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BASIC QB 4

1. Which of the following is required - in theory - for two perfectly matched faces?
a.Atomic cleanliness
b.Atomic closeness
c.Pressure
d.Atomic cleanliness and atomic pressure
e.All the above
2. Fusion bonding creates a metallurgical effect similar to?
a.Rolling
b.Forging
c.Casting
d.Sintering
3. The bonding process giving very high efficiency is?
a.Fusion bonding
b.Pressure bonding
c.Flow bonding
d.Atomic bonding
4. A bonding process where only very small amounts of the base metal is used is
called?
a.Fusion bonding
b.Pressure bonding
c.Flow bonding
D.Cold bonding
5. Flow bonding is a particular type of bond, which listed below would be classed
as a flow bond?
A.Fusion welding
B.Braze welding
C.Metal arc welding
D.None of the above
6. Which of these defects can be found in fusion welds?
A.Porosity
B.Slag
C.Cracks
D.All of the above

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7. That portion of the base metal not melted but affected by the welding process
is known as?
a.The weld zone
b.The heat input zone
c.The weld affect zone
d.The heat affected zone
8. Multiple cooling rates can have adverse affects on weld areas. What can be
done to offset this problem?
a.Use different alloy rods to control temperature
b.Using a pre-heat
c.Use different alloy rods to control temperature and using a pre-heat
d.Nothing can be done to offset the problem
9. Angular distortionmay occur in a weld when?
a.Restraints are used
b.Multipass welds are used
c.Single pass welds are used
d.Multiple welds and single pass welds are used
10. Longitudinal stresses in a weld are at a maximum?
a.Along the weld centre line
b.On the weld fusion face
c.At the heat affected zone
d.Lomgitudinal stresses are uniform across teh weld
11. What is required to form a fusion bond?
a.Melting of parent metals
b.A filler rod
c.Pressure
d.All of the above
12. Flow bonding is a term used in the welding process which of the following
would be classed as flow bonding?
a.Brazing
b.Braze welding
c.Soldering
d.All of the above
13. To join two metals which of teh following is essential?
a.Atomic closeness
b.Atomic cleanliness
c.Melting
d.Atomic closeness and cleanliness
e.All the above

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14. In order to produce a fully homgenous material afetr welding which of the
following is required?
a.Preheat
b.Post heat treatment
c.Low heat input welding
d.Fillers of different composition
15. In electric arc welding, a metal rod is one electrode, the other is?
a.The work material
b.The rod flux
c.The earth
d.The work material and the rod flux
16. Stud welding is used primarily to?
a.Bond two dissimilar metals
b.Attach threaded fasteners to plates
c.Rivot plates together
d.Fuse bar ends together
17. A welding electrode coatings provides?
a.A shield for the arc against the atmosphere
b.Added heat input
c.Additional stresses to the weld
d.None of the above
18. Where gas is used as a shield for the welding process the gas is commonly?
a.Argon
b.Helium
c.Hydrogen
d.Argon and Helium
e.All of the above
19. When using gas metal arc welding what range of filler wire diameter is
available?
a.0.1-0.5mm
b.0.5-3mm
c.0.1-30mm
d.0.5-10mm
20. Automatic welding under a flux is more commonly known as?
a.TIG welding
b.Manual metal arc welding
c.Submerged arc welding
d.Stick welding

21. Spot welding is commonly used in which of the following applications?

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a.Car manufacturing
b.Seam welding
c.Shipbuilding
d.Fabrication yards
22. Which welding process takes place in a vacuum?
a.Plasma arc welding
b.Electron beam welding
c.Friction welding
d.Explosion welding
23. Which welding process is generally used to weld the ends of heavy round
bars or tubes?
a.Ultrasonic welding
b.Electroslag welding
c.Plasma arc welding
d.Friction welding
24. Explosion welding is generally used to join?
a.Two or more metals of different composition
b.Butt welds
c.Very think titanium sheeting
d.Plastics
25. The drawing symbol at the bottom of the page marked one illustrates a?
a.Bevel groove
b.Fillet
c.J Groove
d.Vee Groove
26. The drawing symbol at the bottom of the page marked two illustrates a?
a.Vee Groove
b.J Groove
c.U Groove
d.Bevel Groove
27. AWS categorise weld defects into three classes which below is a dimensional
defect?
a.Slag
b.Warping
c.Lack of fusion
d.Porosity

28. Which of the following is classed as a structural defect?

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a.Undercut
b.Slag
c.Incomplete fusion
d.Slag and incomplete fusion
e.All of the above
29. Which of the following defects occur in the base metal?
a.Lamination
b.Slag inclusion
c.Lack of fusion
d.Lack of penetration
30. Welds without preheat are said to have?
a.Very low thermal gradients
b.Low thermal gradients
c.Medium thermal gradients
d.High thermal gradients
31. Why is it advisable to leave final inspection of a weld until well after welding
has finished?
a.Because the welds will be too hot to test
b.Due to the possibility of distortion
c.Due to the possibility of post weld cracking
d.All of the above
32. What is the approximate arc column temperature in an electric arc weld?
a.6000 degrees celsius
b.5000 degrees celsius
c.4000 degrees celsius
d.3000 degrees celsius
33. Which of the following is classified as an inert gas?
a.Hydrogen
b.Helium
c.Oxygen
d.All of the above
e.Hydrogen and helium only
34. Which weld process has a non-consumable electrode?
a.Manual metal arc
b.Metal inert gas
c.Tungsten inert gas
d.Manual metal arc and metal inert gas

35. The weld symbol is used to symbolise a?


a.Fillet weld

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b.U-Groove
c.Bevel groove
d.None of the above
36. When using basic symbols for NDT what letters are used to denote liquid
penetrant testing?
a.LPT
b.FPT
c.PT
d.RPT
37.Which of the following processes could be performed using oxyacetylene
equipment?
a.Flame cutting
b.Brazing
c.Soldering
d.Brazing and Soldering
e.All of the above
38. How might a weld arc be shielded from oxidation?
a.Flux powders
b.Welding rod coatings
c.Inert gases
d.Welding rod coatings and inert gases
e.All of the above
39. The ease with which a solid union may be made between two parts by welding
is known as?
a.Weldability
b.Joining
c.Buttering
d.Soldering
40. A typical temperature range to stress relieve ferritic steel is?
a.100-150 degrees celsius
b.50-300 degrees celsius
c.600-650 degrees celsius

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BASIC QB 4
1. Atomic cleanliness and atomic pressure
2. Casting
3. Pressure bonding
4. Flow bonding
5. Braze welding
6. All of the above
7. The heat affected zone
8. Using a pre-heat
9. Multiple welds and single pass welds are used
10. Along the weld centre line
11. Melting of parent metals
12. All of the above
13. Atomic closeness and cleanliness
14. Post heat treatment
15. The work material
16. Attach threaded fasteners to plates
17. A shield for the arc against the atmosphere
18. Argon and Helium
19. 0.5-3mm
20. Submerged arc welding
21. Car manufacturing
22. Electron beam welding
23. Friction welding
24. Two or more metals of different composition
25. Fillet
26. U Groove
27. Warping
28. All of the above
29. Lamination
30. High thermal gradients
31. All of the above
32. 6000 degrees celsius
33. Helium
34. Tungsten inert gas
35. None of the above
36. PT
37. All of the above
38. All of the above
39. Weldability
40. 600-650 degrees celsius