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Carly Rogers

Day One

Grade Level/Course: Sociology: mix of 9th-12 grade (90 minutes)

SC Content Standards: There are none for this subject.

National Standards:

2.3.1: Social institutions such as: family, education, religion, economy, and government.

3.1.1: Primary agents of socialization: family, peers, media, schools, and religion.

Lesson Targets/Objectives:
1. After a given lesson the student will be able to describe the norms that influence the ways
in which marriage patterns are organized around the world with 100% accuracy.
2. After a given lesson the student will be able to identify the basic societal needs that the
institution of the family satisfies with 100% accuracy.

Key Vocabulary or Language Targets:

Nuclear family
Family of orientation
Family of procreation
Extended family

Books: ch. 11, section 1
Colored pencils for manuals

Initiation/Opening: Time
Discuss a quote:
The social institution of the American family is 10 minutes
undergoing so much change that the institution might
eventually cease.
- Write a few sentences agreeing or disagreeing with this
- Share responses with the class.
- The family is the most universal social institution in the
world. Every society organizes its members into families.
However, what constitutes a family varies widely from
culture to culture.

- Today we will learn about family systems, patterns, and

functions around the world.
Teachers Activities Students Activities Time
- Will give a lecture and question
throughout it. Engagement: 75 minutes
- Will monitor and help with the manual - Students will listen to and
activity. engage with the lecture.
- Students will create a
Family 101 manual that
Notes: details the social institution
- Family: What is a typical family? of the family, including the
four functions of the family
- Marriage partners: No universal norm and norms that influence
limits the number of marriage partners an marriage patterns.
individual may have.
Monogamy: most industrialized societies.
Polygamy: majority of pre-industrialized
societies, but many still only marry one
person due to the expensive nature of
having two spouses so it is often the wealthy
that have multiple. Also, societies tend to
produce around the same number of men
and women, so taking multiple spouses
would not enable everyone to marry.

- Residential patterns: rules of married

residence vary from society to society.
Patrilocality: most common.

- Descent patterns: some societies trace

kinship through the fathers side of the
family, some through the mothers side of
the family, and some through both parents.
This is important for the smooth operation
of society because it establishes who is
eligible to inherit property from whom.
Patrilineal: common in pre-industrial
Matrilineal: less common.
Bilateral: practiced in most industrial

- Authority patterns: vast majority of

societies in the world are patriarchal and
matriarchal is rare. Many industrialized
societies are moving towards more
egalitarian authority patterns, but patriarchal
is still the norm.

- What marriage and kinship terms describe

your family? Use a term from each of the
four groups and explain how it describes
your family.

- Students will create a Family 101

manual that details the social institution of
the family, including the four functions of
the family and norms that influence
marriage patterns. They will use their books.

- If extra time: Writing prompt: What would

it be like to live in a true matriarchal society
with matrilineal descent? How would it
compare to the current society of the United

- Lecture
- Group work

Closure/Summary Time
- Exit slip: 3 things I learned today, 2 things I found
interesting, and 1 question I still have. 5 minutes

Assessment: Formative, through the use of the Family 101 manuals and the exit slip. Both are
used to check for understanding of the current days content.

Accommodations: There are no IEPs, 504s, or BIPs for this class that require any