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# Mathematical Modelling of Control Systems

## 1. In closed loop control system, with positive value of feedback

gain the overall gain of the system will
(a) decrease
(b) increase With positive feedback, the overall gain of the system will increase.

(c) be unaffected
(d) none of the above
2. The transfer function of a system is used to study _________
behaviour
b) Transient state
c) Transient and steady state Both transient and steady state can be studied when the transfer function
of the system is known.
d) State space
3. The steady state output of a unit feedback control system is
a) Equal to the reference input closed
When the reference input equals the output, the error is zero and the
b) Greater than the reference input
c) Lower than the reference input
d) Very close to the reference input
4. The type of a transfer function denotes
a) The number of zeros at origin
b) The number of poles at origin The number of poles at the origin determine the type
of a transfer function.
c) The number of zeros at infinity
d) The number of poles at infinity
5. Which of the following is an open loop control system ?
(a) Temperature control using air conditioner
(b) Toilet bowel flushing system consisting of valve and float
(c) Solar panels on the roof of a home There is no feedback to the solar panels and hence
it is an open loop system.
(d) Washing machine water level
6. A car is running at a constant speed of 50 km/h, which of the
following is the feedback element for the driver ?
(a) Clutch
(b) Eyes
(c) Needle of the speedometer The needle indicates what the speed is and hence is a visual feedback to
the driver.
(d) Steering wheel
True or False?
An integral control (PI) increases the steady state accuracy. TRUE

The introduction of negative feedback will tend to increase the bandwidth of TRUE
the system.

## Regenerative feedback is another name for positive feedback. TRUE

Referring to frequency response plots, if the gain of a system is crossing the 0dB
line at a slope of -40dB/decade, the system is stable.
False
Example 1.

## Bode Plots (Gain versus frequency)

Bode Plots (Gain versus frequency)
Example 2.
Bode Plots (Gain versus frequency)
Example 2. continued . . .

will be -180
degrees.