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CS Fallback Solution

Background Standard CSFB Solution CSFB Proxy Solution Fast Return

UTRAN CSFB-capable HLR UTRAN VMSC server


3GPP-compliant CSFB enables LTE subscribers to simultaneously register with EPS MSC server GMSC server How does a 4G subscriber return to
and CS networks and fall back to CS networks as instructed by the EPS network to Existing CS Existing CS an LTE network after completing a
use CS services, such as voice calls. network network voice call on a 2G/3G network?

Implementing CSFB during VoLTE migration


GERAN
GERAN 2G/3G subscriber CSFB proxy
2G/3G subscriber When PS connections are unavailable after a CSFB call is released on
Another a 2G/3G network:
Highlights: When a call is placed by or to subscribers SGs SGs
Another network
registering with the LTE network, the subscribers fall back
network MME
to CS networks. MME HLR/HSS When attempting to release a CSFB call, the MSC server adds the CSFB Indication IE to a
CLEAR_COMMAND message to be sent to the BSC or adds the End of CSFB IE to an
Benefi
ts: IU_RELEASE_COMMAN message to be sent to the RNC.
provid Carriers can HSS
e reuse
worklo CS services f the ex
ads fo
r recon
or LTE ist
subscr ing CS infras ork
structi
ng ne t
ibers, t t
hereby ructure to rk n etw Clear Command/Iu Release
works. reduci o C MSC server BSC
etw EP
ng
C n CSFB Indication (Fast Return)
EP
Stan Im
dard plemen E-UTRAN S-GW
CSFB tat
and ion mod S-GW 4G subscriber P-GW
CSFB e E-UTRAN The UE returns to an LTE network
Prox s:
y sol
ution 4G subscriber P-GW after the voice call is released.
s
The CSFB proxy solution requires that MSC servers that support SGs interface protocols be
The standard CSFB solution requires that all MSC servers connecting to the LTE network be deployed to function as the CSFB proxies. In this solution, only simple CS network
upgraded to support CSFB deployment. reconstruction is required for CSFB deployment.

GERAN/UTRAN E-UTRAN
The UE falls back to a 2G/3G
Basic CSFB Voice Calls CSFB Redundancy CSFB Proxy Redundancy network for a voice call.

MSC server MME After receiving a voice The CSFB Backup and Redundancy feature enables the a standalone or pooled VMSC server to The CSFB Proxy Backup and Recovery feature enables the MSOFTX3000 to perform the The CSFB Indication and End of CSFB IEs indicate that the subscriber is an LTE
service request from the UE, interwork with an MME or an MME Pool when the VMSC server is deployed in an MSC Pool and following functions as a CSFB proxy to interwork with an MME Pool when the CSFB proxy is subscriber. The BSC or RNC then notifies the MSC server of the LTE frequency, ensuring
SGs the MME instructs the UE to to interwork with an MME Pool when the VMSC server is deployed in standalone mode. deployed in standalone mode and to interwork with an MME or MME Pool when the CSFB that the subscriber can return to the LTE network in a fast manner.
fall back to a 2G/3G proxy is deployed in a CSFB Proxy Pool.
CS EPC network.
HLR/HSS Compared with the legacy networking for the CSFB Proxy service, the networking for the CSFB
MSC server 1 backs up subscriber When PS connections are available after a CSFB call is released on a 3G
Proxy Backup and Recovery feature provides CSFB proxy-level and MME-level redundancy in
The MSC server follows 3 1 data, including IMSI, LAI, IMSI
attach status, and MME number on
MT voice calls and SMS when the CSFB proxy or MME is faulty. network:
the basic CS call flow to MSC server 3
2G/3G MSC server 3.
continue processing the LTE When detecting a 4G frequency is available, the RNC triggers the PSHO or redirection flow
MSC Pool
call. CSFB Proxy Pool (preferred) for the subscriber to return to an LTE network. During the redirection flow, the
2 3
5
proxy 2 is the backup RNC adds the LTE frequency to an RRC CONNECTION RELEASE message to be sent to the
CSFB proxy 2
Fallback flow proxy for CSFB proxy 1. HLR/HSS subscriber.
MSC server 2 MSC server 1
The UE falls back to a CSFB proxy 3
2G/3G network. 4 5 3
MSC server RNC eNodeB
CSFB proxy 1
The MSC server 2 Iu Release
pages the UE over
MME Pool 1 4 CSFB proxy 1 backs up
MSC server the SGs interface. MME 2 subscriber data, including IMSI, 2 4 CSFB Indication (Fast Return)
6
1 The MME pages the MME 1 LAI, IMSI attach status, and MME
number on CSFB proxy 2. MSC server
UE and instructs the MME 3 MME 2
SGs EPC UE to fall back to a 2. Report
CS MME 1 1. Measure 3. RRC release
2G/3G network. measurement neighboring (LTE
results LTE cells frequency)
After receiving a paging 6 1
response from the UE on the 4 2 2 MME 3
MME 2
2G/3G network, the MSC 3
server follows the basic CS MME Pool 4. Return to LTE
2G/3G LTE 6 1
call flow to continue
processing the call. 3 Combined TA/LA
location update
E-UTRAN CSFB UE
Fallback flow GERAN/UTRAN
1 Fallback flow MO call
The subscriber then attempts to use the 4G frequency to register with an LTE network after
The UE falls back to a Combined TA/LA the RRC connection is released.
5 MT call location update E-UTRAN GERAN/UTRAN
2G/3G network. UE

Protocol and Interface Key CSFB Technique-MTRF Key CSFB Technique-CSMT Abbreviations

TA list TA list
CSFB proxy CS network
TA 1 TA 1 LTE Long Term Evolution Scan QR code to install
Huawei technical support APP
SGs CSFB Circuit Switched Fallback
SGsAP SGsAP LA 1 LA 1
LA 2 LA 2
MME SCTP SCTP BSS/RNS BSS/RNS BSS/RNS BSS/RNS MME Mobility Management Entity

IP IP MTRR Mobile Terminating Roaming Retry


S1-MME S6a A call fails when the called party
MME SGs MSC server A call may fail when the called
roams from the original MSC MTRF Mobile Terminating Roaming Forwarding
party roams from LA 1 to LA 2
server coverage area to the new
before the call is connected.
MSC server coverage area before New MSC CSMT CS Fallback Mobile Terminating call
LAs 1 and 2 are covered by MSC HLR/HSS Google Play
E-UTRAN SAE-HSS the call is connected. Original MSC server/VLR
server/VLR the same MSC server. server/VLR
VLR Visitor Location Register
Interface Protocol Function Compliance
HLR/HSS
HLR Home Location Register
S1-MME S1-AP Used for signaling transmission. 3GPP TS 36.413
HSS Home Subscriber Server
Used for mobility management on EPS and CS MME MME
3GPP TS 23.272
SGs SGsAP networks, service data transmission, and paging STP Signaling Transfer Point
3GPP TS 29.118 APP Store
during the voice calls and SMS service.
Used for subscription and authentication data The MTRF feature enables the original MSC server to route the call to the new MSC
S6a Diameter transmission between the MME and HSS and 3GPP TS 29.272
The CSMT feature enables the MSC server not to connect a call until an intra-MSC location
server, thereby ensuring successful connection of the call. update is complete when the intra-MSC location update request contains the CSMT flag.
for EPS access. Produced by Core Network
Documentation Department