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“Bacteria Management”

Log of Literature #3

Dental Hygiene 4

Amanda Rustad
Jacks, M. (2013, November). Bacteria management. Dimensions of Dental Hygiene, 11(11), 46-


The oral environment is filled with many transmissible microorganisms. Bacterial strains

of Streptococcus, Actinomyces, Lactobacillus, Staphylococcus and Candida; in addition to,

tuberculosis, hepatitis B and C and human immunodeficiency viruses can be found in the oral

cavity and respiratory tracts. These microorganisms can be transmitted in the dental aerosols

created during polishing and ultrasonic instrumentation. The aerosol particles produced can

infiltrate and lodge within the narrow lung passages. However; the use of preprocedural

antimicrobial mouthrinses prior to patient care can help reduce the risk of infection for the

patient and clinician by decreasing the number of microorganisms released within dental

aerosols. The antimicrobial rinse must be swished around the mouth for 30 seconds prior to

beginning treatment for it to be effective and reduce bacteria. Prerinsing with water may also be

used but is shown with research that it is less effective than using an antimicrobial rinse.

However; if no antimicrobial rinse is available, rinsing with water is more effective than no

prerinse at all. In conclusion, preprocedural mouth rinsing can reduce bacteria generated during

dental procedures and reduces number of microorganisms released within dental aerosols.

This article affects me because preprocedural mouth rinsing is an option in clinic. As a

dental hygiene student, I can decide whether or not my patient would benefit from a

preprocedural mouth rinse. If the patient has a lot of plaque biofilm on the tooth surface, it would

be beneficial. I agree with this information because I believe preprocedural mouth rinsing can be

beneficial in many cases to reduce the risk of infection to the patient and myself as a dental

hygienist. I strongly agree that if no antimicrobial rinses are available, water is the next best
choice. Vigorous rinsing with water is more effective than no rinse at all. I learned that in order

for the mouth rinse to be effective, it must be swished around the mouth for 30 seconds. Many

patients who use mouthrinses on a daily basis or even for preprocedural rinsing don’t understand

they need to swish for a certain time. The information learned from this article relates to the

information learned in my dental hygiene lecture and clinical. This valuable information can be

used in a clinical setting in the future.