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Voltage regulation is the ratio of voltage drop from no load to the full load to the no load

voltage.

There are two ways to express the voltage regulation. One is voltage regulation up and
another is voltage regulation down.

Consider general formula for voltage regulation up as


V V fl
%VR nl 100
Vnl

Vnl V fl
Here is the no load voltage and is the full load voltage.

The voltage regulation up is normally used in case of transformers.

Consider general formula for voltage regulation down as


V V fl
%VR nl 100
V fl

The voltage regulation is normally used in case of alternators and power system calculations.
The ideal voltage regulation is 0%. It should be as low as possible for proper operation of the
electrical devices.