
Direccin == Azimuth
Azimuth 180
180 Direccin
Direccin == 180
180 -- Azimuth
Azimuth

S
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POZOS HORIZONTALES

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BREVE RESEA HISTRICA DE POZOS
HORIZONTALES

El concepto de perforacin horizontal


comenz a fortalecerse en 1985, con el
desarrollo de 50 pozos en Canad .

PDVSA se incorpora al proceso en 1989,


con la perforacin de pozos horizontales
en el Lago de Maracaibo y en la Faja
Petrolfera del Orinoco.

En 1993, se comienza a aplicar la tcnica de


Reperforacin Horizontal (Reentrada).
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EL TRMINO HORIZONTAL ES UN TRMINO GENERICO
APLICADO A TODO POZO CON NGULO DE INCLINACIN
MAYOR A 80, EN GENERAL, UNA PERFORACIN
HORIZONTAL ES AQUELLA QUE SE REALIZA PARALELA
AL YACIMIENTO.

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CUANDO ES CONVENIENTE UN POZO HORIZONTAL

1.-Horizontes productores que tienen zonas fracturadas


escasamente dispersas en el yacimiento.

2.-Yacimientos que tienen problemas de conificacin del


agua.

Pozo Vertical Gas

Petrleo

Agua

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CUANDO ES CONVENIENTE UN POZO HORIZONTAL

3.-Yacimientos con horizontes productores de poco espesor.

4.-Evaluacin de nuevos yacimientos

5.- Campos costa afuera

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CRITERIOS DE SELECCIN DEL YACIMIENTO
PARA PERFORAR UN POZO HORIZONTAL

Reservas remanentes mayores a 500 MBN

Informacin Geolgica confiable

Espesor de la arena mayor o igual a 20 pies

Propiedades de los fluidos definidas

Mecanismos de produccin del yacimiento

Completacin a hoyo abierto

Completacin con forro ranurado

Completacin con forro ranurado y empacadura externa

Completacin con revestidor cementado y perforado


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CRITERIOS DE DISEO

TALADRO
TALADRO // EMPRESAS
EMPRESAS DE
DE SERVICIOS
SERVICIOS

TIPOS
TIPOS DE
DE CURVATURA
CURVATURA

REVESTIDORES
REVESTIDORES

MECHAS
MECHAS
FLUIDOS
FLUIDOS DE
DE PERFORACION
PERFORACION

CONTROL
CONTROL DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL YY PERFILAJE
PERFILAJE

TERMINACION
TERMINACION SECCION
SECCION HORIZONTAL
HORIZONTAL

FLUIDO
FLUIDO DE
DE COMPLETACION
COMPLETACION

EQUIPOS
EQUIPOS DE
DE SUBSUELO
SUBSUELO

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CRITERIOS DE DISEO
TALADRO / EMPRESAS DE SERVICIOS

* SELECCION DE TALADROS

EQUIPAMIENTO

SELECCION EMPRESAS DE SERVICIO

TIPOS DE CURVATURA
RADIOS MEDIOS / LARGOS
TASAS DE INCREMENTO: 3 - 12 / 100
HOYO PILOTO DE ALTA INCLINACION

MECHAS
TRICONICAS DE NUEVA TECNOLOGIA
PDC CON CORTADORES 13 - 9 mm
DIAMANTE NATURAL
DIAMANTE IMPREGNADOpdfMachine
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CRITERIOS DE DISEO
REVESTIDORES
DISEO ADAPTADO A CADA AREA
EQUIPOS CONVENCIONALES

20 " 10 3/4
3/4

13 3/8 "

9 5/8 "

7
13 3/8
3/8
4 1/2
1/2

7" 4 1/2 "

pdfMachine 9-5/8
5/8 5 1/2
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CRITERIOS DE DISEO

FLUIDOS DE PERFORACION

NO PRODUCTORA PRODUCTORA

NATURAL VISCOELASTICO
LIGNOSULFONATO 100% ACEITE
INVERTIDO
EMULSION ESTABLE
100% ACEITE
DRILL IN

- SALINO SATURADO

- INTERFLOW 100

- PERFLOW

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CRITERIOS DE DISEO

CONTROL
CONTROL DIRECCIONAL
DIRECCIONAL Y
Y PERFILAJE
PERFILAJE

MWD
MWD -- GR
GR

MWD
MWD -- GR
GR -- RESISTIVIDAD
RESISTIVIDAD -- INDUCCION
INDUCCION -- NEUTRON
NEUTRON

TERMINACION
TERMINACION SECCION
SECCION HORIZONTAL
HORIZONTAL

LINER
LINER CEMENTADO
CEMENTADO // CAONEADO
CAONEADO

LINER
LINER RANURADO
RANURADO

LINER
LINER PRE-
PRE- PERFORADO
PERFORADO

LINER
LINER PRE-
PRE- EMPACADO
EMPACADO

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CRITERIOS DE DISEO

FLUIDO DE COMPLETACION
AGUA SALADA

INTEFLOW-1000

EMULSION ESTABLE

EQUIPOS DE SUBSUELO

LEVANTAMIENTO ARTIFICIAL POR GAS (GAS-LIFT)

BOMBA ELECTROSUMERGIBLE (BES)

BOMBA DE CAVIDAD PROGRESIVA (BCP)

BOMBEO MECANICO (BM)


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TIPOS DE POZOS HORIZONTALES
Tasa de
Incremento Radio
70 - 150/100pie
radio: 82 - 40 pie Clasificacin (/100 pies) (pies)
Radio corto
Largo 2a6 3000 a 1000
Medio 6 a 40 1000 a 140
300 - 1000 pie
Corto 70 a 150 82 a 40
6 - 40 /100pie
radio: 1000 - 140 pie

Radio
1500 - 4000 pie
medio

2 - 6 /100pie
radio: 3000 - 1000

Radio largo

2000 - 6000 pie

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DESCRIPCIN DEL SERVICIO DE GEONAVEGACIN

Equipo de Fondo: Navigator

Gamma Ray
Azimutal (13.8ft) (4.2m)
Inclinmetro (12.7ft) Seccin de
(3.9m) Antenas Receptoras Poder
(15ft) (4.6m)
Transmisor Transmisor Inferior
Superior

AKO Estabilizador Junta Flexible


Superior
Ensamblaje de
Rodamientos con
el Estabilizador
Inferior

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DESCRIPCIN DEL SERVICIO DE GEONAVEGACIN

Inclinmetro:
Acelermetro tria-axial, el cual permite medir la inclinacin
durante la perforacin. Son usadas para derivar la
profundidad vertical verdadera (TVD).

Aplicaciones principales:

1. Precisin de la Geometra dirigible.

2. Inclinacin Rotaria

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DESCRIPCIN DEL SERVICIO DE GEONAVEGACIN

Sensor de frecuencia dual de propagacin mltiples.


Es un instrumentos de dos frecuencias de propagacin de
resistividades compensadas. Posee un par receptores y 2
antenas transmisoras que transmiten frecuencias de 2 Mhz y
400 Khz.

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DESCRIPCIN DEL SERVICIO DE GEONAVEGACIN

Detectores de Gamma Ray Azimutal Orientado:


Los sensores de Gamma Ray Azimutales duales estn
orientados a 180 uno debajo del otro, el cual provee medidas
de Gamma Ray de lado alto y lado bajo.

Dip ? LUTITA

Yacimiento

LUTITA

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DESCRIPCIN DEL SERVICIO DE GEONAVEGACIN

Principales aplicaciones:
Para identificar la posicin del BHA cuando se comienza a
perder litologa estratigrfica.
Para confirma la salida o entrada en el yacimiento.
Para la diferenciacin de litologa estratigrfica en la
seccin horizontal.

Dip ?
LUTITA

Yacimiento
LUTITA Dip ? LUTITA

Yacimiento

LUTITA
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DESCRIPCIN DEL SERVICIO DE GEONAVEGACIN

BENEFICIOS:
Insustituible en la deteccin de lmites o bordes en pozos
horizontales.
Inclinmetro cerca de la mecha (Rotacin y deslizando).
Opera en todo tipo de lodo.
Dual Gamma Ray a 180 , permite la toma de Gamma Surveys
Orientados.
Compatible con el sistema modular MWD.
Capaz de almacenar la data de tiempo real.
Disponible en dimetro 6 , 8 y 9.

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POZOS
MULTILATERALES

UN POZO MULTILATERAL CONSISTE DE 2 O M S RAMALES


MS
VERTICALES, QUE CONVERGEN EN UN TRAMO PRINCIPAL (TRAMO
MADRE), EL CUAL A SU VEZ PUEDE SER VERTICAL, HORIZONTAL O
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DIRECCIONAL.
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Dual Lateral Ala de Gaviota

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Espinas de Pescado Fish Bone

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Dual Lateral Apilado

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Desarrollo Multilateral en dos Macollas

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APLICABILIDAD DE POZOS MULTILATERALES
Aplicable en Yacimientos de
Incrementan la productividad crudos pesados

Drenaje multiple de Construccion de laterales


Yacimientos buzamiento arriba y abajo

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Aplicacin

Mediante el Diagrama de Vectores se puede


modificar o mantener el ngulo de
inclinacin, direccin y posicin de la cara de
la herramienta para realizar desde la
superficie todos los movimientos
concernientes para el mejor control de la
trayectoria del pozo planificado,
considerando cierta limitacin

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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

Angulo de inclinacin:

* Mantenimiento

* Aumento

* Disminucin

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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

Direccin :

*Cambio a la derecha *Cambio a la izquierda

* Maximizar Direccin
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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

Posicin de la Cara de la Herramienta :

Girar la cara de la herramienta desde la


posicin del ultimo registro hasta la
posicin pre-determinada segn el
diagrama, para obtener la posicin deseada
(prxima toma)

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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

Construccin :
1.
1. Trazar
Trazar el ngulo de
el ngulo de declinacin
declinacin ledo
ledo
2.
2. Indicar
Indicar el
el numero
numero de de grados
grados al
al final
final de
de la
la recta
recta
3.
3. Indicar
Indicar direccin
direccin leda
leda
4.
4. Trazar
Trazar con
con el
el comps
comps el ngulo de
el ngulo de pata
pata de
de perro
perro
5.
5. Izquierda.
Izquierda. Lado
Lado superior
superior del
del diagrama
diagrama
6.
6. Derecha.
Derecha. Lado
Lado inferior
inferior del
del diagrama
diagrama

IZQUIERDA

N 50 E
0 2 4 6 8 10 12

DERECHA

PP = 2
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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

Construccin :
7.
7. Direccin
Direccin
8.
8. Trazar
Trazar lnea
lnea de
de direccin
direccin
9.
9. Disminucin
Disminucin dede la
la inclinacin
inclinacin
10.
10. Aumento
Aumento dede la
la inclinacin
inclinacin
11.
11. Movimiento
Movimiento enen grados
grados de
de la
la cara
cara de
de la
la herramienta
herramienta desde
desde la
la
direccin
direccin leda
leda

N 50 E
0 2 4 6 8 10 12

PP = 2
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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

Ejercicio 1 :
Inclinacin
Inclinacin :: 20
20 Se
Se requiere
requiere aumentar
aumentar 2
2 yy cambiar
cambiar
aa la
la derecha
derecha
Direccin
Direccin N50E
N50E
P.P
P.P :: 3
3

6
N 50 E
0 4 8 12 16 20 24

0 22 PP = 3
5 52
10
15
20

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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

N
N 50 E (direccin leda )

N 56 E ( nueva direccin )
6

O E

S78E ( Posicin cara


78
de la herramienta )

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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

Ejercicio 2 : Se
Se requiere
requiere cambiar
cambiar la
la direccin
direccin 5
5 aa la
la
izquierda
izquierda yy disminuir
disminuir el
el angulo
angulo
Inclinacin
Inclinacin :: 28
28
Nueva
Nueva direccin
direccin :: ??
Direccin
Direccin N N 30
30 O
O Nuevo
Nuevo angulo
angulo dede inclinacin
inclinacin :: ??
P.P
P.P :: 3.7
3.7 Cara
Cara de
de la
la herramienta
herramienta :: ??

25.2
20 25
10 15
0 5

144 N 30 O
5
0 4 8 12 16 20 24 28 32

PP = 3.7

Nueva
Nueva direccin
direccin :: NN 35
35 O
O
Nuevo
Nuevo ngulo
ngulo de de inclinacin
inclinacin :: 25.2
25.2
Cara
Cara de
de la
la herramienta
herramienta :: S
pdfMachine S 6
6 O
O (180
(180 -- (144+30)
(144+30) ))
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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

Ejercicio 3 : Se
Se requiere
requiere cambiar
cambiar la la direccin
direccin aa la
la
izquierda
izquierda
5
5 N
N 75
75 EE
Nueva
Nueva inclinacin
inclinacin :: ??
P.P.
P.P. == 33 AZ
AZ == 075
075 Nuevo
Nuevo direccin
direccin :: ??
Cara
Cara de
de la
la herramienta
herramienta :: ??

55
108
108
35
N 75 E

0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16

PP = 3 AZ Nueva
Nueva inclinacin
inclinacin :: 5
5 (constante)
(constante)
Nuevo
Nuevo direccin
direccin :: N 40 EE (( 75
N 40 75 -- 35
35 ))
pdfMachine
Cara
Cara de
de la
la herramienta
herramienta :: NN 33
33 O O (( 108
108 -- 75
75 ))
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nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES
Ejercicio 4 :
Dyna
Dyna Drill
Drill de
de 66
OD
OD en
en hoyo
hoyo de
de 88
con
con un
un Bent-Housing
Bent-Housing de
de
11
aa una
una profundidad
profundidad dede 8.000
8.000
12
12 N
N 34
34 E E IP=
IP= 90
90
Se
Se requiere
requiere conocer:
conocer:
El
El mximo
mximo cambio
cambio de
de direccin
direccin aa la
la izquierda
izquierda
Nueva
Nueva inclinacin
inclinacin Nuevo
Nuevo direccin
direccin Cara
Cara de
de la
la herramienta
herramienta
Severidad
Severidad de
de la
la pata
pata de
de perro
perro Pata
Pata de
de Perro
Perro

Se
Se debe
debe calcular
calcular la
la severidad
severidad de de la
la Pata
Pata de
de Perro:
Perro:
En
En la
la tabla
tabla 11 se
se lee
lee el
el valor
valor de
de 7
7

Para
Para el
el calculo
calculo de de lala Pata
Pata de de Perro:
Perro:
P.P
P.P == (SPP/100)
(SPP/100) // IP IP
P.P
P.P == (( 77 // 100
100 )) // 90
90
P.P
P.P == 6.3
6.3
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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES
Tabla 1
CAMISA DESVIADA (BENT HOUSING )

5 DYNA DRILL 6 1/2 DYNA DRILL 7 3/4 DYNA DRILL


ANGULO DE LA DIAMETRO ANGULO DIAMETRO ANGULO DIAMETRO ANGULO
CAMISA DESV. POZO DEFLECCIN POZO DEFLECCIN POZO DEFLECCIN

0 45 6 3 8 3/4 9 7/8
1 00 4
1 15 5 4
1 30 6 7
1 45
0 45 6 3/4 9 3/4 10 3/8
1 00 1
1 15 2 2 1/2
1 30 3 3
1 45 5 4

0 45 7 7/8 10 5/8 12 1/4


1 00 1
1 15 2 1
1 30 3 1/2 2 5
1 45 4 3
pdfMachine
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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

.22
1100.
122
122
30

0 4 8 12 16 18 20 22 24 26
N 34 E

PP = 6.3

Mximo cambio de direccin a la izquierda = 30 Nueva inclinacin = 10.2


Nuevo direccin = N 4 E ( 34-30) Cara de la herramienta = N 88 O (122-34)
Severidad de la pata de perro = 7 / 100 Pata de Perro = 6.3
pdfMachine
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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

Tabla 2
SUBSTITUTO DESVIADO DE SU EJE AXIAL (BENT SUB )
3 7/8 DYNA DRILL 5 DYNA DRILL 6 1/2 DYNA DRILL 7 3/4 DYNA DRILL 9 5/8 DYNA DRILL

ANGULO DEL DIAMETRO ANGULO DIAMETRO ANGULO DIAMETRO ANGULO DIAMETRO ANGULO DIAMETRO ANGULO
SUBSTITUTO POZO DEFLECCIN POZO DEFLECCIN POZO DEFLECCIN POZO DEFLECCIN POZO DEFLECCIN

1 4 1/4 4 00 8 3 30 8 3/4 2 30 9 7/8 2 30 13 1/2 2 00


1 1/2 4 30 4 45 3 30 3 45 3 00
2 5 30 5 30 4 30 5 00 4 30

1 4 3/4 3 00 6 3/4 3 00 9 7/8 1 45 10 5/8 2 00 15 1 45


1 1/2 3 30 4 15 3 00 3 30 2 30
2 4 30 5 00 3 45 4 15 3 45
2 1/2 5 00 5 00 5 00 5 30 5 00

1 5 7/8 2 00 7 7/8 2 30 10 5/8 1 45 12 1/4 1 45 17 1/2 1 15


1 1/2 2 30 3 30 2 00 2 30 2 15
2 3 00 4 30 3 00 3 30 3 00
2 1/2 3 30 5 30 5 00 5 00 4 30

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DIAGRAMA DE VECTORES

ASENTAMIENTO DEL DYNA DRILL DESDE EL LADO


ALTO DEL POZO
PROFUNDIDAD ANGULO DE INCLINACION
DEL POZO GIRO A LA IZQUIERDA GIRO A LA IZQUIERDA

2 a 5 40 IZQ 140 DER


5 a 10 30 135
10 a 15 15 135
DESDE LA 15 a 20 125
10
SUPERFICIE A 1000 20 a 25 5 120
25 a 30 0 115
30 a 35 5 110
SOBRE 35 5 105
2 a 5 30 DER 150 DER
5 a 10 20 140
DESDE 1000 A 10 a 15 10 135
2000 15 a 20 5 130
20 a 25 0 125
25 a 30 5 120
30 a 35 5 115
SOBRE 35 10 110

2 a 5 25 IZQ 180 DER


DESDE 2000 A 5 a 10 15 170
10 a 15 5 165
T.D.
15 a 20 0 145
20 a 25 5 125
25 a 30 10 115
SOBRE 35 10 100

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nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
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Gracias por su atencin
pdfMachine
A pdf writer that produces quality PDF files with ease!
Produce quality PDF files in seconds and preserve the integrity of your original documents. Compatible across
nearly all Windows platforms, simply open the document you want to convert, click print, select the
Broadgun pdfMachine printer and thats it! Get yours now!