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Search and Rescue

The goal of SAR is to locate, stabilize and extract individuals in distress. Each
area of SAR employs techniques specific to the circumstance. Air and sea rescue
requires skilled ocean swimmers and helicopter pilots. it's an extensive
emergency service performed by highly trained specialists.

Helicopter Search and Rescue (SAR) services are highly specialized and
variable, and performed in the most challenging of circumstances. The right
aircraft, the best people, the latest technology, the most extensive experience is
required.

After major disasters or attacks often the rescue teams work in dangerous and
unknown environments to save lives and to recover the damage.

Assessing the situation correctly plays a key role during these operations.

Success of search and rescue as well as recovery strategies require reliable


information, good organization and efficient use of resources.

Reliable information is hard to acquire when infrastructure (communications,


roads, hospitals) damage is high.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_370

http://www.icao.int/APAC/Meetings/2015%20APSARTF3/SAR%20Capability
%20Matrix%20Update%20(Pakistan).pdf

Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (MH370), was a scheduled international passenger


flight that disappeared on 8 March 2014 while flying from Kuala Lumpur
International Airport, Malaysia, to Beijing Capital International Airport in China.

Malaysia Airlines Flight 370 (MH370), a codeshare flight with China Southern
Airlines, mysteriously went missing over the Gulf of Thailand in the South China
Sea on Saturday morning. As of this writing, the fate of the airplane remains
unknown, but judging by the lack of emergency communication prior to its
disappearance, most analysts and experts expect that a catastrophic event
occurred in mid-air, resulting in a crash somewhere in the South China Sea, near
the Vietnamese coast.

To make matters murkier, shortly after the flights disappearance, a perusal of the
passenger manifest revealed that two men allegedly on the flight an Italian and
an Austrian man were not actually on the flight; their passports had been stolen
in Phuket, Thailand and were used to board MH370 despite being on Interpols
stolen passports database. The finding gave rise to talks of foul play and possible
terrorism, suggesting that a terror attack could have been possible.

While the tragic fate of MH370 is as yet unknown, the international rescue effort
over the South China Sea demonstrated a rare show of goodwill and cooperation
between Southeast Asian nations who generally are mired in territorial disputes.

The search and rescue operation is currently massive, covering a large swathe of
the South China Sea given the uncertainty surrounding the circumstances of
MH370s disappearance. According to Reuters, search vessels and aircraft are
scanning a 50-nautical mile radius from the point of last radar contact with the
plane, midway between Malaysias east coast and the southern tip of Vietnam
an area of about 27,000 sq km (10,500 sq miles) that includes parts of the Gulf of
Thailand and the South China Sea. The Malaysian Navy has requested that
cooperating navies, including those of Indonesia and Thailand, expand their
search beyond that region as well, encompassing the Strait of Malacca
(entertaining the possibility that the aircraft might have changed course following
the loss of radar contact).

Malaysia has borne most of the responsibility for the search and rescue
operation so far, since Malaysia Airlines is a state-owned enterprise. The Royal
Malaysia Air Force, Royal Malaysian Navy, and Malaysian Maritime Enforcement
Agency all dispatched military aircraft and ships almost immediately.

Among the passenger suitcases and four tonnes of mangosteen included on the
official inventory carried by MH370 was a 200kg consignment of lithium-ion
batteries. The power supplies, which used in mobile phones and laptops, have
been known to catch fire. Malaysia Airlines only admitted the plane was
carrying the batteries two weeks after it disappeared, and having first
denied it.