substance Carbon dioxide ozone Carbon monoxide

Chemical structure CO2 O3 CO

% of atmosphere <1 (~.03) .00006 <1

Effects on the environment Essential gas for photosynthesis, major gas involved in global warming, produced by burning fossil fuels Air pollutant with harmful effects on respiratory systems of animals, ozone layer protects earth from ultra violet light Highly toxic, once used as a source of fuel, still used in iron smelting, produced by the human body and by volcanic activity and fires, odorless and colorless, reacts with water vapor at high temperatures to form carbon dioxide and hydrogen Highly flammable and explosive, has 21 times the impact on global temperature as a carbon dioxide emission of the same mass High concentrations can cause lung cancer, Sulfur dioxide is formed by volcanoes and burning coal and can form acid rain. It can also cause respiratory problems Sulfur trioxide is a major component in acid rain Forms smog in sunlight, forms a component of acid rain, can exacerbate lung and heart problems, interacts with heat and sunlight to form ozone

Greenhouse gas? Yes yes yes

methane radon Sulfur oxides

CH4 Rn


yes no yes

Nitrogen oxides

Oxygen gas Argon gas Water vapor

trace amounts near surface SO, S2O2, <1 S2O, S7O2, S3O, SO3, SO2 NO, 78% NO2, N2O, N2O3, N2O4, N2O5 O2 21-23 Ar .94 (volume) 1.3 (weight) H 2O ~0.40


Found in all living organisms, produced during photosynthesis,

no no yes

Part of the water cycle, responsible for many weather patterns

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