You are on page 1of 11

Collection Management Proposal

Chezlani Casar LIS 615
Fall 2015
Dr. Andrew Wertheimer

Collection On Food Security For North Kohala Public


North Kohala, on Hawai'i Island, is a rural community comprised of small
towns at the end of Akoni Pule Highway, where habitable lands give way to the
deep, nearly inaccessible valleys of the Kohala Coast. The population of the
district is 6,322, according to 2010 census data. The median age is 43.7, which
reflects the fact that many residents are retirees. The population is 33.4%
Caucasian, and a large portion of these are people who have chosen to retire in
Hawai'i from locations outside the state.
20.4% identify as Asian, and many of these are descendants of those who
originally came to Kohala to work on the sugar plantations. 8.6% identify as
Native Hawaiian, and 35.1% claim two or more ethnicities, as is common in
The community of North Kohala has strong agricultural roots, as well as a
tradition of self-sufficiency, as befits such an isolated location. As such, the
community has a stated goal in the North Kohala Community Development Plan of
producing 50% of its own food. This plan was adopted by the Hawai'i County
Council in 2008.
"The Kohala community was largely food self-sufficient until recent decades.
They have been producing their own food by growing crops, ranching, fishing, and
sharing with one another. Although it is more difficult to continue this tradition
today, many residents are doing so, and would like to support and encourage such
activities. Numerous ideas on how best to do this have been put forth. In addition,
the promotion of agriculture is a topic that is being discussed throughout the
State" (North Kohala Community Development Plan, 52).
The North Kohala region is home to numerous diversified farms and
agricultural education programs. These include HIP Agriculture, Kohala High
School Aquaculture and Agriculture Programs, North Kohala Food Forum, and
Kohala Institute at 'Iole. The community as a whole is making a concerted effort to
realize their collective food security goal.
In support of this goal, I propose a collection on food security for the North
Kohala Public Library. This library has a strong tradition of encouraging
independent education, as it regularly hosts a variety of programs for
homeschooling students and lifelong learners. This collection would support the
current aspirations and interests of the people of North Kohala.

Parameters Of The Collection
The collection includes materials in three basic areas:
1. Cookbooks utilizing foods that are either commonly or easily grown in
Hawai'i, with special emphasis on the foods of the original Polynesian
2. Tropical agriculture, with emphasis on Hawai'i. Includes works on both
home-scale and for-profit agriculture.
3. Permaculture, or “permanent agriculture,” an integrative approach which
emphasizes the creation of closed-loop systems, with the core values of
“care of earth, care of people, return the surplus.” This field covers a variety
of topics, including soil science, companion planting, no-till methods, and
natural pest control. Since permaculture is a worldwide movement, most of
the resources available are for temperate climates, not tropical. However, if
they are especially valuable, they may still be included.
Also included are a few materials on home production of fish, chickens, and
goats, recognizing the need to produce meat as well as plants for food. Materials
were selected based on their accessibility/ease of use, the knowledgeability of the
author(s), and their pertinence to a Hawaiian ecosystem.


The approximate budget for this collection is $1350. This was calculated by
using an average price of $30 per resource. While some of the web resources are
free, there are some large reference works included that cost much more than
$30, so $30 is an approximate average price.



1. Sheila Beckham, et. al. The Wai'anae Diet Cookbook, vols. I & II.
Wai'anae: The Wai'anae Coast Comprehensive Health Center, 1995. OP.
Paperback, Vol. I $20.00, Vol. II $14.99, listed from ISBN
0964602318 (Vol. I), 0964602326 (Vol. II).
These volumes contain valuable information for those who are interested in a diet
that more closely mirrors what the pre-contact Hawaiians ate. Written for the
purpose of enhancing the health of the Native Hawaiian community, these books
also serve to aid those who would like to eat more locally, but perhaps do not
know how to prepare the traditional foods. Covers foods such as limu (seaweed)
and fern shoots that are not mentioned in many other cookbooks.

2. Hana High Agriculture Students. E Kuke I Ke Kalo: A Taro Cookbook.
Hana, Maui: Hana High Agricultural Program, 2004. 71 pp. Spiral-bound,
$19.95. ISBN 1932205632.
A rare cookbook specializing in a diversity of taro recipes.

*3. Harris, Marilyn Rittenhouse. Tropical Fruit Cookbook. Honolulu:
University of Hawaii Press, 1993. 196 pp. Hardcover, $23.93. ISBN
Beyond the creative recipes, this book includes histories and descriptions of more
than 40 common and not-so-common fruits found here in Hawai'i. Contains a good
index, bibliography, and nutritional information chart.

Review: Alice Joyce, Booklist, Vol.90, No. 1, (Sept 1, 1993), 21.

*4. Laudan, Rachel. The Food of Paradise: Exploring Hawaii's Culinary
Heritage. Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press, 1996. 296 pp. Paperback,
$31.99. ISBN 0824817788.
This book, winner of several awards, including the International Association of
Culinary Professionals' Jane Grigson Prize for Distinguished Scholarship (1997) and
the Hawai'i Book Publishers' Association's Ka Palapala Po'okela "excellence in
specialty books" prize (1997), is a detailed account of the various culinary
traditions that make up our modern "local" cuisine in Hawai'i. It gives an overview
of the foods commonly eaten, their origins, and includes a selection of recipes at
the end of each chapter. Writing with an outsider's perspective, Laudan manages
to give a unique view of many foods we here in Hawai'i take for granted, yet she
does so without assuming, generalizing, or dismissing. The writing is refreshing
and entertaining, and encourages the reader to attempt making some dishes at
home that had previously only ever been purchased. The book contains two
indices for recipes: one by category, and one by ethnicity.

Review: Karen M. Rehbock, Isis, Vol. 90, No. 3 (Sept. 1999), 585.

5. Marcia Zina Mager, Muriel Miura, and Alvin S. Huang. Hawai'i Cooks
With Taro. Honolulu: Mutual Publishing, 2006. 160 pp. OP. Spiral-bound,
$15.95, listed from ISBN 1566475767.
A valuable resource for those looking to use more taro in their daily diets.
Contains more than 100 recipes, as well as preparation tips and olelo no'eau
(Hawaiian proverbs).

6. Na Lima Kokua. Sweet Potato ('Uala): Uses and Recipes. Lawai: Pacific
Tropical Botanical Garden, 1983. 25 pp. OP. Paperback, $30.00, listed from No ISBN.
Contains simple botanical and cultivation information, combined with an
outstanding selection of recipes. The table of contents on the inside front cover
makes the recipes very easily accessible. This seems to be the only book available
solely on the subject of Hawaiian Sweet Potato.

7. Diane Ragone, et al. Ho'oulu Ka 'Ulu Cookbook: Breadfruit Tips,
Techniques, And Hawaii's Favorite Home Recipes. Holualoa and Kalaheo:
Hawai'i Homegrown Food Network and Breadfruit Institute of the
National Tropical Botanical Garden, 2012. 48 pp. Paperback, $15.00. ISBN
Compiled by some of the world's foremost authorities on breadfruit, this book is a
wealth of information on using this staple crop.
8. Yardley, Maili. Hawai'i Cooks From The Garden. Honolulu: Mutual
Publishing, 1997. 100 pp. Paperback, $30.00. ISBN 1566471311.
Written by an old-time kama'aina and former columnist for the Advertiser and
Star-Bulletin, this cookbook includes not only recipes and ideas for using island
fruits and vegetables, but also definitions and explanations of many ethnic foods.
Interspersed with delightful memories of yesteryear.

Tropical Agriculture

9. Bogs, Jana. Beyond Organic: Growing for Maximum Nutrition and
Flavor. Hilo: The Larry Czerwonka Company, 2014. 144 pp. Paperback,
$29.95. ISBN 0615957005.
A new book by a North Kohala resident that details the scientific process for
growing highly nutritious food. Highly readable. Contains lots of practical
gardening information, good color illustrations, and is Hawai'i-focused.

*10. Craig Elevitch, Editor. Specialty Crops For Pacific Islands. Holualoa:
Permanent Agriculture Resources, 2011. Hardcover, $75.00. 576 pp. ISBN
A wealth of information about a wide variety of specialty crops that grow well in
Hawai'i, including coffee, bamboo, kava, and honey bees. Thorough chapters on
each topic, each written by experts on that particular crop, including information
on cultivation, challenges, plant varieties, and uses.

Review: Nayar, N. M., Agroforestry Systems, Vol. 83, Iss. 3, (November 2011) 373-

11. Dale Evans, Editor. Taro, Mauka To Makai: A Taro Production and
Business Guide for Hawai'i Growers. Honolulu: College of Tropical
Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawai'i, 2008. 168 pp.
Paperback, $20. ISBN 9781929325214.
A detailed guide for taro production, including traditional and modern methods for
flooded and non-flooded taro culture. Includes sections on history, production
problems, nutritional profiles, recipes, and business aspects of taro production.
Thorough and informative, this resource on Hawaii's traditional staple crop is an
essential part of a collection on food security.

12. Fahs, Barbara. Super Simple Guide to Creating Hawaiian Gardens:
For Kama'aina and Malihini. Hilo: Barbara Fahs, 2006. 268 pp. Paperback,
$15.99. ISBN 1420886991.
An authoritative, user-friendly guide to growing food and medicine plants in
harmony with our unique Hawaiian ecosystem. Fahs has written her “Healthful
Herbalist” column since 2002, which has been published in the Big Island Weekly,
Hawai'i Island Journal, and now Ke Ola magazine. Her book includes a wealth of
information on organic gardening, natural pest control, “undesirable” plants,
traditional medicinal uses, native and Polynesian plants, and composting, among
other topics. Her perspective as an avid gardener is invaluable in a book of this
*13. E. S. Craighill Handy, Elizabeth Green Handy, and Mary Kawena
Pukui. Native Planters In Old Hawai'i: Their Life, Lore, And Environment,
Revised Ed. Honolulu: Bishop Museum Press, 1991. 641 pp. Paperback,
$39.95. ISBN 0910240116.
In order to grow more food in Hawai'i, it is necessary to look at the techniques of
the original settlers of these islands. This classic work by eminent scholars of
anthropology and culture explores how the environment of our islands shaped the
agriculture and mentality of the Native Hawaiians. Includes traditional planting
methods and information about the most important crops.

Reviews (these are for the previous edition):

Stephen T. Boggs, American Anthropologist, Vol. 77, No. 4 (Dec., 1975), 941.
J. F. M., Economic Botany, Vol. 28, No. 1 (Jan. - Mar., 1974), 101.

14. Angela Kay Kepler and Francis G. Rust. The World Of Bananas In
Hawaii: Then And Now: Traditional Pacific And Global Varieties, Cultures,
Ornamentals, Health, And Recipes. Honolulu: University Of Hawai'i Press,
2011. 586 pp. Hardcover, $80.00. ISBN 0983726604.
The definitive guide to the history, varieties, and culture of bananas across the
Pacific region. Bananas are the world's fifth largest crop, and their use could be
much greater than it is in our local diets. Many years in the making, this book by
foremost banana experts is full of not only excellent information, but beautiful
color illustrations.

*15. Krauss, Beatrice H. Plants In Hawaiian Culture. Honolulu: University
of Hawai'i Press, 1993. 272 pp. Paperback, $31.99. ISBN 0824812255.
This ethnographic work goes far outside the scope of a collection focused on food
security. It is included here due to the centrality of plants and their uses in pre-
contact Hawai'i. Includes information about how the ancient Hawaiians made not
only food from their plants, but also clothing, instruments, shelter, medicines, and
fishing tools. The book also includes excellent (though regrettably black-and-
white) photographs of the plants discussed.

Review: Clarice Robinson Cox, Manoa, Vol. 6, No. 2 (1994) 269-271.

*16. Morton, Julia Frances. Fruits Of Warm Climates. Brattleboro, VT:
Echo Point Books And Media, 2013. 550 pp. Hardcover, $109.95. ISBN
The classic encyclopedia of tropical fruits. Full-color illustrations.

Review (For the previous edition):
Krikorian, A. D., The Quarterly Review Of Biology, Vol. 64, No. 3 (Sep., 1989), 349-

17. Nirav, Shunyam. Hawaiian Organic Growing Guide: Hawai'i's “How-To-
Grow-It” Gardening Guidebook For The Tropics And Subtropics, 3 rd Ed.
Kahului, Maui: Oasis Maui, 1996. 232 pp. OP. Paperback, $62.78, listed from ISBN 0963318705.
One of the best resources available for gardening in Hawai'i. Contains information
on growing over 200 popular island plants, as well as information on organic vs.
conventional gardening, composting, soil and amendments, and tree planting.

18. Oshiro, Kathy. Growing Vegetables In Hawai'i: A How-To Guide For
The Gardener. Honolulu: Bess Press, 2015. 96 pp. Paperback, $14.95. ISBN
Contains detailed growing information on nearly 40 vegetables, with 70 recipes
also included. Also contains information on soil preparation, plant selection, pest
control, and container gardening.

19. Oshiro, Kathy. Growing Fruits In Hawai'i, Also Herbs, Nuts, And
Seeds: A How-To Guide For The Gardener. Honolulu: Bess Press, 2015. 80
pp. Paperback, $16.95. ISBN 1573061093.
A helpful resource for growing fruits and herbs. Also contains information on pest
control, watering, garden preparation, and plant selection. Includes 56 recipes.

20. Savage, Sunny. Wild Food Plants Of Hawai'i. Maui: Sunny Savage,
2015. 164 pp. Paperback, $29.95. ISBN 1500955108.
Aside from all the intentionally cultivated food on our islands, there is also a
wealth of nutrition available in the form of wild-crafted foods. This book
showcases some of the most common vegetables and fruits one can find growing
wild, and offers suggestions on how to consume them.

*21. George W. Staples and Michael Kristiansen. Ethnic Culinary Herbs: A
Guide To Identification And Cultivation In Hawai'i. Honolulu: University
Of Hawai'i Press, 1999. 122 pp. Hardcover, $26.99. ISBN 0824820940.
Winner of Ka Palapala Po'okela Award of Merit for Excellence in Illustration, 2000,
this book is of the sort that is needed in Hawai'i. It contains information on herbs
from a variety of cultures, including their names in many different languages,
their uses, and cultivation information.

Review: Rexford H. Talbert, Economic Botany. Vol. 54, No. 4 (Oct. - Dec., 2000),

Permaculture Design

22. Dudley, David H. Aquaponics: How To Do Everything From Backyard
Setup To Profitable Business. Scottsdale, AZ: Howard Publishing, 2015.
488 pp. Paperback, $19.61. ISBN 0692423117.
A book detailing what is needed to begin growing one's own fish and vegetables
together in a symbiotic system. Complex but inspiring. Aquaponics is rapidly
growing in popularity here in Hawai'i.

*23. Flores, H.C. Food Not Lawns: How to Turn Your Yard Into a Garden
and Your Neighborhood Into a Community. White River Junction, VT:
Chelsea Green Publishing, 2006. 344 pp. Paperback, $19.73. ISBN
In order for a community to supply 50% of its own food, there will need to be a
drastic change in how we view the “yards” surrounding every house. Food Not
Lawns explores this concept, including discussions of soil, water, site selection,
polycultures, seed saving, and community outreach. Some ideas are well outside
of the mainstream, but so is a large segment of the target community. Should be
appropriate for those with an “off-the-grid” mindset.

Review: Publisher's Weekly,
Accessed 2 December 2015.

*24. Fukuoka, Masanobu. Sowing Seeds In The Desert: Natural Farming,
Global Restoration, And Ultimate Food Security. White River Junction, VT:
Chelsea Green Publishing, 2012. 216 pp. Paperback, $15.95. ISBN
Building on his earlier works, and decades of experience sharing them with
farmers around the world, in this, his final work, Fukuoka boldly outlines his
personal ideas regarding the challenges we face as a society, and his strategies
for overcoming them. This ambitious book serves as an inspiration for those who
wish to dream of bigger changes beyond simply growing their own food.

Review: Kirkus Reviews, Vol. 80, Issue 9 (May 2012) 931-932.

*25. Fukuoka, Masanobu. The One-Straw Revolution: An Introduction To
Natural Farming. New York: New York Review of Books, 2009. 224 pp.
Paperback, $15.95. ISBN 1590173139.
Now in a new edition, the 1975 classic that introduced the concept of natural
farming, or “do-nothing” farming. Fukuoka was a highly influential critic of
commercial and organic farming practices that deplete the soil. Beginning from
the perspective of an agricultural scientist, and evolving his ideas as he
experimented on his own land, the author eventually developed a philosophy
which is deceptively simple, yet undeniably functional. An key addition to any
sustainability collection.

Review: Harry Eyres, Financial Times of London, August 21, 2010.
Accessed 27 November 2015.

*26. Hemenway, Toby. Gaia's Garden: A Guide To Home-scale
Permaculture, 2nd ed. White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green
Publishing, 2009. 313 pp. Paperback, $29.95. ISBN 1603580298.
A book for home gardeners which adapts permaculture principles to even the
smallest space. The author focuses on the establishment of “backyard
ecosystems,” showcasing the beauty of small permaculture gardens. An
inspirational manual.

Review: Sue O'Brien, Library Journal, Vol. 126, No. 14 (Sep 1, 2001) 215.
27. Holmgren, David. Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond
Sustainability. Hepburn, Australia: Holmgren Design Services, 2002. 320
pp. Paperback, $20.79. ISBN 0646418440.
An excellent introduction to the theory of permaculture design. This accessible
book by the co-creator of the permaculture concept provides a helpful framework
for how our society might evolve in response to the “energy descent” from cheap
fossil fuel resources. 25 years of synthesizing permaculture concepts and
communicating them to people is distilled in this book.

28. Lanza, Patricia. Lasagna Gardening: A New Layering System For
Bountiful Gardens: No Digging, No Tilling, No Weeding, No Kidding!
Emmaus, PA: Rodale Organic Gardening Books, 1998. 244 pp. Paperback,
$17.99. ISBN 0875969623.
An introduction to the practice of sheet mulching, or sheet composting. Not
comprehensive of every possible issue, but a great beginner's guide to this
practical technique. Will appeal to those to whom the word “permaculture” is

29. Andy Lee and Pat Foreman. Chicken Tractor: The Permaculture Guide
To Happy Hens And Healthy Soil. Capital City: Good Earth Publications,
1998. 324 pp. Paperback, $7.12. ISBN 0962464864.
A good basic guide to incorporating chickens into garden ecosystems, using the
concept of a “chicken tractor” to move them around easily. Includes a discussion
of what makes healthy soil.

30. Litt, Robert and Hannah. A Chicken In Every Yard: The Urban Farm
Store's Guide To Chicken Keeping. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press, 2011.
208 pp. Hardcover, $19.99. ISBN 1580085822 .
A guide for aspiring chicken owners who have limited space in which to keep
them. Includes information on selecting breeds, chicks, building coops, and

31. Mollison, Bill. Permaculture: A Designer's Manual. Tyalgum,
Australia: Tagari Publications, 1988. 576 pp. Hardcover, $98.95. ISBN
The definitive text on permaculture (permanent agriculture, or permanent culture)
design by the man who coined the term. This textbook introduces the
fundamentals of permaculture, going in detail through the philosophy to the
practical design of a landscape. In depth discussion of earthworks, water in the
landscape, pattern understanding, soils, and different climatic zones.
Comprehensive, not specific to the tropics (though they are included). For the
serious student of permaculture.

32. Morrow, Rosemary. Earth User's Guide To Permaculture, 2nd Ed.
Hampshire, United Kingdom: Permanent Publications, 2006. 288 pp.
Paperback, $29.95. ISBN 1856230511.
A book which translates permaculture theory into a practical, easy-to-understand
format. Includes a section on money and “social permaculture.”

33. Pezza, Kim. Backyard Farming: Raising Goats For Dairy And Meat.
USA: Hatherleigh Press, 2013. 128 pp. Paperback, $5.95. ISBN 1578264731.
A beginner's guide to raising goats. Highly accessible.

*34. Stamets, Paul. Mycelium Running: How Mushrooms Can Help Save
The World. Berkeley, CA: Ten Speed Press, 2005. 356 pp. Paperback,
$35.00. ISBN 1580085792.
A fascinating exploration of how mushrooms and their mycelium interact with and
support other plant life. Includes many possible uses, such as mycoremediation
(using mushrooms to clean toxic environments) and mycopesticides, and
nutritional information.

Review: Tasha Goldberg, Economic Botany, Vol. 62, No. 1 (May., 2008), 97.

*35. Toensmeier, Eric. Perennial Vegetables: From Artichokes to Zuiki
Taro, A Gardener's Guide To Over 100 Delicious, Easy-To-Grow Edibles.
White River Junction, VT: Chelsea Green Publishing, 2007. 224 pp.
Paperback, $35.00. ISBN 1931498407.
One of the few books which focuses solely on perennial vegetables. Covers a
variety of climate zones. Contains good illustrations and charts.

Review: Sue O'Brien, Library Journal, Vol. 132 Iss. 10 (2007) 139.

Electronic Resources

36. Breadfruit Institute Of The National Tropical Botanical Garden.
Accessed 1 December 2015.
“To promote the conservation and use of breadfruit for food and reforestation.”
Probably the best breadfruit resource on the Web. Includes history, videos,
recipes, and an excellent reading list for further information.

37. Hawai'i Homegrown Food Network
Accessed 30 November 2015.
A useful resource for Hawai'i Island residents looking to connect with the local
food community. Includes a vast list of websites for local and national

38. The Kohala Center
Accessed 1 December 2015.
“A independent, community-based center for research, conservation, and
education.” Their website lists a wealth of programs geared toward those who are
looking to further their education or make a career out of farming and promoting
local food.
39. La'akea Community's Permaculture Links Page
Accessed 30 November 2015.
An amazing collection of relevant links on permaculture and tropical agriculture.

40. Miller, Danny (director). Seeds Of Hope: Na Kupu Mana'olana. Hawai'i
Rural Development Council, 2013. PBS Hawai'i broadcast, September 19,
2013. 59:54. Accessed 9
December 2015.
“This 90 minute film celebrates the unsung heroes that are working to solve the
biggest issue facing this beloved remote island paradise: “How Can Hawaii Feed
Itself?” (Hawai'i Rural Development Council website,,
accessed 9 December 2015)

41. Natural Capital Plant Database. $50 Annually.
Accessed 30 November 2015.
A subscription database for permaculture (multi-functional) plants. Currently
focused on temperate climates, but they are working on increasing their tropical

42. Plants For A Future Database
Accessed 30 November 2015.
Free database, indexing over 7000 plant varieties. Based in Britain, so mostly for
temperate climates.

43. Szyper, Jim. Backyard Aquaculture In Hawai'i: A Practical Manual (e-
book). Hawaii: University of Hawai'i, Windward Community College, and
Hawai'i Institute Of Marine Biology,1989. 93 pp. Free.
Accessed 7 December 2015.
An excellent introduction to the practice of aquaculture on a home scale. Hawai'i-
specific. Includes information on zoning regulations, species selection,
troubleshooting, and system design, as well as a section on further resources.


44. Edible Hawaiian Islands. $28 Annually.
A magazine celebrating local ingredients. Beautiful color photographs, interviews
with chefs, listings of farmers' markets, and seasonal recipes. Quarterly.

45. Permaculture Design Magazine. $25 Annually.
Covers a variety of permaculture topics. Is the longest-running permaculture
periodical available. Quarterly.

This collection is by no means comprehensive of the myriad resources that
are available on the subjects of tropical agriculture and permaculture design.
However, it is a very good cross-section of useful, accessible resources for both
the beginner to home organic gardening and the serious student of sustainability.
One noticeable limitation in the collection is that of resources on the ancient
practices of traditional Hawaiian agriculture, and how we can apply that
knowledge to our modern growing practices. There was not much available on the
topic. A similar issue applied to the subject of preparation of those pre-contact
foods. Most of the Hawai'i-focused cookbooks today include the wide variety of
foods we are all accustomed to eating, though in order to be truly self-sufficient in
agriculture, we will likely need to eat a diet more similar to that of the ancient
Hawaiians, since those foods grow much more easily here than many introduced
I hope to grow this collection in the future by including works on these two
above topics, as I feel certain that more will be published before long. I would also
include more resources on tropical permaculture from other parts of the world as
those become available.