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repairing pump house piping when it is performed in accor- Where pipe enters streams, ponds, or reservoirs,
dance with NFPA 51B, Standard for Fire Prevention During special attention shall be given to prevent freezing either un-
Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot Work. der ground or under water.
5.14 Suction Pipe and Fittings. Elbows and Tees.
5.14.1* Components. Unless the requirements of are met, el-
bows and tees with a centerline plane parallel to a horizontal The suction components shall consist of all pipe, split-case pump shaft shall not be permitted. (See Figure A.5.14.6.)
valves, and fittings from the pump suction flange to the con-
nection to the public or private water service main, storage The requirements of shall not apply to
tank, or reservoir, and so forth, that feeds water to the pump. elbows and tees with a centerline plane parallel to a horizontal
split-case pump shaft where the distance between the flanges Where pumps are installed in series, the suction of the pump suction intake and the elbow and tee is greater
pipe for the subsequent pump(s) shall begin at the system side than 10 times the suction pipe diameter.
of the discharge valve of the previous pump. Elbows with a centerline plane perpendicular to
5.14.2 Installation. Suction pipe shall be installed and tested in the horizontal split-case pump shaft shall be permitted at any
accordance with NFPA 24, Standard for the Installation of Private Fire location in the pump suction intake.
Service Mains and Their Appurtenances. Eccentric Tapered Reducer or Increaser. Where the
5.14.3 Suction Size. suction pipe and pump suction flange are not of the same size, Unless the requirements of are met, the they shall be connected with an eccentric tapered reducer or
size of the suction pipe for a single pump or of the suction increaser installed in such a way as to avoid air pockets.
header pipe for multiple pumps (operating together) shall Strain Relief. Where the pump and its suction supply
be such that, with all pumps operating at 150 percent of are on separate foundations with rigid interconnecting pipe,
rated capacity, the gauge pressure at the pump suction the pipe shall be provided with strain relief. (See Figure A.6.3.1.)
flanges shall be 0 bar (0 psi) or higher.
5.14.7 Multiple Pumps. Where a single suction pipe sup- The requirements of shall not apply where plies more than one pump, the suction pipe layout at the
the supply is a suction tank with its base at or above the same pumps shall be arranged so that each pump will receive its
elevation as the pump, where the gauge pressure at the pump proportional supply.
suction flange shall be permitted to drop to 0.2 bar (3 psi).
5.14.8* Suction Screening. The suction pipe p p shall be sized such that, with the
p p operatingp g at 150 percent
p of rated capacity,
p y the veloc- Where the water supply is obtained from an open
ityy in that portion
p of the suction pipe
p p located within 10 pipe
pp source such as a pond or wet pit, the passage of materials that
diameters upstream
p of the pump
p suction flange does not ex- might clog the pump shall be obstructed.
ceed 4.57 m/sec (15 ft/sec). Double intake screens shall be provided at the The size of that portion of the suction pipe located suction intake.
within 10 pipe diameters upstream of the pump suction flange Screens shall be removable or an in-situ cleaning
shall be not less than that specified in Section 5.25. shall be provided.
5.14.4* Pumps with Bypass. Below minimum water level, these screens shall have
an effective net area of opening of 170 mm2 for each 1 L/min Where the suction supply is of sufficient pressure to
(1 in.2 for each 1 gpm) at 150 percent of rated pump capacity.
be of material value without the pump, the pump shall be
installed with a bypass. (See Figure A.5.14.4.) Screens shall be so arranged that they can be
cleaned or repaired without disturbing the suction pipe. The size of the bypass shall be at least as large as the
pipe size required for discharge pipe as specified in Section 5.25. Mesh screens shall be brass, copper, monel, stainless
steel, or other equivalent corrosion-resistant metallic material
5.14.5* Valves. wire screen of 12.7 mm (0.50 in.) maximum mesh and No. 10 A listed outside screw and yoke (OS&Y) gate valve B&S gauge.
shall be installed in the suction pipe. Where flat panel mesh screens are used, the wire No valve other than a listed OS&Y valve shall be in- shall be secured to a metal frame sliding vertically at the en-
stalled in the suction pipe within 15.3 m (50 ft) of the pump trance to the intake.
suction flange. Where the screens are located in a sump or depression,
5.14.6* Installation. they shall be equipped with a debris-lifting rake. General. Suction pipe shall be laid carefully to avoid The system shall be periodically test pumped, the
air leaks and air pockets, either of which can seriously affect screens removed for inspection, and accumulated debris
the operation of the pump. removed. Freeze Protection. Continuous slot screens shall be brass, copper,
monel, stainless steel, or other equivalent corrosion-resistant Suction pipe shall be installed below the frost line metallic material of 3.2 mm (0.125 in.) maximum slot and
or in frostproof casings. profile wire construction.

2003 Edition


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