Assignment on design of concrete structures to Eurocode specifications

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Assignment on design of concrete structures to Eurocode specifications

© All Rights Reserved

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1.0 DESIGN COMPUTATIONS FOR FLAT SLAB P1:

Selection of depth, d of Slab:

The slab, P1 may be discribed as a one way slab as L1/L2 =1

For the purpose of this analysis, the Slab is assumed to be simply supported, thus, an L/d ratio of 28.5 @ 20% redistribution, is sufficient to

give a mimimum value of d as computed below; d= 5000/28.5; & h=d + 25 + 6/2, Say h=175mm

d= 150 h= 175 mm h=175 mm

Fire Resistance:

BS EN 1992-1-2 Sufficient for

5.7.3(2) Table The Concrete Cover of 25mm, is sufficent to provide a fire resistance of provide a fire resitance of 1.5 hours for a slab of thickness 100mm 1.5 hrs Fire

5.8 Resistance

Actions:

BS EN 1991-1-1 The Code Provides Characteristic Values for Permananet and Variable actions on Structural Systems

6.3.1.2 Imposed Load for Office (General Use): = 2.5 kN/m2

Permanent Load is obtained is computed by using the densities of material specified by the Code:

for Reinforced Concrete 25 kN/m3

Hence:

Action kN/m3 Materia Action Value Unit

EC1-1-6, EC1-2 Permanent Action 25 0.175 4.38 kN/m2

Finishes/Services 1.25 kN/m2

5.63 kN/m2

EC1-1-1: Table 6.Variable Action

Imposed 2.50 kN/m2

Patitions 1.30 kN/m2 gk 5.63

3.80 kN/m2 qk 3.80

BS EN 1990 The Code Prescribes the use of the expression that presents the worst case of loading,

6.4.3.2(3) In most cases, Expresion 6.10b is approprate: n=1,25G k+ 1.5Qk

Table A1.2(B) Hence:

The Value of the Combined Action, n 12.73125 kN/m2 Design Span 5000

Analysis:

The Moment Distribution Method is Employed for the Analysis for the Slab Along Grid-lines 4-4. to allow for distribution the reactions at the

support is varried: first simple support the fixed

Note That;

Design Moment at Support = Coeffic

Design Shear = Coefficent x n x Spa

Effective Span =d + Span

Moments

Moment Design

BS EN 1992 5.1.3 Location Effective Span

Coefficent Moments

Table NA.1 End Span 0.086 5.15 29.039

First Internal

0.086 5.15 29.039

Support

Internal Spans & Supports 0.063 5.15 21.273

Shear

Moment

Location Effective Span Shear Force

Coefficent

End Support 0.46 5.15 30.16

First Internal

0.60 5.15 39.34

Support

Refere to the Bending Moment Diagram at the design page XX Slab Along Grid-lines 4-4 for the Flat Slab Section

Flexural Design:

Design is Based on concrete class C20/25 and Reinforcement Grade of 410 N/mm 2

b= 1000 mm fck= 20.0 N/mm2

d= 150 mm fyk= 410.0 N/mm2

Hence; k=Mu/(fckbd^2) : being that k< k'=0,207 is the condition for the use of Compression Rebar.

z/d = 0.5[1+(1-3.53k)^0.5]< or = 0.95d

for k< 0.207, As=Mu/(0.87fykz) d'= 25

As'=(k-kbal)fckbd^2)/(0.87fyk(d-d')) and As=Kbalfckbd^2/(0.87fyk(d-d')+As'

for k< 0.207, Use Z=0.95d @ 0

kbal= 0.454( - 0.4) - 0.182( -0.4)^2 for fck < or = C50 = 20.0%

kbal= 0.152

Location Mu k=Mu/(fckbd^2) z/d As' As Bars

End Span 29.04 0.065 0.939 nil 577.8

First Internal

29.04 0.065 0.939 -887.6 651.3

Support

Internal Spans & Supports 21.27 0.047 0.956 -1061.8 415.7

As Prov Reiforcement Table

End Span nil 646

Bar- / Spacing Y12 @ 175

First Internal

nil 754

Support

Bar- / Spacing Y12 @ 150

Internal Spans & Supports nil 503

Bar- / Spacing Y12 @ 225

Deflection Check:

The deflection requirements may be met by limiting the span/effective depth ratio to specific values, The basic actual span / depth ratio for

this flat slab is:

L/d= 33.33

The Eurocode 2 presents two equations for determininig the allowable L/d to be used in for deflection checks. These equations are

dependent on the values of A S/bd and fck^(0.5) x10^-3

Hence,

P= AS/bd= 0.0050

P0= fck^(0.5) x10^-3 = 0.0045

The Equations are:

N=[11+fck^0.5(1.5P0/P+3.2(P0/P-1)^1.5)] for P<P0 and,

N=[11+fck^0.5(1.5P0/(P-P0)+(1/12)(P/P0)^0.5)]for P>P0

K value for flat slabs =1.2

futhermore, the Allowable L/d = KNF1F2F3

where:

Cl. 7.4.2 F1=1-0.1(bf/bw-1)

In this Design bf=b F1= 1

Cl. 7.4.2 F2=7/Leff and F2= 1 for the worst case

Cl. 7.4.2 F3=310/s and

ECO. A1.2.2 Table C14 s=0.87fyk((Asreq/Asprov)(gk+qk)/n)(1/) Asreq= 651.28

s= 285.1 Asprov= 754.00

gk= 5.63

hence; F3= 1.0873 qk= 3.80

And N= 65.495 n= 12.73

Allowable L/d= 85.45 = 20.0%

Maximum Span= (Allowable L/d)xActual d

Maximum Span= 12,817.96 Passed Defection

Defection OK

BS EN 1990 A1.4Shear Check:

NA .2.2.6 Shear maybe checked at distance d from face of support. At first interior support;

Design Shear, V= Shear Force at Sect Shear Force @ Section = 39.34 kN/m

V= 35.20 kN/m n= 12.73 kN/m

6.2.1 (8) v=V/bwd 0.235 N/mm 2

6.2.2 (1) table NAThe design shear strength of a flexural member without shear reinforcement is given by:

vc=(0.18k/ c)(100As1fck/bwd)^(1/3) >or= vmin = 0.035k^(3/2)fck^(1/2)

Cl.6.2.1 (8) where; k=1 + (200/d)^(0.5) < or = 2.0and

Cl.6.2.2 (1) (100As1/bwd) < or = 2.0 and c =1.5

Hence; k= 2.155

c= 1.500

vc= 0.558 N/mm2

vmin= 0.495 N/mm2

6.2.1 (4) since the value of vc > vmin shear reinforcement is not required. Check Complies

Punching Shear, Central Colunm, C6:

Check shear at control perimeter u1 (2d from face of Column)

At C-6, applied shear force, V Ed = 39.34 KN/m

Cl. 6.4.3 (2) VEd=VEd/uid < VRd,c

6.4.5(3) where;

Cl. 6.4.5.(3) = Factor dealing with eccentricity; recommende1.15

Exp. (6.32) VEd= Applied shear force

u1= control perimeter under consideColumn Diame 300 mm

u1=2(Cx +Cy) +2Pi x 2d

Cx= 300 mm

Cy= 300 mm

u1= 3084.95559215

Exp. (6.32) d= mean effective d 150 mm

VEd= 0.097766 N/mm2

VRd,c=0.18/c k(100p1fck)^(1/3) Exp. (6.47) & NA

c= 1.5

k= 2.15470 k=1+(200/d)^0.5

p1=(py. px)^0.5

py=As/bd y-direction rebar Cl.6.4.4.1(1)

py= 0.005027 px=As/bd x-direction rebar

px= 0.003353

Hence; p1= 0.0041056

VRd,c= 0.521640097 N/mm2

Cl. 6.4.2 Clearly, VRd,c >Therefore

V Addition Punching Shear Reinforcement is NOT required. Punching Shear OK.

See Drawings Page for detailing of the beam

Beam 3

Selection of depth, d of Beam:

For the purpose of this analysis, the Slab is assumed to be simply supported, thus, an L/d ratio of 14.5 @ 15% redistribution, is sufficient to

give a mimimum value of d as computed below; d= 5000/28.5; & h=d + 25 + 6/2, Say h=175mm

d= 475 h= 500 mm h=600 mm

BS EN 1992-1-2 Fire Resistance:

Sufficient for

5.7.3(2) Table The Concrete Cover of 25mm, is sufficent to provide a fire resistance of provide a fire resitance of 1.5 hours for a slab of thickness 100mm

1.5

5.8 Actions: hrs Fire Resistance

BS EN 1991-1-1 The Code Provides Characteristic Values for Permananet and Variable actions on Structural Systems

6.3.1.2 Imposed Load for Office (General Use): = 2.5 kN/m2

Permanent Load is obtained is computed by using the densities of material specified by the Code:

for Reinforced Concrete 25 kN/m3

Volume of Material

Section Area m2 Section Depth, mVolume, m3

Slab 1 6.25 0.175 1.094

Slab 2 5.25 0.150 0.788

Beam 0.1013 5.000 0.506

2.388

Span:= 5000

Line Load Therefore;= 0.4775 m2

EC1-1-6, EC1-2 Permanent Action 25 0.478 11.94 kN/m

Finishes/Services 0.55 3.95 2.173 kN/m

14.11 kN/m

EC1-1-1: Table 6.Variable Action

Imposed 1.4 3.95 5.53 kN/m

Patitions 0.65 3.95 2.57 kN/m gk 14.11

8.10 kN/m qk 8.10

BS EN 1990 The Code Prescribes the use of the expression that presents the worst case of loading,

6.4.3.2(3) In most cases, Expresion 6.10b is approprate: n=1,35G k+ 1.5Qk

Table A1.2(B) Hence:

The Value of the Combined Action, n 31.195 kN/m Design Span 5000

Analysis:

Moment Factors is used for the analysis as follows:

Note That;

Design Moment at Support = Coeffic

Design Shear = Coefficent x n x Spa

Effective Span =d + Span

Moments

Moment Design

BS EN 1992 5.1.3 Location Effective Span

Coefficent Moments

Table NA.1 End Span 0.09 5.00 70.188

First Internal

0.11 5.00 85.786

Support

Internal Spans & Supports 0.07 5.00 54.591

Shear

Moment

Location Effective Span Shear Force

Coefficent

End Support 0.46 5.15 73.90

First Internal

0.60 5.15 96.39

Support

Refere to the Bending Moment Diagram at the design page XX Slab Along Grid-lines 3-3 for the Flat Slab Section

Flexural Design:

Design is Based on concrete class C20/25 and Reinforcement Grade of 410 N/mm 2

b= 230 mm fck= 20.0 N/mm2

d= 475 mm fyk= 410.0 N/mm2

Hence; k=Mu/(fckbd^2) : being that k< k'=0,207 is the condition for the use of Compression Rebar.

z/d = 0.5[1+(1-3.53k)^0.5]< or = 0.95d

for k< 0.207, As=Mu/(0.87fykz) d'= 25

As'=(k-kbal)fckbd^2)/(0.87fyk(d-d')) and As=Kbalfckbd^2/(0.87fyk(d-d')+As'

for k< 0.207, Use Z=0.95d @ 0

kbal= 0.454( - 0.4) - 0.182( -0.4)^2 for fck < or = C50 = 20.0%

kbal= 0.152

Location Mu k=Mu/(fckbd^2) z/d As' As Bars

End Span 70.19 0.068 0.936 nil 442.5

First Internal

85.79 0.083 0.921 nil 549.9

Support

Internal Spans & Supports 54.59 0.053 0.951 nil 338.7

As Prov Reiforcement Table

End Span

Bar- / Spacing

First Internal

Support

Bar- / Spacing

Internal Spans & Supports 402

Bar- / Spacing 2Y16

Deflection Check:

The deflection requirements may be met by limiting the span/effective depth ratio to specific values, The basic actual span / depth ratio for

this flat slab is:

L/d= 10.53

The Eurocode 2 presents two equations for determininig the allowable L/d to be used in for deflection checks. These equations are

dependent

Hence, on the values of A S

/bd and fck^(0.5) x10^-3

P= AS/bd= 0.0037

P0= fck^(0.5) x10^-3 = 0.0045

The Equations are:

N=[11+fck^0.5(1.5P0/P+3.2(P0/P-1)^1.5)] for P<P0 and,

N=[11+fck^0.5(1.5P0/(P-P0)+(1/12)(P/P0)^0.5)]for P>P0

K value for flat slabs =1.0

futhermore, the Allowable L/d = KNF1F2F3

where:

Cl. 7.4.2 F1=1-0.1(bf/bw-1)In this Design bf=b F1= 1

Cl. 7.4.2 F2=7/Leff and F2= 1 for the worst case

Cl. 7.4.2 F3=310/s and

ECO. A1.2.2 Table C14 s=0.87fyk((Asreq/Asprov)(gk+qk)/n)(1/) Asreq= 338.73

s= 280.1 Asprov= 402.00

gk= 14.11

hence; F3= 1.1066 qk= 8.10

And N= 20.583 n= 29.78

Allowable L/d= 22.78 = 20.0%

Maximum Span= (Allowable L/d)xActual d

Maximum Span= 10,819.67 > 5000 Passed Defection

Defection OK

BS EN 1990 A1.4Shear Check:

NA .2.2.6 Shear maybe checked at distance d from face of support. At first interior support;

6.2.1 (8) The design shear strength of a flexural member without shear reinforcement is given by:

6.2.2 (1) table NA. 1 vc=(0.18k/ c)(100As1fck/bwd)^(1/3) >or= vmin = 0.035k^(3/2)fck^(1/2)

Cl.6.2.1 (8) where; k=1 + (200/d)^(0.5) < or = 2.0and

Cl.6.2.2 (1) (100As1/bwd) < or = 2.0 and c =1.5

Hence; k= 1.649

c= 1.500

vc= 0.385 N/mm2

vmin= 0.331 N/mm2

6.2.1 (4) since the value of vc > vmin shear reinforcement is not required. Shear Design not

Critical

NA .2.2.6 Since the Load is uniformly distributed, the critical section for shear can be taken at a dictance d from from the face of support,

At the End of support the maxium value is computed thus

From Shear force diagram x= 2.23 m Distance from Center-line of support to point of zero shear force.

at a distance d from s VEd= 80.685 kN/rib

Resistance; VRd,c=(0.18/c)k(100p1fck)^(1/3)b

k=1 + (200/d)^(0.5) < or = 2.0

p1=As1/bwd

Hence, c= 1.500

k= 1.649

p 1= 0.0037

VRd,c= 42.05 kN/rib Clearly, VEd<VRd,c

Shear Reinforcement:

vEd=VEd/bd, taking z=0.9d

vEd= 0.7385 N/mm2

Asw/s>or=vEd/(0.87fykz Cot) Cot= 2.5

Asw/s= 0.00194 mm2/m

Mimimum shear links; Asw,min/s=0.08bwfck^0.5/fyk

Asw,min/s= 0.20070 mm2/m

Maximum Spacing:=0.75dMax. Spacing= 356.25 mm

Use; Y10@300 mm c-c Use; Y10@300mm

Beam 7

Selection of depth, d of Beam:

For the purpose of this analysis, the Slab is assumed to be simply supported, thus, an L/d ratio of 14.5 @ 15% redistribution, is sufficient to

give a mimimum value of d as computed below; d= 5000/28.5; & h=d + 25 + 6/2, Say h=175mm

d= 575 h= 600 mm h=600 mm

Fire Resistance:

BS EN 1992-1-2 Sufficient for

5.7.3(2) Table The Concrete Cover of 25mm, is sufficent to provide a fire resistance of provide a fire resitance of 1.5 hours for a slab of thickness 100mm 1.5 hrs Fire

5.8 Resistance

Actions:

BS EN 1991-1-1 The Code Provides Characteristic Values for Permananet and Variable actions on Structural Systems

6.3.1.2 Imposed Load for Office (General Use): = 2.5 kN/m2

Permanent Load is obtained is computed by using the densities of material specified by the Code:

for Reinforced Concrete 25 kN/m3

Volume of Material

Section Area m2 Section Depth, mVolume, m3

Slab 1 4.1625 0.175 0.728

Slab 2 20 0.150 3.000

Beam 0.1013 5.000 0.506

4.235

Span:= 6000

Line Load Therefore;= 0.706 m2

EC1-1-6, EC1-2 Permanent Action 25 0.706 17.64 kN/m

Finishes/Services 0.55 3.95 2.1725 kN/m

19.82 kN/m

EC1-1-1: Table 6.Variable Action

Imposed 1.4 3.95 5.53 kN/m

Patitions 0.65 3.95 2.57 kN/m gk 19.82

8.10 kN/m qk 8.10

BS EN 1990 The Code Prescribes the use of the expression that presents the worst case of loading,

6.4.3.2(3) In most cases, Expresion 6.10b is approprate: n=1,35G k+ 1.5Qk

Table A1.2(B) Hence:

The Value of the Combined Action, n 38.899 kN/m Design Span 16000

Design Span 23000

Analysis:

The analysis is carried out by the Moment Distributio

Joint A B C

Member AB BA BC CB

Length 3000 3000 6000 6000

Distibution Factor 0 0.67 0.33 1

FEM -116.70 116.70 -175.05

19.45 38.90 19.45 9.72

-4.86 -9.72

1.62 3.24 1.62 0.81

-0.405 -0.81

0.270 0.135

Moments -95.63 159.11 -159.11 0.00

Mid Span Moment BC= 104.53 kN.m

VAB= 143.26 VBC= 143.22 kN

VBA= 90.13 VCB= 90.18 kN

Mid Span Moment AB= 168.18 kN.m Span= 3000 mm

VAB= 143.26 kN

VBA= 90.13 kN

Selection of depth, d of Beam:

For the purpose of this analysis, the Beam is assumed to be simply supported, thus, an L/d ratio of 14.5 @ 20% redistribution, is sufficient to

h=600 mm

give a mimimum

d= 425 h= 450 mm

Flexural Design:

Design is Based on concrete class C20/25 and Reinforcement Grade of 410 N/mm 2

b= 225 mm fck= 20.0 N/mm2

d= 425 mm fyk= 410.0 N/mm2

Hence; k=Mu/(fckbd^2) : being that k< k'=0,207 is the condition for the use of Compression Rebar.

z/d = 0.5[1+(1-3.53k)^0.5]< or = 0.95d

for k< 0.207, As=Mu/(0.87fykz) d'= 25

As'=(k-kbal)fckbd^2)/(0.87fyk(d-d')) and As=Kbalfckbd^2/(0.87fyk(d-d')+As'

for k< 0.207, Use Z=0.95d @ 0

kbal= 0.454( - 0.4) - 0.182( -0.4)^2 for fck < or = C50 = 20.0%

kbal= 0.152

Location Mu k=Mu/(fckbd^2) z/d As' As Bars

Mid Span Moment 168.18 0.207 0.760 310.1 1178.7

First Internal Support 95.63 0.118 0.882 nil 714.9

Internal Spans & Supports 159.11 0.196 0.778 nil 1349.1

As Prov Reiforcement Table

Mid Span Moment 402 1470

Bar- / Spacing 2Y16 3Y25

First Internal Support nil 804

Bar- / Spacing nil 4Y16

Internal Spans & Supports nil 1470

Bar- / Spacing nil 3Y25

Deflection Check:

The deflection requirements may be met by limiting the span/effective depth ratio to specific values, The basic actual span / depth ratio for

this flat slab is:

L/d= 7.06

The Eurocode 2 presents two equations for determininig the allowable L/d to be used in for deflection checks. These equations are

dependent on the values of A S/bd and fck^(0.5) x10^-3

Hence,

P= AS/bd= 0.0154

P0= fck^(0.5) x10^-3 = 0.0045

The Equations are:

N=[11+fck^0.5(1.5P0/P+3.2(P0/P-1)^1.5)] for P<P0 and,

N=[11+fck^0.5(1.5P0/(P-P0)+(1/12)(P/P0)^0.5)]for P>P0

K value for Beams = 1.0

futhermore, the Allowable L/d = KNF1F2F3

where:

Cl. 7.4.2 F1=1-0.1(bf/bw-1)

In this Design bf=b F1= 1

Cl. 7.4.2 F2=7/Leff and F2= 1 for the worst case

Cl. 7.4.2 F3=310/s and

ECO. A1.2.2 Table C14 s=0.87fyk((Asreq/Asprov)(gk+qk)/n)(1/) Asreq= 1178.71

s= 270.3 Asprov= 1470.00

gk= 19.82

hence; F3= 1.1467 qk= 8.10

And N= 14.443 n= 36.92

Allowable L/d= 16.56 = 20.0%

Maximum Span= (Allowable L/d)xActual d

Maximum Span= 7,039.02 > 3000 Passed Defection

Defection OK

BS EN 1990 A1.4Shear Check:

NA .2.2.6 Shear maybe checked at distance d from face of support. At first interior support;

6.2.1 (8) The design shear strength of a flexural member without shear reinforcement is given by:

6.2.2 (1) table NA. 1 vc=(0.18k/ c)(100As1fck/bwd)^(1/3) >or= vmin = 0.035k^(3/2)fck^(1/2)

Cl.6.2.1 (8) where; k=1 + (200/d)^(0.5) < or = 2.0and

Cl.6.2.2 (1) (100As1/bwd) < or = 2.0 and c =1.5

Hence; k= 1.686

c= 1.500

vc= 0.634 N/mm2

vmin= 0.343 N/mm2

6.2.1 (4) since the value of vc > vmin shear reinforcement is not required. Shear Design not

Critical

NA .2.2.6 Since the Load is uniformly distributed, the critical section for shear can be taken at a dictance d from from the face of support,

At the End of support the maxium value is computed thus

From Shear force diagram x= 1841.44 m Distance from Center-line of support to point of zero shear force.

at a distance d from s VEd= 110.197 kN/rib

Resistance; VRd,c=(0.18/c)k(100p1fck)^(1/3)b

k=1 + (200/d)^(0.5) < or = 2.0

p1=As1/bwd

Hence, c= 1.500

k= 1.686

p 1= 0.0154

VRd,c= 60.61 kN/rib Clearly, Ved>VRd,c Shear Reiforcement

Shear Reinforcement: Required

vEd=VEd/bd, taking z=0.9d

vEd= 1.1524 N/mm2

Asw/s>or=vEd/(0.87fykz Cot) Cot= 2.5

Asw/s= 0.00338 mm2/m

Mimimum shear links; Asw,min/s=0.08bwfck^0.5/fyk

Asw,min/s= 0.19634 mm2/m

Maximum Spacing:=0.75dMax. Spacing= 318.75 mm

Use; Y10@250 mm c-c Use; Y10@250mm

Mid Span Moment BC= 104.53 kN.m Span= 6000 mm

VBC= 143.22 kN

VCB= 90.18 kN

Selection of depth, d of Beam:

For the purpose of this analysis, the Slab is assumed to be simply supported, thus, an L/d ratio of 14.5 @ 15% redistribution, is sufficient to

h=600 mm

give a mimimum value of d as computed below; d= 5000/28.5; & h=d + 25 + 6/2, Say h=175mm

d= 575 h= 600 mm

Flexural Design:

Design is Based on concrete class C20/25 and Reinforcement Grade of 410 N/mm 2

b= 230 mm fck= 20.0 N/mm2

d= 575 mm fyk= 410.0 N/mm2

Hence; k=Mu/(fckbd^2) : being that k< k'=0,207 is the condition for the use of Compression Rebar.

z/d = 0.5[1+(1-3.53k)^0.5]< or = 0.95d

for k< 0.207, As=Mu/(0.87fykz) d'= 25

As'=(k-kbal)fckbd^2)/(0.87fyk(d-d')) and As=Kbalfckbd^2/(0.87fyk(d-d')+As'

for k< 0.207, Use Z=0.95d @ 0

kbal= 0.454( - 0.4) - 0.182( -0.4)^2 for fck < or = C50 = 20.0%

kbal= 0.152

Location Mu k=Mu/(fckbd^2) z/d As' As Bars

Mid Span Moment 104.53 0.129 0.869 nil 586.2

First Internal Support 159.11 0.196 0.778 nil 997.2

Internal Spans & Supports 0.00 0.000 1.000 nil 0.0

As Prov Reinforce Table

Mid Span Moment nil 603

Bar- / Spacing nil 3Y16

First Internal Support nil 982

Bar- / Spacing nil 2Y25

Internal Spans & Supports nil 0

Bar- / Spacing nil 0Y00

Deflection Check:

The deflection requirements may be met by limiting the span/effective depth ratio to specific values, The basic actual span / depth ratio for

this flat slab is:

L/d= 10.43

The Eurocode 2 presents two equations for determininig the allowable L/d to be used in for deflection checks. These equations are

dependent on the values of A S/bd and fck^(0.5) x10^-3

Hence,

P= AS/bd= 0.0046

P0= fck^(0.5) x10^-3 = 0.0045

The Equations are:

N=[11+fck^0.5(1.5P0/P+3.2(P0/P-1)^1.5)] for P<P0 and,

N=[11+fck^0.5(1.5P0/(P-P0)+(1/12)(P/P0)^0.5)]for P>P0

K value for Beams = 1.0

futhermore, the Allowable L/d = KNF1F2F3

where:

Cl. 7.4.2 F1=1-0.1(bf/bw-1)

In this Design bf=b F1= 1

Cl. 7.4.2 F2=7/Leff and F2= 1 for the worst case

Cl. 7.4.2 F3=310/s and

ECO. A1.2.2 Table C14 s=0.87fyk((Asreq/Asprov)(gk+qk)/n)(1/) Asreq= 586.17

s= 327.7 Asprov= 603.00

gk= 19.82

hence; F3= 0.9459 qk= 8.10

And N= 354.585 n= 36.92

Allowable L/d= 335.40 = 20.0%

Maximum Span= (Allowable L/d)xActual d

Maximum Span= 192,857.12 > 8.7 Passed Defection

Defection OK

BS EN 1990 A1.4Shear Check:

NA .2.2.6 Shear maybe checked at distance d from face of support. At first interior support;

6.2.1 (8) The design shear strength of a flexural member without shear reinforcement is given by:

6.2.2 (1) table NA. 1 vc=(0.18k/ c)(100As1fck/bwd)^(1/3) >or= vmin = 0.035k^(3/2)fck^(1/2)

Cl.6.2.1 (8) where; k=1 + (200/d)^(0.5) < or = 2.0and

Cl.6.2.2 (1) (100As1/bwd) < or = 2.0 and c =1.5

Hence; k= 1.590

c= 1.500

vc= 0.399 N/mm2

vmin= 0.314 N/mm2

6.2.1 (4) since the value of vc > vmin shear reinforcement is not required. Shear Design not

Critical

NA .2.2.6 Since the Load is uniformly distributed, the critical section for shear can be taken at a dictance d from from the face of support,

At the End of support the maxium value is computed thus

From Shear force diagram x= 2318.29 mm Distance from Center-line of support to point of zero shear force.

at a distance d from s VEd= 67.813 kN/rib

Resistance; VRd,c=(0.18/c)k(100p1fck)^(1/3)b

k=1 + (200/d)^(0.5) < or = 2.0

p1=As1/bwd

Hence, c= 1.500

k= 1.590

p 1= 0.0074

VRd,c= 62.01 kN/rib Clearly, VEd<VRd,c

Shear Reinforcement:

vEd=VEd/bd, taking z=0.9d

vEd= 0.5128 kN/rib

Asw/s>or=vEd/(0.87fykz Cot) Cot= 2.5

Asw/s= 0.00111 mm2/m

Mimimum shear links; Asw,min/s=0.08bwfck^0.5/fyk

Asw,min/s= 0.20070 mm2/m

Maximum Spacing:=0.75dMax. Spacing= 431.25 mm

Use; Y10@300 mm c-c Use; Y10@300mm

3.0 DESIGN COMPUTATIONS FOR COLUMNS C10,C16 and C17:

Column C10,C16 & C17

The axial loads and Moments to be used for the design of the columns are computed for the load types used for the Beams and Slabs:

Along Grid-line 3

Height of Column, H= 3200 mm

b= 225.0 mm

d= 300.0 mm

n= 31.195 kN/m

Column C10 Analysis

Joint A B C D

Member AB BA BC BD CB DB

Length 5000 5000 5000 3200 5000 3200

Distibution Factor 0 0.28 0.28 0.44 0 0

FEM -64.99 64.99 64.99

-18.24 -36.49 -36.49 -57.01 -28.50 -28.50

Member BD

Axial Load on Column, NEd= 133.63 kN

VBD= -8.91 kN

VDB= 8.91 kN

Mid Span Moment M1/2= 14.25 kNm

n= 38.899 kN/m L 1= 6000 L2= 3000 mm

Column C17 & C16 Analysis

Joint A B C D E

Member AB BA BC BC CD CE DC EC

Length 3150 3150 6000 6000 3000 3150 3000 3150

Distibution Factor 0 0.66 0.34 0.20 0.41 0.39 0 0

-116.698 116.698 -29.174 29.174

-8.92 -17.84 -35.69 -33.99 -17.84 -16.99

41.19 82.37 43.25 21.62

-2.204 -4.409 -8.817 -8.397 -4.409 -4.199

0.723 1.445 0.759 0.379

-0.077 -0.155 -0.147

Member AB Member CE

Axial Load on Column, NEd= 47.96 kN Axial Load on Column, N Ed= 68.04 kN

VAB= -13.30 kN VAB= -9.94 kN

VBA= 13.30 kN VBA= 9.94 kN

Joint A B C

Member AB BA BC CB

Dis-Factor 0 0.5 0.5 0

FEM Err:509 Err:509 Err:509 Err:509

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