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ORIGIN

Granitoids, including granite, lack a single source and can be formed in


several ways. Granites come from magmas and magmas partial melting or
anatexia of rocks in the crust or mantle. Depending on the source of magma
granitoids they can be classified into types I, S, A and M. The type I derived
magmas originated in the mantle and the lower crust. The S type product
comes from magma from partial melting of rocks or sedimentary rocks of
the upper crust. Unlike Type I and S are common areas orognesis type A of
anorognico and alkaline, it occurs in contexts that are not associated with
the formation of Mse type cordilleras.El distinguished from others by having
a direct provenance mantle magmas.

Originating granitoid magma from the lower crust have been linked by
scientists with migmatites so that they have interpreted the latter rocks in
three ways: the product of anatexia that originates granitic magma, the
product of the injection of granitic magma rocks metamorphic, the product
of a transformation process of metamorphic rock in granite on the site

ASCENT AND EMPLACEMENT

Granites are formed from magma formidable masses which ascend the
earth's crust because they have lower density than the surrounding
material. Before solidifying magma filled a magma chamber from the can
also reach the surface by volcanic phenomena, although this happens rarely
with acids, granitic magmas. To "buoyancy" of magma the effects of
viscosity are opposed, (which is typically high in magmas of granitic
composition), and the fact that for a magma body occupies a place must be
offset other material in quantity proportional. Granites emplaced preferably
following preexisting fractures and faults in the earth's crust. The rise of
magma can be forced or liability; in the first case the magma makes its way
by its own force, compressed by the materials around you, open fractures
and moving equipment; and second, the tensions in the cortex create
spaces that are filled by magma. When the magma is in gravitational
equilibrium (as an ice floe floating on the sea) stagnates

EXHUMATION, WEATHERING AND EROSION

Weathering Granite occur in "onion layers" or shells separated by joints


weathering exfoliation. Overall in the bark of the core farther weathering
they have experienced greater degree of weathering. It is thought that
weathering crusts are the result of discharge (remove weight) or
temperature changes, resulting in cracks and fractures parallel to the
surface. In the early biotite granite weathering it lose potassium to become
hydro-biotite and finally in vermiculite. In more advanced stages of
weathering begins to dissolve plagioclase and amphibole to rehydrate.
Plagioclase is altered becoming kaolin. Potassium feldspar and quartz
minerals are most resistant to weathering. If plagioclase and biotite have
become kaolin, smectite and goethite and quartz and potassium feldspar
maintain the structure of the rock, this can be considered a saprolite.

WHERE IT IS USED AND ITS ADVANTAGES.

The granite has been used since prehistoric times in funerary monuments,
military, church and public and private works, both for its ornamental
properties and its durability, being unmistakable symbol of permanence in
time. Today granites are going to become a material of common use in
urban construction. Architects and urban planners use it for its beautiful
simplicity, colorful and resistance, as well as structural and decorative
element. Moreover, thanks to modern industrial technology, a significant
degree of possibilities for architectural design, even in domestic use opens:
flooring, kitchens, bathrooms, countertops, cladding ... etc. Geological
studies, mechanization and technical progress allow full advantage of the
physical and mechanical properties of granites. Thanks to all these
characteristics and homogeneity, combine perfectly with each other and
with other stones, which sometimes serve as a base of support columns and
baseboards, offering greater resistance to deterioration Stability and surface
hardness also offer advantages over externals assault, resisting better than
other stones scratch, wear and atmospheric conditions, its use being
indicated in any geographical location. Once polished, its low porosity
prevents absorption of any liquid, so it is easier cleaning. For all this, the
granite used with full guarantee coatings facades of modern buildings,
houses, interior design, urban furnishings, paved and cobbled streets,
outside offices and shops and generally any destination requiring quality,
diversity and possibilities that always offers granite.