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1. The constituent assembly was formed on the "WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to
recommendation of the Cabinet Missionwhich visited constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR,
India in 1946. DEMOCRATIC, REPUBLIC and to secure all its citizens."
2. The Constituent Assembly met for the first time in New JUSTICE, social economic and political.
Delhi on 9 December, 1946 in the Constitution Hall LIBERTY, of thought, expression, belief, faith and worship.
which is now known as the Central Hall of Parliament EQUALITY, of status and of opportunity, and to promote
House. among them all.
3. Mr. Sachchidanand Sinha was elected provisional FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and
chairman of the assembly. unity and integrity of the nation.
4. Dr Rajendra Prasad later became the permanent IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY, this twenty sixth day of
chairman of the constituent assembly. November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, "ENACT AND GIVE
5. On 13 December, 1946, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru moved TO OURSELVES HIS CONSTITUTION ".
the Objectives Resolution which resolved to proclaim Idea of preamble borrowed from Constitution of US.
India as an Independent Sovereign Republic and to The words SOCIALIST, SECULAR and UNITY &
draw up for her future governance a Constitution. INTEGRITY were added by the 42nd Amendment in 1976.
6. The Constituent Assembly took almost three years (two Preamble is not justifiable.
years, eleven months and seventeen days to be precise)
to complete its historic task of drafting the Constitution BORROWED FEATURES OF CONSTITUTION
for Independent India. From Government of India Act, 1935
7. The Constituent Assembly held eleven sessions Federal system
covering a total of 165 days. Office of Governor
8. India is governed in terms of the Constitution, which Emergency powers
was adopted on 26 November, 1949, which was the last
day of the Eleventh session of the Constituent
9. This date finds mention in the Preamble to the Indian
this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY From U.K.
ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS Nominal Head President (like Queen)
CONSTITUTION. Cabinet System of Ministers
10. The honourable members appended their signatures to Post of PM
the constitution on 24 January, 1950. Parliamentary Type of Govt.
11. The Constitution of India came into force on 26 January, Bicameral Parliament
1950. On that day, the Constituent Assembly ceased to Lower House more powerful
exist, transforming itself into the Provisional Council of Ministers responsible to Lowe House
Parliament of India until a new Parliament was Speaker in Lok Sabha
constituted in 1952.
From U.S.
THE PREAMBLE Written Constitution
The Indian Constitution starts with the preamble which
outlines the main objectives of the Constitution. It reads:
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Executive head of state known as President and his 1956
being the Supreme Commander of the Armed Part VIII The Union Art. 239 to 242
Forces Territories
Vice- President as the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Part IX The Panchayats Art. 243 to 243O
Sabha Part IXA The Muncipalities Art. 243P to
Fundamental Rights 243ZG
Supreme Court Part IXB The Co-operative Art. 243ZH to
Provision of States Societies 243ZT
Independence of Judiciary and judicial review Part X The Scheduled and Art. 244 to 244A
Preamble Tribal Areas
Removal of Supreme court and High court Judges Part XI Relations between Art. 245 to 263
the Union and the
From USSR States
Fundamental Duties Part XII Finance, Property, Art. 264 to 300A
Five year Plan Contracts and Suits
Part XIII Trade, Commerce Art. 301 to 307
and Intercourse
From AUSTRALIA within the Territory
Concurrent list of India
Language of the preamble Part XIV Services under the Art. 308 to 323
Provision regarding trade, commerce and Union and the States
intercourse Part XIVA Tribunals Art. 323A to 323B
Part XV Elections Art. 324 to 329A
Part XVI Special provisions Art. 330 to 342
Law on which the Supreme Court function
relating to certain
Part XVII Official Language Art. 343 to 351
Suspension of Fundamental Rights during the
Part XVIII Emergency Art. 352 to 360
Part XIX Miscellaneous Art. 361 to 367
Part XX Amendment of the Art. 368
Scheme of federation with a strong centre
Distribution of powers between centre and the
Part XXI Temporary, Art. 369 to 392
states and placing. Residuary Powers with the
Transitional and
Special Provisions
Part XXII Short title, Art. 393 to 395
Concept of Directive Principles of States
authoritative text in
Policy(Ireland borrowed it from SPAIN)
Hindi and repeals
Method of election of President
Nomination of members in the Rajya Sabha by the
Article Importance
PARTS DESCRIBED IN THE CONSTITUTION Article 12-35 Specify the Fundamental Rights
Subject Articles available
Part Article 36-50 Specify the Directive Principles of state
Part I The Union and its Art. 1 to 4
Article 51A Specifies the Fundamental Duties of
every citizen
Part II Citizenship Art. 5 to 11
Article 80 Specifies the number of seats for the
Part III Fundamental Rights Art. 12 to 35
Rajya Sabha
Part IV Directive Principles Art. 36 to 51
Article 81 Specifies the number of seats for the
Part IVA Fundamental Duties Art. 51A
Lok Sabha
Part V The Union Art. 52 to 151
Article 343 Hindi as official language
Part VI The States Art. 152 to 237
Article 356 Imposition of Presidents Rule in states
Part VII Repealed by Const. (7th Amendment) Act,
Article 368 Amendment to the Constitution
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Article 370 Special status to Kashmir attendance at religious ceremonies
Article 395 Repeals India Independence Act and in certain educational institutions
Government of India Act, 1935
Article 29:- Protection of interests
of minorities
Cultural and Article 30:- Right of minorities to
Educational establish and administer
Rights educational institutions
Article 31:- Omitted by the 44th
Amendment Act
BRIEF ON THE FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS Article 32:- The right to move the
Supreme Court in case of their
Article 14:- Equality before law and
Right to violation (called Soul and heart of
equal protection of law the Constitution by BR Ambedkar)
Article 15:- Prohibition of Remedies Forms of Writ check
discrimination on grounds only of
Habeas Corpus :- Equality before
religion, race, caste, sex or place of
law and equal protection of law
Right to Equality
Article 16:- Equality of opportunity
in matters of public employment
Article 17:- End of untouchability
Article 18:- Abolition of titles,
Military and academic distinctions
are, however, exempted
Article 19:- It guarantees the
citizens of India the following six
fundamentals freedoms:-
Amendme Year Importance
1. Freedom of Speech and
2. Freedom of Assembly 7 1956 Reorganisation of states on
3. Freedom of form Associations linguistic basis and abolition
4. Freedom of Movement of Class A, B, C and D states
5. Freedom of Residence and and introduction of Union
Right to Freedom Settlement Territories.
6. Freedom of Profession, 9 1960 Adjustments to Indian
Occupation, Trade and Bussiness territory as a result of
Article 20:- Protection in respect of agreement with Paksitan.
conviction for offences 10 1961 Dadra, Nagar and Haveli
Article 21:- Protection of life and
included in Indian Union as a
personal liberty Union Territory on acquisition
Article 22:- Protection against from Portugal.
arrest and detention in certain 12 1961 Goa, Daman and Diu included
cases in Indian Union as a Union
Territory on acquisition from
Article 23:- Traffic in human beings Portugal.
Right Against prohibited 13 1963 The state of Nagaland formed
Exploitation Article 24:- No child below the age with special protection under
of 14 can be employed Article 371A.
Article 25:- Freedom of conscience 14 1962 Pondicherry incorporated into
and free profession, practice and Indian Union after transfer by
propagation of religion France.
Right to freedom Article 26:- Freedom to manage 21 1967 Sindhi added as language in
of Religion religious affairs the 8th schedule.
Article 27:- Prohibits taxes on 26 1971 Privy purse paid to former
religious grounds rulers of princely states
Article 28:- Freedom as to abolished.
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36 1975 Sikim included as an Indian Eligible to be a member of Lok Sabha
state. Must not hold any government post. Exceptions
42 1976 Fundamental Duties are:
prescribed, India became 1. President and Vice-President
Socialist Secular Republic. 2. Governor of any state
44 1978 Right to Property deleted from 3. Minister of Union State
the list of fundamental rights. Election
52 1985 Defection to another party Indirectly elected through Electoral College
after election made illegal. consisting of Elected members of both the Houses
61 1989 Voting age reduced from 21 to of Parliament & Elected members of the Legislative
18. Assemblies of the States. (No nominated members)
71 1992 Konkani, Manipuri and Nepali Security deposit of Rs 15,000/-
added as languages in the Supreme court inquires all disputes regarding
Eighth Schedule. Presidents Election.
73 1993 Introduction of Panchayati Takes OATH in presence of Chief Justice of India, or
Raj, addition of Part IX to the in his absence, senior-most Judge of Supreme Court
74 1993 Introduction of Nagarpalikas Terms and Emoluments
and Municipalities. 5 year term
86 2002 Free and compulsory Article 57 says that there is no upper limit on the
education to children between number of times a person can become President
6 and 14 years. Can give resignation to Vice-President before full-
92 2003 Bodo, Dogri, Santhali and term
Maithli added to the list of Present Salary- Rs. 1,50,000/month (including
recognised languages. Service allowances & emoluments)
Tax introduced.
8, 23, 45, 1960, Extension of reservation of
62, 79 1970, seats for SC/ST and
and 95 1980, nomination of Anglo-Indian
1989, members in Parliament and
2000 and State Assemblies. Impeachment
2010 Quasi-judicial procedure
96 2011 Substituted Odia for Oriya in Can be impeached only on the ground of violation
the Eighth Schedule to the of constitution
Constitution The impeachment procedure can be initiated in
The 42nd amendment was the most comprehensive either House of the Parliament
amendment which had 59 clauses and carried out so
many changes that it has been described as a Mini Vacancy
Constitution. In case of office falls vacant due to death,
The 52nd amendment was the only amendment to be resignation or removal, the Vice-President act as
unanimously adopted by the Parliament. President. It he is not available then Chief Justice, it
not then senior-most Judge of the Supreme court
UNION (ARTICLE 51-151) shall act as the President of India
The election is to be held within 6 months of the
President of India is the head of the Union Executive. A
Council of Ministers headed by Prime Minister aids and Powers
advises the President in the excersie of his function. Appoints PM, Ministers, Chief Justice & judge of
President of India is also Supreme Commander of the Supreme Court & High Court, Chairman & members
Defence Forces. of UPSC, Comptroller and Auditor General, Attorney
Office of President of India ==> General, Chief Election Commissioner and other
members of Election Commission of India,
Rashtrapati Bhavan Governors, Members of Finance Commission,
Qualification Ambassadors, etc
Must be a citizen of India Can summon & prorogue the sessions of the 2
Completed 35 years of age houses & can dissolve Lok Sabha
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Appoints Finance Commission (after every 5 years) He is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. Since
that recommends distribution of taxes between he is not a member of Rajya Sabha, he has no right
Union & State governments to vote
The President can promulgate 3 types of Being the Vice-President of India, he is not entitled
Emergencies:- for any salary, but he is entitled to the salary and
1. National Emergency (Article 352) allowances payable to the Chairman of the Rajya
2. State Emergency (Presidents Rule) (Article 356) Sabha
3. Financial Emergency (Article 360) All bills, resolution, motion can be taken in Rajya
He is the Supreme Commander of the Defence Sabha after his consent
Forces of India Can discharge the function of the President, the
President appoints Chief of Army, Navy and Air Vice-President shall not perform the duties of the
force office of the Chairman of Rajya Sabha and shall not
Declares wars & concludes peace subject to the be entitled to receive the salary of the Chairman.
approval of the Parliament During this period, he is entitled for the salary and
No money bill or demand for grant can be privileges of the President of India
introduced or moved in Parliament unless it has Present salary is Rs. 1,25,000/month
been recommended by the President
He has the power to grant pardon, reprieve or
remit of punishment or commute death sentences


Following is the information about Vice President of India Prime Minister of India
Election Powers of Prime Minister of India:-
Elected by both the houses (Electoral College) in Real excutive authority
accordance with the system of proportional He is the ex-officio Chairman of the Planning
representation by means of single transferable vote Commission, National Development Council,
and the vote being secret. Nominated members also National Integration Council and Inter state Council
participate in his election The President convenes and prorogues all sessions
The Supreme court has the final and exclusive of Parliament in Consultation with him
jurisdiction for resolving disputes and doubts Can recommend the dissolution of Lok Sabha
relating to the election of the Vice President of before expiry
India Appoints the council of ministers
Allocates portfolios. Can ask a minister to resign &
Criteria can get him dismissed by President
Citizen of India Can recommend to the President to declare
More that 35 years of Age emergency on grounds of war, external aggression
Posses the qualification of membership of Rajya or armed rebellion
Sabha Advises President about Presidents Rule in the
Not hold any office of profit under union, state of State or emergency due to financial instability
local authority. However, for this purpose, the Leader of the House
President, Vice-President, Governor of a State and a
Minister of the Union or a State, are not held to be Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
holding an office of profit Parliament consists of the President and the two
Houses, namely, the Council of States (Rajya Sabha) and
the House of the People (Lok Sabha).

The Lok Sabha: Its maximum strength is 545 (Not more

than 525 from the States to be elected directly. A
Other Points candidate for membership of the Lok Sabha must be a
Holds office for 5 years. Can be re-elected citizen of India and not less than 30 years of age. The
Term can be cut short if he resigns or by a normal term of the House is five years. The House can,
resolution of the Rajya Sabha passed by a majority however, be dissolved earlier by the President.
of all the then members of the Rajya Sabha and
agreed to by the Lok Sabha The said period may, while a Proclamation of
Emergency is in operation, be extended by Parliament
by law for a period not exceeding one year at a time and
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not extending in any case beyond a period of six (a) He has been a Judge of a High Court for not less
months after the Proclamation has ceased to operate. than five years in succession; or
Members of the House elect the Speaker and the (b) He has been an advocate of a High Court for
Deputy Speaker from among themselves. The Speaker not less than 10 years in succession; or
acts as the presiding officer of the House and, in his (c) He is a distinguished Jurist in the opinion of
absence, the Deputy Speaker acts for him. the President.
4. The Judges of the Supreme Court retires from their
The Rajya Sabha is a permanent body not subject to office after attaining the age of 65 years.
dissolution, elected indirectly, and its total strength 5. The President can remove the Chief Justice and the
cannot exceed 250. Twelve members, who have other judges on the basis of impeachment motion
distinguished themselves in literature, arts, science or passed in the Parliament.
social service, are nominated by the President. 6. The salary of the Chief Justice is Rs. 33, 000 and
that of the other judges is Rs. 30, 000 per month.
The remaining seats are distributed among the States 7. The judges of the Supreme Court after their
and Union Territories. The representatives of the States retirement and during their term of office are not
are elected by the members of the Legislative eligible to plead before any court/authority within
Assemblies of the States concerned by the method of the territory of India.
single transferable vote. The representatives of Union 8. The Judges of the Supreme Court cannot be
Territories are to be chosen in such a manner as transferred nor can they be demoted in office.
Parliament may by law prescribe. 9. The Supreme Court is not bound to abide by the
decisions of the High Courts.
A candidate for membership of the Rajya Sabha must be 10. The salary and the allowances of the Judges of the
a citizen of India and he should not be less than 25 Supreme Court are charged upon the Consolidated
years of age. One-third of the members must retire once Fund of India.
in two years, and their places are filled by fresh 11. The cases involving the interpretation of the
election. The Vice-President of India is the ex- officio Constitution are decided only by the Supreme
Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. Court.
12. The Supreme Court is the Apex Court in India and
Relations between the Two Houses of Parliament. If a functions from New Delhi. It consists of a Chief
non-money bill is passed by one House, and the other Justice and 25 other judges. The Chief Justice and
House rejects it or the two Houses do not agree to the other judges are appointed by the President.
amendments, the President may summon a joint However, in the selection of other judges of the
meeting of both Houses to resolve the deadlock. The Supreme Court, the President does consult the
decision of the majority prevails. As for money bills, Chief Justice. Judges of the Supreme Court can hold
every such bill must be introduced in the Lok Sabha. office up to the age of 65 years.
It cannot be introduced in the Rajya Sabha. Any such
bill cannot be rejected by the Rajya Sabha though it High Court
may delay it for 14 days at the most. The Cabinet, which 1. There is a provision for a High Court in each State
is the real working executive, is responsible to the Lok and each Union Territory but two or more States or
Sabha only. two or more Union Territories or States and Union
Territories, together, may establish a common High
2. The Judges of the High Court are also appointed by
the President.
3. A person shall not be eligible to become a Judge of a
High Court unless such a person-
Supreme Court (a) has been a judicial officer for not less than
1. The Supreme Court is a federal court. Its only seat years within the territory of India; or
is located at Delhi. Its bench can be established at (b) has been an advocate for not less than 10 years
other places also but so far it has not been in a High Court in India.
established. 4. The Judges of the High Courts retire from their
2. The Judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by office after attaining the age of 62 years.
the President. 5. The judges and the Chief Justice of the High Courts
3. A person shall have the following qualification to are removed from the office by the President in the
become eligible for the appointment as a Judge of same manner as adopted in the case of the Supreme
the Supreme Court, if: Court.
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6. The salary of the Chief Justice is Rs. 30, 000 and A Bill passed annually (or at various Appropriation
that of other judges is Rs. 26, 000 per month. times of the year) providing for the Bill
7. The judges of the High Courts cannot plead before withdrawal or appropriation from
any Court during the term of their office. and out of the Consolidated Fund of
After retirement, they cannot plead before any India of moneys by Lok Sabha and
Court below the High Court. That means they can moneys charged on the Consolidated
plead only before other High Courts and the Fund for the services of a financial
Supreme Court. year or a part thereof.
8. The judges of the High Courts can be transferred A motion for reduction of a demand Cut motion
from one High Court to the other High Court and for grant by or to a specified amount
may be promoted as the Judges of the Supreme Cut motion can be of three types - Disapproval of policy cut,
Court. Economy cut and Token cut
9. The High Courts are bound to abide by the
decisions of the Supreme Court. A grant made by Lok Sabha in Vote on Account
10. The salary and other allowances of the Judges of advance in respect of the estimated
the High Courts are charged upon the Consolidated expenditure of the Government of
Fund of the States. India for a part of a financial year
11. The cases involving the interpretation of the pending the voting of Demands for
Constitution are not decided by the High Courts. Grants for the financial year. A
Motion for Vote on Account is dealt
with in the same way as if it were a
BASIC DEFINITIONS demand for grant.
Definition Term
The draft of a legislative proposal Bill Definition Term
Bill passed by both the Houses of Act Termination of a sitting of a House Adjournmentsine
Parliament and assented to by the without any definite date being fixed die
President for the next sitting
A member of the House of the People Member The termination of a session of the Prorogation
(Lok Sabha) House by an order made by the
A member other than a Minister Private Member President under article 85(2) (a) of
the Constitution.
The first hour of a sitting of the Question Hour
Definition Term House normally allotted for asking
Annual Financial statement of the Budget and answering of questions
estimated receipts and expenditure The minimum number of members Quorum
of the Government of India for a required to be present at a sitting of
financial year the House or the Committee for
The estimate of expenditure in Demand for Grant valid transaction of its business. The
respect of a Ministry/Department quorum to constitute a sitting of the
not charged upon the Consolidated House is one-tenth of the total
Fund of India, placed for approval number of members of the House
before the House on the and in respect of a Committee it is
recommendations of the President one-third of the total number of
A Bill ordinarily introduced each Finance Bill members of the Committee
year to give effect to the financial A self-contained independent Resolution
proposals of the Government for the proposal submitted for the approval
following financial year of the House and drafted in such a
A bill containing only provisions Money Bill way as to be capable of expressing a
dealing with all or any of the matters decision of the House.
specified in sub-clauses (a) to (g) of The vote cast by the Speaker or the Casting vote
Clause (1) of Articel 110 of the Chairman in the case of an equality
Constitution. (Such a bill cannot be of votes on a matter
introduced without the Deletion of words, phrases of Expunction
recommendation of the President expression for the proceedings or
and it also cannot be introduced in records of the House (for being
the Rajya Sabha
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defamatory or indecent or
unparliamentary or undignified)

Definition Term
A question relating to a matter of Short Notice
The Attorney-General for India is appointed by the
public importance of an urgent Question
President and hold office during the pleasure of the
character asked with notice shorter
President. He must be a person qualified to be
than ten clear days
appointed as a judge of the Supreme Court. The
duty of Attorney General to give advice to the
Planning Commission
Government of India upon such legal matters and to
1. The chairman of the Planning commission is Prime
perform such other duties of a legal character, as
Minister of India
may be referred or assigned to him by the
2. Planning commission is an economic advisory body
President, and to discharge the functions conferred
set up by a resolution of union cabinet in 1950. It is
on him by or under the Constitution or any other
not mentioned in Constitution.
law. He also has right to take part in the proceeding
3. Its main function is to prepare the five-year Plan for
of Parliament.
economic and social development
Comptroller and Auditor General
Comptroller and Auditor General is appointed by
the President. Procedure and grounds for his
removal from office are the same as for a Supreme
Court Judge. He is not eligible for further office
under the Union or a State Government after he
ceases to hold his office. His main work to submit
Finance Commission the reports on accounts of the Union and States to
1. Finance Commission was set up in 1951. the President and respective governors which are
2. Its present chairman is Y. V. Reddy. placed before Parliament and state legislatures.
3. Its main function is to advice President on the
financial issues. Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
The chairman and other members of the Union
National Development Council Public Service Commission are appointed by the
1. NDC was formed in 1952 President of India and they hold office for a term of
2. Its members includes chief ministers, cabinet 6 years from the date of appointment or until they
ministers, all members of planning commission. attain the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. The
3. Its chairman is Prime Minister. main function of the commission is to conduct
4. Its main function is to review working of national examination and hold interviews for making
plan. appointments to the various services of the Union
1. Sukumar Sen was an Indian civil servant who was
the first Chief Election Commissioner of India
Type of Meaning Purpose of issue
2. Election Commission is a constitutional body.
Writ of the
3. The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed
from his office by Parliament with two-thirds
Habeas You may To release a person who has
majority in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha on the
Corpus have the been detained unlawfully
grounds of proven misbehaviour or incapacity.
body whether in prison or in
Other Election Commissioners can be removed by
private custody.
the President on the recommendation of the Chief
Election Commissioner. Mandamus We To secure the performance
4. The current CEC is V. S. Sampath. Command of public duties by lower
court, tribunal or public
Certiorari To be To quash the order already
certified passed by an inferior court,
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tribunal or quasi judicial 2. States List (Powers of State Govt.) 66 subjects
authority. 3. Concurrent List (Both Union & States) 46 subjects.
Prohibition - To prohibit an inferior court
from continuing the Eighth Schedule
proceedings in a particular List of 22 languages of India recognized by
case where it has no Constitution
jurisdiction to try. Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati,Hindi ,Kannada , Kashmiri,
Quo What is To restrain a person from Manipuri ,Malayalam ,Konkani ,Marathi ,Nepali , Oriya ,
Warranto your holding a public office which Punjab, Sanskrit ,Sindhi, Tamil ,Telegu ,Urdu, Santhali,
authority? he is not entitled. Bodo ,Maithili , Dogri
Sindhi was added in 1967 by 21 Amendment
IMPORTANT SCHEDULES IN THE CONSTITUTION Konkani, Manipuri ad Nepali were added in 1992
Schedules 1 to 12 by 71 amendment Santhali, Maithili, Bodo and
Dogri were added in 2003 by 92 amendment
First schedule contains the list of states and union
territories and their territories
Second schedule contains provisions as to the
President, Governors of States, Speaker and the
Deputy Speaker of the House of the People and the
Chairman and the Deputy Chairman of the Council of
States and the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker of the Committee on the Rules of Rajendra Prasad
Legislative Assembly and the Chairman and the Procedure
Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council of a State, Steering Committee Rajendra Prasad
the Judges of the Supreme Court and of the High Finance and Staff Committee Rajendra Prasad
Courts and the Comptroller and Auditor-General of Credential Committee Alladi Krishnaswami
Indiathe list of states and union territories and their Ayyar
territories House Committee B. Pattabhi
Third Schedule contains the Forms of Oaths or Sitaramayya
Affirmations. Order of Business Committee K.M. Munsi
Fourth Schedule contains provisions as to the Ad hoc Committee on the Rajendra Prasad
allocation of seats in the Council of States. National Flag
Fifth Schedule contains provisions as to the Committee on the Functions G.V. Mavalankar
Administration and Control of Scheduled Areas and of the Constituent Assembly
Scheduled Tribes. States Committee Jawaharlal Nehru
Sixth Schedule contains provisions as to the
Advisory Committee on Vallabhbhai Patel
Administration of Tribal Areas in the States of Assam,
Fundamental Rights,
Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
Minorities and Tribal and
Seventh Schedule contains the Union list, State list and
Excluded Areas
the concurrent list.
Minorities Sub-Committee H.C. Mookherjee
Eighth Schedule contains the list of
recognised languages. Fundamental Rights Sub- J.B. Kripalani
Ninth Schedule contains provisions as to validation of Committee
certain Acts and Regulations. North-East Frontier Tribal Gopinath Bardoloi
Tenth Schedule contains provisions as to Areas and Assam Exluded &
disqualification on ground of defection. Partially Excluded Areas Sub-
Eleventh Schedule (73rd amendment) contains the Committee
powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats. Excluded and Partially A.V. Thakkar
Twelfth Schedule (74th amendment) contains the Excluded Areas (Other than
powers, authority and responsibilities of those in Assam) Sub-
Municipalities. Committee
Union Powers Committee Jawaharlal Nehru
Seventh Schedule Union Constitution Jawaharlal Nehru
Gives allocation of powers and functions between Committee
Union & States. It contains 3 lists Drafting Committee B.R. Ambedkar
1. Union List (For central Govt.) 99 Subjects.
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