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Development of Water Usage Pattern (Diurnal Demand

Pattern) for Saipan Water Distribution System

Funded by:
US Geological Survey, Water Institute Program

Principal Investigators:
Shahram Khosrowpanah & Mariano Iglecias

Funding: $26,172

The US Environmental Protection Agency and during the month. Without this
(EPA) recently stressed that the water knowledge it is difficult to develop system
treatment system in Saipan, CNMI is still in operation and to calibrate the hydraulic
need of improvement. The EPA model of the water system.
acknowledged that the lack of safe drinking
water is among the top environmental This project proposes to better refine
challenges that the EPA found to be facing estimates of both the quantities and spatial
the CNMI, particularly Saipan. In a distribution of water demands and how
previous assessment, the EPA found Saipan these demands changes with both residential
to be the only municipality of its size in the and commercial customers of the Saipan
United States without 24-hour water CUC water system.
delivery. The agency reported that the
water on island is not drinkable due to its The specific objectives of this project will
high salinity, and water flows through the be to:
pipes only a few hours per day for almost 1. Determine the average use rate for
half of the islands residents. residential customers in Saipan and to
determine the actual use rate for high
One important step in establishing 24-hour commercial consumers;
water delivery and improving water quality 2. Develop Diurnal demand pattern
in the system is for the Commonwealth (changes of water demand during the
Utility Corporation (CUC) to have a better day and month) for residential and
understanding of how their distribution commercial customers;
system delivers water to customers and what 3. Export the data developed in Step 1
improvements are needed to meet and 2 into the Saipan Water System
operational and water quality goals. To hydraulic Model, and run the model in
assist in reaching their goals, the CUC extended period simulation mode.
commissioned the University of Guam
Water and Environmental Research Institute The resulting improvements to the demand
of the Western Pacific (WERI) to develop a estimates and its changes with time will
hydraulic model of the Saipan Water provide the CUC water division the
System and to train CUC water division capability to: a) determine the amount of the
staff in the use of that model. water that is being lost through the system,
b) implement various operational systems
In order to improve the system operation it for transferring water among the 15-sub
is necessary to have a good knowledge of regions for providing 24-hour water service
the residential and commercial demands to the customers, and c) improve water
being placed on the distribution system and system maintenance.
how these demands change during the day