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STATIC PILE CAPACITY (API 2000)

DATA

Pile OD = 20 = 0.508 m
Soft Clay
WT =1 = 0.0254 m
Cu = 2 kPa 1m ID = 18 = 0.4572 m
1 = 11 kN/m3

Sand
= 25 1m
2 = 10 kN/m3

A. MAIN METHOD

Depth Soil Overburden Unit Skin Friction ( f ) Unit End Bearing ( qp )


Type Pressure
At Soft PoZ = 0 = 1 x h Su
Z=0 Clay = 11 x 0 = = ~
v'
m = 0 kN/m2
= 0.5 -0.5 1.0
Adopt = 1.0
f = Cu
= 2 kPa
At Soft PoZ = 1 = PoZ = 0 Su 2
Z = 1.0 Clay + 1. h = = = 0.182
v' 11
m
= 0 + 11 x 1 = 0.5 -0.5 1.0
= 11 kN/m2 = 0.5 x 0.182 -0.5
= 1.172 , therefore take = 1.0

f = Cu
= 1.0 x 2
= 2 kPa
At Sand PoZ = 2 = PoZ = 1 f = K v tan (-5) qp = Nq v
Z = 2.0 + 2 .h = 0.8 x 21 x tan (25-5) = 12 x 21 = 252 kPa < 2900 kPa
m = 6.115 kPa < 67 kPa
= 11 + 10 x 1 qp less than limit unit end bearing
= 21 kN/m2 f less than limit unit skin friction for cohesionless soil taken from
for cohesionless soil taken from API table 6.4.3-1
API table 6.4.3-1

Soil Resistance to Driving (SRD) 1 of 3


Static Pile Capacity,

Q unplugged Q plugged
Layer 1 (Soft Clay) Layer 1 (Soft Clay)
Qs-ext1 = As-ext . fs1 Qs-ext1 = As-ext . fs1
= ( x 0.508) x 1.0 x 2 = 3.192 kN = ( x 0.508) x 1.0 x 2 = 3.192 kN

Qs-int1 = As-int . fs1


= ( x 0.4572) x 1.0 x 2 = 2.872 kN

Layer 2 (Sand) Layer 2 (Sand)


Qs-ext2 = As-ext . fs2 Qs-ext2 = As-ext . fs2
= ( x 0.508) x 1.0 x 6.115 = 9.759 kN = ( x 0.508) x 1.0 x 6.115 = 9.759 kN

Qs-int2 = As-int . fs2 Qgr = Agr . qp


= ( x 0.4572) x 1.0 x 6.115 = 8.783 kN 1
= 0.5082 x 252
4
Qsp = Asp . qp = 51.076 kN
1
= 0.4572 2 x 252
4
= 41.37 kN

Qann = Ann . qp
1
( )
= 0.5082 0.4572 2 x 252
4
= 9.702 kN

Compare total internal skin friction and end bearing soil


plug, then take which ever is less.
- Total Qs int = 2.872+ 8.783 = 11.655 kN
- Qsp = 41.37 kN
Therefore, take Qs int.

Q unplugged = Total Q ext + Qann + Qs int Q plugged = Total Q ext + Qgr


= (3.192 + 9.759) + 9.702 + 11.655 = (3.192 + 9.759) + 51.076
= 34.308 kN = 64.027 kN

Soil Resistance to Driving (SRD) 2 of 3


B. COMMENTARY METHOD

Depth Soil Overburden Unit Skin Friction ( f ) Unit End Bearing ( qp )


Type Pressure
At Soft PoZ = 0 = 1 x h For Cu 24 kPa, take = 1.0
Z=0 Clay = 11 x 0 f = Cu
m = 0 kN/m2 = 1.0 x 2
At Soft PoZ = 1 = PoZ = 0 = 2 kPa
Z = 1.0 Clay + 1. h
m
= 0 + 11 x 1
= 11 kN/m2
At Sand PoZ = 2 = PoZ = 1 f = K v tan (-5) qp = Nq v
Z = 2.0 + 2 .h = 0.8 x 21 x tan (25-5) = 12 x 21 = 252 kPa < 2900 kPa
m = 6.115 kPa < 67 kPa
= 11 + 10 x 1 [f max corresponding with = (-5) [qp max corresponding with = (-5)
= 21 kN/m2 = 20 is 67 kPa (Table 6.4.3-1 API)] = 20 is 2900 kPa (Table 6.4.3-1 API)]

Static Pile Capacity,


Q unplugged Q plugged
Layer 1 (Soft Clay) Layer 1 (Soft Clay)
Qs-ext1 = As-ext . fs1 Qs-ext1 = As-ext . fs1
= ( x 0.508) x 1.0 x 2 = 3.192 kN = ( x 0.508) x 1.0 x 2 = 3.192 kN

Qs-int1 = As-int . fs1


= ( x 0.4572) x 1.0 x 2 = 2.872 kN

Layer 2 (Sand) Layer 2 (Sand)


Qs-ext2 = As-ext . fs2 Qs-ext2 = As-ext . fs2
= ( x 0.508) x 1.0 x 6.115 = 9.759 kN = ( x 0.508) x 1.0 x 6.115 = 9.759 kN

Qs-int2 = As-int . fs2 Qgr = Agr . qp


= ( x 0.4572) x 1.0 x 6.115 = 8.783 kN 1
= 0.5082 x 252
4
Qsp = Asp . qp = 51.076 kN
1
= 0.4572 2 x 252
4
= 41.37 kN

Qann = Ann . qp
1
( )
= 0.5082 0.4572 2 x 252
4
= 9.702 kN

Compare total internal skin friction and end bearing soil


plug, then take which ever is less.
- Total Qs int = 2.872+ 8.783 = 11.655 kN
- Qsp = 41.37 kN
Therefore, take Qs int.

Q unplugged = Total Q ext + Qann + Qs int Q plugged = Total Q ext + Qgr


= (3.192 + 9.759) + 9.702 + 11.655 = (3.192 + 9.759) + 51.076
= 34.308 kN = 64.027 kN

Soil Resistance to Driving (SRD) 3 of 3