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1. The atomic number of an element is 10. Of the following substances, the

determined by: best conductor is:
A. The number of neutrons. A. Air.
B. The number of protons. B. Copper.
C. The number of neutrons plus the C. Iron.
number of protons. D. Salt water.
D. The number of electrons. 11. Movement of holes in a
2. The atomic weight of an element is semiconductor:
approximately determined by: A. Is like a flow of electrons
A. The number of neutrons. in the same direction.
B. The number of protons. B. Is possible only if the
C. The number of neutrons plus the current is high enough.
number of protons. C. Results in a certain amount
D. The number of electrons. of electric current.
3. Suppose there is an atom of oxygen, D. Causes the material to stop
containing eight protons and eight conducting.
neutrons in the nucleus, and two 12. If a material has low resistance:
neutrons are added to the nucleus. The A. It is a good conductor.
resulting atomic weight is about: B. It is a poor conductor.
A. 8. C. The current flows mainly in
B. 10. the form of holes.
C. 16. D. Current can flow only in one
D. 18. direction.
4. An ion: 13. A coulomb:
A. Is electrically neutral. A. Represents a current of one
B. Has positive electric charge. ampere.
C. Has negative electric charge. B. Flows through a 100-watt
D. Might have either a positive or light bulb.
negative charge. C. Is one ampere per second.
5. An isotope: D. Is an extremely large number
A. Is electrically neutral. of charge carriers.
B. Has positive electric charge. 14. A stroke of lightning:
C. Has negative electric charge. A. Is caused by a movement of holes
D. Might have either a positive or in an insulator.
negative charge. B. Has a very low current.
C. Is a discharge of static
6. A molecule:
A. Might consist of just a single D. Builds up between clouds.
atom of an element. 15. The volt is the standard unit of:
B. Must always contain two or more A. Current.
elements. B. Charge.
C. Always has two or more atoms. C. Electromotive force.
D. Is always electrically charged. D. Resistance.
7. In a compound: 16. If an EMF of one volt is placed across
A. There can be just a single atom a resistance of two ohms, then the
of an element. current is:
A. Half an ampere.
B. There must always be two or more B. One ampere.
elements. C. Two amperes.
C. The atoms are mixed in with each D. One ohm.
other but not joined. 17. A backwards-working electric motor is
D. There is always a shortage of best described as:
electrons. A. An inefficient, energy-wasting
8. An electrical insulator can be made a device.
conductor: B. A motor with the voltage
A. By heating. connected the wrong way.
C. An electric generator.
B. By cooling. D. A magnetic-field generator.
C. By ionizing. 18. In some batteries, chemical energy can
D. By oxidizing. be replenished by:
9. Of the following substances, the worst A. Connecting it to a light bulb.
conductor is: B. Charging it.
A. Air. C. Discharging it.
B. Copper. D. No means known; when a battery is
C. Iron. dead, you have to throw it away.
19. A changing magnetic field:
A. Produces an electric current in an
B. Magnetizes the earth.
C. Produces a fluctuating electric
D. Results from a steady electric
20. Light is converted into electricity:
A. In a dry cell.
B. In a wet cell.
C. In an incandescent bulb.
D. In a photovoltaic cell.
QUIZ 2 ELCTRICAL UNITS 10. You are told that a certain air
1. A positive electric pole: conditioner is rated at 500 Btu. What
A. Has a deficiency of electrons. is this in kWh?
B. Has fewer electrons than the A. 147.
negative pole. B. 14.7.
C. Has an excess of electrons. C. 1.47.
D. Has more electrons than the D. 0.147.
negative pole 11. Of the following energy units, the
2. An EMF of one volt: one most often used to define
A. Cannot drive much current through electrical energy is:
a circuit. A. The Btu.
B. Represents a low resistance. B. The erg.
C. Can sometimes produce a large C. The foot pound.
current. D. The kilowatt hour.
D. Drops to zero in a short time. 12. The frequency of common household
3. A potentially lethal electric current ac in the U.S. is:
is on the order of: A. 60 Hz.
A. 0.01 mA. B. 120 Hz.
B. 0.1 mA. C. 50 Hz.
C. 1 mA. D. 100 Hz.
D. 0.1 A. 13. Half-wave rectification means
4. A current of 25 A is most likely drawn that:
by: A. Half of the ac wave is
A. A flashlight bulb. inverted.
B. A typical household. B. Half of the ac wave is
C. A power plant. chopped off.
D. A clock radio. C. The whole wave is inverted.
5. A piece of wire has a conductance of 20 D. The effective value is half
siemens. Its resistance is: the peak value.
A. 20 . 14. In the output of a half-wave
B. 0.5 . rectifier:
C. 0.05 . A. Half of the wave is inverted.
D. 0.02 . B. The effective value is less
6. A resistor has a value of 300 ohms. Its than that of the original ac
conductance is: wave.
A. 3.33 millisiemens. C. The effective value is the
B. 33.3 millisiemens. same as that of the original ac
C. 333 microsiemens. wave.
D. 0.333 siemens. D. The effective value is more
7. A mile of wire has a conductance of 0.6 than that of the original ac
siemens. Then three miles of the same wire wave.
has a conductance of: 15. In the output of a full-wave
A. 1.8 siemens. rectifier:
B. 1.8 . A. The whole wave is inverted.
C. 0.2 siemens. B. The effective value is less
D. Not enough information has been than that of the original ac
given to answer this. wave.
8. A 2-kW generator will deliver C. The effective value is the
approximately how much current, reliably, same as that of the original ac
at 117 V? wave.
A. 17 mA. D. The effective value is more
B. 234 mA. than that of the original ac
C. 17 A. wave.
D. 234 A. 16. A low voltage, such as 12 V:
9. A circuit breaker is rated for 15 A at A. Is never dangerous.
117 V. This represents approximately how B. Is always dangerous.
many kilowatts? C. Is dangerous if it is ac, but
A. 1.76. not if it is dc.
B. 1760. D. Can be dangerous under
C. 7.8. certain conditions.
D. 0.0078. 17. Which of these can represent
magnetomotive force?
A. The volt-turn.
B. The ampere-turn.
C. The gauss.
D. The gauss-turn.
18. Which of the following units can
represent magnetic flux density?
A. The volt-turn.
B. The ampere-turn.
C. The gauss.
D. The gauss-turn.
19. A ferromagnetic material:
A. Concentrates magnetic flux lines
within itself.
B. Increases the total magnetomotive
force around a current-carrying
C. Causes an increase in the current
in a wire.
D. Increases the number of ampere-
turns in a wire.
20. A coil has 500 turns and carries 75 mA
of current. The magnetomotive force will
A. 37,500 At.
B. 375 At.
C. 37.5 At.
D. 3.75 At.
QUIZ 3 MEASURING DEVICE pg85 D. Is placed in parallel with the
1. The force between two electrically charged circuit that works from the supply.
objects is called: 10. Which of the following will not cause a
A. Electromagnetic deflection. major error in an ohmmeter reading?
B. Electrostatic force. A. A small voltage between points
C. Magnetic force. under test.
D. Electroscopic force. B. A slight change in switchable
2. The change in the direction of a compass internal resistance.
needle, when a current-carrying wire is brought C. A small change in the resistance
near, is: to be measured.
A. Electromagnetic deflection. D. A slight error in range switch
B. Electrostatic force. selection.
C. Magnetic force. 11. The ohmmeter in Fig. 3-17 shows a
D. Electroscopic force. reading of about:
3. Suppose a certain current in a galvanometer A. 33,000 .
causes the needle to deflect 20 degrees, and B. 3.3 K.
then this current is doubled. The needle C. 330 .
deflection: D. 33 .
A. Will decrease. 12. The main advantage of a FETVM over a
B. Will stay the same. conventional voltmeter is the fact that the
C. Will increase. FETVM:
D. Will reverse direction. A. Can measure lower voltages.
4. One important advantage of an electrostatic B. Draws less current from the
meter is that: circuit under test.
A. It measures very small currents. C. Can withstand higher voltages
B. It will handle large currents. safely.
C. It can detect ac voltages. D. Is sensitive to ac as well as to
D. It draws a large current from the dc.
source. 13. Which of the following is not a
5. A thermocouple: function of a fuse?
A. Gets warm when current flows through A. To be sure there is enough
it. current available for an appliance
B. Is a thin, straight, special wire. to work right.
C. Generates dc when exposed to light. B. To make it impossible to use
D. Generates ac when heated. appliances that are too large for a
6. One advantage of an electromagnet meter over given circuit.
a permanent-magnet meter is that: C. To limit the amount of power that
A. The electromagnet meter costs much a circuit can deliver.
less. D. To make sure the current is
B. The electromagnet meter need not be within safe limits.
aligned with the earths magnetic field. 14. A utility meters motor speed works
C. The permanent-magnet meter has a more directly from:
sluggish coil. A. The number of ampere hours being
D. The electromagnet meter is more used at the time.
rugged. B. The number of watt hours being
7. An ammeter shunt is useful because: used at the time.
A. It increases meter sensitivity. C. The number of watts being used at
B. It makes a meter more physically the time.
rugged. D. The number of kilowatt hours
C. It allows for measurement of a wide being used at the time.
range of currents. 15. A utility meters readout indicates:
D. It prevents overheating of the meter. A. Voltage.
8. Voltmeters should generally have: B. Power.
A. Large internal resistance. C. Current.
B. Low internal resistance. D. Energy.
C. Maximum possible sensitivity. 16. A typical frequency counter:
D. Ability to withstand large currents. A. Has an analog readout.
9. To measure power-supply voltage being used B. Is usually accurate to six digits
by a circuit, a voltmeter or more.
A. Is placed in series with the circuit C. Works by indirectly measuring
that works from the supply. current.
B. Is placed between the D. Works by indirectly measuring
negative pole of the voltage.
supply and the circuit 17. A VU meter is never used for
working from the supply. measurement of:
C. Is placed between the A. Sound.
positive pole of the B. Decibels.
supply and the circuit C. Power.
working from the supply. D. Energy.
18. The meter movement in an illumination meter
A. Current.
B. Voltage.
C. Power.
D. Energy.
19. An oscilloscope cannot be used to indicate:
A. Frequency.
B. Wave shape.
C. Energy.
D. Peak signal voltage.
20. The display in Fig. 3-18 could be caused by
a voltage of:
A. 6.0 V.
B. 6.6 V.
C. 7. 0V.
D. No way to tell; the meter is
QUIZ 4 BASIC DC CIRCUIT pg98 D. 9.32 .
1. Suppose you double the voltage in a simple 9. The voltage is 250 V and the current is
dc circuit, and cut the resistance in half. The 8.0 mA. The power dissipated by the
current will become: potentiometer is:
A. Four times as great. A. 31 mW.
B. Twice as great. B. 31 W.
C. The same as it was before. C. 2.0 W.
D. Half as great. D. 2.0 mW.
2. A wiring diagram would most likely be found 10. The voltage from the source is 12 V and
in: the potentiometer is set for 470 _. The
A. An engineers general circuit idea power is about:
notebook. A. 310 mW.
B. An advertisement for an electrical B. 25.5 mW.
device. C. 39.2 W.
C. The service/repair manual for a radio D. 3.26 W.
receiver. 11. The current through the potentiometer
D. A procedural flowchart. is 17 mA and its value is 1.22K_. The power
For questions 3 through 11, see Fig. 4-7. is:
A. 0.24 W.
B. 20.7 W.
C. 20.7 mW.
D. 350 mW.
12. Suppose six resistors are hooked up in
series, and each of them has a value of 540
_. Then the total resistance is:
A. 90 .
B. 3.24 K .
C. 540
D. None of the above.
13. Four resistors are connected in series,
3. Given a dc voltage source delivering 24 V each with a value of 4.0 K . The total
and a circuit resistance of 3.3 K_, what is the resistance is:
current? A. 1 K .
A. 0.73 A. B. 4 K .
B. 138 A. C. 8 K .
C. 138 mA. D. 16 K .
D. 7.3 mA. 14. Suppose you have three resistors in
4. Suppose that a circuit has 472 _ of parallel, each with a value of 68,000 .
resistance and the current is 875 mA. Then the Then the total resistance is:
source voltage is: A. 23 .
A. 413 V. B. 23 K .
B. 0.539 V. C. 204 .
C. 1.85 V. D. 0.2 M .
D. None of the above. 15. There are three resistors in parallel,
5. The dc voltage in a circuit is 550 mV and with values of 22 , 27 , and 33 . A 12-V
the current is 7.2 mA. Then them resistance is: battery is connected across this
A. 0.76 . combination, as shown in Fig. 4-11. What is
B. 76 . the current drawn from the battery by this
C. 0.0040 . resistance combination?
D. None of the above. A. 1.3 A.
6. Given a dc voltage source of 3.5 kV and a B. 15 mA.
circuit resistance of 220 _, what is the C. 150 mA.
current? D. 1.5 A.
A. 16 mA. 4-11 Illustration for quiz question 15.
B. 6.3 mA.
C. 6.3 A.
D. None of the above. 15.9A
7. A circuit has a total resistance of 473,332
_ and draws 4.4 mA. The best expression for the
voltage of the source is:
A. 2082 V.
B. 110 kV.
C. 2.1 kV.
D. 2.08266 kV.
8. A source delivers 12 V and the current is 16. Three resistors, with values of 47
777 mA. Then the best expression for the ,68 , and 82 , are connected in series
resistance is: with a 50-V dc generator, as shown in Fig.
A. 15 . 4-12. The total power consumed by this
B. 15.4 . network of resistors is:
A. 250 mW.
C. 9.3 .
B. 13 mW.
C. 13 W.
D. Not determinable from the data given.

17. You have an unlimited supply of 1-W, 100-

resistors. You need to get a 100-, 10-W
resistor. This can be done most cheaply by
means of a series-parallel matrix of
A. 3 x3 resistors.
B. 4 x 3 resistors.
C. 4 x 4 resistors.
D. 2 x 5 resistors.
18. You have an unlimited supply of 1-W, 1000-
resistors, and you need a 500- resistance
rated at 7 W or more. This can be done by
A. Four sets of two 1000- resistors in
series, and connecting these four sets
in parallel.
B. Four sets of two 1000- resistors in
parallel, and connecting these four sets
in series.
C. A 3x3 series-parallel matrix of 1000-
D. Something other than any of the
19. You have an unlimited supply of 1-W, 1000-
resistors, and you need to get a 3000-, 5-W
resistance. The best way is to:
A. Make a 2 x 2 series-parallel matrix.
B. Connect three of the resistors in
C. Make a 3 x 3 series-parallel matrix.
D. Do something other than any of the
20. Good engineering practice usually requires
that a series-parallel resistive network be
A. From resistors that are all very
B. From resistors that are all the same.
C. From a series combination of
resistors in parallel.
D. From a parallel combination of
resistors in series.
QUIZ 5 DC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS P116 8. Four resistors are connected in series
1. In a series-connected string of holiday with a 6.0-V supply, with values shown in
ornament bulbs, if one bulb gets shorted out, Fig. 5-9 (the same as question 2). What is
which of these is most likely? the power dissipated by the whole
A. All the other bulbs will go out. combination?
B. The current in the string will go up. A. 200 mW.
C. The current in the string will go B. 6.5 mW.
down. C. 200 W.
D. The current in the string will stay D. 6.5 W.
the same. 9. In Fig. 5-9, what is the power
2. Four resistors are connected in series dissipated by R4?
across a 6.0-V battery. The values are R1 _ 10 5-10 Illustration for quiz questions 4, 5,
, R2 _ 20 , R3 _ 50 , and R4 _ 100 as 6, 7, 10, and 11.
shown in Fig. 5-9. The voltage across R2 is: A. 11 mW.
A. 0.18 V. B. 0.11 W.
B. 33 mV. C. 0.2 W.
C. 5.6 mV. D. 6.5 mW.
D. 670 mV. 10. Three resistors are in parallel in the
same configuration and with the same values
as in problem 4 (Fig. 5-10). What is the
power dissipated by the whole set?
A. 5.4 W.
B. 5.4 uW.
C. 650 W.
D. 650 mW.
11. In Fig. 5-10, the power dissipated by
3. In question 2 (Fig. 5-9), the voltage across R1 is:
the combination of R3 and R4 is: A. 32 mW.
A. 0.22 V. B. 480 mW.
B. 0.22 mV. C. 2.1 W.
C. 5.0 V. D. 31 W.
D. 3.3 V. 12. Fill in the blank in the following
4. Three resistors are connected in parallel sentence. In either series or a parallel
across a battery that delivers 15 V. The values circuit, the sum of the s in each component
are R1 = 470 , R2 = 2.2 K, R3 = 3.3 K (Fig. is equal to the total provided by the
5-10). The voltage across R2 is: supply.
A. 4.4 V. A. Current.
B. 5.0 V. B. Voltage.
C. 15 V. C. Wattage.
D. Not determinable from the data given. D. Resistance.

5. In the example of question 4 (Fig. 5-10),

what is the current through R2?
A. 6.8 mA.
B. 43 mA.
C. 150 mA.
D. 6.8 A.
6. In the example of question 4 (Fig. 5-10),
what is the total current drawn from the
A. 6.8 mA. 13. Refer to Fig. 5-5A. Suppose the
B. 43 mA. resistors each have values of 33 . The
C. 150 mA. battery provides 24 V. The current I1 is:
D. 6.8 A. A. 1.1 A.
7. In the example of question 4 (Fig. 5-10), B. 730 mA.
suppose that resistor R2 opens up. The current C. 360 mA.
through the other two resistors will: D. Not determinable from the
A. Increase. information given.
B. Decrease. 14. Refer to Fig. 5-5B. Let each resistor
C. Drop to zero. have a value of 820 . Suppose the top
D. No change. three resistors all lead to light bulbs of
the exact same wattage. If I1 _ 50 mA and I2 _
70 mA, what is the power dissipated in the
resistor carrying current I4?
A. 33 W.
B. 40 mW.
C. 1.3 W.
D. It cant be found using the
information given.
15. Refer to Fig. 5-6. Suppose the resistances
R1, R2, R3, and R4 are in the ratio 1:2:4:8
from left to right, and the battery supplies 30
V. Then the voltage E2 is:

A. 4 V. A. 4.19 V.
B. 8 V. B. 13.8 V.
C. 16 V. C. 1.61 V.
D. Not determinable from the data given. D. 2.94 V.
16. Refer to Fig. 5-6. Let the resistances each 20. Refer to Fig. 5-7. The battery is 12 V;
be 3.3 K and the battery 12 V. If the plus you want intermediate voltages of 3.0,6.0
terminal of a dc voltmeter is placed between R1 and 9.0 V. Suppose that a maximum of 200 mA
and R2 (with voltages E1and E2), and the minus is allowed through the network.
terminal of the voltmeter is placed between R3 What values should the resistors, R1, R2,
and R4 (with voltages E3 and E4), what will the R3, and R4 have, respectively?
meter register? A. 15 , 30 , 45 , 60 .
A. 0 V. B. 60 , 45 , 30 , 15 .
B. 3 V. C. 15 , 15 , 15 , 15 .
C. 6 V. D. There isnt enough information to
D. 12 V. design the circuit.
17. In a voltage divider network, the total
A. Should be large to minimize current
B. Should be as small as the power
supply will allow.
C. Is not important.
D. Should be such that the current is
kept to 100 mA.
18. The maximum voltage output from a voltage
A. Is a fraction of the power supply
B. Depends on the total resistance.
C. Is equal to the supply voltage.
D. Depends on the ratio of resistances.
19. Refer to Fig. 5-7. The battery E is 18.0 V.
Suppose there are four resistors in the
network: R1 _ 100 , R2 _ 22.0 , R3 _ 33.0 ,
R4 _ 47.0 . The voltage E3 at P3 is:
QUIZ 6 RSISTORS pg135 D. There is not enough information
1. Biasing in an amplifier circuit: to tell.
A. Keeps it from oscillating. 11. The sound from a transistor radio is at
B. Matches it to other amplifier stages a level of 50 dB. How many times the
in a chain. threshold of hearing is this, in terms of
C. Can be done using voltage dividers. actual sound power?
D. Maximizes current flow. A. 50.
2. A transistor can be protected from needless B. 169.
overheating by: C. 5,000.
A. Current-limiting resistors. D. 100,000.
B. Bleeder resistors. 12. An advantage of a rheostat over a
C. Maximizing the driving power. potentiometer is that:
D. Shorting out d power supply when the A. A rheostat can handle higher
circuit is off. frequencies.
3. Bleeder resistors: B. A rheostat is more precise.
A. Are connected across the capacitor in C. A rheostat can handle more
a power supply. current.
B. Keep a transistor from drawing too D. A rheostat works better with dc.
much current. 13. A resistor is specified as having a
C. Prevent an amplifier from being value of 68 , but is measured with an
overdriven. ohmmeter as 63 . The value is off by:
D. Optimize the efficiency of an A. 7.4 percent.
amplifier. B. 7.9 percent.
4. Carbon-composition resistors: C. 5 percent.
A. Can handle lots of power. D. 10 percent.
B. Have capacitance or inductance along 14. Suppose a resistor is rated at 3.3 K,
with resistance. plus or minus 5 percent.This means it can
C. Are comparatively nonreactive. be expected to have a value bet:
D. Work better for ac than for dc. A. 2,970 and 3,630 .
5. The best place to use a wirewound resistor B. 3,295 and 3,305 .
is: C. 3,135 and 3,465 .
A. In a radio-frequency amplifier. D. 2.8 K and 3.8 K.
B. When the resistor doesnt dissipate 15. A package of resistors is rated at 56
much power. , plus or minus 10 percent. You test them
C. In a high-power, radio-frequency with an ohmmeter. Which of the following
circuit. values indicates a reject?
D. In a high-power, direct-current A. 50.0 .
circuit. B. 53.0 .
6. A metal-film resistor: C. 59.7 .
A. Is made using solid carbon/phenolic D. 61.1 .
paste. 16. A resistor has a value of 680 , and
B. Has less reactance than a wirewound you expect it will have to draw 1 mA
type. maximum continuous current. What power
C. Can dissipate large amounts of power. rating is best for this application?
D. Has considerable inductance. A. 1/4 W.
7. A meter-sensitivity control in a test B. 1/2 W.
instrument would probably be: C. I W.
A. A set of switchable, fixed resistors. D. 2 W.
B. A linear-taper potentiometer. 17. Suppose a 1-K resistor will dissipate
C. A logarithmic-taper potentiometer. 1.05 W, and you have many 1-W resistors of
D. A wirewound resistor. all common values. If theres room for 20-
8. A volume control in a stereo compact-disc percent resistance error, the cheapest
player would probably be: solution is to use:
A. A set of switchable, fixed resistors. A. Four 1 K, 1-W resistors in
B. A linear-taper potentiometer. series-parallel.
C. A logarithmic-taper potentiometer. B. Two 2.2 K, 1-W resistors in
D. A wirewound resistor. parallel.
9. If a sound triples in actual power level, C. Three 3.3 K, 1-W resistors in
approximately what is the decibel increase? parallel.
A. 3 dB. D. One 1 K, 1-W resistor, since
B. 5 dB. manufacturers allow for a 10-percent
C. 6 dB. margin of safety.
D. 9 dB. 18. Red, red, red, gold indicates a
10. Suppose a sound changes in volume by -13 resistance of:
dB. If the original sound power is 1 W, what is A. 22 .
the final sound power? B. 220 .
A. 13 W. C. 2.2 K.
B. 77 mW. D. 22 K.
C. 50 mW.
19. The actual resistance of the above unit can C. The current to drop to zero.
be expected to vary by how much above or below D. An explosion.
the specified value? 6. A cell of 1.5 V supplies 100 mA for
A. 11 . seven hours and twenty minutes, and then it
B. 110 . is replaced. It has supplied:
C. 22 . A. 7.33 Ah.
D. 220 . B. 733 mAh.
20. A resistor has three bands: gray, red, C. 7.33 Wh.
yellow. This unit can b expected to have a D. 733 mWh.
value within approx what range? 7. A 12-V auto battery is rated at 36 Ah.
A. 660 K to 980 K. If a 100-W, 12-Vdc bulb is connected across
B. 740 K to 900 K. this battery, about how long will the bulb
C. 7.4 K to 9.0 K. stay lit, if the battery has been fully
D. The manufacturer does not make any charged?
claim. A. 4 hours and 20 minutes.
B. 432 hours.
C. 3.6 hours.
D. 21.6 minutes.
8. Alkaline cells:
A. Are cheaper than zinc-carbon
B. Are generally better in radios
than zinc-carbon cells.
C. Have higher voltages than zinc-
carbon cells.
D. Have shorter shelf lives than
zinc-carbon cells.
9. The energy in a cell or battery depends
mainly on:
A. Its physical size.
B. The current drawn from it.
C. Its voltage.
D. All of the above.
10. In which of the following places would
a lantern battery most likely be found?
A. A heart pacemaker.
B. An electronic calculator.
C. An LCD wall clock.
Chapter 7 D. A two-way portable radio.
CELLS AND BATTERIES pg151 11. In which of the following places would
1. The chemical energy in a battery or cell: a transistor battery be the best power-
A. Is a form of kinetic energy. source choice?
B. Cannot be replenished once it is A. A heart pacemaker.
gone. B. An electronic calculator.
C. Changes to kinetic energy when the C. An LCD wristwatch.
cell is used. D. A two-way portable radio.
D. Is caused by electric current. 12. In which of the following places would
2. A cell that cannot be recharged is: you most likely choose a lithium battery?
A. A dry cell. A. A microcomputer memory backup.
B. A wet cell. B. A two-way portable radio.
C. A primary cell. C. A portable audio cassette player.
D. A secondary cell. D. A rechargeable flashlight.
3. A Weston cell is generally used: 13. Where would you most likely find a
A. As a current reference source. lead-acid battery?
B. As a voltage reference source. A. In a portable audio cassette
C. As a power reference source. player.
D. As an energy reference source. B. In a portable video
4. The voltage in a battery is: camera/recorder.
A. Less than the voltage in a cell of C. In an LCD wall clock.
the same kind. D. In a flashlight.
B. The same as the voltage in a cell of 14. A cell or battery that keeps up a
the same kind. constant current-delivering capability
C. More than the voltage in a cell of almost until it dies is said to have:
the same kind. A. A large ampere-hour rating.
D. Always a multiple of 1.018 V. B. Excellent energy capacity.
5. A direct short-circuit of a battery can C. A flat discharge curve.
cause: D. Good energy storage per unit
A. An increase in its voltage. volume.
B. No harm other than a rapid discharge 15. Where might you find a NICAD battery?
of its energy. A. In a satellite.
B. In a portable cassette player.
C. In a handheld radio transceiver.
D. In more than one of the above.
16. A disadvantage of mercury cells and
batteries is that:
A. They dont last as long as other
B. They have a flat discharge curve.
C. They pollute the environment.
D. They need to be recharged often.
17. Which kind of battery should never be used
until it dies?
A. Silver-oxide.
B. Lead-acid.
C. Nickel-cadmium.
D. Mercury.
18. The current from a solar panel is increased
A. Connecting solar cells in series.
B. Using NICAD cells in series with the
solar cells.
C. Connecting solar cells in parallel.
D. Using lead-acid cells in series with
the solar cells.
19. An interactive solar power system:
A. Allows a homeowner to sell power to
the utility.
B. Lets the batteries recharge at night.
C. Powers lights but not electronic
D. Is totally independent from the
20. One reason why it is impractical to make an
extremely high-voltage battery of cells is
A. Theres a danger of electric shock.
B. It is impossible to get more than
103.5 V with electrochemical cells.
C. The battery would weigh to much.
D. There isnt any real need for such
QUIZ 8 MAGNETISM pg170 11. If a wire coil has 100 turns and
1. The geomagnetic field: carries 1.30 A of current, what is the
A. Makes the earth like a huge horseshoe magnetomotive force in gilberts?
magnet. A. 130.
B. Runs exactly through the geographic B. 76.9.
poles. C. 164.
C. Is what makes a compass work. D. 61.0.
D. Is what makes an electromagnet work. 12. Which of the following is not generally
2. Geomagnetic lines of flux: possible in a geomagnetic storm?
A. Are horizontal at the geomagnetic A. Charged particles streaming out
equator. from the sun.
B. Are vertical at the geomagnetic B. Fluctuations in the earths
equator. magnetic field.
C. Are always slanted, no matter where C. Disruption of electrical power
you go. transmission.
D. Are exactly symmetrical around the D. Disruption of microwave radio
earth, even far out into space. links.
3. A material that can be permanently 13. An ac electromagnet:
magnetized is generally said to be: A. Will attract only other
A. Magnetic. magnetized objects.
B. Electromagnetic. B. Will attract pure, unmagnetized
C. Permanently magnetic. iron.
D. Ferromagnetic. C. Will repel other magnetized
4. The force between a magnet and a piece of objects.
ferromagnetic metal that has not been D. Will either attract or repel
magnetized: permanent magnets, depending on the
A. Can be either repulsive or polarity.
attractive. 14. An advantage of an electromagnet over a
B. Is never repulsive. permanent magnet is that:
C. Gets smaller as the magnet gets A. An electromagnet can be switched
closer to the metal. on and off.
D. Depends on the geomagnetic field. B. An electromagnet does not have
5. Magnetic flux can always be attributed to: specific polarity.
A. Ferromagnetic materials. C. An electromagnet requires no
B. Aligned atoms. power source.
C. Motion of charged particles. D. Permanent magnets must always be
D. The geomagnetic field. cylindrical.
6. Lines of magnetic flux are said to 15. A substance with high retentivity is
originate: best suited for making:
A. In atoms of ferromagnetic materials. A. An ac electromagnet.
B. At a north magnetic pole. B. A dc electromagnet.
C. Where the lines converge to a point. C. An electrostatic shield.
D. In charge carriers. D. A permanent magnet.
7. The magnetic flux around a straight, 16. A relay is connected into a circuit so
current-carrying wire: that a device gets a signal only when the
A. Gets stronger with increasing relay coil carries current. The relay is
distance from the wire. probably:
B. Is strongest near the wire. A. An ac relay.
C. Does not vary in strength with B. A dc relay.
distance from the wire. C. Normally closed.
D. Consists of straight lines parallel D. Normally open.
to the wire. 17. A device that reverses magnetic field
8. The gauss is a unit of: polarity to keep a dc motor rotating is:
A. Overall magnetic field strength. A. A solenoid.
B. Ampere-turns. B. An armature coil.
C. Magnetic flux density. C. A commutator.
D. Magnetic power. D. A field coil.
9. A unit of overall magnetic field quantity is 18. A high tape-recorder motor speed is
the: generally used for:
A. Maxwell. A. Voices.
B. Gauss. B. Video.
C. Tesla. C. Digital data.
D. Ampere-turn. D. All of the above.
10. If a wire coil has 10 turns and carries 500 19. An advantage of a magnetic disk, as
mA of current, what is the magnetomotive force compared with magnetic tape, for data
in ampere-turns? storage and retrieval is that:
A. 5000. A. A disk lasts longer.
B. 50. B. Data can be stored and retrieved
C. 5.0. more quickly with disks than with
D. 0.02. tapes.
C. Disks look better.
D. Disks are less susceptible to
magnetic fields.
20. A bubble memory is best suited for:
A. A large computer.
B. A home video entertainment system.
C. A portable cassette player.
D. A magnetic disk.
TEST PART 1 D. Measures electrical energy.
1. An application in which an analog meter E. Works only when current flows in
would almost always be preferred over a digital one direction.
meter is: 8. Which of the following units indicates
A. A signal-strength indicator in a the rate at which energy is expended?
radio receiver. A. The volt.
B. A meter that shows power-supply B. The ampere.
voltage. C. The coulomb.
C. A utility watt-hour meter. D. The ampere hour.
D. A clock. E. The watt.
E. A device in which a direct numeric 9. Which of the following correctly states
display is wanted. Ohms Law?
2. Which of the following statements is false? A. Volts equal amperes divided by
A. The current in a series dc circuit is ohms.
divided up among the resistances. B. Ohms equal amperes divided by
B. In a parallel dc circuit, the voltage volts.
is the same across each component. C. Amperes equal ohms divided by
C. In a series dc circuit, the sum of volts.
the voltages across all the components, D. Amperes equal ohms times volts.
going once around a complete circle, is E. Ohms equal volts divided by
zero. amperes.
D. The net resistance of a parallel set 10. The current going into a point in a dc
of resistors is less than the value of circuit is always equal to the current:
the smallest resistor. A. Delivered by the power supply.
E. The total power consumed in a series B. Through any one of the
circuit is the sum of the wattages resistances.
consumed by each of the components. C. Flowing out of that point.
3. The ohm is a unit of: D. At any other point.
A. Electrical charge quantity. E. In any single branch of the
B. The rate at which charge carriers circuit.
flow. 11. A loudness meter in a hi-fi system is
C. Opposition to electrical current. generally calibrated in:
D. Electrical conductance. A. Volts.
E. Potential difference. B. Amperes.
4. A wiring diagram differs from a schematic C. Decibels.
diagram in that: D. Watt hours.
A. A wiring diagram is less detailed. E. Ohms.
B. A wiring diagram shows component 12. A charged atom is known as:
values. A. A molecule.
C. A schematic does not show all the B. An isotope.
interconnections between the components. C. An ion.
D. A schematic shows pictures of D. An electron.
components, while a wiring diagram shows E. A fundamental particle.
the electronic symbols. 13. A battery delivers 12 V to a bulb. The
E. A schematic shows the electronic current in the bulb is 3 A. What is the
symbols, while a wiring diagram shows resistance of the bulb?
pictures of the components. A. 36 .
5. Which of the following is a good use, or B. 4 .
place, for a wirewound resistor? C. 0.25 .
A. To dissipate a large amount of dc D. 108 .
power. E. 0.75 .
B. In the input of a radio-frequency 14. Peak values are always:
amplifier. A. Greater than average values.
C. In the output of a radio-frequency B. Less than average values.
amplifier. C. Greater than or equal to average
D. In an antenna, to limit the values.
transmitter power. D. Less than or equal to average
E. Between ground and the chassis of a values.
power supply. E. Fluctuating.
6. The number of protons in the nucleus of an 15. A resistor has a value of 680 ohms, and
element is the: a tolerance of plus or minus 5 percent.
A. Electron number. Which of the following values indicates a
B. Atomic number. reject?
C. Valence number. A. 648 .
D. Charge number. B. 712 .
E. Proton number. C. 699 .
7. A hot-wire ammeter: D. 636 .
A. Can measure ac as well as dc. E. 707 .
B. Registers current changes very fast. 16. A primitive device for indicating the
C. Can indicate very low voltages. presence of an electric current is:
A. An electrometer. E. Tapes cannot be used to store
B. A galvanometer. digital data.
C. A voltmeter. 25. A 6-V battery is connected across a
D. A coulometer. series combination of resistors. The
E. A wattmeter. resistance values are 1, 2, and 3 . What
17. A disadvantage of mercury cells is that is the current through the 2- resistor?
they: A. 1 A.
A. Pollute the environment when B. 3 A.
discarded. C. 12 A.
B. Supply less voltage than other cells. D. 24 A.
C. Can reverse polarity unexpectedly. E. 72 A.
D. Must be physically large. 26. A material that has extremely high
E. Must be kept right-side-up. electrical resistance is known as:
18. A battery supplies 6.0 V to a bulb rated at A. A semiconductor.
12 W. How much current does the bulb draw? B. A paraconductor.
A. 2.0 A. C. An insulator.
B. 0.5 A. D. A resistor.
C. 72 A. E. A diamagnetic substance.
D. 40 mA. 27. Primary cells:
E. 72 mA. A. Can be used over and over.
19. Of the following, which is not a common use B. Have higher voltage than other
of a resistor? types of cells.
A. Biasing for a transistor. C. All have exactly 1.500 V.
B. Voltage division. D. Cannot be recharged.
C. Current limiting. E. Are made of zinc and carbon.
D. Use as a dummy antenna. 28. A rheostat:
E. Increasing the charge in a capacitor. A. Is used in high-voltage and/or
20. When a charge builds up without a flow of high-power dc circuits.
current, the charge is said to be: B. Is ideal for tuning a radio
A. Ionizing. receiver.
B. Atomic. C. Is often used as a bleeder
C. Molecular. resistor.
D. Electronic. D. Is better than a potentiometer
E. Static. for low-power audio.
21. The sum of the voltages, going around a dc E. Offers the advantage of having no
circuit, but not including the power supply, inductance.
has: 29. A voltage typical of a dry cell is:
A. Equal value, and the same polarity, A. 12 V.
as the supply. B. 6 V.
B. A value that depends on the ratio of C. 1.5 V.
the resistances. D. 117 V.
C. Different value from, but the same E. 0.15 V.
polarity as, the supply. 30. A geomagnetic storm:
D. Equal value as, but opposite polarity A. Causes solar wind.
from, the supply. B. Causes charged particles to
E. Different value, and opposite bombard the earth.
polarity, from the supply. C. Can disrupt the earths magnetic
22. A watt hour meter measures: field.
A. Voltage. D. Ruins microwave communications.
B. Current. E. Has no effect near the earths
C. Power. poles.
D. Energy. 31. An advantage of an alkaline cell over a
E. Charge. zinc-carbon cell is that:
23. Every chemical element has its own unique A. The alkaline cell provides more
type of particle, called its: voltage.
A. Molecule. B. The alkaline cell can be
B. Electron. recharged.
C. Proton. C. An alkaline cell works at lower
D. Atom. temperatures.
E. Isotope. D. The alkaline cell is far less
24. An advantage of a magnetic disk over bulky for the same amount of energy
magnetic tape for data storage is that: capacity.
A. Data is too closely packed on the E. There is no advantage of alkaline
tape. over zinc-carbon cells.
B. The disk is immune to the effects of 32. A battery delivers 12 V across a set of
magnetic fields. six 4- resistors in a series voltage
C. Data storage and retrieval is faster dividing combination. This provides six
on disk. different voltages, differing by an
D. Disks store computer data in analog increment
form. of:
A. 1/4 V. E. Cannot be used to permanently
B. 1/3 V. magnetize anything.
158 Test: Part one 41. The rate at which charge carriers flow
C. 1 V. is measured in:
D. 2 V. A. Amperes.
E. 3 V. B. Coulombs.
33. A unit of electrical charge quantity is C. Volts.
the: D. Watts.
A. Volt. E. Watt hours.
B. Ampere. 42. A 12-V battery is connected to a set of
C. Watt. three resistors in series. The resistance
D. Tesla. values are 1,2, and 3 ohms. What is the
E. Coulomb. voltage across the 3- resistor?
34. A unit of sound volume is: A. 1 V.
A. The volt per square meter. B. 2 V.
B. The volt. C. 4 V.
C. The watt hour. D. 6 V.
D. The decibel. E. 12 V.
E. The ampere per square meter. 43. Nine 90-ohm resistors are connected in
35. A 24-V battery is connected across a set of a 3 3 series-parallel network. The total
four resistors in parallel. Each resistor has a resistance is:
value of 32 ohms. What is the total power A. 10 .
dissipated by the resistors? B. 30 .
A. 0.19 W. C. 90 .
B. 3 W. D. 270 .
C. 192 W. E. 810 .
D. 0.33 W. 44. A device commonly used for remote
E. 72 W. switching of wire communications signals
36. The main difference between a lantern is:
battery and a transistor battery is: A. A solenoid.
A. The lantern battery has higher B. An electromagnet.
voltage. C. A potentiometer.
B. The lantern battery has more energy D. A photovoltaic cell.
capacity. E. A relay.
C. Lantern batteries cannot be used with 45. NICAD memory:
electronic devices such as transistor A. Occurs often when NICADs are
radios. misused.
D. Lantern batteries can be recharged, B. Indicates that the cell or
but transistor batteries cannot. battery is dead.
E. The lantern battery is more compact. C. Does not occur very often.
37. NICAD batteries are most extensively used: D. Can cause a NICAD to explode.
A. In disposable flashlights. E. Causes NICADs to reverse
B. In large lanterns. polarity.
C. As car batteries. 46. A 100-W bulb burns for 100 hours. It
D. In handheld radio transceivers. has consumed:
E. In remote garage-door-opener control A. 0.10 kWh.
boxes. B. 1.00 kWh.
38. A voltmeter should have: C. 10.0 kWh.
A. Very low internal resistance. D. 100 kWh.
B. Electrostatic plates. E. 1000 kWh.
C. A sensitive amplifier. 47. A material with high permeability:
D. High internal resistance. A. Increases magnetic field
E. The highest possible full-scale quantity.
value. B. Is necessary if a coil is to
39. The purpose of a bleeder resistor is to: produce a magnetic field.
A. Provide bias for a transistor. C. Always has high retentivity.
B. Serve as a voltage divider. D. Concentrates magnetic lines of
C. Protect people against the danger of flux.
electric shock. E. Reduces flux density.
D. Reduce the current in a power supply. 48. A chemical compound:
E. Smooth out the ac ripple in a power A. Consists of two or more atoms.
supply. B. Contains an unusual number of
40. A dc electromagnet: neutrons.
A. Has constant polarity. C. Is technically the same as an
B. Requires a core with high ion.
retentivity. D. Has a shortage of electrons.
C. Will not attract or repel a permanent E. Has an excess of electrons.
magnet. 49. A 6.00-V battery is connected to a
D. Has polarity that periodically parallel combination of two resistors,
whose values are 8.00 and 12.0 . What is the
power dissipated in the 8- resistor?
A. 0.300 W.
B. 0.750 W.
C. 1.25 W.
Test: Part one 161
D. 1.80 W.
E. 4.50 W.
50. The main problem with a bar-graph meter is
A. Is isnt very sensitive.
B. It isnt stable.
C. It cant give a very precise reading.
D. You need special training to read it.
E. It shows only peak values.
CHAPTER 9 Alternating current basics p199 11. If two waves have the same frequency
and the same amplitude, but opposite
1. Which of the following can vary with ac, but phase, the composite wave is:
not with dc? A. Twice the amplitude of either
A. Power. wave alone.
B. Voltage. B. Half the amplitude of either wave
C. Frequency. alone.
D. Magnitude. C. A complex waveform, but with the
2. The length of time between a point in one same frequency as the originals.
cycle and the same point in the next D. Zero.
cycle of an ac wave is the: 12. If two waves have the same frequency
A. Frequency. and the same phase, the composite
B. Magnitude. wave:
C. Period. A. Has a magnitude equal to the
D. Polarity. difference between the two
3. On a spectrum analyzer, a pure ac signal, originals.
having just one frequency B. Has a magnitude equal to the sum
component,would look like: of the two originals.
A. A single pip. C. Is complex, with the same
B. A perfect sine wave. frequency as the originals.
C. A square wave. D. Is zero.
D. A sawtooth wave. 13. In a 117-V utility circuit, the peak
4. The period of an ac wave is: voltage is:
A. The same as the frequency. A. 82.7 V.
B. Not related to the frequency. B. 165 V.
C. Equal to 1 divided by the frequency. C. 234 V.
D. Equal to the amplitude divided by the D. 331 V.
frequency. 14. In a 117-V utility circuit, the pk-pk
5. The sixth harmonic of an ac wave whose voltage is:
period is 0.001 second has a A. 82.7 V.
frequency of B. 165 V.
A. 0.006 Hz. C. 234 V.
B. 167 Hz. D. 331 V.
C. 7 kHz. 15. In a perfect sine wave, the pk-pk value
D. 6 kHz. is:
6. A degree of phase represents: A. Half the peak value.
A. 6.28 cycles. B. The same as the peak value.
B. 57.3 cycles. C. 1.414 times the peak value.
C. 1/6.28 cycle. D. Twice the peak value.
D. 1/360 cycle. 16. If a 45-Vdc battery is connected in
7. Two waves have the same frequency but differ series with the 117-V utility mains as
in phase by 1/20 cycle. The shown
phase difference in degrees is: in Fig. 9-15, the peak voltages will be:
A. 18. A. _ 210 V and _ 120 V.
B. 20. B. _ 162 V and _ 72 V.
C. 36. C. _ 396 V and _ 286 V.
D. 5.73. D. Both equal to 117 V.
8. A signal has a frequency of 1770 Hz. The
angular frequency is:
A. 1770 radians per second.
B. 11,120 radians per second.
C. 282 radians per second.
D. Impossible to determine from the data
9. A triangular wave:
A. Has a fast rise time and a slow decay
time. 9-15 Illustration for quiz question 16.
B. Has a slow rise time and a fast decay 17. In the situation of question 16, the
time. pk-pk voltage will be:
C. Has equal rise and decay rates. A. 117 V.
D. Rises and falls abruptly. B. 210 V.
10. Three-phase ac: C. 331 V.
A. Has waves that add up to three times D. 396 V.
the originals. 18. Which one of the following does not
B. Has three waves, all of the same affect the power output available from a
magnitude. particular ac generator?
C. Is what you get at a common wall A. The strength of the magnet.
outlet. B. The number of turns in the coil.
D. Is of interest only to physicists. C. The type of natural energy source
D. The speed of rotation of the coil or
19. If a 175-V dc source were connected in
series with the utility mains from a
standard wall outlet, the result would be:
A. Smooth dc.
B. Smooth ac.
C. Ac with one peak greater than the
D Pulsating dc.
20. An advantage of ac over dc in utility
applications is:
A. Ac is easier to transform from one
voltage to another.
B. Ac is transmitted with lower loss in
C. Ac can be easily gotten from dc
D. Ac can be generated with less
dangerous by-products.
Chapter 10 Inductance pg 216 The net inductance, if the coil fields
1. An inductor works by: reinforce each other, is:
A. Charging a piece of wire. A. 50 H.
B. Storing energy as a magnetic field. B. 120 H.
C. Choking off high-frequency ac. C. 200 H.
D. Introducing resistance into a D. 280 H.
circuit. 11. If the coil fields oppose in the
2. Which of the following does not affect the foregoing series-connected arrangement, the
inductance of a coil? net inductance is:
A. The diameter of the wire. A. 50 H.
B. The number of turns. B. 120 H.
C. The type of core material. C. 200 H.
D. The length of the coil. D. 280 H.
3. In a small inductance: 12. Two inductors, having values of 44 mH
A. Energy is stored and released slowly. and 88 mH, are connected in series with a
B. The current flow is always large. coefficient of coupling equal to 1.0
C. The current flow is always small. (maximum possible mutual inductance). If
D. Energy is stored and released their fields reinforce, the net inductance
quickly. (to two significant digits) is:
4. A ferromagnetic core is placed in an A. 7.5 mH.
inductor mainly to: B. 132 mH.
A. Increase the current carrying C. 190 mH.
capacity. D. 260 mH.
B. Increase the inductance. 13. If the fields in the previous situation
C. Limit the current. oppose, the net inductance will be:
D. Reduce the inductance. A. 7.5 mH.
5. Inductors in series, assuming there is no B. 132 mH.
mutual inductance, combine: C. 190 mH.
A. Like resistors in parallel. D. 260 mH.
B. Like resistors in series. 14. With permeability tuning, moving the
C. Like batteries in series with core further into a solenoidal coil:
opposite polarities. A. Increases the inductance.
D. In a way unlike any other type of B. Reduces the inductance
component. C. Has no effect on the inductance,
6. Two inductors are connected in series, but increases the current-carrying
without mutual inductance. Their capacity of the coil.
values are 33 mH and 55 mH. The net inductance D. Raises the frequency.
of the combination is: 15. A significant advantage, in some
A. 1.8 H. situations, of a toroidal coil over a
B. 22 mH. solenoid is:
C. 88 mH. A. The toroid is easier to wind.
D. 21 mH. B. The solenoid cannot carry as much
7. If the same two inductors (33 mH and 55 mH) current.
are connected in parallel C. The toroid is easier to tune.
without mutual inductance, the combination will D. The magnetic flux in a toroid is
have a value of: practically all within the core.
A. 1.8 H. 16. A major feature of a pot-core winding
B. 22 mH. is:
C. 88 mH. A. High current capacity.
D. 21 mH. B. Large inductance in small volume.
8. Three inductors are connected in series C. Efficiency at very high
without mutual inductance. Their frequencies.
values are 4 nH, 140 H, and 5 H. For practical D. Ease of inductance adjustment.
purposes, the net inductance will be very close 17. As an inductor core material, air:
to: A. Has excellent efficiency.
A. 4 nH. B. Has high permeability.
B. 140 H. C. Allows large inductance in a
C. 5 H. small volume.
D. None of these. D. Has permeability that can vary
9. Suppose the three inductors mentioned above over a wide range.
are connected in parallel 18. At a frequency of 400 Hz, the most
without mutual inductance. The net inductance likely form for an inductor would be:
will be close to: A. Air-core.
A. 4 nH. B. Solenoidal.
B. 140 H. C. Toroidal.
C. 5 H. D. Transmission-line.
D. None of these. 19. At a frequency of 95 MHz, the best form
10. Two inductors, each of 100 H, are in for an inductor would be:
series. The coefficient of coupling is 0.40. A. Air-core.
B. Pot core.
C. Either of the above.
D. Neither of the above.
20. A transmission-line inductor made from
coaxial cable, having velocity factor of 0.66,
and working at 450 MHz, would be shorter than:
A. 16.7 m.
B. 11 m.
C. 16.7 cm.
D. 11 cm.
CHAPTER 11 CAPACITANCE pg232 10. Two capacitors are in parallel.
1. Capacitance acts to store electrical Their values are 47 pF and 470 OF. The
energy as: combination capacitance is:
A. Current. A. 47 pF.
B. Voltage. B. 517 pF.
C. A magnetic field. C. 517 OF.
D. An electric field. D. 470 OF.
2. As capacitor plate area increases, all 11. Three capacitors are in parallel.
other things being equal: Their values are 0.0200 OF, 0.0500 OF
A. The capacitance increases. and 0.10000 OF. The total apacitance
B. The capacitance decreases. is:
C. The capacitance does not change. A. 0.0125 OF.
D. The voltage-handling ability B. 0.170 OF.
increases. C. 0.1 OF.
3. As the spacing between plates in a D. 0.125 OF.
capacitor is made smaller, all other 12. Air works well as a dielectric
things being equal: mainly because it:
A. The capacitance increases. A. Has a high dielectric
B. The capacitance decreases. constant.
C. The capacitance does not change. B. Is not physically dense.
D. The voltage-handling ability C. Has low loss.
increases. D. Allows for large capacitance
4. A material with a high dielectric in a small volume.
constant: 13. Which of the following is not a
A. Acts to increase capacitance per characteristic of mica capacitors?
unit volume. A. High efficiency.
B. Acts to decrease capacitance per B. Small size.
unit volume. C. Capability to handle high
C. Has no effect on capacitance. voltages.
D. Causes a capacitor to become D. Low loss.
polarized. 14. A disk ceramic capacitor might
5. A capacitance of 100 pF is the same as: have a value of:
A. 0.01 OF. A. 100 pF.
B. 0.001 OF. B. 33 OF.
C. 0.0001 OF. C. 470 OF.
D. 0. 00001 OF. D. 10,000 OF.
6. A capacitance of 0.033 OF is the same 15. A paper capacitor might have a
as: value of:
A. 33 pF. A. 0.001 pF.
B. 330 pF. B. 0.01 OF.
C. 3300 pF. C. 100 OF.
D. 33,000 pF. D. 3300 OF.
7. Five 0.050-OF capacitors are connected 16. An air-variable capacitor might
in parallel. The total capacitance is: have a range of:
A. 0.010 OF. A. 0.01 OF to 1 OF.
B. 0.25 OF. B. 1 OF to 100 OF.
C. 0.50 OF. C. 1 pF to 100 pF.
D. 0.025 OF. D. 0.001 pF to 0.1 pF.
8. If the same five capacitors are 17. Which of the following types of
connected in series, the total capacitance capacitors is polarized?
will be: A. Paper
A. 0.010 OF. B. Mica.
B. 0.25 OF. C. Interelectrode.
C. 0.50 OF. D. Electrolytic.
D. 0.025 OF. 18. If a capacitor has a negative
9. Two capacitors are in series. Their temperature coefficient:
values are 47 pF and 33 pF. The composite A. Its value decreases as the
value is: temperature rises.
A. 80 pF. B. Its value increases as the
B. 47 pF. temperature rises.
C. 33 pF. C. Its value does not change
D. 19 pF. with temperature.
D. It must be connected with the
correct polarity.
19. A capacitor is rated at 33 pF, plus or
minus 10 percent. Which of the following
capacitances is outside the acceptable
A. 30 pF.
B. 37 pF.
C. 35 pF.
D. 31 pF.
20. A capacitor, rated at 330 pF, shows an
actual value of 317 pF. How many percent
off is its value?
A. 0.039.
B. 3.9.
C. 0.041.
D. 4.1.
10. Shifting the phase of an ac sine wave
Chapter 12 PHASE pg 247 by 90 degrees is the same thing as:
1. Which of the following is not a general A. Moving it to the right or left by
characteristic of an ac wave? a full cycle.
A. The wave shape is identical for each B. Moving it to the right or left by
cycle. 14 cycle.
B. The polarity reverses periodically. C. Turning it upside-down.
C. The electrons always flow in the same D. Leaving it alone.
direction. 11. A phase difference of 540 degrees would
D. There is a definite frequency. more often be spoken of as:
2. A sine wave: A. An offset of more than one cycle.
A. Always has the same general B. Phase opposition.
appearance. C. A cycle and a half.
B. Has instantaneous rise and fall D. 1.5 Hz.
times. 12. Two sine waves are in phase opposition.
C. Is in the same phase as a cosine Wave X has a peak amplitude of 4 V and wave
wave. Y has a peak amplitude of 8 V. The
D. Rises very fast, but decays slowly. resultant has a peak amplitude of:
3. The derivative of a sine wave: A. 4 V, in phase with the
A. Is shifted in phase by 12 cycle from composites.
the sine wave. B. 4 V, out of phase with the
B. Is a representation of the rate of composites.
change. C. 4 V, in phase with wave X.
C. Has instantaneous rise and fall D. 4 V, in phase with wave Y.
times. 13. If wave X leads wave Y by 45 degrees of
D. Rises very fast, but decays slowly. phase, then:
4. A phase difference of 180 degrees in the A. Wave Y is 14 cycle ahead of wave
circular model represents: X.
A. 1/4 revolution. B. Wave Y is 14 cycle behind wave
B. 1/2 revolution. X.
C. A full revolution. C. Wave Y is 18 cycle behind wave
D. Two full revolutions. X.
5. You can add or subtract a certain number of D. Wave Y is 116 cycle ahead of
degrees of phase to or from a wave, and end up wave X.
with exactly the same wave again. This number 14. If wave X lags wave Y by 13 cycle,
is: then:
A. 90. B. 180. A. Y is 120 degrees earlier than X.
C. 270. D. 360. B. Y is 90 degrees earlier than X.
6. You can add or subtract a certain number of C. Y is 60 degrees earlier than X.
degrees of phase to or from a sine wave, and D. Y is 30 degrees earlier than X.
end up with an inverted (upside-down) 15. In the drawing of Fig. 12-12:
representation of the original. This number is: A. X lags Y by 45 degrees.
A. 90. B. X leads Y by 45 degrees.
B. 180. C. X lags Y by 135 degrees.
C. 270. D. X leads Y by 135 degrees.
D. 360.
7. A wave has a frequency of 300 kHz. One
complete cycle takes:
A. 1300 second.
B. 0.00333 second.
C. 13,000 second.
D. 0.00000333 second.
8. If a wave has a frequency of 440 Hz, how 12-12 Illustration for quiz question 15.
long does it take for 10 degrees of phase? 16. Which of the drawings in Fig. 12-13
A. 0.00273 second. represents the situation of Fig. 12-12?
B. 0.000273 second. A. A.
C. 0.0000631 second. B. B.
D. 0.00000631 second. C. C.
9. Two waves are in phase coincidence. One has D. D.
a peak value of 3 V and the other a peak value 17. In vector diagrams such as those of
of 5 V. The resultant will be: Fig. 12-13, length of the vector
A. 8 V peak, in phase with the represents:
composites. A. Average amplitude.
B. 2 V peak, in phase with the B. Frequency.
composites. C. Phase difference.
C. 8 V peak, in phase opposition with D. Peak amplitude.
respect to the composites.
D. 2 V peak, in phase opposition with
respect to the composites.
D. 628 mH.
6. A coil has an inductance of 400 H. Its
reactance is 33 . What is the frequency?
A. 13 kHz.
B. 0.013 kHz.
C. 83 kHz.
D. 83 MHz.
7. An inductor has XL _ 555 at f _ 132
kHz. What is L?
A. 670 mH.
B. 670 H.
C. 460 mH.
D. 460 H.
8. A coil has L _ 689 H at f _ 990 kHz.
What is XL?
A. 682 .
B. 4.28 .
C. 4.28 K.
12-13 Illustration for quiz questions 16 D. 4.28 M.
through 20. 9. An inductor has L _ 88 mH with XL _ 100
18. In vector diagrams such as those of Fig. . What is f?
12-13, the angle between two vectors A. 55.3 kHz.
represents: B. 55.3 Hz.
A. Average amplitude. C. 181 kHz.
B. Frequency. D. 181 Hz.
C. Phase difference. 10. Each point in the RL plane:
D. Peak amplitude. A. Corresponds to a unique
19. In vector diagrams such as those of Fig. resistance.
12-13, the distance from the center of the B. Corresponds to a unique
graph represents: inductance.
A. Average amplitude. C. Corresponds to a unique
B. Frequency. combination of resistance and
C. Phase difference. inductive reactance.
D. Peak amplitude. D. Corresponds to a unique
20. In diagrams like those of Fig. 12-13, the combination of resistance and
progression of time is sometimes depicted as: inductance.
A. Movement to the right. 11. If the resistance R and the inductive
B. Movement to the left. reactance XL both vary from zero to
C. Rotation counterclockwise. unlimited values, but are always in the
D. Rotation clockwise. ratio 3:1, the points in the RL plane for
Chapter 13 INDUCTIVE REACTANCE pg264 all the resulting impedances will fall
1. As the number of turns in a coil increases, along:
the current in the coil will eventually: A. A vector pointing straight up.
A. Become very large. B. A vector pointing east.
B. Stay the same. C. A circle.
C. Decrease to near zero. D. A ray of unlimited length.
D. Be stored in the core material. 12. Each impedance R _ jXL:
2. As the number of turns in a coil increases, A. Corresponds to a unique point in
the reactance: the RL plane.
A. Increases. B. Corresponds to a unique inductive
B. Decreases. reactance.
C. Stays the same. C. Corresponds to a unique
D. Is stored in the core material. resistance.
3. As the frequency of an ac wave gets lower, D. All of the above.
the value of XL for a particular coil: 13. A vector is a quantity that has:
A. Increases. A. Magnitude and direction.
B. Decreases. B. Resistance and inductance.
C. Stays the same. C. Resistance and reactance.
D. Depends on the voltage. D. Inductance and reactance.
4. A coil has an inductance of 100 mH. What is 14. In an RL circuit, as the ratio of
the reactance at a frequency of 1000 Hz? inductive reactance to resistance, XL/R,
A. 0.628 . decreases, the phase angle:
B. 6.28 . A. Increases.
C. 62.8 . B. Decreases.
D. 628 . C. Stays the same.
5. A coil shows an inductive reactance of 200 D. Cannot be found.
at 500 Hz. What is its inductance? 15. In a purely reactive circuit, the phase
A. 0.637 H. angle is:
B. 628 H. A. Increasing.
C. 63.7 mH. B. Decreasing.
C. 0 degrees. D. You cant say what happens to XC
D. 90 degrees. without more data.
16. If the inductive reactance is the same as 2. If the dielectric material between the
the resistance in an RL circuit, the phase plates of a capacitor is changed, all other
angle is: things being equal:
A. 0 degrees. A. The value of XC increases
B. 45 degrees. negatively.
C. 90 degrees. B. The value of XC decreases
D. Impossible to find; theres not negatively.
enough data given. C. The value of XC does not change.
17. In Fig. 13-14, the impedance shown is: D. You cant say what happens to XC
A. 8.0. without more data.
B. 90. 3. As the frequency of a wave gets lower,
C. 90 _ j8.0. all other things being equal, the value of
D. 8.0 _ j90. XC for a capacitor:
18. In Fig. 13-14, note that the R and XL scale A. Increases negatively.
divisions are of different sizes. The phase B. Decreases negatively.
angle is: C. Does not change.
A. About 50 degrees, from the looks of D. Depends on the current.
it. 4. A capacitor has a value of 330 pF. What
B. 48 degrees, as measured with a is its capacitive reactance at a frequency
protractor. of 800 kHz?
C. 85 degrees, as calculated A. _1.66 .
trigonometrically. B. _0.00166 .
D. 6.5 degrees, as calculated C. _603 .
trigonometrically. D. _603 K.
19 An RL circuit consists of a 100-H inductor 5. A capacitor has a reactance of _4.50
and a 100- resistor. What is the phase angle at 377 Hz. What is its capacitance?
at a frequency of 200 kHz? A. 9.39 F.
A. 45.0 degrees. B. 93.9 F.
B. 51.5 degrees. C. 7.42 F.
C. 38.5 degrees. D. 74.2 F.
D. There isnt enough data to know. 6. A capacitor has a value of 47 F. Its
20. An RL circuit has an inductance of 88 mH. reactance is _47 . What is the frequency?
The resistance is 95 . What is the phase angle A. 72 Hz.
at 800 Hz? B. 7.2 MHz.
A. 78 degrees. C. 0.000072 Hz.
B. 12 degrees. D. 7.2 Hz.
C. 43 degrees. 7. A capacitor has XC__8800 at f _ 830
D. 47 degrees. kHz. What is C?
A. 2.18 F.
B. 21.8 pF.
C. 0.00218 F.
D. 2.18 pF.
8. A capacitor has C _ 166 pF at f _ 400
kHz. What is XC?
A. _2.4 K .
B. _2.4 .
C. _2.4 10_6 .
D. _2.4 M .
9. A capacitor has C _ 4700 F and XC__33
. What is f?
A. 1.0 Hz.
B. 10 Hz.
C. 1.0 kHz.
D. 10 kHz.
10. Each point in the RC plane:
A. Corresponds to a unique
B. Corresponds to a unique
13-14 Illustration for quiz questions 17 and C. Corresponds to a unique
18. combination of resistance and
Chapter 14 CAPACITIVE REACTACTANCE pg 280 D. Corresponds to a unique
1. As the size of the plates in a capacitor combination of resistance and
increases, all other things being equal: reactance.
A. The value of XC increases negatively. 11 If R increases in an RC circuit, but XC
B. The value of XC decreases negatively. is always zero, then the vector in the RC
C. The value of XC does not change. plane will:
A. Rotate clockwise. 18. In Fig. 14-13, note that the R and XC
B. Rotate counterclockwise. scale divisions are not the same size. The
C. Always point straight towards the phase angle is
right. A. 1.42 degrees.
D. Always point straight down. B. About _60 degress, from the looks
12. If the resistance R increases in an RC of it.
circuit, but the capacitance and the frequency C._58.9 degrees.
are nonzero and constant, then the vector in D. _88.6 degrees.
the RC plane will: 19. An RC circuit consists of a 150-pF
A. Get longer and rotate clockwise. capacitor and a 330 resisitor in series.
B. Get longer and rotate What is the phase angle at a frequency of
counterclockwise. 1.34 MHz?
C. Get shorter and rotate clockwise. A. 67.4 degrees.
D. Get shorter and rotate B. 22.6 degrees.
counterclockwise. C. 24.4 degrees.
13. Each impedance R _ jXC: D. 65.6 degrees.
A. Represents a unique combination of 20. An RC circuit has a capitance of 0.015
resistance and capacitance. F. The resistance is 52 . What is the
B. Represents a unique combination of phase angle at 90 kHz?
resistance and reactance. A. 24 degrees.
C. Represents a unique combination of B. 0.017 degrees.
resistance and frequency. C. 66 degrees.
D. All of the above. D. None of the above.
14. In an RC circuit, as the ratio of
capacitive reactance to resistance, _XC/R, gets CHAPTER 15 Impedance and admittance pg301
closer to zero, the phase angle: 1. The square of an imaginary number:
A. Gets closer to _90 degrees. A. Can never be negative.
B. Gets closer to 0 degrees. B. Can never be positive.
C. Stays the same. C. Might be either positive or
D. Cannot be found.
15. In a purely resistive circuit, the phase
angle is: D. Is equal to j.
A. Increasing. 2. A complex number:
B. Decreasing. A. Is the same thing as an
C. 0 degrees. imaginary number.
D. _90 degrees. B. Has a real part and an
16. If the ratio of XC/R is 1, the phase angle imaginary part.
is: C. Is one-dimensional.
A. 0 degrees. D. Is a concept reserved for
B. _45 degrees.
C. _90 degrees.
elite imaginations.
D. Impossible to find; theres not 3. What is the sum of 3 _ j7 and _3 _
enough data given. j7?
17. In Fig. 14-13, the impedance shown is: A. 0 _ j0
A. 8.02 _ j323. B. 6 _ j14.
B. 323 _ j8.02. C. _6 _ j14.
C. 8.02 _ j323. D. 0 _ j14.
D. 323 _ j8.02. 4. What is (_ 5 _ j7) _ (4 _ j5)?
A. _1 _ j2.
B. _9 _ j2.
C. _1 _ j2.
D. _9 _ j12.
5. What is the product (_4 _ j7)(6 _
A. 24 _ j14.
B. _38 _ j34.
C. _24 j14.
D. _24 _ j14.
6. What is the magnitude of the vector
18 _ j24?
A. 42.
B. _42.
C. 30.
D. _30.
7. The impedance vector 5 _ j0
14-13 Illustration for quiz questions 17 and represents:
18. A. A pure resistance.
B. A pure inductance.
C. A pure capacitance. 17. Inductive susceptance is measured
D. An inductance combined with a in:
capacitance. A. Ohms.
8. The impedance vector 0 _ j22 B. Henrys.
represents: C. Farads.
A. A pure resistance. D. Siemens.
B. A pure inductance. 18. Capacitive susceptance is:
C. A pure capacitance. A. Positive and real valued.
D. An inductance combined with a B. Negative and real valued.
resistance. C. Positive and imaginary.
9. What is the absolute-value impedance of D. Negative and imaginary.
3.0 _ j6.0? 19. Which of the following is false?
A. Z _ 9.0 O. A. BC _ 1/XC.
B. Z _ 3.0 O. B. Complex impedance can be
C. Z _ 45 O. depicted as a vector.
D. Z _ 6.7 O. C. Characteristic impedance is
10. What is the absolute-value impedance complex.
of 50 _ j235? D. G _ 1/R.
A. Z _ 240 O. 20. In general, the greater the
B. Z _ 58,000 O. absolute value of the impedance in a
C. Z _ 285 O. circuit:
D. Z__185 O. A. The greater the flow of
11. If the center conductor of a coaxial alternating current.
cable is made to have smaller diameter, B. The less the flow of
all other things being equal, what will alternating current.
happen to the Zo of the transmission line? C. The larger the reactance.
A. It will increase. D. The larger the resistance.
B. It will decrease. Ions
C. It will stay the same.
D. There is no way to know.
12. If a device is said to have an
impedance of Z _ 100 O, this would most
often mean that:
A. R _ jX _ 100 _ j0.
B. R _ jX _ 0 _ j100.
C. R _ jX _ 0 _ j100.
D. You need to know more specific
13. A capacitor has a value of 0.050 F at
665 kHz. What is the capacitive
A. j4.79.
B. _j4.79.
C. j0. 209.
D. _j0. 209.
14. An inductor has a value of 44 mH at 60
Hz. What is the inductive susceptance?
A.. _j0.060.
B. j0.060.
C. _j17.
D. j17.
15. Susceptance and conductance add to
A. Impedance.
B. Inductance.
C. Reactance.
D. Admittance.
16. Absolute-value impedance is equal to
the square root of:
A. G2 _B2
B. R2 _ X2.
C. Zo.
D. Y.
CHAPTER 16 RLC circuit analysis pg322 10. A coil, resistor, and capacitor are in
1. A coil and capacitor are connected in parallel. The resistance is 1 ; the
series. The inductive reactance is 250 , and capacitive susceptance is 1.0 siemens; the
the capacitive eactance is _300 . What is the inductive susceptance is _1.0 siemens. Then
net impedance vector, R _ jX? the frequency is cut to half its former
A. 0 _ j550. value. What will be the admittance vector,
B. 0 _ j50. G _ jB, at the new frequency?
C. 250 _ j300 A. 1 _ j0.
D. _300 _ j250. B. 1 _ jl.5.
2. A coil of 25.0 H and capacitor of 100 pF C. 1 _ jl.5.
are connected in series. The frequency is 5.00 D. 1 j2.
MHz. What is the impedance vector, R _ jX? 11. A coil of 3.50 H and a capacitor of
A 0 _ j467. 47.0 pF are in parallel. The frequency is
B. 25 _ j100. 9.55 MHz. There is nothing else in series
C. 0 _ j467. or parallel with these components. What is
D. 25 _ j100. the admittance vector?
3. When R _ 0 in a series RLC circuit, but the A. 0 _ j0.00282.
net reactance is not zero, the impedance B. 0 j0.00194.
vector: C. 0 _ j0.00194.
A. Always points straight up. D. 0 j0.00758.
B. Always points straight down. 12. A vector pointing southeast in the GB
C. Always points straight towards the plane would indicate the following:
right. A. Pure conductance, zero
D. None of the above. susceptance.
4. A resistor of 150 , a coil with reactance B. Conductance and inductive
100 and a capacitor with reactance 200 are susceptance.
connected in series. What is the complex C. Conductance and capacitive
impedance R _ jX? susceptance.
A. 150 _ j100. D. Pure susceptance, zero
B. 150 _ j200. conductance.
C. 100 _ j200. 13. A resistor of 0.0044 siemens, a
D. 150 _ j100. capacitor whose susceptance is 0.035
5. A resistor of 330 , a coil of 1.00 H and a siemens, and a coil whose susceptance is
capacitor of 200 pF are in series. What is R _ _0.011 siemens are all connected in
jX at 10.0 MHz? parallel. The admittance vector is:
A. 330 _ j199. A. 0.0044 _ j0.024.
B. 300 _ j201. B. 0.035 j0.011.
C. 300 _ j142. C. _0.011 _ j0.035.
D. 330 _ j16.8. D. 0.0044 _ j0.046.
6. A coil has an inductance of 3.00 H and a 14. A resistor of 100 , a coil of 4.50 H,
resistance of 10.0 in its winding. A and a capacitor of 220 pF are in parallel.
capacitor of 100 pF is in series with this What is the admittance vector at 6.50 MHz?
coil. What is R _ jX at 10.0 MHz? A. 100 _ j0.00354.
A. 10 _ j3.00. B. 0.010 _ j0.00354.
B. 10 _ j29.2. C. 100 j0.0144.
C. 10 _ j97. D. 0.010 _ j0.0144.
D. 10 _ j348. 15. The admittance for a circuit, G _ jB,
7. A coil has a reactance of 4.00 . What is is 0.02 _ j0.20. What is the impedance, R
the admittance vector, G _ jB, assuming nothing _jX?
else is in the circuit? A. 50 _ j5.0.
A. 0 _ j0.25. B. 0.495 _ j4.95.
B. 0 _ j4.00. C. 50 _ j5.0.
C. 0 j0.25. D. 0.495 _ j4.95.
D. 0 _ j4.00. 16. A resistor of 51.0 , an inductor of
8. What will happen to the susceptance of a 22.0 H and a capacitor of 150 pF are in
capacitor if the frequency is doubled, all parallel. The frequency is 1.00 MHz. What
other things being equal? is the complex impedance, R _ jX?
A. It will decrease to half its former A. 51.0 _ j14.9.
value. B. 51.0 _ j14.9.
B. It will not change. C. 46.2 _ j14.9.
C. It will double. D. 46.2 _ j14.9.
D. It will quadruple. 17. A series circuit has 99.0 of
9. A coil and capacitor are in parallel, with resistance and 88.0 of inductive
jBL__j0.05 and jBC _ j0.03. What is the reactance. An ac rms voltage of 117 V is
admittance vector, assuming that nothing is in applied to this series network. What is the
series or parallel with these components? current?
A. 0 _ j0.02. A. 1.18 A.
B. 0 _ j0.07. B. 1.13 A.
C. 0 _ j0.02. C. 0.886 A.
D. _0.05 _ j0.03. D. 0.846 A.
18. What is the voltage across the reactance in 7. A series circuit has R _ 53.5 and X _
the above example? 75.5 . What is PF?
A. 78.0 V. A. 70.9 percent.
B. 55.1 V. B. 81.6 percent.
C. 99.4 V. C. 57.8 percent.
D. 74.4 V. D. 63.2 percent.
19. A parallel circuit has 10 ohms of 8. Phase angle is equal to:
resistance and 15 of reactance. An ac rms A. Arctan Z/R.
voltage of 20 V is applied across it. What is B. Arctan R/Z.
the total current? C. Arctan R/X.
A. 2.00 A. D. Arctan X/R.
B. 2.40 A. 9. A wattmeter shows 220 watts of VA power
C. 1.33 A. in a circuit. There is a resistance of 50
D. 0.800 A. in series with a capacitive reactance of
20. What is the current through the resistance 20 . What is the true power?
in the above example? A. 237 watts.
A. 2.00 A. B. 204 watts.
B. 2.40 A. C. 88.0 watts.
C. 1.33 A. D. 81.6 watts.
D. 0.800 A. 10. A wattmeter shows 57 watts of VA power
in a circuit. The resistance is known to be
50 , and the true power is known to be 40
watts. What is the absolute-value
A. 50 .
B. 57 .
C. 71 .
Chapter 17 Power and resonance in ac circuits D. It cant be calculated from this
pg344 data.
1. The power in a reactance is: 11. Which of the following is the most
A. Radiated power. important consideration in a transmission
B. True power. line?
C. Imaginary power. A. The characteristic impedance.
D. Apparent power. B. The resistance.
2. Which of the following is not an example of C. Minimizing the loss.
true power? D. The VA power.
A. Power that heats a resistor. 12. Which of the following does not
B. Power radiated from an antenna. increase the loss in a transmission line?
C. Power in a capacitor. A. Reducing the power output of the
D. Heat loss in a feed line. source.
3. The apparent power in a circuit is 100 B. Increasing the degree of mismatch
watts, and the imaginary power is 40 watts. The between the line and the load.
true power is: C. Reducing the diameter of the line
A. 92 watts. conductors.
B. 100 watts. D. Raising the frequency.
C. 140 watts. 13. A problem that standing waves can cause
D. Not determinable from this is:
information. A. Feed line overheating.
4.Power factor is equal to: B. Excessive power loss.
A. Apparent power divided by true power. C. Inaccuracy in power measurement.
B. Imaginary power divided by apparent D. All of the above.
power. 14. A coil and capacitor are in series. The
C. Imaginary power divided by true inductance is 88 mH and the capacitance is
power. 1000 pF. What is the resonant frequency?
D. True power divided by apparent power. A. 17 kHz.
5. A circuit has a resistance of 300 W and an B. 540 Hz.
inductance of 13.5 H in series at 10.0 MHz. C. 17 MHz.
What is the power factor? D. 540 kHz.
A. 0.334. 15. A coil and capacitor are in parallel,
B. 0.999. with L _ 10.0 H and C _ 10 pF. What is fo?
C. 0.595. A. 15.9 kHz.
D. It cant be found from the data B. 5.04 MHz.
given. C. 15.9 MHz.
6. A series circuit has Z _ 88.4 , with R _ D. 50.4 MHz.
50.0 . What is PF? 16. A series-resonant circuit is to be made
A. 99.9 percent. for 14.1 MHz. A coil of 13.5 H is
B. 56.6 percent. available. What size capacitor is needed?
C. 60.5 percent. A. 0.945 F.
D. 29.5 percent. B. 9.45 pF.
C. 94.5 pF.
D. 945 pF.
17. A parallel-resonant circuit is to be made
for 21.3 MHz. A capacitor of 22.0 pF is
available. What size coil is needed?
A. 2.54 mH.
B. 254 H.
C. 25.4 H.
D. 2.54 H.
18. A 1/4-wave line section is made for 21.1
MHz, using cable with a velocity factor of
0.800. How many meters long is it?
A. 11.1 m.
B. 3.55 m.
C. 8.87 m.
D. 2.84 m.
19. The fourth harmonic of 800 kHz is:
A. 200 kHz.
B. 400 kHz.
C. 3.20 MHz.
D. 4.00 MHz.
20. How long is a 1/2-wave dipole for 3.60 MHz?
A. 130 feet.
B. 1680 feet.
C. 39.7 feet.
D. 515 feet.
Chapter 18 Transformers and impedance matching B. Minimizes capacitance between
pg363 windings.
1. In a step-up transformer: C. Withstands more voltage than
A. The primary impedance is greater than other winding methods.
the secondary impedance. D. Has windings far apart but along
B. The secondary winding is right on top a common axis.
of the primary. 10. Which of these core types, in general,
C. The primary voltage is less than the is best if you need a winding inductance of
secondary voltage. 1.5 H?
D. All of the above. A. Air core.
2. The capacitance between the primary and the B. Ferromagnetic solenoid core.
secondary windings of a transformer can be C. Ferromagnetic toroid core.
minimized by: D. Ferromagnetic pot core.
A. Placing the windings on opposite 11. An advantage of a toroid core over a
sides of a toroidal core. solenoid core is:
B. Winding the secondary right on top of A. The toroid works at higher
the primary. frequencies.
C. Using the highest possible frequency. B. The toroid confines the magnetic
D. Using a center tap on the balanced flux.
winding. C. The toroid can work for dc as
3. A transformer steps a voltage down from 117 well as for ac.
V to 6.00 V. What is its D. Its easier to wind the turns on
primary-to-secondary turns ratio? a toroid.
A. 1:380. 12. High voltage is used in long-distance
B. 380:1. power transmission because:
C. 1:19.5. A. It is easier to regulate than low
D. 19.5:1. voltage.
4. A step-up transformer has a primary-to- B. The I2R losses are lower.
secondary turns ratio of 1:5.00. If 117 V rms C. The electromagnetic fields are
appears at the primary, what is the rms voltage stronger.
across the secondary? D. Smaller transformers can be used.
A. 23.4 V. 13. In a household circuit, the 234-V power
B. 585 V. has:
C. 117 V. A. One phase.
D. 2.93 kV. B. Two phases.
5. A transformer has a secondary-to-primary C. Three phases.
turns ratio of 0.167. This transformer is: D. Four phases.
A. A step-up unit. 14. In a transformer, a center tap would
B. A step-down unit. probably be found in:
C. Neither step-up nor step-down. A. The primary winding.
D. A reversible unit. B. The secondary winding.
6. Which of the following is false, concerning C. The unbalanced winding.
air cores versus ferromagnetic cores? D. The balanced winding.
A. Air concentrates the magnetic lines 15. An autotransformer:
of flux. A. Works automatically.
B. Air works at higher frequencies than B. Has a center-tapped secondary.
ferromagnetics. C. Has one tapped winding.
C. Ferromagnetics are lossier than air. D. Is useful only for impedance
D. A ferromagnetic-core unit needs fewer matching.
turns of wire than an equivalent air- 16. A transformer has a primary-to-
core unit. secondary turns ratio of 2.00:1. The input
7. Eddy currents cause: impedance is 300 resistive. What is the
A. An increase in efficiency. output impedance?
B. An increase in coupling between A. 75 .
windings. B. 150 .
C. An increase in core loss. C. 600 .
D. An increase in usable frequency D. 1200 .
range. 17. A resistive input impedance of 50
8. A transformer has 117 V rms across its must be matched to a resistive output
primary and 234 V rms across its impedance of 450 . The primary-to-
secondary. If this unit is reversed, assuming secondary turns ratio of the transformer
it can be done without damaging the windings, must be:
what will be the voltage at the output? A. 9.00:1.
A. 234 V. B. 3.00:1.
B. 468 V. C. 1:3.00.
C. 117 V. D. 1:9.00.
D. 58.5 V. 18. A quarter-wave matching section has a
9. The shell method of transformer winding: characteristic impedance of 75.0 . The
A. Provides maximum coupling. input impedance is 50.0 resistive. What
is the resistive output impedance?
A. 150 .
B. 125 .
C. 100 .
D. 113 .
19. A resistive impedance of 75 must be
matched to a resistive impedance of 300 . A
quarter-wave section would need:
A. Zo _ 188 .
B. Zo_ 150 .
C. Zo _ 225 .
D. Zo _ 375 .
20. If there is reactance at the output of an
impedance transformer:
A. The circuit will not work.
B. There will be an impedance mismatch,
no matter what the turns ratio of the
C. A center tap must be used at the
D. The turns ratio must be changed to
obtain a match.
TEST PART 2 C. 1.84 W.
1. A series circuit has a resistance of D. Meaningless; true power is
100 and a capacitive reactance of -200 dissipated, not transmitted.
. The complex impedance is: E. Variable, depending on
A. _200 _ j100. standing wave effects.
B. 100 _ j200. 9. In a parallel configuration,
C. 200 _ j100. susceptances:
D. 200 _ j100. A. Simply add up.
E. 100 _ j200. B. Add like capacitances in
2. Mutual inductance causes the net value series.
of a set of coils to: C. Add like inductances in
A. Cancel out, resulting in zero parallel.
inductance. D. Must be changed to reactances
B. Be greater than what it would be before you can work with them.
with no mutual coupling. E. Cancel out.
C. Be less than what it would be 10. A wave has a frequency of 200 kHz.
with no mutual coupling. How many degrees of phase change occur
D. Double. in a microsecond (a millionth of a
E. Vary, depending on the extent and second)?
phase of mutual coupling. A. 180 degrees.
3. Refer to Fig. TEST 2-1. Wave A is: B. 144 degrees.
A. Leading wave B by 90 degrees. C. 120 degrees.
B. Lagging wave B by 90 degrees. D. 90 degrees.
C. Leading wave B by 180 degrees. E. 72 degrees.
D. Lagging wave B by 135 degrees. 11. At a frequency of 2.55 MHz, a 330-
4. A sine wave has a peak value of 30.0 V. pF capacitor has a reactance of:
Its rms value is: A. 5.28 .
A. 21.2 V. B. 0.00528 .
B. 30.0 V. C. 189 .
C. 42.4 V. D. 18.9k .
D. 60.0 V. E. 0.000189 .
E. 90.0 V. 12. A transformer has a step-up turns
5. Four capacitors are connected in ratio of 1:3.16. The output impedance
parallel. Their values are 100 pF each. is 499 purely resistive. The input
The net capacitance is: impedance is:
A. 25 pF. A. 50.0 .
B. 50 pF. B. 158 .
C. 100 pF. C. 1.58k .
D. 200 pF. D. 4.98k .
E. 400 pF. E. Not determinable from the
6. A transformer has a primary-to- data given.
secondary turns ratio of exactly 8.88:1. 13. A complex impedance is represented
The input voltage is 234 V rms. The output by 34 j23. The absolute-value
voltage is: impedance is:
A. 2.08 kV rms. A. 34 .
B. 18.5 kV rms. B. 11 .
C. 2.97 V rms. C. _23 .
D. 26.4 V rms. D. 41 .
E. 20.8 V rms. E. 57 .
7. In a series RL circuit, as the 14. A coil has an inductance of 750
resistance becomes small compared with the H. The inductive reactance at 100 kHz
reactance, the angle of lag approaches: is:
A. 0 degrees. A. 75.0 .
E. Lagging wave B by 45 degrees. B. 75.0 k.
B. 45 degrees. C. 471 .
C. 90 degrees. D. 47.1 k.
D. 180 degrees. E. 212 .
E. 360 degrees. 15. Two waves are 180 degrees out of
8. A transmission line carries 3.50 A of phase. This is a difference of:
ac current and 150 V ac. The true power in A. 1/8 cycle.
the line is: B. 1/4 cycle.
A. 525 W. C. 1/2 cycle.
B. 42.9 W. D. A full cycle.
E. Two full cycles. 23. The absolute-value impedance Z of
16. If R denotes resistance and Z denotes a parallel RLC circuit, where R is the
absolute-value impedance, then R/Z is the: resistance and X is the net reactance,
A. True power. is found according to the formula:
B. Imaginary power. A. Z _ R + X.
C. Apparent power. B. Z2_ R2 + X2.
D. Absolute-value power. C. Z2_ RX/(R2 + X2).
E. Power factor. D. Z _ 1/(R2 + X2).
17. Two complex impedances are in series. E. Z _ R2X2/(R + X).
One is 30 + j50 and the other is 50 j30. 24. Complex numbers are used to
The net impedance is: represent impedance because:
A. 80 + j80. A. Reactance cannot store power.
B. 20 + j20. B. Reactance isnt a real
C. 20 _ j20. physical thing.
D. _20 + j20. C. They provide a way to
E. 80 + j20. represent what happens in
18. Two inductors, having values of 140 H resistance-reactance circuits.
and 1.50 mH, are connected in series. The D. Engineers like to work with
net inductance is: sophisticated mathematics.
A. 141.5 H. E. No! Complex numbers arent
B. 1.64 H. used to represent impedance.
C. 0.1415 mH. 25. Which of the following does not
D. 1.64 mH. affect the capacitance of a capacitor?
E. 0.164 mH. A. The mutual surface area of
19. Which of the following types of the plates.
capacitor is polarized? B. The dielectric constant of
A. Mica. the material between the plates
B. Paper. (within reason).
C. Electrolytic. C. The spacing between the
D. Air variable. plates (within reason).
E. Ceramic. D. The amount of overlap between
20. A toroidal-core coil: plates.
A. Has lower inductance than an air- E. The frequency (within
core coil with the same number of reason).
turns. 26. The zero-degree phase point in an
B. Is essentially self-shielding. ac sine wave is usually considered to
C. Works well as a loopstick be the instant at which the amplitude
antenna. is:
D. Is ideal as a transmission-line A. Zero and negative-going.
transformer. B. At its negative peak.
E. Cannot be used at frequencies C. Zero and positive-going.
below about 10 MHz. D. At its positive peak.
21. The efficiency of a generator: E. Any value; it doesnt matter.
A. Depends on the driving power 27. The inductance of a coil can be
source. continuously varied by:
B. Is equal to output power divided A. Varying the frequency.
by driving power. B. Varying the net core
C. Depends on the nature of the permeability.
load. C. Varying the current in the
D. Is equal to driving voltage coil.
divided by output voltage. D. Varying the wavelength.
E. Is equal to driving current E. Varying the voltage across
divided by output current. the coil.
22. Admittance is: 28. Power factor is defined as the
A. The reciprocal of reactance. ratio of:
B. The reciprocal of resistance. A. True power to VA power.
C. A measure of the opposition a B. True power to imaginary
circuit offers to ac. power.
D. A measure of the ease with which C. Imaginary power to VA power.
a circuit passes ac. D. Imaginary power to true
E. Another expression for absolute- power.
value impedance. E. VA power to true power.
29. A 50 feed line needs to be matched A. The reciprocal of inductance.
to an antenna with a purely resistive B. Negative imaginary.
impedance of 200 . A quarter-wave C. Equal to capacitive
matching section should have: reactance.
A. Zo _ 150 . D. The reciprocal of capacitive
B. Zo _ 250 . susceptance.
C. Zo _ 125 . E. A measure of the opposition a
D. Zo _ 133 . coil offers to ac.
E. Zo _ 100 . 36. The rate of change (derivative) of
30. The vector 40 + j30 represents: a sine wave is itself a wave that:
A. 40 resistance and 30 H A. Is in phase with the original
inductance. wave.
B. 40 uH inductance and 30 B. Is 180 degrees out of phase
resistance. with the original wave.
C. 40 resistance and 30 C. Leads the original wave by 45
inductive reactance. degrees of phase.
D. 40 inductive reactance and 30 D. Lags the original wave by 90
resistance. degrees of phase.
E. 40 uH inductive reactance and 30 E. Leads the original wave by 90
resistance. degrees of phase.
31. In a series RC circuit, where, R _ 300 37. True power is equal to:
and XC _ 30 : A. VA power plus imaginary
A. The current leads the voltage by power.
a few degrees. B. Imaginary power minus VA
B. The current leads the voltage by power.
almost 90 degrees. C. Vector difference of VA and
C. The voltage leads the current by reactive power.
a few degrees. D. VA power; the two are the
D. The voltage leads the current by same thing.
almost 90 degrees. E. 0.707 times the VA power.
E. The voltage leads the current by 38. Three capacitors are connected in
90 degrees. series. Their values are 47 F, 68 F,
32. In a step-down transformer: and 100 F. The total capacitance is:
A. The primary voltage is greater A. 215 F.
than the secondary voltage. B. Between 68 F and 100 F.
B. The primary impedance is less C. Between 47 F and 68 F.
than the secondary impedance. D. 22 F.
C. The secondary voltage is greater E. Not determinable from the
than the primary voltage. data given.
D. The output frequency is higher 39. The reactance of a section of
than the input frequency. transmission line depends on all of
E. The output frequency is lower the following except:
than the input frequency. A. The velocity factor of the
33. A capacitor of 470 pF is in parallel line.
with an inductor of 4.44 H. What is the B. The length of the section.
resonant frequency? C. The current in the line.
A. 3.49 MHz. D. The frequency.
B. 3.49 kHz. E. The wavelength.
C. 13.0 MHz. 40. When confronted with a parallel
D. 13.0 GHz. RLC circuit and you need to find the
E. Not determinable from the data complex impedance:
given. A. Just add the resistance and
34. A sine wave contains energy at: reactance to get R + jX.
A. Just one frequency. B. Find the net conductance and
B. A frequency and its even susceptance, then convert to
harmonics. resistance and
C. A frequency and its odd reactance, and add these to get
harmonics. R + jX.
D. A frequency and all its C. Find the net conductance and
harmonics. susceptance, and just add these
E. A frequency and its second together to
harmonic only. get R + jX.
35. Inductive susceptance is:
D. Rearrange the components so E. Not determinable from the
theyre in series, and find the data given.
complex 48. A capacitor with a negative
impedance of that circuit. temperature coefficient:
E. Subtract reactance from A. Works less well as the
resistance to get R jX. temperature increases.
41. The illustration in Fig. Test 2-2 B. Works better as the
shows a vector R + jX representing: temperature increases.
A. XC _ 60 and R _ 25 . C. Heats up as its value is made
B. XL _ 60 and R _ 25 . larger.
C. XL _ 60 H and R _ 25 . D. Cools down as its value is
D. C _ 60 F and R _ 25 . made larger.
E. L _ 60 H and R _ 25 . E. Has increasing capacitance as
question 41. temperature goes down.
42. If two sine waves have the same 49. Three coils are connected in
frequency and the same amplitude, but they parallel. Each has an inductance of
cancel out, the phase difference is: 300H. There is no mutual inductance.
A. 45 degrees. The net inductance is:
B. 90 degrees. A. 100 H.
C. 180 degrees. B. 300 H.
D. 270 degrees. C. 900 H.
E. 360 degrees. D. 17.3 H.
43. A series circuit has a resistance of E. 173 H.
50 and a capacitive reactance of 37 . 50. An inductor shows 100 of
The phase angle is: reactance at 30.0 MHz. What is its
A. 37 degrees. inductance?
B. 53 degrees. A. 0.531 H.
C. 37 degrees. B. 18.8 mH.
D. 53 degrees. C. 531 H.
E. Not determinable from the data D. 18.8 H.
given. E. It cant be found from the data
44. A 200- resistor is in series with a given
coil and capacitor; XL _ 200 and XC _
100 . The complex impedance is:
A. 200 j100.
B. 200 j200.
C. 200 + j100.
D. 200 + j200.
E. Not determinable from the data
45. The characteristic impedance of a
transmission line:
A. Is negative imaginary.
B. Is positive imaginary.
C. Depends on the frequency.
D. Depends on the construction of
the line.
E. Depends on the length of the
46. The period of a wave is 2 _ 108
second. The frequency is:
A. 2 _ 108 Hz.
B. 20 MHz.
C. 50 kHz.
D. 50 MHz.
E. 500 MHz.
47. A series circuit has a resistance of
600 and a capacitance of 220 pF. The
phase angle is:
A. 20 degrees.
B. 20 degrees.
C. 70 degrees.
D. 70 degrees.
CHAPTER 19 Introduction to SEMICONDUCTORS pg388 D. Protect devices from damage
1. The term semiconductor arises from: in case of transients.
A. Resistor-like properties of metal 10. A semiconductor material is made
oxides. into N type by:
B. Variable conductive properties of A. Adding an acceptor impurity.
some materials. B. Adding a donor impurity.
C. The fact that theres nothing C. Injecting electrons.
better to call silicon. D. Taking electrons away.
D. Insulating properties of silicon 11. Which of the following does not
and GaAs. result from adding an acceptor
2. Which of the following is not an impurity?
advantage of semiconductor devices over A. The material becomes P type.
vacuum tubes? B. Current flows mainly in the
A. Smaller size. form of holes.
B. Lower working voltage. C. Most of the carriers have
C. Lighter weight. positive electric charge.
D. Ability to withstand high D. The substance has an electron
voltages. surplus.
3. The most common semiconductor among the 12. In a P-type material, electrons
following substances is: are:
A. Germanium. A. Majority carriers.
B. Galena. B. Minority carriers.
C. Silicon. C. Positively charged.
D. Copper. D. Entirely absent.
4. GaAs is a(n): 13. Holes flow from:
A. Compound. A. Minus to plus.
B. Element. B. Plus to minus.
C. Conductor. C. P-type to N-type material.
D. Gas. D. N-type to P-type material.
5. A disadvantage of gallium-arsenide 14. When a P-N junction does not
devices is that: conduct, it is:
A. The charge carriers move fast. A. Reverse biased.
B. The material does not react to B. Forward biased.
ionizing radiation. C. Biased past the breaker
C. It is expensive to produce. voltage.
D. It must be used at high D. In a state of avalanche
frequencies. effect.
6. Selenium works especially well in: 15. Holes flow the opposite way from
A. Photocells. electrons because:
B. High-frequency detectors. A. Charge carriers flow
C. Radio-frequency power amplifiers. continuously.
D. Voltage regulators. B. Charge carriers are passed
7. Of the following, which material allows from atom to atom.
the lowest forward voltage drop in a C. They have the same polarity.
diode? D. No! Holes flow in the same
A. Selenium. direction as electrons.
B. Silicon. 16. If an electron has a charge of _1
C. Copper. unit, a hole has:
D. Germanium. A. A charge of _1 unit.
8. A CMOS integrated circuit: B. No charge.
A. Can only work at low frequencies. C. A charge of +1 unit.
B. Is susceptible to damage by D. A charge that depends on the
static. semiconductor type.
C. Requires considerable power to 17. When a P-N junction is reverse-
function. biased, the capacitance depends on all
D. Needs very high voltage. of the following except:
9. The purpose of doping is to: A. The frequency.
A. Make the charge carriers move B. The width of the depletion
faster. region.
B. Cause holes to flow. C. The cross-sectional area of
C. Give a semiconductor material the junction.
certain properties. D. The type of semiconductor
18. If the reverse bias exceeds the
avalanche voltage in a P-N junction:
A. The junction will be destroyed.
B. The junction will insulate; no
current will flow.
C. The junction will conduct
D. The capacitance will become
extremely high.
19. Avalanche voltage is routinely
exceeded when a P-N junction acts as a:
A. Current rectifier.
B. Variable resistor.
C. Variable capacitor.
D. Voltage regulator.
20. An unimportant factor concerning the
frequency at which a P-N junction will
work effectively is:
A. The type of semiconductor
B. The cross-sectional area of the
C. The reverse current.
D. The capacitance with reverse
9. The forward breakover voltage of a
Chapter 20 SOME USES OF DIODES pg 401 silicon diode is:
1. When a diode is forward-biased, the A. About 0.3 V.
anode: B. About 0.6 V.
A. Is negative relative to the C. About 1.0 V.
cathode. D. Dependent on the method of
B. Is positive relative to the manufacture.
cathode. 10. A diode audio limiter circuit:
C. Is at the same voltage as the A. Is useful for voltage
cathode. regulation.
D. Alternates between positive and B. Always uses Zener diodes.
negative relative to the cathode. C. Rectifies the audio to reduce
2. If ac is applied to a diode, and the distortion.
peak ac voltage never exceeds the D. Can cause objectionable
avalanche voltage, then the output is: signal distortion.
A. Ac with half the frequency of the 11. The capacitance of a varactor
input. varies with:
B. Ac with the same frequency as the A. Forward voltage.
input. B. Reverse voltage.
C. Ac with twice the frequency of C. Avalanche voltage.
the input. D. Forward breakover voltage.
D. None of the above. 12. The purpose of the I layer in a
3. A crystal set: PIN diode is to:
A. Can be used to transmit radio A. Minimize the diode
signals. capacitance.
B. Requires a battery with long B. Optimize the avalanche
life. voltage.
C. Requires no battery. C. Reduce the forward breakover
D. Is useful for rectifying 60-Hz voltage.
ac. D. Increase the current through
4. A diode detector: the diode.
A. Is used in power supplies. 13. Which of these diode types might
B. Is employed in some radio be found in the oscillator circuit of
receivers. a microwave radio transmitter?
C. Is used commonly in high-power A. A rectifier diode.
radio transmitters. B. A cat whisker.
D. Changes dc into ac. C. An IMPATT diode.
5. If the output wave in a circuit has the D. None of the above.
same shape as the input wave, then: 14. A Gunnplexer can be used as a:
A. The circuit is linear. A. Communications device.
B. The circuit is said to be B. Radio detector.
detecting. C. Rectifier.
C. The circuit is a mixer. D. Signal mixer.
D. The circuit is a rectifier. 15. The most likely place you would
6. The two input frequencies of a mixer find an LED would be:
circuit are 3.522 MHz and 3.977 MHz. Which A. In a rectifier circuit.
of the following frequencies might be used B. In a mixer circuit.
at the output? C. In a digital frequency
A. 455 kHz. display.
B. 886 kHz. D. In an oscillator circuit.
C. 14.00 MHz. 16. Coherent radiation is produced by
D. 1.129 MHz. a:
7. A time-domain display might be found A. Gunn diode.
in: B. Varactor diode.
A. An ammeter. C. Rectifier diode.
B. A spectrum analyzer. D. Laser diode.
C. A digital voltmeter. 17. You want a circuit to be stable
D. An oscilloscope. with a variety of amplifier impedance
8. Zener voltage is also known as: conditions. You might consider a
A. Forward breakover voltage. coupler using:
B. Peak forward voltage. A. A Gunn diode.
C. Avalanche voltage. B. An optoisolator.
D. Reverse bias. C. A photovoltaic cell.
D. A laser diode.
18. The power from a solar panel depends
on all of the following except:
A. The operating frequency of the
B. The total surface area of the
C. The number of cells in the panel.
D. The intensity of the light.
19. Emission of energy in an IRED is
caused by:
A. High-frequency radio waves.
B. Rectification.
C. Electron energy-level changes.
D. None of the above.
20. A photodiode, when not used as a
photovoltaic cell, has:
A. Reverse bias.
B. No bias.
C. Forward bias.
D. Negative resistance.
Chapter 21 POWER SUPPLIES pg417 A. Twice that from a half-wave
1. The output of a rectifier is: circuit.
A. 60-Hz ac. B. The same as that from a half-wave
B. Smooth dc. circuit.
C. Pulsating dc. C. Half that from a half-wave
D. 120-Hz ac. circuit.
2. Which of the following might not be needed D. One-fourth that from a half-wave
in a power supply? circuit.
A. The transformer. 12. Which of the following would make the
B. The filter. best filter for a power supply?
C. The rectifier. A. A capacitor in series.
D. All of the above are generally B. A choke in series.
needed. C. A capacitor in series and a choke
3. Of the following appliances, which would in parallel.
need the biggest transformer? D. A capacitor in parallel and a
A. A clock radio. choke in series.
B. A TV broadcast transmitter. 13. If you needed exceptionally good ripple
C. A shortwave radio receiver. filtering for a power supply, the best
D. A home TV set. approach would be to:
4. An advantage of full-wave bridge A. Connect several capacitors in
rectification is: parallel.
A. It uses the whole transformer B. Use a choke-input filter.
secondary for the entire ac input cycle. C. Connect several chokes in series.
B. It costs less than other rectifier D. Use two capacitor/choke sections
types. one after the other.
C. It cuts off half of the ac wave 14. Voltage regulation can be accomplished
cycle. by a Zener diode connected in:
D. It never needs a regulator. A. Parallel with the filter output,
5. In. a supply designed to provide high power forward-biased.
at low voltage, the best rectifier design would B. Parallel with the filter output,
probably be: reverse-biased.
A. Half-wave. C. Series with the filter output,
B. Full-wave, center-tap. forward-biased.
C. Bridge. D. Series with the filter output,
D. Voltage multiplier. reverse-biased.
6. The part of a power supply immediately 15. A current surge takes place when a
preceding the regulator is: power supply is first turned on because:
A. The transformer. A. The transformer core is suddenly
B. The rectifier. magnetized.
C. The filter. B. The diodes suddenly start to
D. The ac input. conduct.
7. If a half-wave rectifier is used with 117-V C. The filter capacitor(s) must be
rms ac (house mains), the average dc output initially charged.
voltage is about: D. Arcing takes place in the power
A. 52.7 V. switch.
B. 105 V. 16. Transient suppression minimizes the
C. 117 V. chance of:
D. 328 V. A. Diode failure.
8. If a full-wave bridge circuit is used with a B. Transformer failure.
transformer whose secondary provides 50 V rms, C. Filter capacitor failure.
the PIV across the diodes is about: D. Poor voltage regulation.
A. 50 V. 17. If a fuse blows, and it is replaced
B. 70 V. with one having a lower current rating,
C. 100 V. theres a good chance that:
D. 140 V. A. The power supply will be severely
9. The principal disadvantage of a voltage damaged.
multiplier is: B. The diodes will not rectify.
A. Excessive current. C. The fuse will blow out right
B. Excessive voltage. away.
C. Insufficient rectification. D. Transient suppressors wont work.
D. Poor regulation. 18. A fuse with nothing but a straight wire
10. A transformer secondary provides 10 V rms inside is probably:
to a voltage-doubler circuit. The dc output A. A slow-blow type.
voltage is about: B. A quick-break type.
A. 14 V. C. Of a low current rating.
B. 20 V. D. Of a high current rating.
C. 28 V. 19. Bleeder resistors are:
D. 36 V. A. Connected in parallel with filter
11. The ripple frequency from a full-wave capacitors.
rectifier is: B. Of low ohmic value.
C. Effective for transient suppression.
D. Effective for surge suppression.
20. To service a power supply with which you
are not completely familiar, you should:
A. Install bleeder resistors.
B. Use proper fusing.
C. Leave it alone and have a
professional work on it.
D. Use a voltage regulator.
Chapter 22 THE BIPOLAR TRANSISTOR 9. In Fig. 22-12, the forward-
1. In a PNP circuit, the collector: breakover point for the E-B junction
A. Has an arrow pointing inward. is nearest to:
B. Is positive with respect to the A. No point on this graph.
emitter. B. B.
C. Is biased at a small fraction of C. C.
the base bias. D. D.
D. Is negative with respect to the 10. In Fig. 22-12, saturation is
emitter. nearest to point:
2. In many cases, a PNP transistor can be A. A.
replaced with an NPN device and the B. B.
circuit will do the same thing, provided C. C.
that: D. D.
A. The supply polarity is reversed. 11. In Fig. 22-12, the greatest gain
is also known as an emitter follower. occurs at point:
B. The collector and emitter leads A. A.
are interchanged. B. B.
C. The arrow is pointing inward. C. C.
D. No! A PNP device cannot be D. D.
replaced with an NPN. 12. In a common-emitter circuit, the
3. A bipolar transistor has: gain bandwidth product is:
A. Three P-N junctions. A. The frequency at which the
B. Three semiconductor layers. gain is 1.
C. Two N-type layers around a P-type B. The frequency at which the
layer. gain is 0.707 times its value at
D. A low avalanche voltage. 1 MHz.
4. In the dual-diode model of an NPN C. The frequency at which the
transistor, the emitter corresponds to: gain is greatest.
A. The point where the cathodes are D. The difference between the
connected together. frequency at which the gain is
B. The point where the cathode of greatest, and the frequency at
one diode is connected to the anode which the gain is 1. questions 8,
of the other. 9, 10, and 11.
C. The point where the anodes are 13. The configuration most often used
connected together. for matching a high input impedance to
D. Either of the diode cathodes. a low output impedance puts signal
5. The current through a transistor ground at:
depends on: A. The emitter.
A. EC. B. The base.
B. EB relative to EC. C. The collector.
C. IB. D. Any point; it doesnt matter.
D. More than one of the above. 14. The output is in phase with the
6. With no signal input, a bipolar input in a:
transistor would have the least IC when: A. Common-emitter circuit.
A. The emitter is grounded. B. Common-base circuit.
B. The E-B junction is forward C. Common-collector circuit.
biased. D. More than one of the above.
C. The E-B junction is reverse 15. The greatest possible
biased. amplification is obtained in:
D. The E-B current is high. A. A common-emitter circuit.
7. When a transistor is conducting as much B. A common-base circuit.
as it possibly can, it is said to be: C. A common-collector circuit.
A. In cutoff. D. More than one of the above.
B. In saturation. 16. The input is applied to the
C. Forward biased. collector in:
D. In avalanche. A. A common-emitter circuit.
8. Refer to Fig. 22-12. The best point at B. A common-base circuit.
which to operate a transistor as a small- C. A common-collector circuit.
signal amplifier is: D. None of the above.
A. A. 17. The configuration noted for its
B. B. stability in radio-frequency power
C. C. amplifiers is the:
D. D. A. Common-emitter circuit.
B. Common-base circuit.
C. Common-collector circuit.
D. Emitter-follower circuit.
18. In a common-base circuit, the output
is taken from the:
A. Emitter.
B. Base.
C. Collector.
D. More than one of the above.
19. The input signal to a transistor
amplifier results in saturation during
part of the cycle. This produces:
A. The greatest possible
B. Reduced efficiency.
C. Avalanche effect.
D. Nonlinear output impedance.
20. The gain of a transistor in a common-
emitter circuit is 100 at a frequency of
1000 Hz. The gain is 70.7 at 335 kHz. The
gain drops to 1 at 210 MHz. The alpha
cutoff is:
A. 1 kHz.
B. 335 kHz.
C. 210 MHz.
D. None of the above.
Chapter 23 THE FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTOR C. A change in gate current to a
1. The current through the channel of a change in source voltage.
JFET is directly affected by all of the D. A change in drain current to
following except: a change in drain voltage.
A. Drain voltage. 11. Characteristic curves for JFETs
B. Transconductance. generally show:
C. Gate voltage. A Drain voltage as a function of
D. Gate bias. source current.
2. In an N-channel JFET, pinchoff occurs B. Drain current as a function
when the gate bias is: of gate current.
A. Slightly positive. C. Drain current as a function
B. Zero. of drain voltage.
C. Slightly negative. D. Drain voltage as a function
D. Very negative. of gate current.
3. The current consists mainly of holes 12. A disadvantage of a MOS component
when a JFET: is that:
A. Has a P-type channel. A. It is easily damaged by
B. Is forward-biased. static electricity.
C. Is zero-biased. B. It needs a high input
D. Is reverse-biased. voltage.
4. A JFET might work better than a bipolar C. It draws a large amount of
transistor in: current.
A. A rectifier. D. It produces a great deal of
B. A radio receiver. electrical noise.
C. A filter. 13. The input impedance of a MOSFET:
D. A transformer. A. Is lower than that of a JFET.
5. In a P-channel JFET: B. Is lower than that of a
A. The drain is forward-biased. bipolar transistor.
B. The gate-source junction is C. Is between that of a bipolar
forward biased. transistor and a JFET.
C. The drain is negative relative to D. Is extremely high.
the source. 14. An advantage of MOSFETs over JFETs
D. The gate must be at dc ground. is that:
6. A JFET is sometimes biased at or beyond A. MOSFETs can handle a wider
pinchoff in: range of gate voltages.
A. A power amplifier. B. MOSFETs deliver greater
B. A rectifier. output power.
C. An oscillator. C. MOSFETs are more rugged.
D. A weak-signal amplifier. D. MOSFETs last longer.
7. The gate of a JFET has: 15. The channel in a zero-biased JFET
A. Forward bias. is normally:
B. High impedance. A. Pinched off.
C. Low reverse resistance. B. Somewhat open.
D. Low avalanche voltage. C. All the way open.
8. A JFET circuit essentially never has: D. Of P-type semiconductor
A. A pinched-off channel. material.
B. Holes as the majority carriers. 16. When an enhancement-mode MOSFET is
C. A forward-biased P-N junction. at zero bias:
D. A high-input impedance. A. The drain current is high
9. When a JFET is pinched off: with no signal.
A. dID/dEG is very large with no B. The drain current fluctuates
signal. with no signal.
B. dID/dEG might vary considerably C. The drain current is low with
with no signal. no signal.
C. dID/dEG is negative with no D. The drain current is zero
signal. with no signal.
D. dID/dEG is zero with no signal. 17. An enhancement-mode MOSFET can be
10. Transconductance is the ratio of: recognized in schematic diagrams by:
A. A change in drain voltage to a A. An arrow pointing inward.
change in source voltage. B. A broken vertical line inside
B. A change in drain current to a the circle.
change in gate voltage. C. An arrow pointing outward.
D. A solid vertical line inside the
18. In a source follower, which of the
electrodes of the FET receives the input
A. None of them.
B. The source.
C. The gate.
D. The drain.
19. Which of the following circuits has
its output 180 degrees out of phase with
its input?
A. Common source.
B. Common gate.
C. Common drain.
D. All of them.
20. Which of the following circuits
generally has the greatest gain?
A. Common source.
B. Common gate.
C. Common drain.
D. It depends only on bias, not on
which electrode is grounded.
Chapter 24 Amplifiers B. Class AB1.
1. The decibel is a unit of: C. Class AB2.
A. Relative signal strength. D. Class B.
B. Voltage. 10. Which of the following amplifier
C. Power. types produces the least distortion of
D. Current. the signal waveform?
2. If a circuit has a voltage- A. Class A.
amplification factor of 20, then the B. Class AB1.
voltage gain is: C. Class AB2.
A. 13 dB. B. D. Class B.
20 dB. 11. Which bipolar amplifier type has
C. 26 dB. D. 40 dB. some distortion in the signal wave,
3. A gain of _15 dB in a circuit means with collector current during most,
that: but not all, of the cycle?
A. The output signal is stronger A. Class A.
than the input. B. Class AB1.
B. The input signal is stronger than C. Class AB2.
the output. D. Class B.
C. The input signal is 15 times as 12. How can a class-B amplifier be
strong as the output. made suitable for hi-fi audio
D. The output signal is 15 times as applications?
strong as the input. A. By increasing the bias.
4. A device has a voltage gain of 23 dB. B. By using two transistors in
The input voltage is 3.3 V. The output push-pull.
voltage is: C. By using tuned circuits in
A. 76 V. the output.
B. 47 V. D. A class-B amplifier cannot
C. 660 V. work well for hi-fi audio.
D. Not determinable from the data 13. How can a class-C amplifier be
given. made linear?
5. A power gain of 44 dB is equivalent to A. By reducing the bias.
an output/input power ratio of: B. By increasing the drive.
A. 44. C. By using two transistors in
B. 160. push-pull.
C. 440. D. A class-C amplifier cannot be
D. 25,000. made linear.
6. A resistor between the base of an NPN 14. Which of the following amplifier
bipolar transistor and the positive supply classes generally needs the most
voltage is used to: driving power?
A. Provide proper bias. A. Class A.
B. Provide a path for the input B. Class AB1.
signal. C. Class AB2.
C. Provide a path for the output D. Class B.
signal. 15. A graphic equalizer is a form of:
D. Limit the collector current. A. Bias control.
7. The capacitance values in an amplifier B. Gain control.
circuit depend on: C. Tone control.
A. The supply voltage. D. Frequency control.
B. The polarity. 16. A disadvantage of transfer
C. The signal strength. coupling, as opposed to capacitive
D. The signal frequency. coupling, is that:
8. A class-A circuit would not work well A. Transformers cant match
as: impedances.
A. A stereo hi-fi amplifier. B. Transformers cant work above
B. A television transmitter PA. audio frequencies.
C. A low-level microphone C. Transformers cost more.
preamplifier. D. Transformers reduce the gain.
D. The first stage in a radio 17. A certain bipolar-transistor PA is
receiver. 66 percent efficient. The output power
9. In which of the following FET amplifier is 33 W.
types does drain current flow for 50 The dc collector power input is:
percent of the signal cycle? A. 22 W.
A. Class A. B. 50 W.
C. 2.2 W.
D. None of the above.
18. A broadband PA is:
A. Generally easy to use.
B. More efficient than a tuned PA.
C. Less likely than a tuned PA to
amplify unwanted signals.
D. Usable only at audio frequencies.
19. A tuned PA must always be:
A. Set to work over a wide range of
B. Adjusted for maximum power
C. Made as efficient as possible.
D. Operated in class C.
20. A loading control in a tuned PA:
A. Provides an impedance match
between the bipolar transistor or
FET and the load.
B. Allows broadband operation.
C. Adjusts the resonant frequency.
D. Controls the input impedance.
Chapter 25 Oscillators 12. A radio-frequency oscillator usually:
1. Negative feedback in an amplifier: A. Has an irregular waveshape.
A. Causes oscillation. B. Has most or all of its energy at
B. Increases sensitivity. a single frequency.
C. Reduces the gain. C. Produces a sound that depends on
D. Is used in an Armstrong oscillator. its waveform.
2. Oscillation requires: D. Uses RC tuning.
A. A common-drain or common-collector 13. A varactor diode:
circuit. A. Is mechanically flexible.
B. A stage with gain. B. Has high power output.
C. A tapped coil. C. Can produce different waveforms.
D. Negative feedback. D. Is good for use in frequency
3. A Colpitts oscillator can be recognized by: synthesizers.
A. A split capacitance in the tuned 14. A frequency synthesizer has:
circuit. A. High power output.
B. A tapped coil in the tuned circuit. B. High drift rate.
C. A transformer for the feedback. C. Exceptional stability.
D. A common-base or common-gate D. Adjustable waveshape.
arrangement. 15. A ferromagnetic-core coil is preferred
4. In an oscillator circuit, the feedback for use in the tuned circuit of an RF
should be: oscillator:
A. As great as possible. A. That must have the best possible
B. Kept to a minimum. stability.
C. Just enough to sustain oscillation. B. That must have high power output.
D. Done through a transformer whose C. That must work at microwave
wires can be switched easily. frequencies.
5. A tapped coil is used in a(n): D. No! Air-core coils work better in
A. Hartley oscillator. RF oscillators.
B. Colpitts oscillator. 16. If the load impedance for an oscillator
C. Armstrong oscillator. is too high:
D. Clapp oscillator. A. The frequency might drift.
6. An RF choke: B. The power output might be
A. Passes RF but not dc. reduced.
B. Passes both RF and dc. C. The oscillator might fail to
C. Passes dc but not RF. start.
D. Blocks both dc and RF. D. Its not a cause for worry; it
7. Ferromagnetic coil cores are not generally cant be too high.
good for use in RF oscillators because: 17. The bipolar transistors or JFETs in a
A. The inductances are too large. multivibrator are usually connected in:
B. Its hard to vary the inductance of A. Class B.
such a coil. B. A common-emitter or common-source
C. Such coils are too bulky. arrangement.
D. Air-core coils have better thermal C. Class C.
stability. D. A common-collector or common-
8. An oscillator might fail to start for any of drain arrangement.
the following reasons except: 18. The arrangement in the block diagram of
A. Low-power-supply voltage. Fig. 25-11 represents:
B. Low stage gain. A. A waveform analyzer.
C. In-phase feedback. B. An audio oscillator.
D. Very low output impedance. C. An RF oscillator.
9. An advantage of a crystal-controlled D. A sine-wave generator.
oscillator over a VFO is:
A. Single-frequency operation.
B. Ease of frequency adjustment.
C. High output power.
D. Low drift.
10. The frequency at which a crystal oscillator
functions is determined mainly by:
A. The values of the inductor and
B. The thickness of the crystal.
C. The amount of capacitance across the
crystal. 25-11 Illustration for quiz question 18.
D. The power-supply voltage. 19. Acoustic feedback in a public-address
11. The different sounds of musical instruments system:
are primarily the result of: A. Is useful for generating RF sine
A. Differences in the waveshape. waves.
B. Differences in frequency. B. Is useful for waveform analysis.
C. Differences in amplitude. C. Can be used to increase the
D. Differences in phase. amplifier gain.
D. Serves no useful purpose.
20. An IMPATT diode:
A. Makes a good audio oscillator.
B. Can be used for waveform analysis.
C. Is used as a microwave oscillator.
D. Allows for frequency adjustment of a
Chapter 26 Data transmission C. Signal strength as a function
1. A radio wave has a frequency of 1.55 of time.
MHz. The highest modulating frequency that D. Signal strength as a function
can be used effectively is about: of frequency.
A. 1.55 kHz. 11. The deviation for voice FM signals
B. 15.5 kHz. is usually:
C. 155 kHz. A. Plus-or-minus 3 kHz.
D. 1.55 MHz. B. Plus-or-minus 5 kHz
2. Morse code is a form of: C. Plus-or-minus 6 kHz.
A. Digital modulation. D. Plus-or-minus 10 kHz.
B. Analog modulation. 12. Wideband FM is preferable to
C. Phase modulation. narrowband FM for music transmission
D. dc modulation. because:
3. An advantage of FSK over simple on-off A. Lower frequencies are heard
keying for RTTY is: better.
A. Better frequency stability. B. Spectrum space is conserved.
B. Higher speed capability. C. The fidelity is better.
C. Reduced number of misprints. D. No! Narrowband FM is better
D. On-off keying is just as good as for music.
FSK. 13. In which mode of PM does the pulse
4. The maximum AM percentage possible level vary?
without distortion is: A. PAM.
A. 33 percent. B. PDM.
B. 67 percent. C. PWM.
C. 100 percent. D. PFM.
D. 150 percent. 14. In which PM mode do pulses last
5. If an AM signal is modulated with audio for varying times?
having frequencies up to 5 kHz, then the A. PAM.
complete signal bandwidth will be: B. PWM.
A. 10 kHz. C. PFM.
B. 6 kHz. D. PCM.
C. 5 kHz. 15. How many states are commonly used
D. 3 kHz. for the transmission of digitized
6. An AM transmitter using a class-C PA voice signals?
should employ: A. Two.
A. Carrier suppression. B. Four.
B. High-level modulation. C. Six.
C. Lower sideband. D. Eight.
D. Single sideband. 16. In an SSTV signal, the frame time
7. Which of the following modulation is:
methods is used to send teleprinter data A. 1/525 second.
over the phone lines? B. 1/30 second.
A. CW. C. 1/8 second.
B. SSB. D. 8 seconds.
C. AM. 17. The bandwidth of a fax signal is
D. AFSK. kept narrow by:
8. An advantage of SSB over AM is: A. Sending the data at a slow
A. Higher data transmission rate. rate of speed.
B. More effective use of transmitter B. Limiting the image
power. resolution.
C. Greater bandwidth. C. Limiting the range of shades
D. Enhanced carrier wave level. sent.
9. An SSB suppressed carrier is at 14.335 D. Using pulse modulation.
MHz. The voice data is contained in a band 18. What is the wavelength of a 21.3-
from 14.335-14.338 MHz. The mode is: MHz signal?
A. AM. A. 46.2 m.
B. LSB. B. 14.1 m.
C. USB. C. 21.0 km.
D. FSK. D. 6.39 km.
10. A spectrum analyzer displays: 19. A coaxial cable:
A. Time as a function of frequency. A. Keeps the signal confined.
B. Frequency as a function of time. B. Radiates efficiently.
C. Works well as a transmitting
D. Can pick up signals from outside.
20. An advantage of fiberoptics over cable
communications is:
A. More sensitivity to noise.
B. Improved antenna efficiency.
C. Higher RF output.
D. Simpler and easier maintenance.
Chapter 27 Data reception 10. A receiver that responds to a
1. The reflected wave in a radio signal: desired signal, but not to one very
A. Travels less distance than the nearby in frequency, has good:
direct wave. A. Sensitivity.
B. Travels just as far as the direct B. Noise figure.
wave. C. Dynamic range.
C. Travels farther than the direct D. Adjacent-channel rejection.
wave. 11. An AM receiver can be used to
D. Might travel less far than, just demodulate FM by means of:
as far as, or farther than the A. Envelope detection.
direct wave. B. Product detection.
2. The reflected wave: C. Slope detection.
A. Arrives in phase with the direct D. Pulse detection.
wave. 12. An FM detector with built-in
B. Arrives out of phase with the limiting is:
direct wave. A. A ratio detector.
C. Arrives in a variable phase B. A discriminator.
compared with the direct wave. C. An envelope detector.
D. Is horizontally polarized. D. A product detector.
3. The ionospheric layer that absorbs 13. Time-division multiplex is often
radio waves is: done with:
A. The D layer. A. AM.
B. The E layer. B. FM.
C. The F layer. C. FSK.
D. No layers ever absorb radio D. PM.
waves. 14. A continuously variable signal is
4. The highest layer of the ionosphere is: recovered from a signal having
A. The D layer. discrete states by:
B. The E layer. A. A ratio detector.
C. The F layer. B. A D/A converter.
D. Dependent on the time of day and C. A product detector.
the solar cycle. D. An envelope detector.
5. Radio waves that curve earthward in the 15. Digital modulation is superior to
lower atmosphere are being affected by: analog modulation in the sense that:
A. Troposcatter. A. Analog signals have discrete
B. The D layer. states, while digital ones vary
C. Ionospheric ducting. continuously.
D. Tropospheric bending. B. Digital signals resemble
6. Single-sideband can be demodulated by: noise less than analog ones.
A. An envelope detector. C. Digital signals are easier to
B. A diode. use with FM.
C. A BFO and mixer. D. Digital signals have greater
D. A ratio detector. bandwidth.
7. A diode and capacitor can be used to 16. A product detector would most
detect: often be used to receive:
A. CW. A. AM.
B. AM. B. CW.
C. SSB. C. FM.
D. FSK. D. None of the above.
8. The S_N/N ratio is a measure of. 17. To receive UHF signals on a
A. Sensitivity. shortwave receiver, you would need:
B. Selectivity. A. A heterodyne detector.
C. Dynamic range. B. A product detector.
D. Adjacent-channel rejection. C. An up converter.
9. The ability of a receiver to perform in D. A down converter.
the presence of strong signals is a 18. Image rejection in a superhet
consequence of its: receiver is enhanced by:
A. Sensitivity. A. Front-end selectivity.
B. Noise figure. B. A product detector.
C. Dynamic range. C. A variable LO.
D. Adjacent-channel rejection. D. A sensitive IF amplifier
19. A low IF is not practical with a
single-conversion receiver because:
A. Product detection cannot be used.
B. The image frequency would be too
close to the incoming-signal
C. Sensitivity would be impaired.
D. Adjacent-channel rejection would
be poor.
20. Digital signal processing can be used
to advantage with:
D. Any of the above.
Chapter 28 Integrated circuits and data B. Low-current requirements.
storage media C. Ability to work at high
1. Because of the small size of ICs speed.
compared with equivalent circuits made D. Ability to handle high power
from discrete components: levels.
A. More heat is generated. 10. An absolute limit on IC component
B. Higher power output is possible. density is:
C. Higher switching speeds are A. The current levels needed.
attainable. B. The maximum attainable
D. Fewer calculations need be done impedance.
in a given time. C. The size of the semiconductor
2. Which of the following is not an atoms.
advantage of ICs over discrete components? D. No! There is no limit on
A. Higher component density. component density.
B. Ease of maintenance. 11. In a ROM:
C. Greater power capability. A. Its easy to get data out and
D. Lower current consumption. put it in.
3. In which of the following devices would B. Its hard to get data out,
you be least likely to find an integrated but easy to put it in.
circuit as the main component? C. Its easy to get data out,
A. A radio broadcast transmitters but hard to put it in.
final amplifier. D. Its hard to get data out or
B. A notebook computer. put it in.
C. A battery-powered calculator. 12. In a RAM:
D. A low-power audio amplifier. A. Its easy to get data out and
4. Which type of component is generally put it in.
not practical for fabrication in an IC? B. Its hard to get data out,
A. Resistors. but easy to put it in.
B. Inductors. C. Its easy to get data out,
C. Diodes. but hard to put it in.
D. Capacitors. D. Its hard to get data out or
5. An op amp usually employs negative put it in.
feedback to: 13. Which of the following IC types
A. Maximize the gain. must be physically removed from the
B. Control the gain. circuit to have its memory contents
C. Allow oscillation over a wide changed?
band of frequencies. A. EEPROM. B. EPROM.
D. No! Op amps do not employ C. ROM. D. RAM.
negative feedback. 14. A kilobyte is:
6. A channel carries several signals at A. Equivalent to a novel.
once. Which type of IC might be used to B. About 1,000 bytes.
select one of the signals for reception? C. About 1,000,000 bytes.
A. An op amp. D. Equivalent to about one
B. A timer. typewritten line.
C. A comparator. 15. In magnetic audio tape:
D. A multiplexer/demultiplexer. A. The tracks are parallel to
7. Which type of IC is used to determine the edges.
whether voltage levels are the same or B. The tracks are diagonal.
not? C. The tracks are perpendicular
A. An op amp. to the edges.
B. A timer. D. The tracks can be oriented at
C. A comparator. any angle.
D. A multiplexer/demultiplexer. 16. In magnetic video tape:
8. Which type of digital IC is least A. The video tracks are parallel
susceptible to noise? to the edges.
A. Transistor-transistor logic. B. The video tracks are
B. Base-coupled logic. diagonal.
C. Emitter-coupled logic. C. The video tracks are
D. N-channel-coupled logic. perpendicular to the edges.
9. Which of the following is not an D. The video tracks can be
advantage of CMOS? oriented at any angle.
A. Relative immunity to noise 17. An advantage of magnetic disks
pulses. over magnetic tape is:
A. Disks are immune to damage by
B. Tapes are difficult to rewind.
C. Disks allow faster data storage
and retrieval.
D. Disks are immune to external
magnetic fields.
18. A typical audio recording tape
thickness is:
A. 0.001 mil.
B. 0.01 mil.
C. 0.1 mil.
D. 1 mil.
19. Compact disks (CDs) are not generally
used for recording:
A. Voices.
B. Music.
C. In digital form.
D. Via magnetic fields.
20. A reason CDs dont wear out with
repeated playback is:
A. The magnetic fields are strong.
B. Nothing touches the disk.
C. The data is analog.
D. The magnetic particle density is high.
Chapter 29 Electron tubes D. All of the above.
1. One difference between a triode and an 10. An advantage of a grounded-grid
N-channel FET is that: power amplifier is:
A. Triodes work with lower voltages. A. Excellent sensitivity.
B. Triodes are more compact. B. High impedance.
C. Triodes need more voltage. C. Low noise.
D. Triodes dont need filaments. D. Good stability.
2. The control grid of a tube corresponds 11. A heptode tube has:
to the: A. Two grids.
A. Source of an FET. B. Three grids.
B. Collector of a bipolar C. Five grids.
transistor. D. Seven grids.
C. Anode of a diode. 12. The electron gun in a CRT is
D. Gate of an FET. another name for its:
3. The intensity of the electron flow in a A. Cathode.
vacuum tube depends on all of the B. Anode.
following except: C. Control grid.
A. The gate voltage. D. Screen grid.
B. The power supply voltage. 13. The electron beam in an
C. The grid voltage. electrostatic CRT is bent by:
D. The voltage between the cathode A. A magnetic field.
and the plate. B. An electric field.
4. Which type of tube maintains constant C. A fluctuating current.
voltage drop with changes in current? D. A constant current.
A. A triode. 14. The horizontal displacement on an
B. A gas-filled regulator. oscilloscope CRT screen is usually
C. A tetrode. measured in:
D. A pentagrid converter. A. Frequency per unit division.
5. In a tube with a directly heated B. Current per unit division.
cathode: C. Time per unit division.
A. The filament is separate from the D. Voltage per unit division.
cathode. 15. In a time-domain oscilloscope, the
B. The grid is connected to the waveform to be analyzed is usually
filament. applied to the:
C. The filament serves as the A. Control grid plates or coils.
cathode. B. Anode plates or coils.
D. There is no filament. C. Vertical deflection plates or
6. In a tube with a cold cathode: coils.
A. The filament is separate from the D. Horizontal deflection plates
cathode. or coils.
B. The grid is connected to the 16. A vidicon camera tube is noted for
filament. its:
C. The filament serves as the A. Sensitivity.
cathode. B. Large size.
D. There is no filament. C. Heavy weight.
7. A screen grid enhances tube operation D. Rapid response.
by: 17. In a magnetron, as the frequency
A. Decreasing the gain. is increased:
B. Decreasing the plate voltage. A. The achievable power output
C. Decreasing the grid-to-plate increases.
capacitance. B. The achievable power output
D. Pulling excess electrons from the decreases.
plate. C. The output power stays the
8. A tube with three grids is called a: same.
A. Triode. D. The output power increases
B. Tetrode. and decreases alternately.
C. Pentode. 18. The paths of the electrons in a
D. Hexode. magnetron are spirals, rather than
9. A tube type radio receiver: straight lines, because of:
A. Is bulky and heavy. A. The extreme voltage used.
B. Requires low voltage. B. The longitudinal magnetic
C. Is more sensitive than a flux.
transistorized radio.
C. The bunching-up of the electrons.
D. The shapes of the cavities.
19. A klystron is noted for its:
A. Spiralling electrons.
B. Low noise output.
C. High achievable output power.
D. Magnetic-field intensity.
20. In a multicavity klystron, the
A. Have variable speed.
B. Travel in circles.
C. Are reflected by the cavities.
D. Are drawn out via the cathode.
Chapter 30 Basic digital principles 10. If X is high and Y is low, what is
1. The value of the decimal number 23 in the state of X NOT Y?
binary form is: A. There is not enough
A. 1011. information to tell.
B. 110111. B. Low.
C. 10111. C. High.
D. 11100. D. This logic statement makes no
2. The binary number 110001 represents the sense.
digital number: 11. A logic circuit has four inputs W,
A. 49. X, Y, and Z. How many possible input
B. 25. combinations are there?
C. 21. A. 4.
D. 13. B. 8.
3. The fifth digit from the right in a C. 16.
binary number carries a decimal value of: D. 32.
A. 64. 12. Data sent along a single line, one
B. 32. bit after another, is called:
C. 24. A. Serial.
D. 16. B. Synchronous.
4. The largest possible decimal number C. Parallel.
that can be represented by six binary D. Asynchronous.
digits (bits) is: 13. If X _ 1 and Y _ 1, then X _ YZ
A. 256. is:
B. 128. A. Always 0.
C. 64. B. 0 if Z _ 0, and 1 if Z _ 1.
D. 63. C. 1 if Z _ 0, and 0 if Z _ 1.
5. Which of the following voltages could D. Always 1.
normally represent a 1 in positive logic? 14. If X _ 0 and Y _ 1, then X(Y + Z)
A. 0 V. is:
B. _ 1 V. A. Always 0.
C. _ 4 V. B. 0 if Z _ 0, and 1 if Z _ 1.
D. _ 12 V. C. 1 if Z _ 0, and 0 if Z _ 1.
6. Which of the following voltages might D. Always 1.
normally represent a 1 in negative logic? 15. An advantage of a J-K over an R-S
A. 0 V. flip-flop is that:
B. _ 4 V. A. The J-K flip-flop is faster.
C. _ 6 V. B. The J-K can attain more
D. _ 12 V. states.
7. If X is low, what is the state of X AND C. The J-K always has
Y? predictable outputs.
A. There is not enough information D. No! An R-S flip-flop is
to tell. superior to a J-K.
B. Low. 16. In positive-edge triggering, the
C. High. change of state occurs when:
D. This logic statement makes no A. The pulse level is high.
sense. B. The pulse level is going from
8. If X is high, what is the state of X high to low.
NOR Y? C. The pulse level is going from
A. There is not enough information low to high.
to tell. D. The pulse level is low.
B. Low. 17. The inputs of an R-S flip-flop are
C. High. known as:
D. This logic statement makes no A. Low and high.
sense. B. Asynchronous.
9. If X and Y are both high, what is the C. Synchronous.
state of X NAND Y? D. Set and reset.
A. There is not enough information 18. When both inputs of an R-S flip-
to tell. flop are 0:
B. Low. A. The outputs stay as they are.
C. High. B. Q _ 0 and _Q _ 1.
D. This logic statement makes no C. Q _ 1 and _Q _ 0.
sense. D. The resulting outputs can be
19. When both inputs of an R-S flip-flop
are 1:
A. The outputs stay as they are.
B. Q _ 0 and _Q _ 1.
C. Q _ 1 and _Q _ 0.
D. The resulting outputs can be
20. A frequency synthesizer makes use of
A. An OR gate.
B. A divider.
C. The octal numbering system.
D. The hexadecimal numbering system.
A. Sensitivity.
Test: Part Three B. Drift ratio.
1. In a junction FET, the control C. Gain.
electrode is usually the: D. Selectivity.
A. Source. E. Stability.
B. Emitter. 10. A Zener diode would most likely be
C. Drain. used in:
D. Base. A. A mixer.
E. Gate. B. A voltage-controlled
2. A diode can be used as a frequency oscillator.
multiplier because of its: C. A detector.
A. Junction capacitance. D. A power supply regulating
B. Nonlinearity. circuit.
C. Avalanche voltage. E. An oscillator.
D. Forward breakover. 11. When the bias in an FET stops the
E. Charge-carrier concentration. flow of current, the condition is
3. Which of the following is not a common called:
form of data transmission? A. Forward breakover.
A. Parallel modulation. B. Cutoff.
B. Frequency modulation. C. Reverse bias.
C. Amplitude modulation. D. Pinchoff.
D. Phase modulation. E. Avalanche.
E. Pulse modulation. 12. A vacuum tube would most likely be
4. A very brief, high-voltage spike on an found in:
ac power line is called: A. The front end of a radio
A. A surge. receiver.
B. An arc. B. A high-power radio-frequency
C. A transient. linear amplifier.
D. An avalanche. C. A low-level audio amplifier.
F. A clamp. D. A digital computer.
5. Which of the following is not E. Antique radios only.
characteristic of an oscillator? 13. In an N-type semiconductor, the
A. Negative feedback. minority carriers are:
B. Good output-to-input coupling. A. Electrons.
C. Reasonably high transistor gain. B. Protons.
D. Ac output. C. Holes.
E. Usefulness as a signal generator. D. Neutrons.
6. Which layer of the ionosphere absorbs E. Silicon chips.
radio signals below about 7 MHz during the 14. A disadvantage of a half-wave
daylight hours? rectifier is that:
A. The F layer. A. The voltage is excessive.
B. The E layer. B. The current output is low.
C. The D layer. C. The output is hard to filter.
D. The C layer. D. It needs many diodes.
E. The B layer. E. The transformer must have a
7. The beta of a bipolar transistor is center tap.
its: 15. A power gain of 30 dB is
A. Current amplification factor. equivalent to an amplification factor
B. Voltage amplification factor. of:
C. Power amplification factor. A. 0.001.
D. Maximum amplification frequency. B. 1/30.
E. Optimum amplification frequency. C. 30.
8. Which type of component is impractical D. 1000.
to fabricate on a silicon chip? E. None of the above.
A. A capacitor. 16. An amplifier has a dc collector
B. A transistor. power input of 300 W, and is 75.0
C. A diode. percent efficient. The signal output
D. An inductor. power is:
E. Any component can be fabricated A. 400 W.
on a silicon chip. B. 300 W.
9. The extent to which an oscillator C. 225 W.
maintains a constant frequency is called D. Variable, depending on the
its: bias.
E. Impossible to determine from this 25. Signal-plus-noise-to-noise ratio
data. (S_N/N) is often specified when
17. When both N-channel and P-channel stating a receivers:
transistors are found in a metal- A. Selectivity.
oxidesemiconductor- type integrated B. Stability.
circuit, the technology is known as: C. Modulation coefficient.
A. Transistor-transistor logic. D. Sensitivity.
B. CMOS. E. Polarization.
C. Bipolar logic. 26. In a reverse-biased semiconductor
D. NPNP. diode, the capacitance depends on:
E. PNPN. A. The width of the depletion
18. A common-base circuit is commonly region.
employed as: B. The reverse current.
A. A microwave oscillator. C. The P:N ratio.
B. A low-pass filter. D. The gate bias.
C. A noise generator. E. The avalanche voltage.
D. A phase-locked loop. 27. The effective speed of a recording
E. A radio-frequency power or playback head with respect to the
amplifier. data on a tape can be maximized by
19. Which of the following devices always making the tracks:
uses an IC as one of its main active A. Parallel with the edges of
components? the tape.
A. A radio-frequency power B. Perpendicular to the edges of
amplifier. the tape.
B. A digital computer. C. Slanted with respect to the
C. A low-level audio amplifier. edges of the tape.
D. A power transformer. D. Elliptically polarized.
E. An impedance matching network. E. Rectangularly polarized.
20. Which type of amplifier circuit 28. A simple power supply filter can
provides the greatest efficiency? be built with:
A. Class A. A. A capacitor in series with
B. Class AB. the dc output.
C. Class B. B. An inductor in parallel with
D. Class C. the dc output.
E. Any of the above can be as C. A rectifier in parallel with
efficient as any other. the dc output.
21. ASCII is a form of: D. A resistor in series and an
A. Video modulation. inductor in parallel with the dc
B. Diode. output.
C. Teleprinter code. E. A capacitor in parallel with
D. Voice modulation. the dc output.
E. AM detector. 29. Which of the following bipolar-
22. The most stable type of oscillator transistor circuits can, in theory,
circuit uses: provide the most amplification?
A. A tapped coil. A. Common emitter.
B. A split capacitor. B. Common base.
C. Negative feedback. C. Common collector.
D. A common-base arrangement. D. Common gate.
E. A quartz crystal. E. Common drain.
23. If the source-gate junction in an FET 30. Magnetic fields within ICs can
conducts: store data in a device called:
A. It is a sign of improper bias. A. Magnetic media.
B. The device will work in class C. B. IC memory.
C. The device will oscillate. C. Tape memory.
D. The device will work in class A. D. Bubble memory.
E. The circuit will have good E. Random-access memory.
stability. 31. An example of a device that
24. The octal number system uses modulo: commonly oscillates is:
A. 2. A. A rectifier diode.
B. 8. B. A weak-signal diode.
C. 10. C. A Gunn diode.
D. 12. D. A Zener diode.
E. 16. E. An avalanche diode.
32. In a PNP bipolar transistor: 39. An amplifier has an output signal
A. The collector is positive voltage that is 35 times the input
relative to the emitter. signal voltage. This is a gain of:
B. The collector is at the same A. 15 dB.
voltage as the emitter. B. 31 dB.
C. The collector is negative C. 35 dB.
relative to the emitter. D. 350 dB.
D. The collector might be either E. 700 dB.
positive or negative relative to the 40. In an exclusive OR gate, the
emitter. output is high:
E. The collector must be at ground A. If any input is high.
potential. B. Only when all inputs are low.
33. In a cathode-ray tube (CRT), the term C. If any input is low.
electrostatic deflection means: D. Only when all inputs are
A. The device is not working high.
correctly. E. Only when the inputs have
B. Static electricity is distorting opposite logic states.
the image. 41. A ratio detector is a circuit for
C. The beam is bent by an electric demodulating:
field. A. AM.
D. The beam is bent by coils B. PM.
carrying a variable current. C. FM.
E. Nothing! There is no such thing D. SSB.
as electrostatic deflection in a E. AFSK.
CRT. 42. In a radio-frequency power
34. Which type of modulation consists of amplifier using a vacuum tube,
one voice sideband, with a suppressed stability can be enhanced by using a
carrier? circuit in which the following
A. AM. electrode is at RF ground potential:
B. SSB. A. The cathode.
C. FM. B. The plate.
D. RTTY. C. The filament.
E. PCM. D. The control grid.
35. A type of electron tube that can be E. The screen grid.
used to generate microwave energy is: 43. A method of modulation in which
A. A triode. the strength of pulses varies is
B. An oscillotron. called:
C. A cathode-ray tube. A. Pulse amplitude modulation.
D. A videotron. B. Pulse position modulation.
E. A magnetron. C. Pulse frequency modulation.
36. In an AND gate, the output is high: D. Pulse ratio modulation.
A. If any input is high. E. Pulse width modulation.
B. Only when all inputs are low. 44. Boolean algebra is:
C. If any input is low. A. Just like ordinary algebra.
D. Only when all inputs are high. B. A useful tool in digital
E. Only when the inputs have logic circuit design.
opposite logic states. C. Used to calculate the value
37. A voltage-controlled oscillator makes of an unknown.
use of: D. Used with negative logic
A. A varactor diode. only.
B. A Zener diode. E. Used with positive logic
C. Negative feedback. only.
D. A split capacitance. 45. A voltage-doubler power supply is
E. Adjustable gate or base bias. best for use in:
38. Which of the following is not an A. Circuits that need low
advantage of a transistor over a vacuum current at high voltage.
tube? B. Low-voltage devices.
A. Smaller size. C. High-current appliances.
B. Lighter weight. D. All kinds of electronic
C. Less heat generation. equipment.
D. Lower operating voltages. E. Broadcast transmitter power
E. Higher power-handling capacity. amplifiers.
46. An optoisolator consists of:
A. Two Zener diodes back to back.
B. An LED and a photodiode.
C. Two NPN transistors in series.
D. An NPN transistor followed by a
PNP transistor.
E. A PNP transistor followed by an
NPN transistor.
47. When a semiconductor is reverse-biased
with a large enough voltage, it will
conduct. This is because of:
A. Bias effect.
B. Avalanche effect.
C. Forward breakover.
D. An excess of charge carriers.
E. Conduction effect.
48. Synchronizing pulses in a video
A. Keep the brightness constant.
B. Keep the contrast constant.
C. Keep the image from tearing or
D. Ensure that the colors are right.
E. Keep the image in good focus.
49. In an enhancement-mode MOSFET:
A. The channel conducts fully with
zero gate bias.
B. The channel conducts partially
with zero gate bias.
C. The channel conducts ac but not
D. The channel conducts dc but not
E. The channel does not conduct with
zero gate bias.
50. In a step-up power transformer:
A. The primary voltage is more than
the secondary voltage.
B. The secondary voltage is more
than the primary voltage.
C. The primary and secondary
voltages are the same.
D. The secondary must be center-
E. The primary must be center-
A good score is at least 37 correct.
Answers are in the back of the book. Its
best to
have a friend check your score the first
time, so you wont memorize the answers if
you want to take the test again.
Chapter 31 Acoustics, audio, and high fidelity D. All of the sound power is
1. Acoustics is important in the design of: concentrated at a single frequency.
A. Amplifier power supplies. 10. Vinyl disks are:
B. Speaker enclosures. A. Susceptible to physical damage.
C. Cables that connect components of a B. Useful primarily in high-power
hi-fi system together. sound systems.
D. Graphic equalizers. C. Digital media.
2. Electromagnetic interference to a hi-fi D. Preferred for off-the-air sound
amplifier can be caused by: recording.
A. A nearby radio broadcast station. 11. If an amplifier introduces severe
B. Improperly designed receiving distortion in the waveforms of input
antennas. signals, then that amplifier is:
C. Excessive utility voltage. A. Not delivering enough power.
D. Improper balance between the left and B. Operating at the wrong frequency.
right channels. C. Operating in a nonlinear fashion.
3. The midrange audio frequencies: D. Being underdriven.
A. Are halfway between the lowest and 12. If a 10-watt amplifier is used with
highest audible frequencies. speakers designed for a 100-watt amplifier:
B. Represent sounds whose volume levels A. The speakers are capable of
are not too loud or too soft. handling the amplifier output.
C. Are above the treble range but below B. The amplifier might be damaged by
the bass range. the speakers.
D. Are between approximately 0.2 and 2 C. Electromagnetic interference is
kHz. likely to occur.
4. An indoor concert hall such that sound D. The speakers are likely to
reaches every listeners ears perfectly at all produce distortion of the sound.
audio frequencies requires: 13. Which of the following frequencies
A. A suspended ceiling with acoustical cannot be received by an AM/FM tuner?
tile completely covering it. A. 830 kHz.
B. Numerous baffles on the walls and B. 95.7 kHz.
ceiling. C. 100.1 MHz.
C. A level of engineering beyond D. 107.3 MHz.
reasonable expectation. 14. A woofer:
D. Avoidance of excessive background A. Is especially useful for
noise. reproducing the sounds of barking
5. A sound volume change of _3 dB represents: dogs.
A. A doubling of acoustic power. B. Is designed to handle short,
B. A threefold increase in acoustic intense bursts of sound.
power. C. Should not be used with a graphic
C. A tenfold increase in acoustic power. equalizer.
D. No change in acoustic power. D. Is designed to reproduce low-
6. A sound whose wavelength is 6 in in the air frequency sounds.
has a frequency of: 15. Suppose you have an amateur radio
A. 550 Hz. station and its transmitter causes EMI to
B. 1100 Hz. your hi-fi system. Which of the following
C. 2200 Hz. would almost certainly not help?
D. It is impossible to calculate from A. Buy a radio transmitter that
this information. works on the same frequencies with
7. A sound wave that travels at 335 m per the same
second has a frequency of: power output, but is made by a
A. 335 Hz. different manufacturer.
B. 3350 Hz. B. Reduce the transmitter output
C. 33.5 Hz. power.
D. It is impossible to calculate from C. Use shielded speaker wires in the
this information. hi-fi system.
8. The relative phase of two acoustic waves, as D. Move the radio transmitting
they arrive at your ears, can affect: antenna to a location farther away
A. How loud the sound seems. from the hifi system.
B. The direction from which the sound 16. A tape recording head:
seems to be coming. A. Converts sound waves to radio
C. Both A and B. signals.
D. Neither A nor B. B. Converts sound waves to
9. In an acoustic sine wave: fluctuating electric current.
A. The frequency and phase are C. Converts audio-frequency currents
identical. to a fluctuating magnetic field.
B. The sound power is inversely D. Converts direct current to audio-
proportional to the frequency. frequency currents.
C. The sound power is directly 17. A microphone:
proportional to the frequency. A. Converts sound waves to radio
B. Converts sound waves to fluctuating
electric current.
C. Converts audio-frequency currents to
a fluctuating magnetic field.
D. Converts direct current to audio-
frequency currents.
18. An audio mixer:
A. Cannot match impedances.
B. Cannot make an amplifier more
C. Will eliminate EMI.
D. Allows a microphone to be used as a
19. Which of the following media or devices use
digital-to-analog conversion?
A. A CD player.
B. A speaker.
C. A microphone.
D. A vinyl disk.
20. Phase quadrature is sometimes used to:
A. Increase the output from a
B. Reduce the susceptibility of a hi-fi
system to EMI.
C. Create the illusion of four-channel
stereo when there are really only two
D. Convert an analog signal to a digital
signal, or vice-versa.
Chapter 32 Wireless and personal communications C. 1 to 10 meters.
systems D. 10 to 100 meters.
1. A network that employs one powerful 9. In general, as the noise level in a
central computer and several PCs is wireless system increases:
called: A. Stronger incoming signals are
A. A wireless network. needed to overcome it.
B. A local-area network. B. Weaker signals can be
C. A client-server network. received.
D. A peer-to-peer network. C. The temperature of the system
2. Infrared and optical wireless links rises.
work best: D. The bandwidth of the system
A. Over distances exceeding 1000 increases.
miles. 10. In a spectrum analyzer, the
B. On a line of sight. horizontal axis shows:
C. At low radio frequencies. A. Voltage.
D. In situations with high levels of B. Power.
noise. C. Frequency.
3. Which of the following devices or D. Time.
systems is not generally considered 11. A device consisting of a receiver
wireless? and transmitter in the same box is
A. A remote-control garage-door called a:
opener. A. Modem.
B. An amateur radio station. B. Transverter.
C. A beeper/pager. C. Transceiver.
D. A telephone set that requires a D. Transponder.
wall jack. 12. The use of direction-finding
4. A noise blanker can improve the quality equipment to determine the latitude
of: and longitude of a radio transmitter
A. Radio reception. is an example of:
B. Radio transmission. A. Radiolocation.
C. Infrared reception. B. IR wireless.
D. Infrared transmission. C. The Global Positioning
5. In the United States, a license is System.
required for: D. Packet radio.
A. Receiving on amateur-radio 13. A LAN in which each users
frequencies. computer stores its own data is
B. Transmitting on amateur-radio called:
frequencies. A. A wireless LAN.
C. Using infrared wireless devices. B. A wide-area LAN.
D. Using a wireless automobile C. LAN topology.
security system. D. A peer-to-peer LAN.
6. Noise in a wireless receiver can be 14. Which of the following constitutes
minimized by: illegal use of ham radio?
A. Raising the temperature to very A. Selling cars by broadcasting
high values. prices to other hams.
B. Reducing the temperature to very B. Talking about the weather and
low values. exchanging local forecasts.
C. Maximizing the amplification. C. Talking about who might be
D. Minimizing the relative humidity. the next president of the United
7. As the data speed increases in a States.
wireless system, all other factors being D. Connecting a radio to the
equal: Internet.
A. The signal bandwidth increases. 15. An electromagnetic wave can be
B. The signal bandwidth decreases. considered to fall in the shortwave
C. The overall noise level band if its free-space wavelength is:
increases. A. 55 kilometers.
D. The overall noise level B. 55 meters.
decreases. C. 55 centimeters.
8. The term shortwave, in reference to D. 55 millimeters.
radio, refers to signals having 16. In a cellular network, a base
wavelengths of approximately: station is sometimes called a:
A. 10 to 100 millimeters. A. Transceiver.
B. 100 millimeters to 1 meter. B. Cell.
C. Repeater.
D. Cell phone.
17. An advantage of conventional hard-
wired telephone over cellular is:
A. Privacy.
B. Portability.
C. Ease of use in a car.
D. LAN topology.
18. An advantage of cellular over
conventional hard-wired telephone is:
A. Security.
B. Lower cost.
C. Mobility.
D. Data speed.
19. Infrared waves are:
A. Longer than radio waves.
B. Longer than visible-light waves.
C. Shorter than visible-light waves.
D. Inaccurately named; they are
really heat rays.
20. The GPS might be useful:
A. For improving the performance of
a LAN.
B. For increasing the data speed in
a wireless system.
C. For minimizing noise in a
wireless system.
D. To a motorist who is lost.
Chapter 33 Computers and the Internet D. A picture element in a
1. One megabyte is the same amount of data computer monitor.
as: 11. A motherboard contains:
A. 1024 bytes. A. A microprocessor.
B. 1024 KB. B. An external modem.
C. 1024 GB. C. A diskette drive.
D. 1/1024 KB. D. A display screen.
2. The Web would probably work fastest for 12. Cross-referencing among web pages
a user in New York at: is done with:
A. 2:00 a.m. local time on a A. Digital signal processing.
Tuesday. B. A modem.
B. 4:00 p.m. local time on a C. Internet relay chat (IRC).
Wednesday. D. Links.
C. 12:30 p.m. local time on a 13. The abbreviation FTP stands for:
Thursday. A. Fast Text Packet.
D. Any of the above times; it does B. File Transfer Protocol.
not matter. C. Frequency/Time Processing.
3. Image resolution can be specified in D. Federal Trade Program.
terms of: 14. A telephone modem contains:
A. Megahertz. A. An internal hard drive.
B. Color intensity. B. A microprocessor.
C. Wavelength. C. An A/D converter.
D. Dot pitch. D. A printer interface.
4. A cluster is a unit of: 15. An asset of a dot-matrix printer
A. Frequency on a hard drive. is:
B. Data on the Internet. A. Low operating cost.
C. Data on a hard drive. B. Excellent image detail.
D. Bandwidth on the Internet. C. Resemblance to a photocopy
5. An example of a mass-storage device is machine.
a: D. Compatibility with most
A. Hard drive. modems.
B. Microprocessor. 16. Which of the following types of
C. Modem. mass storage provide the fastest
D. Read-write head. access time?
6. The character string A. Magnetic tape. might represent: B. CD-ROM.
A. A Web site. C. Flash memory.
B. The location of data in memory. D. Hard drive.
C. An e-mail address. 17. Which of the following is a
D. A computers serial number. serial-access medium?
7. Bits per second (bps) is a unit of: A. Computer memory.
A. Computer memory. B. Magnetic tape.
B. Mass storage. C. A hard drive.
C. Image resolution. D. CD-ROM.
D. Data speed. 18. When computer data is sent over
8. A platter is a: long-distance telephone circuits, the
A. Part of a hard drive. digital highs and lows are generally
B. Unit of memory. represented by:
C. Element of a digital image. A. Audio tones.
D. Semiconductor chip. B. A series of clicks.
9. Protocol ensures that: C. Positive and negative direct
A. A hard drive runs smoothly. currents.
B. A monitor reproduces color D. Pixels.
accurately. 19. For animated graphics involving
C. A printer generates a clear fast motion, you should ideally use:
image. A. A laser printer.
D. Computers can exchange data. B. A hard drive.
10. A packet is: C. Hypertext.
A. A computer memory module. D. A noninterlaced monitor.
B. A unit of 210 bytes. 20. A thermal printer might be the
C. A piece of a file sent over the best type of printer for:
Net. A. Someone who travels a lot.
B. Someone who works with animated
C. Someone who needs to print huge
text documents.
D. Someone who needs top-quality
Chapter 34 Robotics and artificial C. Distance measurement.
intelligence D. Machine vision.
1. An android takes the form of: 11. A telechir is used in conjunction
A. An insect. with:
B. A human body. A. An automated guided vehicle.
C. A simple robot arm. B. Telepresence.
D. Binocular vision. C. An insect robot.
2. According to Asimovs three laws, under D. An autonomous robot.
what circumstances is it all right for a 12. An absolute limit to the distance
robot to injure a human being? over which teleoperation is practical
A. Never. is imposed by:
B. When the human being specifically A. The speed of light.
requests it. B. The image resolution of the
C. In case of an accident. vision system.
D. In case the robot controller is C. The ability of a robot to
infected with a computer virus. determine texture.
3. Second-generation robots first were D. All of the above.
used around the year: 13. Rodney Brooks is best known for
A. 1950. his work with:
B. 1960. A. Epipolar navigation.
C. 1970. B. Binocular vision.
D. 1980. C. Range sensing and plotting.
4. The extent to which a machine vision D. Insect robots.
system can differentiate between two 14. An asset of epipolar navigation is
objects is called the: the fact that it:
A. Magnification. A. Does not require binaural
B. Sensitivity. hearing.
C. Selectivity. B. Does not require a computer.
D. Resolution. C. Can be done from a single
5. An automotive robot might best keep observation frame.
itself traveling down a specific lane of D. Requires no reference points
traffic by using: at all.
A. Binaural hearing. 15. Spherical coordinates can uniquely
B. Epipolar navigation. define the position of a point in up
C. Edge detection. to:
D. A second-generation end effector. A. One dimension.
6. A rule-based system is also known as: B. Two dimensions.
A. Artificial intelligence. C. Three dimensions.
B. An expert system. D. Four dimensions.
C. An analytical engine. 16. The number of ways in which a
D. An automated guided vehicle. robot arm can move is known as:
7. A robot that has its own computer, and A. Degrees of rotation.
can work independently of other robots or B. Degrees of freedom.
computers, is called an: C. Degrees of arc.
A. Android. D. Coordinate geometry.
B. Insect robot. 17. The region throughout which a
C. Automated guided vehicle. robot arm can accomplish tasks is
D. Autonomous robot. called its:
8. A manipulator is also known as a: A. Coordinate geometry.
A. Track drive. B. Reference axis.
B. Robot arm. C. Reference frame.
C. Vision system. D. Work envelope.
D. Robot controller. 18. A robot arm that moves along three
9. An android is well suited for operation independent axes, each of which is
in: straight and perpendicular to the
A. Extreme weather conditions. other two, employs:
B. Total darkness. A. Revolute geometry.
C. An assembly line. B. Spherical coordinate
D. An environment with children. geometry.
10. Proximity sensing is most closely akin C. Cartesian coordinate
to: geometry.
A. Direction measurement. D. Cylindrical coordinate
B. Epipolar navigation. geometry.
19. A color vision system can use three
gray-scale cameras, equipped with filters
that allow which three colors of light to
A. Blue, red, and yellow.
B. Blue, red, and green.
C. Cyan, magenta, and yellow.
D. Orange, green, and violet.
20. A robot can determine the steepness of
a slope using a(n):
A. Epipolar navigation system.
B. Clinometer.
C. End effector.
D. Manipulator.
Test: Part Four E. The waveform of the
1. A machine vision system that uses two disturbance.
cameras to allow a robot to sense depth 8. Three-dimensional range plotting is
is: generally done in:
A. Binaural. A. Linear coordinates.
B. Binocular. B. Rectangular coordinates.
C. Monaural. C. Polar coordinates.
D. Monocular. D. Celestial coordinates.
E. High resolution. E. Spherical coordinates.
2. A VU meter contains a scale that 9. A form of communications in which
measures relative: either party can hear while
A. Decibels. talking, thus allowing one party to
B. Current. instantly interrupt the other at any
C. Voltage. time, is called:
D. Power. A. Half simplex.
E. Frequency. B. Full simplex.
3.. A fleet of insect robots generally C. Half duplex.
has: D. Full duplex.
A. Low individual intelligence but E. Nothing. There is no such
high group intelligence. mode of communications.
B. High individual intelligence but 10. Which of the following is an
low group intelligence. example of wireless technology?
C. Low individual intelligence and A. The Global Positioning
low group intelligence. System.
D. High individual intelligence and B. A field-effect transistor.
high group intelligence. C. A junction diode.
E. None of the above. D. A carbon-composition
4. When two or more audio sources drive a resistor.
single amplifier, it is good engineering E. Digital-to-analog conversion.
practice to use: 11. A satellite in a LEO system is
A. A synthesizer. usually:
B. An audio-frequency choke. A. At an altitude of 22,300
C. An audio mixer. miles.
D. A graphic equalizer. B. Geosynchronous.
E. A phase control. C. In a retrograde orbit.
5. The use of a stereo headset to listen D. In a polar orbit.
to music while driving: E. Midway between the earth and
A. Is good because it keeps the moon.
passengers from distracting the 12. Which consideration is the most
driver. important in a hi-fi audio amplifier?
B. Is dangerous. A. Power output.
C. Keeps the drivers mind on the B. Efficiency.
road. C. Linearity.
D. Is good because it prevents road D. Input impedance.
rage. E. Output impedance.
E. Is better than using car 13. The microprocessor in a computer
speakers. is part of the:
6. A quantitative measure of the ability A. Random-access memory.
of a machine vision system to detect dim B. Central processing unit.
light is its: C. Read-only memory.
A. Selectivity. D. Hard drive.
B. Resolution. E. Internet controller.
C. Sensitivity. 14. An RF transducer is:
D. Field of view. A. Sensitive only within the
E. Amplitude ratio. range of human hearing.
7. The pitch of an audio sine-wave tone B. Sensitive only to visible
depends on: light.
A. The amplitude of the disturbance. C. An antenna.
B. The frequency of the disturbance. D. An analog-to-digital
C. The polarization of the converter.
disturbance. E. A digital-to-analog
D. The medium through which the converter.
sound travels. 15. Vacuum tubes might be found in:
A. A portable headset tape player. D. Node.
B. The amplifier used by a band at a E. Destination.
rock concert. 23. The term refresh rate refers to:
C. A meter for measuring sound A. The number of times per
intensity. second that an image is renewed
D. A robot controller. in a computer
E. A GPS receiver. display.
16. One kilobyte is the same amount of B. The number of times per
data as: second that a computer memory
A. 1024 bits. contents change.
B. 1024 kilobits. C. The speed at which files on a
C. 1024 megabits. hard drive are overwritten.
D. 1024 gigabits. D. The number of bits per second
E. None of the above. transferred in an Internet
17. Hexaphonic sound is not common, but if connection.
it were, it would most likely be used for: E. The time it takes to recharge
A. True three-dimensional hi-fi a nickel-cadmium electrochemical
audio reproduction. cell.
B. Two-way radio communications. 24. The brain of a computer is the:
C. Ensuring that an AM/FM tuner can A. Hard drive.
receive at least six stations. B. Controller.
D. Improving the dynamic range of a C. Microprocessor.
speaker system. D. CD-ROM.
E. Robot control. E. Monitor.
18. Range sensing and range plotting are 25. On a computer hard drive, the
basically the same thing except for the: circular tracks are broken into arcs
A. Light-detecting sensitivity. called:
B. Image resolution. A. Clusters.
C. Selectivity. B. Bytes.
D. Wavelength at which the system C. Sectors.
functions. D. Divisions.
E. Number of dimensions involved. E. Storage units.
19. In a component-type hi-fi system, 26. A robot arm moves in three
cables connecting the various units should dimensions according to a polar
be: coordinate scheme
A. As long as possible. with a linear elevation dimension
B. Single-conductor only. added. This is called:
C. Connected in parallel. A. Spherical coordinate
D. Shielded whenever possible. geometry.
E. Connected in series. B. Rectangular coordinate
20. A radio antenna receives 50 watts of geometry.
RF power from a transmitter, and radiates C. Cartesian coordinate
49 watts of that power into space. Which geometry.
of the following statements is true? D. Concentric coordinate
A. The antenna is 98 percent geometry.
efficient. E. Cylindrical coordinate
B. The loss resistance is 1 ohm. geometry.
C. The loss resistance is 1 percent. 27. In a volatile memory chip:
D. The ground loss is 1 watt. A. The stored data is retained
E. The antenna feed line loss is 1 even when power is removed.
watt. B. The stored data vanishes when
21. The technical expression for robot-arm power is removed.
joint flexibility is: C. The stored data capacity is
A. Degrees of rotation. greater than that of a hard
B. Radians of rotation. drive.
C. Degrees of flexibility. D. The stored data capacity
D. Manipulator flexibility. declines with the passage of
E. The work envelope. time.
22. In an Internet connection, the E. The reliability has
receiving computer is also known as the: deteriorated and the chip should
A. Server. be replaced.
B. Host.
C. Peer.
28. At low volume levels in an audio 35. Signal-plus-noise-to-noise ratio
amplifier system, the dynamic range is (S_N/N) is often specified when
limited primarily by the: stating a receivers:
A. Input impedance. A. Selectivity.
B. Efficiency. B. Stability.
C. Input power. C. Modulation coefficient.
D. Noise level. D. Sensitivity.
E. Frequency. E. Polarization.
29. In a wireless system, noise always: 36. A platter is a part of a device
A. Improves the bandwidth. known as:
B. Increases data transfer rate. A. A videotape recorder.
C. Reduces the transmitted signal B. A ceramic filter.
power. C. Tape memory.
D. Degrades performance. D. A hard drive.
E. Makes communication or data E. A voltage-controlled
transfer impossible. oscillator.
30. The noise level in a wireless receiver 37. Which type of modulation consists
can be reduced using: of one voice sideband, with a
A. A more powerful final amplifier. suppressed carrier?
B. A grounded-grid configuration. A. AM.
C. Cryotechnology. B. SSB.
D. The Global Positioning System. C. FM.
E. A large antenna. D. RTTY.
31. Image resolution is an important E. PCM.
specification in: 38. In a machine vision system,
A. Oscillators. enhanced sensitivity often involves a
B. Computer monitors. sacrifice in the:
C. Receiver sensitivity. A. Image resolution.
D. Rectifier diodes. B. Memory capacity.
E. Superheterodyne receivers. C. Data speed.
32. According to Asimovs laws, a robot D. Short-wavelength response.
must obey all orders from humans: E. Long-wavelength response.
A. No matter what. 39. A machine hearing system can best
B. As long as nobody gets hurt or identify the sort of device or object
killed as a result. producing a sound by analyzing the:
C. As long as the power is on. A. Distance to the sound source.
D. Unless its controller is infected B. Direction from which the
with a computer virus. sound is coming.
E. As long as it does not cause the C. Duration of the sound.
robot controller to crash. D. Number of sources from which
33. The use of a cell phone is prohibited the sound is coming.
in a commercial aircraft in flight E. Waveform of the sound.
because: 40. A ratio detector is a circuit for
A. It can annoy other passengers. demodulating:
B. It can interfere with other A. AM.
peoples cell phones. B. HM.
C. The interior of the aircraft C. FM.
produces a dangerous RF resonant cavity. D. SSB.
D. It wont work anyhow. E. AFSK.
E. It can interfere with flight 41. A belt drive might be found in a:
instruments and communications. A. Synthesized AM/FM tuner.
34. A satellite can remain over the same B. Robotic vision system.
spot on the earths surface at all times: C. CD player.
A. Only if it orbits at an altitude D. Graphic equalizer.
of 22,300 miles. E. Turntable.
B. Only if it is a member of a LEO 42. A robot can be considered
fleet. autonomous if:
C. Only if its orbit is retrograde. A. It is self-contained.
D. Only if its orbit is polar. B. It has its own computer
E. Never. An orbiting satellite system.
always moves relative to the earths C. It does not rely on a central
surface. computer to receive its
D. Conditions A, B, and C are all C. An agreement between nations
true. concerning data protocols.
E. Any one of conditions A, B, or C D. Another name for the Global
is true. Positioning System.
43. Sound waves in air consist of: E. A satellite television
A. Fluctuating magnetic fields. network.
B. Fluctuating electric fields. 50. Synchronizing pulses in a video
C. Fluctuating electric and magnetic signal:
fields. A. Keep the brightness constant.
D. Vibrating electron orbits. B. Keep the contrast constant.
E. Vibrating molecules. C. Keep the image from rolling.
44. An AM/FM hi-fi tuner that derives its D. Ensure that the colors are
frequency from a quartz crystal and phase- right.
locking circuits is said to be: E. Keep the image in good focus.
A. Broadband.
B. Synthesized.
C. Phased.
D. Modulated.
E. Analog.
45. Epipolar navigation is a means by
which a machine can locate objects and
a course in:
A. The total darkness of the deep
B. A straight line.
C. Three-dimensional space.
D. A circular path.
E. The north and south polar regions
46. The term robot generation refers to:
A. The time period in which a
particular type of robot was
B. A robot-controlled electric power
C. The manufacture of robots by
other robots.
D. The manufacture of robots by
human beings.
E. The number of times a robot has
copied itself.
47. Which word best completes the
following sentence? The human ear/brain
perceives sound volume according to the
_________ of the actual intensity.
A. Sum.
B. Product.
C. Square.
D. Square root.
E. Logarithm.
48. Human eyes can see electromagnetic
radiation over a wavelength range of
A. 390 to 750 meters.
B. 390 to 750 millimeters.
C. 390 to 750 micrometers.
D. 390 to 750 nanometers.
E. 390 to 750 kilometers.
49. The World Wide Web is:
A. Part of the Internet.
B. A company that manufactures
communications equipment.
Final Exam 9. The output electrode of a bipolar
1. As the frequency of ac increases in a transistor is usually the:
coil, the reactance: A. Grid.
A. Gets larger negatively. B. Gate.
B. Gets smaller negatively. C. Base.
C. Stays the same. D. Source.
D. Gets larger positively. E. Collector.
E. Gets smaller positively. 10. The schematic symbol for an op amp
2. A beat-frequency oscillator is useful is:
for: A. A triangle.
A. Generating FM. B. A circle.
B. Detecting FM. C. A circle with a line through
C. Generating CW. it.
D. Detecting CW. D. A rectangle.
E. Any of the above. E. A D-shaped figure.
3. A Colpitts circuit is a form of: 11. For a given value of capacitance,
A. Amplifier. as the frequency goes down, the
B. Detector. reactance:
C. Modulator. A. Approaches zero from the
D. Oscillator. negative side.
E. Rectifier. B. Gets more and more negative.
4. The high component density of C. Approaches zero from the
integrated circuits acts to: positive side.
A. Maximize the power output. D. Gets more and more positive.
B. Increase the current drain. E. Stays the same.
C. Increase the voltage 12. In a 360-Hz wave, a degree of
requirements. phase represents:
D. Increase the operating speed. A. 1.00 second.
E. Reduce the frequency range. B. 1/360 second.
5. A utility meter generally measures: C. 360 milliseconds.
A. Watts. D. 7.72 microseconds.
B. Amperes. E. A quantity you cant
C. Kilowatt hours. calculate from this data.
D. Kilowatts. 13. A device that converts visible
E. Volt hours. light into dc is:
6. High voltages are better than low A. A phototransistor.
voltages for long-distance electric power B. A photovoltaic cell.
transmission because: C. An optovoltaic cell.
A. The lines can better withstand D. An optocell.
lightning strokes. E. An optoisolator.
B. The magnetic fields are weaker. 14. Which of the following is not an
C. The electric fields are weaker. example of wireless?
D. The I2R losses are lower. A. The connection between a
E. No. Low voltages are better. computer and its monitor.
7. A member of a fleet of robots, all B. A cellular telephone system.
under the control of a single central C. The Global Positioning
computer and able to communicate only with System.
that computer and not with each other, is D. A beeper.
called: E. A LEO satellite system.
A. An android. 15. A circuit has a battery of 3.0 V
B. An autonomous robot. and a bulb with a resistance of 12.0
C. A dependent robot. ohms. The current through the bulb is:
D. An independent robot. A. 36 A.
E. An insect robot. B. 4.0 A.
8. An advantage of a laser printer over a C. 250 mA.
dot-matrix printer for computer D. 40 mA.
applications is: E. 36 mA.
A. Lower cost. 16. A small 9-V battery might be used
B. Superior image quality. to provide power to:
C. Greater bandwidth. A. An electronic calculator.
D. Lower resolution. B. A personal computer.
E. Better voltage regulation. C. A radio transmitter.
D. An electric iron.
E. Any of the above. C. Drain.
17. In an AM voice signal, the audio D. Source-drain junction.
information is: E. Channel.
A. Exactly at the carrier frequency. 24. In a rectifier diode, current
B. Contained in sidebands. flows for approximately how much of
C. At harmonics of the carrier the ac cycle?
frequency. A. 360 degrees.
D. Rectified before being impressed B. 270 degrees.
onto the carrier. C. 180 degrees.
E. Detected before being impressed D. 90 degrees.
onto the carrier. E. 45 degrees.
18. The oscillating frequency of a quartz 25. A millivolt is:
crystal can be varied slightly by: A. 103 V.
A. Changing the bias on the B. 10_3 V.
transistor. C. 106 V.
B. Changing the voltage across the D. 10_6 V.
varactor. E. 10_9 V.
C. Reversing the power supply 26. The reciprocal of reactance is
polarity. called:
D. Placing a small variable A. Impedance.
capacitor across the crystal. B. Conductance.
E. No. The frequency of a crystal C. Resistance.
cannot be changed at all. D. Admittance.
19. When several resistances are connected E. Susceptance.
in series: 27. Another name for joules per second
A. The current is the same through is:
each one. A. Volts.
B. The voltage is the same across B. Amperes.
each one. C. Ohms.
C. Both A and B are true. D. Gilberts.
D. Neither A nor B is true. E. Watts.
E. They must all have the same 28. In a pure inductance:
value. A. Current lags voltage by 90
20. In a power supply, resistors are degrees.
sometimes connected in series with the B. Current lags voltage by less
diodes in order to: than 90 degrees.
A. Increase the current output. C. Current and voltage are in
B. Protect the diodes against surge phase.
currents. D. Current leads voltage by 90
C. Help the diodes discharge. degrees.
D. Bleed charge from the filter E. Current leads voltage by 180
capacitors. degrees.
E. Regulate the output voltage. 29. A form of microwave electron tube
21. In a purely resistive impedance, there is:
is: A. A cavity resonator.
A. A net capacitance. B. A triode.
B. A net inductance. C. A Klystron.
C. Zero resistance. D. A cathode-ray tube.
D. Zero reactance. E. None of the above.
E. Zero conductance. 30. Magnetic lines of flux are
22. Two 400-_H inductors are connected in generally:
series. There is no mutual inductance. The A. Parallel with the flow of
total inductance is: electric current.
A. 100 _H. B. In the plane of the electric
B. 200 _H. current.
C. 400 _H. C. At right angles to the flow
D. 800 _H. of current.
E. 1.6 mH. D. At a 45 degree angle to the
23. The current-carrying part of a field- flow of current.
effect transistor, analogous to a garden E. Impossible to predict as to
hose in some ways, is called the: their direction.
A. Source. 31. A class-A amplifier conducts
B. Gate. during how much of the input cycle?
A. Less than 90 degrees. A. Carbon composition.
B. 90180 degrees. B. Wirewound.
C. 180270 degrees. C. Silver mica.
D. 270360 degrees. D. Reactive.
E. 360 degrees. E. Tantalum.
32. An advantage of parallel data transfer 40. An advantage of machine vision
over serial transfer is: over human vision is the fact that:
A. Higher speed. A. Machines can see at
B. Narrower bandwidth. wavelengths to which human eyes
C. Lower frequency. are blind.
D. Higher power. B. Machine vision systems have
E. Better signal-to-noise ratio. equal sensitivity at all
33. One way to keep interelectrode wavelengths.
capacitance to a minimum is to: C. Machine vision can measure
A. Use only electrolytic capacitors. pressure.
B. Avoid the use of sheet metal. D. Machine vision engineers need
C. Use batteries as the source of not take image resolution into
power. account.
D. Keep wire leads short. E. Machine vision engineers need
E. Use air-core transformers. not take sensitivity into account.
34. One advantage of ac (compared with dc) 41. A logic circuit has an output 0
as a source of utility power is that: when the input is 1, and vice versa.
A. It can be used at safer voltage This is:
levels. A. A NOR gate.
B. It can be easily stepped up or B. An AND gate.
down in voltage. C. A NOT gate.
C. There is lower transmission line D. An XOR gate.
loss. E. An XNOR gate.
D. The waveshape can be varied 42. A type of FM detector that has its
easily. limiter built in is:
E. Higher voltages can be used. A. A balanced modulator.
35. An element of matter: B. A beat-frequency oscillator.
A. Is a good conductor. C. An envelope detector.
B. Has a unique number of protons. D. A product detector.
C. Is an insulator. E. A ratio detector.
D. Makes a good electronic 43. Which of the following materials
component. is/are commonly used as a
E. Can be fabricated onto an IC semiconductor?
chip. A. Silver-mica.
36. A transformer quadruples the ac B. Ferrite.
voltage. The primary-to-secondary C. Gallium arsenide.
impedance ratio is therefore: D. Tantalum.
A. 1:16. E. All of the above.
B. 1:4. 44. In an NPN bipolar transistor
C. 1:1. circuit:
D. 4:1. A. The dc collector voltage is
E. 16:1. negative.
37. Frequency multiplication is possible B. The output is taken from the
with a semiconductor diode because the base.
diode is: C. The dc collector voltage is
A. Amplifying. positive.
B. Detecting. D. The output is taken from the
C. Forward-biased. drain.
D. Reverse-biased. E. Negative feedback must be
E. Nonlinear. used.
38. An ammeter measures: 45. A simple power supply filter can
A. Current. be made using:
B. Voltage. A. A capacitor in parallel with
C. Resistance. the rectifier output.
D. Power. B. A resistor in parallel with
E. Energy. the rectifier output.
39. A good type of resistor to use in a C. An inductor in parallel with
radio amplifier is: the rectifier output.
D. A capacitor in series with the E. Ohms per ampere.
rectifier output. 53. A complementary-metal-oxide-
E. A resistor in series with the semiconductor (CMOS) IC:
rectifier output. A. Employs diodes and NPN
46. If an ac admittance contains finite, transistors on a single chip.
nonzero resistance and finite, nonzero B. Employs N-channel and P-
susceptance: channel FETs on a single chip.
A. The impedance is a pure C. Uses two chips connected
resistance. together in a special way.
B. The impedance is zero. D. Uses resistors and PNP
C. The resistance is zero. transistors on a single chip.
D. The impedance is complex. E. Consists of metal oxide
E. No. An ac admittance cannot sandwiched between two layers of
contain susceptance. P-type material.
47. Three resistances are in parallel, 54. A piano sounds different than a
with values of 100, 200, and 300 ohms. The saxophone, even if the notes are at
current through the 200-ohm resistor is the same frequency, because of a
500 mA. What is the voltage across the difference in:
whole combination? A. Bias.
A. There isnt enough information to B. Waveform.
figure it out. C. Voltage.
B. 400 V. D. Current.
C. 400 mV. E. The way you imagine it.
D. 100 V. 55. Inductances in parallel, assuming
E. 100 mV. there is no mutual inductance, add up
48. As the frequency of ac increases, the like:
reactance of an inductor: A. Resistances in series.
A. Remains constant. B. Resistances in parallel.
B. Becomes small positively. C. Capacitances in parallel.
C. Becomes small negatively. D. Batteries in parallel.
D. Becomes large negatively. E. No other type of electrical
E. Becomes large positively. component.
49. The rate of change in a quantity is 56. A reactance modulator produces:
called the: A. CW.
A. Effective value. B. AM.
B. Instantaneous value. C. SSB.
C. Average value. D. FM.
D. Peak value. E. PCM.
E. Derivative. 57. Antenna efficiency is:
50. The axis of the geomagnetic field: A. Usually more important in
A. Corresponds exactly with the transmitting systems than in
rotational axis. receiving systems.
B. Is slanted with respect to the B. The difference between the
rotational axis. input and output power.
C. Is perpendicular to the C. A direct function of the
rotational axis. noise in a transmitting system.
D. Runs parallel to lines of D. The proportion of input power
latitude. that gets converted into heat.
E. Is circular in shape. E. Highest when the transmitter
51. One of the main shortcomings of final amplifier is maximally
MOSFETs is that they: efficient.
A. Are easily damaged by static 58. In a parallel-resonant LC circuit,
electricity. the impedance is:
B. Require high voltages. A. Low and reactive.
C. Consume large amounts of current. B. High and reactive.
D. Have very low gain. C. Low and resistive.
E. Do not have good sensitivity. D. High and resistive.
52. Resistivity of wire can be specified E. Any of the above.
in: 59. In a resistance/inductance (RL)
A. Volts per ohm. series circuit:
B. Ohms per volt. A. Current lags voltage by 180
C. Ohms per meter. degrees.
D. Amperes per ohm.
B. Current lags voltage by 90 67. A memory that can be easily
degrees. accessed, but not written over, is
C. Current lags voltage by less than called:
90 degrees. A. RAM.
D. Current and voltage are in phase. B. PRAM.
E. Current leads voltage by 90 C. CMOS.
degrees. D. ROM.
60. In three-phase ac, the difference in E. CROM.
phase between any two waves is: 68. The capacitance between two
A. 30 degrees. parallel sheets of metal is:
B. 45 degrees. A. Directly proportional to the
C. 60 degrees. distance between them.
D. 90 degrees. B. Inversely proportional to the
E. 120 degrees. distance between them.
61. Electrostatic forces can be measured C. Not dependent on the distance
to directly indicate: between them.
A. Power. D. Inversely proportional to
B. Frequency. their surface area.
C. Current. E. Negligible unless the sheets
D. Resistance. are both gigantic.
E. Voltage. 69. The forward base bias in a
62. A circuit has a complex impedance of 9 transistor is increased until the
_ j12. The absolute-value impedance is: collector current
A. 15 ohms. levels off. This condition is:
B. 9 ohms. A. Cutoff.
C. 12 ohms. B. Saturation.
D. 21 ohms. C. Pinchoff.
E. Impossible to calculate from this D. Forward breakover.
data. E. Avalanche.
63. Three resistors, each of 30 ohms, are 70. An advantage of a LEO
connected in parallel. The net resistance communications satellite system over a
is: geostationary communications satellite
A. 90 ohms. is the fact that:
B. 60 ohms. A. The bandwidth is greater.
C. 33 ohms. B. The image resolution is
D. 10 ohms. superior.
E. Impossible to determine from the C. The satellites never change
data given. their position in the sky.
64. The logical statement X _ Y _ Y _ X D. Large, high-gain antennas are
depicts: not required.
A. The distributive property. E. The satellites orbit at
B. The associative property. higher altitudes.
C. The commutative property. 71. A coil has 20 mH of inductance.
D. The de Morgan theorem. What is the inductive reactance?
E. The behavior of a NOR gate. A. 20 ohms.
65. A cell that can be recharged, and B. 0.05 ohms.
therefore used again and again, is called: C. 50 ohms.
A. A secondary cell. D. 20k ohms.
B. A multiple-use cell. E. There isnt enough
C. A primary cell. information given here to figure
D. A tertiary cell. it out.
E. A battery. 72. What is an advantage of digital
66. A resistor has a positive temperature signal processing (DSP)?
coefficient of 1.00 percent per degree C. A. Improved signal-to-noise
If its value is 100 ohms at 20 degrees C, ratio.
what is its value at 25 degrees C? B. Enhanced fidelity.
A. 100 ohms. C. Improved intelligibility.
B. 105 ohms. D. Relative immunity to
C. 95 ohms. atmospheric noise.
D. 125 ohms. E. All of the foregoing.
E. It cant be calculated from this 73. A dc voltage-divider network is
data. made using:
A. Inductors.
B. Resistors. B. Unit of capacitive reactance.
C. Capacitors. C. Measure of transistor gain.
D. Bipolar transistors. D. Unit of phase.
E. FETs. E. Very large unit.
74. The electron volt is a unit of: 82. A diode that can be used as a
A. Voltage. variable capacitance is a:
B. Current. A. GaAsFET.
C. Power. B. Silicon rectifier.
D. Electric field strength. C. Point-contact diode.
E. Energy. D. Varactor.
75. A transformer has a primary-to- E. Germanium detector.
secondary turns ratio of 10:1. The input 83. Elements can join together to
is 120 V rms ac. The output is: form:
A. 12 kV rms ac. A. Ions.
B. 1.2 kV rms ac. B. Isotopes.
C. 120 V rms ac. C. Nuclei.
D. 12 V rms ac. D. Compounds.
E. 1.2 V rms ac. E. Majority carriers.
76. Wave X leads wave Y by 270 degrees. 84. The rms value for an ac wave is
This would be better expressed by saying also sometimes called the:
that: A. Absolute value.
A. Wave X lags wave Y by 90 degrees. B. Direct-current value.
B. Wave X lags wave Y by 180 C. Effective value.
degrees. D. Equivalent value.
C. Wave X lags wave Y by 270 E. Reactive value.
degrees. 85. The gigabyte is a unit commonly
D. Waves X and Y are out of phase. used as a measure of:
E. Waves X and Y are in phase. A. Data access time.
77. Which type of amplifier circuit has B. Data frequency.
the transistor or FET biased exactly at C. Data transfer speed.
cutoff or pinchoff when there is no signal D. Data storage capacity.
input? E. Data communications accuracy.
A. Class-A. 86. In a parallel combination of light
B. Class-AB. bulbs, if one bulb socket totally
C. Class-B. shorts out:
D. Class-C. A. The circuit had better have a
E. Class-D. fuse or a circuit breaker.
78. The term resolution might apply to: B. The other bulbs will burn
A. A hi-fi amplifier system. out.
B. A power supply. C. The other bulbs will dim
C. A machine vision system. slightly, but stay lit.
D. An NPN bipolar transistor. D. The current drawn from the
E. An electrolytic capacitor. source will decrease.
79. An audio oscillator that uses two E. None of the above.
amplifiers in cascade, with positive 87. A common lab multimeter cannot
feedback from the output of the second measure:
stage to the input of the first stage, is A. Current.
known as a: B. Frequency.
A. Colpitts circuit. C. Voltage.
B. Hartley circuit. D. Resistance.
C. Multivibrator. E. It can measure any of the
D. VCO. above.
E. Clapp circuit. 88. In a P-channel JFET:
80. The main factor that limits the A. The drain is positive with
frequency at which a P-N junction will respect to the source.
rectify is the: B. The gate must be grounded.
A. PIV rating. C. The majority carriers are
B. Junction capacitance. holes.
C. Junction resistance. D. The source receives the input
D. Junction inductance. signal.
E. Reverse bias current. E. All of the above are true.
81. The henry is a:
A. Very small unit.
89. If you place a bar of iron inside a D. Gauss.
cylindrical coil of wire, and then run dc E. Tesla.
through the wire, you have: 96. The output of an amplifier circuit
A. A rheostat. is 20 V and the input is 5.0 V. The
B. A permanent magnet. input and output impedances are
C. A flux meter. identical. The circuit thus has a gain
D. An electric generator. of:
E. An electromagnet. A. 4 dB.
90. Admittance is a quantity expressing: B. 6 dB.
A. Opposition to dc. C. 12 dB.
B. Opposition to audio signals. D. _4 dB.
C. Ease with which a circuit passes E. _6 dB.
ac. 97. An example of a device that
D. The ratio of capacitance to converts electrical energy into
inductance. visible radiant energy is:
E. The ratio of reactance to A. A photocell.
resistance. B. A phototransistor.
91. In a common-emitter bipolar-transistor C. A photovoltaic cell.
circuit: D. A light-emitting diode.
A. The collector is at signal E. A speaker.
ground. 98. What is the function of bleeder
B. The output is taken from the resistors in a power supply?
base. A. To regulate the current.
C. The emitter is at signal ground. B. To regulate the voltage.
D. The bases of two transistors are C. To protect the rectifier
connected together. diodes against electromagnetic
E. The output is taken from the interference.
emitter. D. To protect the rectifier
92. In a certain resistance-capacitance diodes against current surges.
(RC) circuit, the current leads the E. To discharge the filter
voltage by 45 degrees. The resistance is capacitors after the supply is
50 ohms. The capacitive reactance is: shut off.
A. 25 ohms. 99. A resistor of 100 ohms carries 333
B. _25 ohms. mA dc. The power dissipated by that
C. 50 ohms. resistor is:
D. _50 ohms. A. 300 mW.
E. Impossible to determine from this B. 3.33 W.
information. C. 33.3 W.
93. The VA power is equal to the true D. 3.33 W.
power only when: E. 11.1 W.
A. A circuit has no resistance. 100. The data in nonvolatile memory:
B. A circuit has no impedance. A. Is stored on magnetic disks.
C. A circuit has no reactance. B. Consists of analog waveforms.
D. The complex impedance is high. C. Is retained after the power
E. The phase angle is 45 degrees. is removed.
94. Binaural machine hearing can be D. Must pass through a modem
advantageous over monaural machine hearing before it can be understood by
because the binaural scheme: the CPU.
A. Allows a robot to measure the E. Cannot be used by a microprocessor.
frequency of a sound.
B. Allows a robot to determine the
amplitude of a sound.
C. Allows a robot to tell from which
direction a sound is coming.
D. Allows a robot to ascertain the
waveform of a sound.
E. Allows a robot to interpret
spoken commands.
95. The standard unit of inductance is
A. Farad.
B. Henry.
C. Gilbert.
Chapter 1 25. A 26. C 27. D 28. A
1. B 2. C 3. D 4. D 29. C 30. C 31. C 32. D
5. D 6. A 7. B 8. C 33. E 34. D 35. E 36. B
9. A 10. B 11. C 12. A 37. D 38. D 39. C 40. A
13. D 14. C 15. C 16. A 41. A 42. D 43. C 44. E
17. C 18. B 19. C 20. D 45. C 46. C 47. D 48. A
49. E 50. C
Chapter 2
1. B 2. C 3. D 4. B Chapter 9
5. C 6. A 7. C 8. C 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. C
9. A 10. D 11. D 12. A 5. D 6. D 7. A 8. B
13. B 14. B 15. C 16. D 9. C 10. B 11. D 12. B
17. B 18. C 19. A 20. C 13. B 14. D 15. D 16. A
17. C 18. C 19. D 20. A
Chapter 3
1. B 2. A 3. C 4. C Chapter 10
5. A 6. D 7. C 8. A 1. B 2. A 3. D 4. B
9. D 10. C 11. A 12. B 5. B 6. C 7. D 8. C
13. A 14. C 15. D 16. B 9. A 10. D 11. B 12. D
17. D 18. A 19. C 20. B 13. A 14. A 15. D 16. B
17. A 18. C 19. A 20. D
Chapter 4
1. A 2. C 3. D 4. A Chapter 11
5. B 6. D 7. C 8. A 1. D 2. A 3. A 4. A
9. C 10. A 11. D 12. B 5. C 6. D 7. B 8. A
13. D 14. B 15. A 16. C 9. D 10. D 11. B 12. C
17. C 18. A 19. D 20. B 13. B 14. A 15. B 16. C
17. D 18. A 19. B 20. B
Chapter 5
1. B 2. D 3. C 4. C Chapter 12
5. A 6. B 7. D 8. A 1. C 2. A 3. B 4. B
9. B 10. D 11. B 12. C 5. D 6. B 7. D 8. C
13. B 14. C 15. A 16. C 9. A 10. B 11. B 12. D
17. B 18. C 19. B 20. C 13. C 14. A 15. C 16. B
17. D 18. C 19. D 20. C
Chapter 6
1. C 2. A 3. A 4. C Chapter 13
5. D 6. B 7. B 8. C 1. C 2. A 3. B 4. D
9. B 10. C 11. D 12. C 5. C 6. A 7. B 8. C
13. A 14. C 15. A 16. A 9. D 10. C 11. D 12. D
17. B 18. C 19. B 20. A 13. A 14. B 15. D 16. B
17. D 18. C 19. B 20. A
Chapter 7
1. C 2. C 3. B 4. C Chapter 14
5. D 6. B 7. A 8. B 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. C
9. A 10. D 11. B 12. A 5. B 6. A 7. B 8. A
13. B 14. C 15. D 16. C 9. A 10. D 11. C 12. B
17. C 18. C 19. A 20. D 13. B 14. B 15. C 16. B
17. C 18. D 19. A 20. C
Chapter 8
1. C 2. A 3. D 4. B Chapter 15
5. C 6. B 7. B 8. C 1. B 2. B 3. A 4. D
9. A 10. C 11. C 12. D 5. B 6. C 7. A 8. C
13. B 14. A 15. D 16. D 9. D 10. A 11. A 12. A
17. C 18. B 19. B 20. A 13. C 14. A 15. D 16. B
17. D 18. C 19. C 20. B
Test: Part One
1. A 2. A 3. C 4. B
5. A 6. B 7. A 8. E
9. E 10. C 11. C 12. C
13. B 14. C 15. D 16. B
17. A 18. A 19. E 20. E
21. D 22. D 23. D 24. C
Chapter 16 17. B 18. C 19. B 20. B
1. B 2. A 3. D 4. D
5. D 6. B 7. C 8. C Chapter 23
9. A 10. C 11. B 12. B 1. B 2. D 3. A 4. B
13. A 14. B 15. B 16. D 5. C 6. A 7. B 8. C
17. C 18. A 19. B 20. A 9. D 10. B 11. C 12. A
13. D 14. A 15. C 16. D
Chapter 17 17. B 18. C 19. A 20. A
1. C 2. C 3. A 4. D
5. A 6. B 7. C 8. D Chapter 24
9. B 10. C 11. C 12. A 1. A 2. C 3. B 4. B
13. D 14. A 15. C 16. B 5. D 6. A 7. D 8. B
17. D 18. D 19. C 20. A 9. D 10. A 11. C 12. B
13. D 14. D 15. C 16. C
Chapter 18 17. B 18. A 19. B 20. A
1. C 2. A 3. D 4. B
5. B 6. A 7. C 8. D Chapter 25
9. A 10. D 11. B 12. B 1. C 2. B 3. A 4. C
13. C 14. D 15. C 16. A 5. A 6. C 7. D 8. C
17. C 18. D 19. B 20. B 9. D 10. B 11. A 12. B
13. D 14. C 15. D 16. D
17. B 18. A 19. D 20. C
Test: Part Two
1. E 2. E 3. A 4. A Chapter 26
5. E 6. D 7. C 8. D 1. C 2. A 3. C 4. C
9. A 10. E 11. C 12. A 5. A 6. B 7. D 8. B
13. D 14. C 15. C 16. E 9. C 10. D 11. B 12. C
17. E 18. D 19. C 20. B 13. A 14. B 15. D 16. D
21. B 22. D 23. C 24. C 17. A 18. B 19. A 20. D
25. E 26. C 27. B 28. A
29. E 30. C 31. A 32. A Chapter 27
33. A 34. A 35. B 36. E 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. C
37. C 38. D 39. C 40. B 5. D 6. C 7. B 8. A
41. B 42. C 43. C 44. C 9. C 10. D 11. C 12. A
45. D 46. D 47. E 48. E 13. D 14. B 15. B 16. B
49. A 50. A 17. D 18. A 19. B 20. D

Chapter 19 Chapter 28
1. B 2. D 3. C 4. A 1. C 2. C 3. A 4. B
5. C 6. A 7. D 8. B 5. B 6. D 7. C 8. A
9. C 10. B 11. D 12. B 9. D 10. C 11. C 12. A
13. B 14. A 15. B 16. C 13. B 14. B 15. A 16. B
17. A 18. C 19. D 20. C 17. C 18. D 19. D 20. B

Chapter 20 Chapter 29
1. B 2. D 3. C 4. B 1. C 2. D 3. A 4. B
5. A 6. A 7. D 8. C 5. C 6. D 7. C 8. C
9. B 10. D 11. B 12. A 9. A 10. D 11. C 12. A
13. C 14. A 15. C 16. D 13. B 14. C 15. C 16. A
17. B 18. A 19. C 20. A 17. B 18. B 19. C 20. A

Chapter 21 Chapter 30
1. C 2. D 3. B 4. A 1. C 2. A 3. D 4. D
5. B 6. C 7. A 8. B 5. C 6. A 7. B 8. B
9. D 10. C 11. A 12. D 9. B 10. D 11. C 12. A
13. D 14. B 15. C 16. A 13. D 14. A 15. C 16. C
17. C 18. B 19. A 20. C 17. D 18. A 19. D 20. B

Chapter 22
1. D 2. A 3. B 4. D
5. D 6. C 7. B 8. C
9. B 10. D 11. C 12. A
13. C 14. D 15. A 16. D
Test: Part Three 1. D 2. D 3. D 4. D
1. E 2. B 3. A 4. C 5. C 6. D 7. E 8. B
5. A 6. C 7. A 8. D 9. E 10. A 11. B 12. D
9. E 10. D 11. D 12. B 13. B 14. A 15. C 16. A
13. C 14. C 15. D 16. C 17. B 18. D 19. A 20. B
17. B 18. E 19. B 20. D 21. D 22. D 23. E 24. C
21. C 22. E 23. A 24. B 25. B 26. E 27. E 28. A
25. D 26. A 27. C 28. E 29. C 30. C 31. E 32. A
29. A 30. D 31. C 32. C 33. D 34. B 35. B 36. A
33. C 34. B 35. E 36. D 37. E 38. A 39. A 40. A
37. A 38. E 39. B 40. E 41. C 42. E 43. C 44. C
41. C 42. D 43. A 44. B 45. A 46. D 47. D 48. E
45. A 46. B 47. B 48. C 49. E 50. B 51. A 52. C
49. E 50. B 53. B 54. B 55. B 56. D
57. A 58. D 59. C 60. E
Chapter 31 61. E 62. A 63. D 64. C
1. B 2. A 3. D 4. C 65. A 66. B 67. D 68. B
5. A 6. C 7. D 8. C 69. B 70. D 71. E 72. E
9. D 10. A 11. C 12. A 73. B 74. E 75. D 76. A
13. B 14. D 15. A 16. C 77. C 78. C 79. C 80. B
17. B 18. B 19. A 20. C 81. E 82. D 83. D 84. C
85. D 86. A 87. B 88. C
Chapter 32 89. E 90. C 91. C 92. D
1. C 2. B 3. D 4. A 93. C 94. C 95. B 96. C
5. B 6. B 7. A 8. D 97. D 98. E 99. E 100. C
9. A 10. C 11. C 12. A
13. D 14. A 15. B 16. C
17. A 18. C 19. B 20. D

Chapter 33
1. B 2. A 3. D 4. C
5. A 6. C 7. D 8. A
9. D 10. C 11. A 12. D
13. B 14. C 15. A 16. C
17. B 18. A 19. D 20. A

Chapter 34
1. B 2. A 3. D 4. D
5. C 6. B 7. D 8. B
9. D 10. C 11. B 12. A
13. D 14. C 15. C 16. B
17. D 18. C 19. B 20. B

Test: Part Four

1. B 2. A 3. A 4. C
5. B 6. C 7. B 8. E
9. D 10. A 11. D 12. C
13. B 14. C 15. B 16. E
17. A 18. E 19. D 20. A
21. A 22. E 23. A 24. C
25. C 26. E 27. B 28. D
29. D 30. C 31. B 32. B
33. E 34. A 35. D 36. D
37. B 38. A 39. E 40. C
41. E 42. D 43. E 44. B
45. C 46. A 47. E 48. D
49. A 50. C

Final Exam