Pre-stressed Beam Shear Design

© All Rights Reserved

53 views

Mathcad - Shearp1

Pre-stressed Beam Shear Design

© All Rights Reserved

- Unified Shear Strength Model-1
- 9SmartBeamNon-CompositeCastellatedDesign
- Solidworks Report of Light Pole
- Lecture on Strength of Materials August 2014
- Michigan ZESTT Structural Report 21 Jun 10
- FCM Wizard Advanced Application 11
- Prestressed Concrete - Advanced
- g7 3j04 Lab - Final
- SKMBT_C22413081212520
- Midterm 4
- 19996889 Chinese Equivalent of International Steel Standards
- Design Connection Capitulo i Aisc 2005
- Analytical Investigation Of Bonded Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Sheets With Reinforced Concrete Beam Using Ansys
- 625
- Index
- Civil Paper 1
- Composite Beams
- flexure
- Westok Advisory Note V2 0.pdf
- Mechanism of Shear Transfer

You are on page 1of 27

(with some engineering judgement and may be slightly different input data values)

Service level limit stress and limit shear strength checks are included. Deflection and Limit fle

Straight, 1 or 2-points draped and parabolic tendon layouts are included.

Allows for concentrated loads, own weight and uniform load.

Single stage construction is here contemplated.

You do input in blue background cells and get output in the yellow background cells.

A further and not difficult development of this is to make an optimal cost fully automatical design

l 20 m span length

ton

qD 1.5 uniform dead load, exclusive of (i.e., not including) beam's weight

m

ton

qL 2 uniform live load

m

These are the

common values in

Spain, enter yours.

CSL 1.6 safety factor for the uniform live loads

safety factor for the point live loads, just in case if inferior to CSL in account

CSLR 1.6

load reduction; for limit strength evaluation

Point Loads

If needed, use Mathcad to add rows to vector data

2 1 5

2 1 10

PD ton PL ton A m PTOT PD PL

2 1 15

0 0 0

NP length PD NP 4

Concrete

c 2400

3

m

fci kci fc fci 40.5 MPa at transfer

(you can freely add or reduce rows of data=st

first column is width of bottom of trapeze

second colum is width of top base of trapeze

third colum is height of trapeze

40 40 20

40 16 10

16 16 100

d cm

16 40 10

40 150 10

150 150 10

200

150

YYk

cm

100

Yk

cm

50

0

100 50 0 50 100

XXk Xk

cm cm

h 160 cm

yg 102.03 cm

2

Area 0.54 m

ton

weightgirder 1.3

m

4

Ix 16816202.21 cm

3

Sb 164820.92 cm elastic modulus of section at bottom face

Propertie

section o

3

St 290070.11 cm elastic modulus of section at top face

Moment from exclusively weight, service level

weightgirder x

Mw ( x) ( l x)

2

( l ab)

MP ( P ab x) P x if x ab

l

ab

P ( l x) otherwise

l

( l ab)

VP ( P ab x) P if x ab

l

ab

P otherwise

l

Service Level

NP

qD qL weightgirder x (l x)

M ( x)

2

MP PD PL Ai x

i i

i1

NP

V ( x) qD qL weightgirder x

l

2 VP PD PL Ai x

i i

i1

NP

CSD qD CSL qL CSD weightgirder x (l x)

Mu ( x)

2

MP CSD PD

i1

NP

Vu ( x) CSD qD CSL qL CSD weightgirder x

l

2 VP CSD PD

i1

Nparts 200 problems in evaluation of slope when harped tendons are used

l

j 1 Nparts 1 xxj ( j 1) MMj M xxj MMUj

Nparts

MWj Mw xxj

In blue service level.

In magenta from dead weight only.

Moments

500

MMUj 400

m ton

MMj 300

m ton

200

MWj

m ton 100

0

0 5 10 15 20

xxj

Shears m

100

50

VVUj

ton

0

VVj

ton

50

100

0 5 10 15 20

xxj

m

Tendon profile

Choice 3 3 if Parabolic Drape poin

2 if harped at 2 points

kL 0.4 will have u

1 if harped at center

0 if straight

ye yg height of tendon at end

from bottom

yc 12 cm height of tendon at center

Chart Profile

tendon

1.2

0.8

YTj

0.6

m

0.4

0.2

0

0 5 10 15 20

xxj

m

Prestress Force

2

Nstrands 18 Ap_1 0.217 in 0.6 in fpu 270

Initial

Final

kpe ki ( 1 loss) kpe 0.6 fpe kpe fpu fpe 162 ksi

Transfer length

lt 50 lt 76.2 cm

We surmiss a linear decay from the full value of prestress at the age towards ends, hence

prestress forces at each section have to be redefined...

xxj

PIj Pi if xxj lt xxj

lt PEj Pe if xxj lt

lt

otherwise

Pi if AND2 xxj lt xxj l lt otherwise

Pe if AND2 x

l xxj

Pi otherwise l xxj

lt Pe othe

lt

Stresses

Compression figures positive t stands for top face and b for bottom face

PIj PIj yg yt xxj Mw xxj

bi

j Area Sb Sb

ti

j Area St St

fci

ci_lim 0.6 fci ti_lim 6 psi

j j psi

30

bi

j

MPa 20

ti

j

MPa

ci_lim 10

j

MPa

ti_lim

j 0

MPa

10

0 5 10 15 20

xxj

Check final stresses at service level

b

j Area Sb Sb

PEj PEj yg yt xxj M xxj

t

j Area St St

fc

c_lim 0.45 fc t_lim 6 psi

j j psi

30

b

j

MPa 20

t

j

MPa

c_lim 10

j

MPa

t_lim

j 0

MPa

10

0 5 10 15 20

xxj

Note how for the example the full service level condition is very favourable, since the full beam

remains compressed around the average 5 MPa level. However the beam has to have too

much depth for our taste, due to uncommon loading.

Pe

fpc fpc 5.2 MPa

Area

Change the choice of tendon profile and see the stresses vary.

Logic for this we don't include here but do with another Mathcad sheet, fx124b.mcd

We only will check center point which here takes maximum moment

It is usual to provide bonded reinforcement at 4 per thousand of area between cgc and bottom

face, distributed cgc down.

When no tensile stresses appear long term (like here) or they are moderate, no bonded

reinforcement is required per ACI 18.9.3.1. Still it is a good practice.

2

As_recommended 0.004 Areacgc_down As_recommended 8.93 cm

We check limit strength with fx124b.mcd and 6 16 mm passive rebar (more than

recommended) close to the bottom of the beam and we see that at the center we have

Mn=429.15 mton capacity, which is close enough for the factored condition (any arbitrary

or based in engineering practice assumed value can cause such difference in flexural

capacity) and we decide to approve flexural strength at least for this theoretical case.

Other sections would need to be checked.

laws for both concrete and steels discovers that the moment strength attains its maximum

for this section when all the materials remain practically elastic, whereas further progression

in the inelastic behaviour for them can only be made with some accompanying reduction of

the capacity attained at such maximum.

Raising eyebrows? Take this then. Rare as it may sound to you, it may be happening that in

some bridge decks where concrete is of much lower strength than the precast beams below,

the deck adds nothing to limit bending strength; it is no more than butter (and flexurally a

nonuseful burden) to the stiff members below. The overall maximum flexural strength never

will be more than that of the strong supporting precast members.

This can also happen for composite decks on steel stringers. Once the compressed part of

the steel shape attains plasticity, the axial rigidity of the deck is (for such cases) unable to

refrain it. Many composite beam checks can be promptly dismissed if you prove such is the

case, since the deck is then more than anything another superimposed dead load.

Checking shear

First we also state mean compression at every point taking into account transfer length

PEj

Fpc

j Area

d

Slopet ( x) yt ( x) SLOPEj Slopet xxj the harped tendons may re

dx other treatment due to met

discontinuity

Since prestress is always favourably opposing shearing action, we can consider it always

positive.

j

0.8 h

Depthj max

h yt xxj

We identify width of web as the lesser of the stated widths

bw1 min d 1 b

bw 16 cm

fc

Vcw 3.5 psi 0.3 Fpc bw Depthj Vp Web shear cracking capacity

j psi j j at the investigated points

b_p

j Area Sb

Moment at which upon

j

Mcr b_p t_lim

j j Sb decompression by flexion action

and further bending causing

tension, the bottom face cracks

fc V xxj

0.6 psi bw Depthj Mcr

psi M xxj j

Vci max since in a quotient facto

j fc unfactored moments if c

don't mind.

1.7 psi bw Depthj

psi

fc

j 1 Vci 0.6 psi bw Depthj mind not

j psi

j Nparts 1 fc

Vci 0.6 psi bw Depthj mind not

j psi

Vcwj

Vc min

j Vci

j

(Factored loads level) Shear demand in this beam

150

VVUj 100

ton

Vc s

j

ton 50

0

5 10 15

xxj

m

web shear cracking

or

flexure-shear cracking

since both would amount to unwanted cracks at the being checked factored level.

It is seen that in our case we remain safe by calculation against shear failure even without reso

stirrups.

We always dispose anyway minimum shear reinforcement.

The chart is curtailed at 0.5 h from both ends as pertains to shear checks for prestressed beam

the beam themselves are not being shown.

Note that the shear strength reduction factor is already applied in the chart.

The proper level of shear strength requirement is established by the amplification of dead and li

nothing to do with the shear strength reduction factor.

Where the red line exceeds the blue line, stirrups or other shear reinforcement are required. The

required to be delivered by stirrups after sfactor reduction is given by such excess.

It is interesting to observe how the shear capacity is lesser in the regions of maximum moment

implied Shear-Moment interaction in the formulation of shear capacity, even we don't use to thin

concrete beams.

Vcmax

Vcmax max Vc vcmax vcmax 5.14 MPa maximum smeared ca

bw 0.9 h only concrete plus in

Stirrups reinforcement

VVUj Vcj s

Vs max if AND2 xxj 0.5 h xxj l 0.5 h

j

0 ton

0 ton otherwise

Vs

j

Vs

j s

Note that we exclude from any stirrups need the sections closer than 0.5h to supports, as

proper for prestressed beams. This is not to say we won't be placing stirrups there.

j j j

SectionSize "is valid anywhere from the viewpoint of size required for the assume

"you need enlarge the shear section since it does not meet the shear siz

SectionSize "is valid anywhere from the viewpoint of size required for the assumed f

Will reinforce in this sheet in the classical approach where the angle formed by the concrete

struts with longitudinal axis is not a factor. This is not consistent but is a conservative

assumption for any prestressed beam. Note however that prestress effect is at least partially

accounted for in the evaluation of the web shear and shear-flexural strength capacities above.

Required separations will be calculated.

fy 400 MPa stirrup's steel

fraction of le

Nleg_e 2 number of legs per plane e 8 mm ke 0.3 stirrup arran

of stirrups at beams ends

number of legs per plane of

Nleg_c 2 stirrups at remaining center c 8 mm

se 60 cm sc 60 cm

Plot shear strength check with the input stirrups (at the

given separation) contribution

150

VVUj 100

ton

Sc

j

ton 50

0

5 10 15

xxj

m

Whatever the result, I wouldn't reinforce in shear with stirrups farther apart than 2bw for thin

web beams.

Comments & Corrections e-mail

mom@arrakis.es

exural strength checks are not.

t of live

3

3

PTOT ton

3

0

tacked trapezes, need not be of same vertex at interface)

es are of brute

of concrete

D

i

CSLR PL Ai x

i

i CSLR PLi Ai x

nt inf fraction of span, only

use if harped at 2 points

0 ksi

t

xxj lt xxj l lt

erwise

quire some

bw1

w2 min d

2

bw min

bw2

maximum shear 100 psi so beware

very high concrete strengths

500

400

Mcr 300

j

m ton 200

100

0

0 5 10 15 20

ored or xxj

coherent m

don force)

ource to any

e shear capacity

t. There is an

nk in such terms for

apacity anywhere in the beam, from

nclination of tendon if any

ze requirement at some point" otherwise

factored shear"

ngement

- Unified Shear Strength Model-1Uploaded byGabriela
- 9SmartBeamNon-CompositeCastellatedDesignUploaded byes2345
- Solidworks Report of Light PoleUploaded byThahir Shah
- Lecture on Strength of Materials August 2014Uploaded byCha Castillo
- Michigan ZESTT Structural Report 21 Jun 10Uploaded byAlvin Anthony
- FCM Wizard Advanced Application 11Uploaded byLeonardo Rojas
- Prestressed Concrete - AdvancedUploaded bycdestudos
- g7 3j04 Lab - FinalUploaded byyliu8877
- SKMBT_C22413081212520Uploaded byNanescu Liliana
- Midterm 4Uploaded bytemaire
- 19996889 Chinese Equivalent of International Steel StandardsUploaded bylivnucas1972
- Design Connection Capitulo i Aisc 2005Uploaded byAPB
- Analytical Investigation Of Bonded Glass Fibre Reinforced Polymer Sheets With Reinforced Concrete Beam Using AnsysUploaded byAnonymous vQrJlEN
- 625Uploaded byzubairmeer
- IndexUploaded bySengottu Velusamy
- Civil Paper 1Uploaded by9290010274
- Composite BeamsUploaded bychithirai10
- flexureUploaded bycielo_cetd3670
- Westok Advisory Note V2 0.pdfUploaded byLatoyia Calhoun
- Mechanism of Shear TransferUploaded bySana'a Aamir
- Design of Beam Slide ShareUploaded byVRKVRK10
- designofbeamSlideshare.pdfUploaded byVRKVRK10
- SummaryUploaded byNamaku Aminfirdaus
- Scaling of Strength and Ductility in Bioinspired Brick and Mortar CompositesUploaded byImran Sajid Shahid
- GTSUG_RSA_07Uploaded bymurad_ce
- IJETR041352Uploaded byerpublication
- 17001714034413564Uploaded byguitarnick2
- csikosUploaded byAhmed Abdelaziz
- Chapter No 3Uploaded byMuhammad Tausif
- 3 Lamina Strength [Compatibility Mode]Uploaded bythanh123

- 200 Questions and Answers on Practical Civil Engineering Works 2008Uploaded byramdj
- PassportUploaded bypravin
- Schedule for Week-starting on 04.12.17.Uploaded bypravin
- Pile Uplift.pdfUploaded bypravin
- Company ProfileUploaded bypravin
- Submission RecordUploaded bypravin
- Status of Received Drawings_28!04!17Uploaded bypravin
- Mathcad - Finite Difference MethodUploaded bypravin
- Mathcad - Footing_ncasesUploaded bypravin
- m7l17Uploaded bypravin
- fatigue xmcd.pdfUploaded bypravin
- sn diagramUploaded byManas Kotru
- m7l17Uploaded byjritesh3736
- Leonhardt Cable StayUploaded byTarun Kant Goyal
- BA5701Uploaded bysongkk
- Cable Stay SystemsUploaded bypravin
- StayCable2008_VSL.pdfUploaded bypravin
- PSC DESIGNUploaded bypravin
- ReactionsUploaded bypravin
- Dimensional Solutions Mat3DUploaded bypravin
- BOX Section Calculations IRC18, IRC 112Uploaded bypravin
- CABLE PROFILEUploaded bypravin
- CABLE PROFILEUploaded bypravin
- Face SheetUploaded bypravin
- Second_floor_slab (1) Model (1)Uploaded bypravin
- Casting BedUploaded bypravin
- Pile Capacity by IRC 78& is 09.04.2016Uploaded bypravin
- TRANSMITALUploaded bypravin

- Geothermal Energy-Heat PumpUploaded bypriyankahb
- Super1800-2 Slopepaver en VogeleUploaded byRobinson Guaneme
- Case Study on Dresser Rand Ethylene CompressorUploaded bySDP02
- Flaws Cg 2006Uploaded byadiraju07
- Repair Procedure Lens RingUploaded byqaisarabbas9002
- 5DJ1_1998Uploaded byJavi Arjona
- Ce6505 Drc Civil vs AuUploaded bydinu69in
- Peugeot Elystar 50 ManualUploaded bycarylangley
- BR4004Uploaded bySiniša Švoger
- BallUploaded byRaghunath N Jetty
- Response Mitigation on the Offshore Floating Platform System With Tuned Liquid Column DamperUploaded byMehdiGhoddosi
- 2nd Law of ThermodynamicsUploaded byMayday Bomh
- Deisgn of Tunnel Ventilation for Long Vehicular TunnelUploaded byrajarathnam.k
- Johnson Quemador Fd68Uploaded byClaudio Soto
- Fiber-Optical-Rotary-Joint.pdfUploaded byBarlin Times
- art_of_tube_expUploaded byVivek Rathod
- Rafiullah - Basic Controls - ExplainedUploaded bymbadshah2113
- Chapter+1+-+IntroductionA_2014+student+copyUploaded bysya 26
- lr1160Uploaded bymossamorris
- Dissimilar Metal WeldingUploaded bydselvakuu
- Rolls Royce 3Uploaded byAtreya Patil
- PR600pl (2)Uploaded bySantiago Marmolejo Cifuentes
- Gaspar 2013Uploaded byw1000000
- Flowserve Durco TX3 Offset ButterflyvalveUploaded byDGW
- Screw StandartsUploaded byAsiahan
- Pressure Loss From FittingsUploaded bykhairulakbar
- Concrete Construction Article PDF_ the New and Improved Slab-On-Ground Design Manual (1)Uploaded byVijayaragavan Ramu
- Buckling of PilesUploaded bykumana
- Eos 00422Uploaded byEdgar Allende Chavez
- 12270r0_Price SummaryUploaded byyulistana