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SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING - STEVENS CRITERIA


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Units

3 3 3
N := newton kN := 1 10 N kPa := 1 10 Pa MPa := 1 10 kPa
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SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING - STEVENS CRITERIA


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INPUT SECTION

Pile Configuration
D := 508 Outside Diameter [mm]

nsect := 1 Number of Different Pile Sections

i := 0 .. nsect 1

ts := 25.4 Wall Thickness [mm]


i
(from mudline to pile tip)

L := 2 Section Length [m] (rounded to closest


i
integer meter)

nsect 1
Lpile :=
L
i
Lpile = 2 Embedded Pile Length
i= 0

t( x) := k0
LL L
0
x := 0 .. Lpile while x > LL
kk+ 1
LL LL + L
k
ts
k
Pile Profile
Pen. Depth [m]

1 s := 0 .. Lpile

vt := t( s)
s
2
0 50 100

Wall Thickness [mm]


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SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING - STEVENS CRITERIA


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Soil Data
nss := 2 Number of Soil Strata

j := 0 .. nss 1

z :=
j Bottom Depth of Soil Stratum
1
2

Cutop Cubot flim Qlim s


[kPa] [kPa] [deg] [kPa] [kPa] [kN/m]

2 2 0 0 0 11
0 0 25 67 2900 10


0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0

SDD :=
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0


0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0 0

0 0 0 0 0 0

Zmax := if ( max( z) Lpile , Lpile , max( z) )


Zmax = 2

PDIF := 100 Percentage of Developed Internal Friction


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SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING - STEVENS CRITERIA


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CALCULATION SECTION
c := SDD
0 0, 0 j := 1 .. nss
c := SDD
2 j 1 j 1 , 1

j := 1 .. nss 1
c := SDD
2 j j, 0

s( x) := k0 Cu( x) := k0
while x > z while x > z
k k
kk+ 1 kk+ 1
SDD c c
k, 5 2 k+ 1 2 k
c
2 k
+
z z (
x z )
k 1
if k > 0
k k 1
c c
1 0
c + x otherwise
0 z
( x) := k0 flim( x) := k0 0 Qlim( x) := k0
while x > z while x > z while x > z
k k k
kk+ 1 kk+ 1 kk+ 1
SDD SDD SDD
k, 2 k, 3 k, 4

K 0.7 Coefficient of lateral earth pressure

vs := s( s) Soil Density
s

vCu := Cu( s)
s

vs := ( s)

vflim := flim( s)
s

vQlim := Qlim( s)
s

(
vs := if vs 0 , vs 5 , 0 )
( ( ( (
vNq := if vs = 0 , 0 , if vs 15 , 8 , if vs 20 , 12 , if vs 25 , 20 , if vs 30 , 40 , 50
s ( )))))
s
vpo :=
s vs 1
s
s=1


vf := if K vpo tan
v vf , vf , K vp tan v
s lims lims os s
s s 180 180

vq := if vpo vNq vQlim , vQlim , vpo vNq


s s s s s s s
vCu
s
vs := if vCu 24 , 1.00 , if vCu 72 , 0.50 , 1.25
s s 96
0.36 0.36
vCus vCus
vr s := if vs 0.4 vs , 0.4 vs , vs
s + 0.000001 s + 0.000001
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SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING - STEVENS CRITERIA


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vUEBUpperC := 9 vCu + vq vUEBUpperP := 15 vCu + 1.5 vq


s s s s s s

vUSKFUpperC := vs vCu + vf vUSKFUpperP := vs vCu + 1.3 vf


s s s s s s

vUEBLower := 9 vCu + vq
s s s

vUSKFLower := vr s vCu + vf
s s s

Unit Skin Friction Capacity


0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8
Penetration Depth (m)

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

0 2 4 6 8 10

Unit Skin Friction (kPa)


Upper Bound Cored
Upper Bound Plugged
Lower Bound
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SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING - STEVENS CRITERIA


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Unit End Bearing Capacity


0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8
Penetration Depth (m)

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400

Unit End Bearing (kPa)


Upper Bound Cored
Lower Bound Plugged
Lower Bound
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SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING - STEVENS CRITERIA


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D
Asext := Asext = 1.596 Unit side surface area of pile
1000

D 2 vt
s
vAsint := Unit internal surface area of pile
s 1000

D2 D 2 vt 2
( Lpile) 4

vAstip := Gross end area of pile
2
1000

2
D
4
Ap := Ap = 0.203 End area of pile
2
1000

vQfUppercore := 0
0

ss := 1 .. Lpile

ss
vQfUppercore :=
ss vUSKFUpperCss Asext + 1 vAsintss

ss = 1

vQpUppercore := vUEBUpperC vAstip

vQfUpperplug := 0
0
ss
vQfUpperplug :=
ss (vUSKFUpperPssAsext)
ss = 1

vQpUpperplug := vUEBUpperP Ap

vQfLowercore := 0
0

ss
vUSKFLower As + PDIF 50 vAs
vQfLowercore :=
ss
ss
ext 100 intss

ss = 1

vQpLowercore := vUEBLower vAstip

vQfLowerplug := 0
0
ss
vQfLowerplug :=
ss (vUSKFLowerssAsext)
ss = 1

vQpLowerplug := vUEBLower Ap

SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING - STEVENS CRITERIA


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vSRDUpperplug := vQfUpperplug + vQpUpperplug vSRDLowerplug := vQfLowerplug + vQpLowerplug

vSRDUppercore := vQfUppercore + vQpUppercore vSRDLowercore := vQfLowercore + vQpLowercore

6.08 3.648 0.693 0.693


vSRDUpperplug = 9.272 vSRDLowerplug = 5.287 vSRDUppercore =
6.758 vSRDLower
core = 3.069


90.906 61.254 31.993 24.462

SRD vs Depth Profile


0

0.2

0.4

0.6
Penetration Depth [m]

0.8

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2
0 7 14 21 28 35 42 49 56 63 70

Soil Resistance to Driving [kN]


Upper Bound Plugged
Lower Bound Plugged
Upper Bound Cored
Lower Bound Cored
jp := 0 , 1 .. Zmax
2 0.693 3.648
vUSKFLower = 1.027 vQpLowercore = 0.693 vQpLowerplug = 3.648

5.35 9.704 51.076

jp =
0
1
2

0.693 6.08
vQpUppercore = 0.693 vQpUpperplug = 6.08

9.704 76.614

vUSKFUpperC = vUSKFUpperP =
s s
0 0
0 2 0 2
1 2 1 2
2 5.35 2 6.955

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SOIL RESISTANCE TO DRIVING - STEVENS CRITERIA


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