You are on page 1of 30

E-guide

E-guide

In this e-guide
Introduction:

The world of networking is broad in its scope, and touches on


network and how to fix it
almost every other aspect of enterprise IT. A slow running
Why are telcos so readily
network is a main concern of businesses, with most believing
adopting open standards for this means an infrastructure upgrade is needed. But, by
NFV? assuming new equipment is necessary, businesses could be
missing big bottlenecks in the network that are far cheaper to
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
resolve. The virtualisation of network functions is a growing
cities attraction to many telecoms businesses, as this fast-evolving
technology will enable businesses to cut costs and provision
Getting more CW+ essential vital services much faster than before. Finally, the internet of
content
things is a trend that continues to flourish. Although much has
been written about connected fridges, the real innovation is
so-called smart cities but
there are key elements that must be in place before smart
cities can take off.

Alex Scroxton, Networking Editor

Page 1 of 29
E-guide

In this e-guide

network and how to fix it


Rene Millman, Guest Contributor
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for When using the network feels like wading through molasses,
NFV? finding the cause can be a difficult process

Three steps towards a


hierarchy of needs for smart
It is all too easy to think that when the network becomes increasingly
cities
sluggish, that an infrastructure upgrade is needed to maintain speeds
acceptable to your users.
Getting more CW+ essential
content
More often than not, the problem is not that your users spend too much time
downloading cat videos, but more likely that there are serious bottlenecks in
the network that can and should be dealt with before bringing out the
chequebook for new equipment.

Consistent slowness in the network is difficult to pinpoint and sometimes


more than one problem may be occurring at the same time. It is important to
start looking at a few likely suspects.

Page 2 of 29
E-guide

The all-too-obvious answer is to see bandwidth as the problem, but with


In this e-guide investigation, it is often not within a LAN environment, where a high amount
of bandwidth is available. More likely, the problem lies within the WAN, where
capacity is more finite and expensive.
network and how to fix it
Problems with slow networks in a WAN environment are more likely to result
Why are telcos so readily from not employing quality-of-service software, according to Jason Peach,
adopting open standards for principal consultant at Networks First.
NFV?
blem, using more intelligent
analysis to optimise bandwidth is often a better way to solve a bandwidth
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart contention the problem in any network scenario LAN, WAN or WLAN, for
cities

End-to-end latency (the delay that happens to a packet end to end from the
Getting more CW+ essential
PC to the server) and any errors causing re-transmission on the network will
content
also degrade application performance and slow the network.

Peach.

SolarWinds, says a robust network-

monitoring your routers and switches with simple network management

Page 3 of 29
E-guide

protocol (SNMP), you achieve visibility on route flaps, packet loss, an


In this e-guide increase in round-trip time
of other useful information, such as letting you know if the device CPU or
memo
network and how to fix it
Packet loss
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for
James Meek, lead delivery solutions manager at T-Systems, says poor
NFV? network performance is characterised by packet loss, which can be
measured in a number of ways by using a number of different tools.
determined that packet loss is occurring, it is necessary to understand
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart whether this is due to a lack of buffering when traffic bursts occur, a poor
cities

While on multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) networks, it is possible to


Getting more CW+ essential
prioritise important traffic, such as voice and video, over less important
content
traffic such as web browsing and network backups. Meek says that even
with IP QoS, it is still necessary to provision sufficient network bandwidth to
avoid congestion.

When networks collide

Internet connections are increasingly becoming performance bottlenecks


for organisations, mainly because of bandwidth that is not controlled
properly, particularly with the increase in video streaming.

Page 4 of 29
E-guide

In this e-guide centrally located ISP services and firewall boundaries, perhaps a more
distributed ISP branch-level set of ISP internet connections would be a

network and how to fix it


With more branch-level internet connections, internet traffic itself does not
Why are telcos so readily need to go directly across the corporate WAN, competing with corporate
adopting open standards for traffic on the same MPLS link, says Peach.
NFV?

connections and ensuring that the right amount of firewalls, email and web
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
cities
This approach lends itself better to hosted cloud services for user device-

Getting more CW+ essential


cloud-based web-filtering solution could work out more cost-effective than
content
simply employing additional corporate-grade WAN bandwidth to tackle this
problem

Another common bottleneck is between the wireless LAN controllers and

customers move towards the latest 802.11ac wireless network

Page 5 of 29
E-guide

Bad planning
In this e-guide
Mitch Auster, senior director at Ciena Agility, says most network bottlenecks
come about because of ineffective planning and forecasting and that this is
network and how to fix it a particular challenge when a wide variety of specialised, high-touch (Layer
3 to 7) equipment is deployed deep in the metro network.
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for
-
NFV? e mobile and services become more
on-demand, the likelihood of spikes in resource demand and bottlenecks
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
From a network design standpoint, it is recommended to locate these
cities
functions in a small number of larger, metro/regionally-centralised
datacentres, and using low-cost-per-bit, efficient and easily reconfigurable
Getting more CW+ essential
packet-optical transport to aggregate and express the traffic between end-
content
users and these content centres.

-7 resource pool can be sized


for the aggregate peak demand, as opposed to each far-flung L3-7 device

If bad planning can cause bottlenecks, then perhaps it is up to network


architects to design out such issues.

Page 6 of 29
E-guide

Matt Walmsley, senior manager at Emulex, says that during architecting


In this e-guide cycles, it is prudent to plan for increasing traffic levels and diversity of
applications and services.

network and how to fix it -speed intra-network node links (for


example, 10GbE, 40GbE, 100GbE) and server-network links (10GbE,
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for says.
NFV?
Walmsley says traditional network architectures can also take advantage of
various technologies to build high-performance and load-sharing (or even
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart load-balanced) links that provide reliable, high-performance routing of traffic
cities and help to shape and prioritise different traffic types over the network.

Does virtualising the network help or hinder?


Getting more CW+ essential
content Stuart Greenslade, EU networking sales director at Avaya, says that for
anyone running legacy networks, it might be time to consider virtualisation,
SDN or fabric technology, which will give the network much greater
simplicity and flexibility and thus reduce the likelihood of network
bottlenecks.

many network professionals virtualise the network to create


fewer operational overheads and add more functionality, which is a win-win
for the

Page 7 of 29
E-guide

in the network enables service agility and allows the opportunity for a faster
In this e-guide

But SDN, network functions virtualisation (NFV) and the general move to
network and how to fix it virtualised infrastructure may hinder efforts to combat network bottlenecks.
Virtualisation has led to distributed applications in a datacentre, creating
Why are telcos so readily more east-west traffic.
adopting open standards for
NFV? Transactions that were previously handled by a single host may now be split
across multiple hosts in a datacentre or distributed between an on-premise
host and a host located at a different location or a cloud provider.
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
Trevor Dearing, EMEA marketing director at Gigamon, says:
cities
monitoring of application performance, more visibility is required into the
various interactions between hosts. These interactions can lead to more
Getting more CW+ essential
traffic duplicates as switched network packets are captured from different
content

Dearing says the use of new network virtualisation or SDN within a


datacentre to create logical networks means issues could be hidden behind
new encapsulations that the operational tools cannot decode.

Walmsley remains upbeat about SDN and NFV, which will underpin self-
optimising networks infrastructure that can integrate and respond to

Page 8 of 29
E-guide

applications in real time rather than just be a predictable, fast but relatively
In this e-guide separate data transport.

But he warns that such changes bring some complexity, and the
network and how to fix it
he network and applications will only increase the need for
Why are telcos so readily comprehensive application-aware networking monitoring and historical data
adopting open standards for capture.
NFV?
The cloud clouds issues
Three steps towards a
Networks First's Peach warns that moves into the cloud could make the job
hierarchy of needs for smart
of pinpointing network bottlenecks more difficult as network managers start
cities
to lose visibility into the network.

Getting more CW+ essential


content

Peach says customers with hybrid cloud deployments tend to find it hard to
determine whether their application performance issue is a network

a point of contention as it is difficult to prove matters witho

Page 9 of 29
E-guide

All hail the self-optimising network


In this e-guide
Network bottlenecks could become a thing of the past as embedded
automation becomes part of the network. Joe Raccuglia, director of network
network and how to fix it solutions marketing at Alcatel-Lucent Enterprise, says this automation would
provide more self-configuration, self-attachment, automated reconfiguration
Why are telcos so readily with adds, moves and changes of not just applications, but servers and other
adopting open standards for devices connecting into the network.
NFV?

Three steps towards a


hierarchy of needs for smart
cities
Next article
Getting more CW+ essential
content

Page 10 of 29
E-guide

In this e-guide

network and how to fix it


Alex Scroxton, Networking Editor
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for Communications services providers are lining up to make their
NFV? future virtualised
attraction?
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
cities
Among the glitzy stands and hyped-up smartphone launches that
Getting more CW+ essential
characterise the annual Mobile World Congress fair in Barcelona, the topic
content of network functions virtualisation (NFV) could be described as something of
a dry topic.

However, as the mobile world moves down the path to faster 4G networks
and future ubiquitous 5G networks, it will become a vital element in a
s) arsenal.

NFV works by decoupling network functions from dedicated hardware


devices such as routers, firewalls and load balancers and hosting them

Page 11 of 29
E-guide

on a virtual machine. This means that networks can be controlled using


In this e-guide a hypervisor on a standard x86 server.

A recent report from the OpenStack Foundation claimed that NFV was a
network and how to fix it potential game-changer for mobile operators. This is because it can help
them develop and deploy services in double-quick time, while reducing their
Why are telcos so readily reliance on proprietary networking hardware and freeing up datacentre
adopting open standards for capacity.
NFV?
According to Jonathan Bryce, CEO of the OpenStack Foundation, NFV has
emerged as the fastest growing area for OpenStack. He says this was not a
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart use case he anticipated when the organisation was first set up.
cities

They came to our community because they thought OpenStack had the
Getting more CW+ essential
potential to he
content

cloud technology is becoming to every industry, including networking.

US telco AT&T was one of the first to use OpenStack for NFV. It now runs a
number of its datacentres, and many millions of calls over it. Where a
company of its size goes, others tend to follow.

Page 12 of 29
E-guide

In this e-guide interested as well, says Bryce. BT is also understood to be evaluating the
technology, as well as China Unicom and NTT in Japan.

network and how to fix it Perhaps predictably, SKT from South Korea is well along using it in both
private and public cloud and research and development for its future 5G
Why are telcos so readily deployment.
adopting open standards for
NFV? Why open?

So why OpenStack and its competitors


Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
resources dynamically and they need to do that for their networks.
cities

Getting more CW+ essential there they may have moved in a different direction. The big driver for NFV is
content to lower cost models. Participating in open-source communities is very
disruptive to entrenched business models that telcos have followed for
decad

Bryce says that networks have traditionally been very carefully managed
because they are so critical to the enterprise. Therefore, there has been a
certain amount of resistance to the idea of automation and cloud-
enablement.

Page 13 of 29
E-guide

However, he says, the technology is now solid enough that whether an


In this e-guide operator is provisioning infrastructure, managing failover or offering new
services there is a solid use case.

network and how to fix it Community members particularly those from software-defined networking
(SDN) companies such as Big Switch or Nicira in VMware are working
Why are telcos so readily on Docker, which can be a challenge in a network environment and
adopting open standards for containerised networking systems.
NFV?
Brocade CTO of mobile networking Kevin Shatzkamer says CSPs are
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart programming interfaces] into the infrastructure for network management,
cities and provisioning. Our perspective is built entirely around open standards
our controller is OpenDaylight, and we have a large development team
Getting more CW+ essential
content
Swisscom picks HPE for virtual networks

Armin Veit, senior network architect at Swiss incumbent Swisscom, is in the


process of deploying NFV to offer virtual customer premise equipment
(vCPE) to his business customers, and has a number of trial installations in
the field. He is using
platform to do so.

Page 14 of 29
E-guide

In this e-guide change their firewall rules, they had to call us and we had to do it for them,

network and how to fix it -sized enterprises] customers change

Why are telcos so readily


adopting open standards for
NFV? Up to now, like most telcos Swisscom deployed network functions at
customers using dedicated on-site appliances, leading to significant capital
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
cities
location, offering on-demand services, its own costs will come down, its
deployments will be quicker and its services will be more highly available,
Getting more CW+ essential
says Veit.
content

Computer Weekly.

e need to have feature sets that are easy to


maintain, otherwise we would just end up building new silos. We want to
lever what we have already built, otherwise we would have to rebuild it and

Page 15 of 29
E-guide

reintegrate it, which costs money. That was the point at which we decided
In this e-guide

David Sliter, vice-president and general manager of communications and


network and how to fix it media at Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE), is fully supportive of this idea.

Compliance required
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for
HPE recently made it a requirement that any supplier wishing to sell cloud
NFV?
apps or services to the European public sector or commercial organisations
via its Cloud 28+ catalogue must ensure their offerings are OpenStack-
Three steps towards a
compliant in a year of joining.
hierarchy of needs for smart
cities

these guys, Y from Cisco and Z from HP. Some are competitors and some
Getting more CW+ essential
content

business-focused methodology. They defined the business outcome, which


was to launch vCPE as a service. They had business-driven success factors,

Ray Watson, vice-president of technology at network services supplier


Masergy
approach to NFV is that it brings independence to the customer.

Page 16 of 29
E-guide

p a Brocade or a Cisco router on a Linux machine in 15


In this e-guide seconds, I am not locked into their proprietary chassis. So by using
OpenDaylight or OpenStack, enterprises will benefit hugely by either joining
the whitebox revolution or by leveraging the technology to get better pricing
network and how to fix it

Why are telcos so readily


adopting open standards for
NFV?

Time running out


Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
For Shatzkamer, the time for CSPs to act on NFV is now. He argues that
cities
changes to European Union (EU) roaming regulations along with
companies such as Apple and Facebook doing more over-the-top services
Getting more CW+ essential
mobile virtual network operation necessitates a
content
kind of networking arms race.

On the technology side, he says, there are other challenges, such as


bandwidth demand outpacing available spectrum on mobile networks, traffic
variance and building networks to support massive internet of things (IoT)
sensor deployments.

these use cases. The industry is not in a position to wait three to five years,

Page 17 of 29
E-guide

there are SDN and NFV skills and operational best practice that they need
In this e-guide

network and how to fix it optimise Linux, virtualisation of both virtual machines and containers,
scripting and programming APIs and have a working knowledge of computer
Why are telcos so readily science.
adopting open standards for
NFV? hese people exist, but they are few and far between and Facebook and
Google are recruiting them all. CSPs must ramp up acquisition of that
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
Beyond the telco
cities

To date, it has been mainly telecoms operators that have gone down this
Getting more CW+ essential road. But it will eventually hit the enterprise in a more noticeable way
content particularly in those with multiple, distributed sites.

Watson at Masergy, who has been doing SDN on the quiet for more than a
decade, sees open standards as key to emerging hybrid, programmable
enterprise wide area networks (WANs) something he refers to as the fifth
generation of WANs or 5GWANs.

the ability to make real-time


changes to aspects such as bandwidth and quality of service, and doing it all

Page 18 of 29
E-guide

Besides real-time service provisioning and adjustments, Watson forecasts


In this e-guide that such networks will help enterprises address security concerns, meet
the demands of their millennial employees for more seamless ways of
working and address constrained IT budgets. This will also mean enterprises
network and how to fix it
can internationalise their business more readily, he adds.

Why are telcos so readily


adopting open standards for l in China, but
NFV?

Watson predicts a number of factors will contribute to a so-called tipping


Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart point for wider enterprise adoption of such networks. He says they will be
cities heavily dependent on adoption of emerging areas of technology, such as the
IoT, that they will be required to support.
Getting more CW+ essential
content
Next article

Page 19 of 29
E-guide

In this e-guide

network and how to fix it


Alex Scroxton, Networking Editor
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for Smart cities face challenges around network connectivity,
NFV? standardisation and data governance, say IoT experts, and these
needs must be met for them to flourish
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
cities
Undeniably, smart cities are the wave of the future, providing one of the
Getting more CW+ essential
most intriguing and innovative applications for the internet of things (IoT),
content and offering untold benefits for governments and citizens around service
provision, quality of life, security and sustainability in an increasingly
uncertain and dangerous world.

However the deployment and smooth running of smart city projects have yet
to be fully worked out.

In the UK alone, several projects such as Bristol is Open and MK:Smart


are forging ahead with much success. However, they are merely pilots,

Page 20 of 29
E-guide

independent of one another, and it will eventually be crucial for some form of
In this e-guide government policy to be laid down.

At the IoT Tech Expo fair in London, held in February 2016, a panel made up
network and how to fix it of a number of smart city advocates and experts debated some of the
biggest challenges facing smart city projects.
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for
The panel laid out the basic needs that must be met for smart cities to
NFV? flourish, and deliver on the big promises that have been made. If these needs
can be met, then we will be well on our way to truly smart cities.
Three steps towards a
1. The need for connectivity
hierarchy of needs for smart
cities
At its heart, the IoT demands broadband connectivity

Getting more CW+ essential swing in the first place.


content
Up to now, discussions around the IoT have tended to centre on the
networks that will support the sensors themselves. Sensors tend to be
discrete units that are not online all the time, the technobabble tends to be
around low-power wide area networks (WANs), Bluetooth or other, similar
standards such as Zigbee.

This is all very well when all you are doing is sending small, chatty bursts of
data back to a central hub, but if anything useful is to come of that data, the
connectivity at the other end must be addressed.

Page 21 of 29
E-guide

In essence, while a local authority may want to go all out to deploy sensors
In this e-guide to support an integrated public transport app bringing live service
information to users on the move if the people who ride on the buses
cannot access it, there is no point.
network and how to fix it

Why are telcos so readily to support smart cities. That agreement could be a sign of an imminent bust-
adopting open standards for up between BT Openreach
NFV? Adastral Park, or more likely a reflection of the sheer size and diversity of
BT.
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart John Davies, chief researcher of future business technology at BT, says:
cities
enable smart city technologies to b
Getting more CW+ essential
The need for broadband becomes even more important when you realise
content
that many users of local authority services precisely those who could be
the biggest beneficiaries of smart city technology tend towards lower
socio-economic brackets and digital exclusion.

-economic challenges.
However, it has to be underpinned by other technologies. I think of digital
inclusion, for example, and poor areas are nearly always the same areas
with the lowest rates of broadband penetration

Page 22 of 29
E-guide

Member of Parliament for Newcastle upon Tyne Central and shadow digital
In this e-guide economy minister Chi Onwurah
to access services and products digitally, because the full benefits of the

network and how to fix it


The debate about smart cities will be bogged down in technicalities without
Why are telcos so readily connectivity being addressed, warns Onwurah, who used her keynote
adopting open standards for address to call for the IoT industry to start lobbying government for better
NFV? broadband. After all, she says, the wider industry has more credibility and
certainly more authority than the politicians in charge of the national
Three steps towards a broadband roll-out.
hierarchy of needs for smart
cities 2. The need for standardisation

Jonny Voon, lead technologist at Innovate UK, says that so far, he has seen
Getting more CW+ essential
too much emphasis on smart city technology in the context of global
content
megacities urban conglomerations such as Beijing, Mumbai, So Paulo or
Tokyo, home to many millions of people each.

s, but smart cities should not just be

Page 23 of 29
E-guide

Civic Tech Amsterdam CEO Katalin Gallyas advocates a collaborative


In this e-guide approach to smart cities and in her role as taskforce member at Open and
Agile Smart Cities (OASC). The OASC is an initiative founded on the idea
that one city alone is not a market, and that an open smart city market must
network and how to fix it
be created based on the needs of urban communities, interoperability, and
standards.
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for OASC has more than 70 cities on its roster, including Brussels, Copenhagen,
NFV? Dublin, Helsinki and Lisbon. In the UK it counts Aberdeen, Bristol,
Dundee, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Inverness, Leeds, Manchester, Perth and
Three steps towards a Stirling as members. The organisation is also active in a number of other
hierarchy of needs for smart countries, including Australia, Bosnia Herzegovina, Brazil, Croatia, Italy and
cities Spain.

Getting more CW+ essential ducate cities not to procure too fast, to look
content

Meanwhile Paul Wilson, managing director of smart city programme Bristol


is Open, brings the debate on smart city standards back to the underlying
network.

you where you want to go. In Bristol, we have thought about networks as
technology-agnostic, heterogeneous networks, typically based on

Page 24 of 29
E-guide

a software-defined network, where there are two big standards


In this e-guide OpenFlow and OpenDaylight.

network and how to fix it which is leading to a burst of innovation. Standardisation would be extremely
helpful, especially for application developers. That lack of market is currently
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for
NFV?
networks and data, and standards are definitely emerging in all those areas.
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
Hypercat is
cities
n BT.

Getting more CW+ essential -siloed approach will


content maximise the value of that data, take away the pain for developers, and
support innovative SMEs [small to medium-sized enterprises] that will drive
says Davies.

Michael Mulquin, smart cities standards expert at the British Standards


Institute (BSI), agrees that smart city standards need to play their part in
breaking down siloes, but beyond data to encompass management and
strategy as well, where plans can often conflict.

Page 25 of 29
E-guide

but management and


In this e-guide process, and making sure the city is able to make use of technology

network and how to fix it 3. The need for data governance

In the West Country, the Bristol is Open smart city project has been up and
Why are telcos so readily
adopting open standards for
running for almost a year, and is exploring many applications, including
NFV? transport mapping and smart utility metering in local authority housing. Its
objectives are quite simple to improve the daily lives of its citizens,
enhance access to services, and bolster
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart scene. But what will happen to the vast amounts of data it will generate?
cities
and there will be a huge
surge forward in the next decade but after all that fun, the question will be,
Getting more CW+ essential
content

As an example of a future smart city project, Bristol is Open is exploring the


possibility of deploying sensors in private rental homes to collect data on
rising damp, which the authorities can then use to take enforcement action
against unscrupulous, absentee or just plain negligent landlords.

However, once that damp dataset is collected, who will take ownership of it?
Will it be the network or cloud provider, the local council, the tenant or even
the landlord? Perhaps more importantly, who will secure it?

Page 26 of 29
E-guide

In this e-guide huge backlash. Governance around the data is super important, and local
authorities will have to play a role in this accountability. Big corporations also
have a role to play, but they will have to dance with civic authorities that
network and how to fix it

Why are telcos so readily He predicts that organisations such as the Hypercat consortium or Innovate
adopting open standards for UK will eventually find themselves in the role of mediator, or chaperone, in
NFV? the dance between well-heeled IT businesses and cash-strapped cities.

Davies at BT also speaks up for Hypercat, saying it can play a role in


Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart creating an open ecosystem with data providers and owners working
cities together to avoid a sense of supplier lock-in.

In MK:Smart, with BT, we have a programme with a target to involve 90


Getting more CW+ essential
SMEs building apps for Milton Keynes, and it will be interesting to see what
content
busines

how to procure a smart city, if such a thing can even be said to be

artners. In
London, Lambeth had its budget cut, so Lambeth is not thinking about
buying its next IoT platfo

Page 27 of 29
E-guide

business model that the IoT enables, helping authorities extract value
In this e-guide

Chi Onwurah argues that, ultimately, regulation and governance of smart city
network and how to fix it data needs to be in the interests of citizens.

Why are telcos so readily


adopting open standards for
people want at any particular time, if the cost of that is that government
NFV? local or national has access to your location data all day, every day? Is that
the kind of trade-off we are willing to make? Government needs to do more
Three steps towards a
hierarchy of needs for smart
a framework for data governance
cities

along the consent relationship gets more tenuous the further it goes to a
Getting more CW+ essential
point where the chain of consent actually no longer exists. Government must
content
look at this, but at a local authority level it is reluctant to get too hands-on

Next article

Page 28 of 29
E-guide

In this e-guide

As a CW+ 120+
network and how to fix it
websites. CW+
members-
Why are telcos so readily
effort of having to track such premium content down on your own, ultimately
adopting open standards for
NFV?
helping you to solve your toughest IT challenges more effectively and
faster than ever before.

Three steps towards a


hierarchy of needs for smart
cities
Take full advantage of your membership by visiting
http://pro.techtarget.com/CWLP
Getting more CW+ essential Images; Fotalia
content
2016 TechTarget. No part of this publication may be transmitted or reproduced in any form or by any means
without written permission from the publisher.

Page 29 of 29