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ENS5253 Control Systems

Quiz 1: Questions on basic control systems concepts.

Question 1
Name three applications for feedback control systems.
Question 2
Name three reasons for using feedback control systems and at least one reason for not using them.
Question 3
Give three examples of open-loop systems.
Question 4
Functionally, how do closed-loop systems differ from open-loop systems?
Question 5
State one condition under which the error signal of a feedback control system would not be the
difference between the input and the output.
Question 6
If the error signal is not the difference between input and output, by what general name can we
describe the error signal?
Question 7
Name two advantages of having a computer in the loop.
Question 8
Name the three major design criteria for control systems.
Question 9
Name the two parts of a systems response.
Question 10
Physically, what happens to a system that is unstable?
Question 11
Instability is attributable to what part of the total response?
Question 12
Describe a typical control system analysis task.
Question 13
Describe a typical control system design task.

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Question 14
Adjustments of the forward path gain can cause changes in the transient response. True or false?
Question 15
Name three approaches to the mathematical modelling of control systems.
Question 16
Briefly describe each of transfer function, state-space, and differential equations.

Answers to the above questions:

Answer 1
Guided missiles, automatic gain control in radio receivers, satellite tracking antenna.
Answer 2
Yes - power gain, remote control, parameter conversion; No - Expense, complexity.
Answer 3
Motor, low pass filter, inertia supported between two bearings.
Answer 4
Closed-loop systems compensate for disturbances by measuring the response, comparing it to the
input response (the desired output), and then correcting the output response.
Answer 5
Under the condition that the feedback element is other than unity.
Answer 6
Actuating signal.

Answer 7
Multiple subsystems can time share the controller. Any adjustments to the controller can be
implemented with simply software changes.
Answer 8
Stability, transient response, and steady-state error.
Answer 9
Steady-state, transient.

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Answer 10
It follows a growing transient response until the steady-state response is no longer visible. The
system will either destroy itself, reach an equilibrium state because of saturation in driving
amplifiers, or hit limit stops.
Answer 11
Natural response.
Answer 12
Determine the transient response performance of the system.

Answer 13
Determine system parameters to meet the transient response specifications for the system.
Answer 14
True.
Answer 15
Transfer function, state-space, and differential equations.
Answer 16
Transfer function - the Laplace transform of the differential equation.
State-space - representation of an nth order differential equation as n simultaneous first-order
differential equations.
Differential equation - Modelling a system with its differential equation.

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