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English Vocabulary: Countries

,
Nationalities, and Languages

One big vocabulary and pronunciation problem in English is
knowing how to pronounce the English names of countries, nationalities, and languages.
In today’s lesson, I’ve organized the words into categories that can help you remember
them better.

You can also practice your pronunciation of the country and nationality words.

-IAN / -EAN

Country Nationality Language
Argentina Argentine/Argentinean Spanish
Australia Australian English
Bolivia Bolivian Spanish
Brazil Brazilian Portuguese
Cambodia Cambodian Cambodian
Cameroon Cameroonian French/English
Canada Canadian English/French
Chile Chilean Spanish
Colombia Colombian Spanish
Ecuador Ecuadorian Spanish
Egypt Egyptian Arabic
El Salvador Salvadorian Spanish
Estonia Estonian Estonian
Ethiopia Ethiopian Amharic
Ghana Ghanaian English
India Indian Various
Indonesia Indonesian Indonesian
Iran Iranian Persian
Italy Italian Italian
Jordan Jordanian Arabic
Korea Korean Korean

” . Hausa etc.S.S. but the “I” is silent.Lithuania Lithuanian Lithuanian Nigeria Nigerian Ibo. English. and South America.” instead of “American. So sometimes it’s better to say “from the U.. Panama Panamanian Spanish Peru Peruvian Spanish Romania Romanian Romanian Syria Syrian Arabic Ukraine Ukrainian Ukrainian -AN Notice that some of these words end in -IAN. etc. I recognize that this can be considered offensive to citizens of other countries in North America. **Although “American” is the most common way to refer to someone from the U. United States American** English Uruguay* Uruguayan* Spanish Venezuela Venezuelan Spanish * There are two ways to pronounce the syllable: GWAY (like “way”) and GWAI (like “eye”). Country Nationality Language Afghanistan Afghan Persian-Pashto Belgium Belgian French/Flemish Costa Rica Costa Rican Spanish Cuba Cuban Spanish Dominican Republic Dominican Spanish Germany German German Guatemala Guatemalan Spanish Haiti Haitian French/Creole Honduras Honduran Spanish Kenya Kenyan Swahili Malaysia Malaysian Malay/Malaysian Mexico Mexican Spanish Morocco Moroccan Arabic/French Nicaragua Nicaraguan Spanish Norway Norwegian Norwegian Paraguay* Paraguayan* Spanish Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Spanish Russia Russian Russian South Africa South African Afrikaans. Central America.

-ISH / -CH Country Nationality Language England English English Finland Finnish Finnish Denmark Danish Danish Netherlands/Holland Dutch Dutch France French French Ireland Irish Irish/English Spain Spanish Spanish Sweden Swedish Swedish Poland Polish Polish Turkey Turkish Turkish Wales Welsh Welsh/English -ESE Country Nationality Language China Chinese Chinese Japan Japanese Japanese Portugal Portuguese Portuguese Taiwan Taiwanese Chinese Vietnam Vietnamese Vietnamese OTHER Country Nationality Language Czech Republic Czech Czech Greece Greek Greek Iceland Icelander Icelandic Iraq Iraqi Arabic Israel Israeli Hebrew New Zealand New Zealander English/Maori Pakistan Pakistani Urdo Philippines Filipino Tagalog/Filipino Qatar Qatari Arabic Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabic Switzerland Swiss Swiss Tajikistan Tajik Tajik (Persian) Thailand Thai Thai .