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Section Properties and General Stress Analysis

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Program Description:

"SECTPROP" is a spreadsheet program written in MS-Excel for the purpose of calculating section properties.

Two methods of input data are provided, either by adding of deleting "shapes" or by defining a polygon by a

series of "points". Specifically, the centroid location and total area are determined, as well as the centroidal and

principal axes moments of inertia, radii of gyration, and rotation angle.

Doc This documentation sheet

Shapes Section properties analysis using shapes to model section

Points Section properties analysis using up to 50 points to model section

Stress Stress analysis for symmetric and unsymmetric sections

1. This program will calculate the centroid location, total cross-sectional area, moments of inertia, and radii of

gyration for the centroidal axes and the principal axes if applicable. The value of the rotation angle between

the centroidal and principal axes is also calculated.

2. Units are any consistent set of units the user desires.

3. In the case of both calculation worksheets, the user should make sure to either clear the contents of all

spreadsheet cells that are not used for input or those cell values should be input = 0.

4. Using the Shapes worksheet, the origin X-axis MUST BE located at the lowest (bottom) point of the total

section. The overall height of the total section (in Y-direction) MUST BE correctly input as well.

5. In using the Shapes worksheet, the origin Y-axis MUST BE located at the left most point of the total section.

The overall width of the total section (in X-direction) MUST BE correctly input as well.

6. Using the Shapes worksheet, there is input for the number of rectangles, circles, cylinders, and symmetrical

shapes with known properties to be either added and/or deleted in order to model a particular section. For

rectangles, circles, and cylinders, there is input for applicable dimensions as well as the location of the

centroid from the assumed origin axes. For shapes with "known" properties, there is input for the self area,

self moments of inertia, and location of the centroid from the assumed origin axes.

7. Using the Shapes worksheet, any "known" shapes that are input should usually be at least singularly

symmetric (Ixy=0), except for the special case where the entire section to be modeled is at least singularly

symmetric. For example, a "known" angle shape should be modeled as two rectangles, unless there is a

"matching" angle to create overall symmetry about at least one axis.

8. Using the Shapes worksheet, when a total section is made up of ONLY rectangles, an approximate value of

the torsional constant, 'J', is displayed at the bottom of the worksheet (cells A51 and B51) under the

composite section properties calculations. (Note: cells A48, A49, B48, and B49 are "unlocked" so that the

resulting value of 'J' may be manually typed in for print out if desired.)

9. Using the Points worksheet, the modeled section can be any polygon defined by up to 50 connectable points,

each with its own set of X,Y coordinates (3 points are a minimum). The number of points is the actual total

number of different points required to define the polygon. While it is NOT required to redefine the start point to

"define" the polygon (as the program will automatically "close" the polygon after the end point has been

defined), in some cases it may be required to re-enter the coordinates of starting Point #1 directtly after

the last defined point coordinates, so that the plot of the section will appear "closed".

10. Using the Points worksheet, coordinates of each point are input, proceeding in a CLOCKWISE direction for

(positive) area to be added, and then in a COUNTER-CLOCKWISE direction for (negative) area to be deleted.

(See "Nomenclature" illustration for example.)

11. Using the Points worksheet, the origin MUST BE located so that the entire section is in the positive quadrant.

Negative coordinates ARE NOT acceptable.

12. This program contains numerous comment boxes which contain a wide variety of information including

explanations of input or output items, equations used, data tables, etc. (Note: presence of a comment box

is denoted by a red triangle in the upper right-hand corner of a cell. Merely move the mouse pointer to the

desired cell to view the contents of that particular "comment box".)

"SECTPROP.xls" Program

Version 2.4

Using "Shapes" to Model Section

###

Job Name: Subject: ###

Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###

###

Input Data: ###

###

Overall Height, Yt = 13.1900 (measured up from Global X-axis) ###

Overall Width, Xt = 8.0800 (measured to right from Global Y-axis) ###

###

No. of Known Shapes = 1 Y

Data: Shape #1

A = 14.7000 Rectangular Sh

Ix = 394.00 Data:

Iy = 56.30 Rect. #1

xc = 4.0400 Rect. #2

yc = 6.5950 Rect. #3

Add? Y/N Y Rect. #4

Rect. #5

No. of Rectangles = 2 Rect. #6

Data: Rect. #1 Rect. #2

Length, Lx = 7.0000 7.0000 Rect. #8

Length, Ly = 0.5000 0.5000

xc = 4.0400 4.0400 Circular Shapes

yc = 0.2500 12.9400 Data:

Add? Y/N Y Y Circle #1

Circle #2

Number of Circles = 0 +Y

+Y Circle #3

Data: Xt

Circle #4

Dia., D =

xc = RECTANGLE CYLINDER

yc = Data:

Add? Y/N Cylinder #1

Cylinder #2

Number of Cylinders = 0 Yt SHAPE Cylinder #3

Yt

Data: CIRCLE Cylinder #4

O.D. =

I.D. =

xc = A=

+X

+X

yc = XC =

+Z

+Z

Add? Y/N Nomenclature

NOMENCLATURE

Ixo =

Results: Iyo =

Centroidal Axes Properties: Principal Axes Properties: Ixyo =

Centroid Location and Area: Ix = 675.96 Ix' = 675.96 Xc(left) =

Xc(left) = 4.040 Sx(top) = 102.50 Iy' = 84.88 Xc(right) =

Xc(right) = 4.040 Sx(bot) = 102.50 Ixy' = 0.000 Yc(top) =

Yc(top) = 6.595 Iy = 84.88 rx' = 5.581 Yc(bot) =

Yc(bot) = 6.595 Sy(left) = 21.01 ry' = 1.978 Ix =

A = 21.700 Sy(right) = 21.01 0.000 Sx(top) =

Ixy = 0.000 Sx(bot) =

rx = 5.581 Iy =

ry = 1.978 Sy(left) =

4 of 7 04/04/2017 08:36:47

"SECTPROP.xls" Program

Version 2.4

Sy(right) =

5 of 7 04/04/2017 08:36:47

"SECTPROP.xls" Program

Version 2.4

Using up to 50 "Points" to Model Section

###

Job Name: Subject: ###

Job Number: Originator: Checker: ###

###

Input Data: ###

###

Number of Points = 6

SECTION PLOT ###

7.000

Coordinates: Xo Yo Xo Yo ###

#1: 0.000 0.000 6.000

###

#2: 0.000 3.000 ###

#3: 0.250 3.000 5.000

###

#4: 0.250 0.250 ###

#5: 3.000 0.250 4.000 ###

Y - AXIS

#6: 3.000 0.000 ###

0.000 0.000 3.000 ###

###

2.000 ###

###

1.000 ###

###

0.000 ###

0.0000.5001.0001.5002.0002.5003.0003.5004.0004.500

###

X - AXIS ###

+Y ###

3 4

###

10 9

###

###

###

11 12 7 8 ###

###

2 5

Note: For plot of section to be ''closed'' 1 6 ###

it may be required to re-input the Point #1 +X

Results: coord's. (0,0) directly after last of 6. Nomenclature ###

###

Centroid Location and Area: Centroidal Axes Properties: Principal Axes Properties: ###

Xc = 0.842 Ix = 1.24 Ix' = 1.98 ###

Yc = 0.842 Iy = 1.24 Iy' = 0.50 ###

A = 1.438 Ixy = -0.74 Ixy' = 0.00 ###

rx = 0.930 rx' = 1.175 ###

ry = 0.930 ry' = 0.592 ###

45.000 ###

###

###

###

6 of 7 04/04/2017 08:36:47

"SECTPROP.xls" Program

Version 2.4

STRESS ANALYSIS

For Symmetric and Unsymmetric Sections

=

Job Name: Subject:

Job Number: Originator: Checker:

Input Data:

Section Properties:

A= 1.44 in.^2 +Y

Ix = 1.24 in.^4

Iy = 1.24 in.^4

Ixy = -0.74 in.^4 +My

x

Loadings:

Centroid

Axial Pz = -5.00 kips y

Moment Mx = 0.50 ft-kips

+X

Moment My = 0.00 ft-kips

+Mx

Distance x = 2.1580 in. (from centroidal Y-axis)

Distance y = -0.8420 in. (from centroidal X-axis) +Z

"SYMMETRIC" SECTION

Results:

+Y

*Stress at designated point with coordinates of x,y:

= 19.48 ksi (compression)

Y' +My X'

-x

0

+X

Centroid -y

+Mx

+Z "UNSYMMETRIC" SECTION

per "Right-Hand-Rule"

*Note: General formula for stress () at a designated point with coordinates of x,y is as follows:

= (-Pz/A)+(x*(My*Ix-Mx*Ixy)/(Ix*Iy-Ixy^2))+(y*(-Mx*Iy-My*Ixy)/(Ix*Iy-Ixy^2))

7 of 7 04/04/2017 08:36:48

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