Performance of Soil and water testing Labortary of Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kapurthala from 2006 to upto June 2010

Table no 1. No. of Soils and water samples analyzed by soil and water testing labortary
Year No of soil and water samples analyzed Amount obtained and submitted by the Soil and water testing Lab of after analysing the samples @Rs KVK., Kapurthala. 20 per sample Nil 152 292 381 455 460 1740 Nil 3040 = 00 5840 = 00 7620 = 00 9100 = 00 9200 = 00 34,800 = 00

2005 2006 2007 2008 Upto June 2009 Upto June 2010 Total

of KVK, Kapurthala.

Fig: Graphical representation of performance of soil laboratory from 2006 to June 2010

Table no 2. No. of Soils and water samples analyzed by soil and water testing labortary of KVK, Kapurthala free of cost

Sr. No.

Year

Crop/Scheme

Samples analysed free of cost

1.

2006-07

Under Front line demonstrations viz.Gram,Gobhi-Sarson, Sunflower,Neem coated urea, For preparing the fertility map of KVK instrauctional farm.

136

2.

2007-08

Adaptive trials, Neem coated urea, 139 Under Front line demonstrations viz.Gobhi-sarson,Gram, SunflowerGroundnut, moong, Adopted village Blairkhanpur Under Front line demonstrations viz. Sunflower, Gram (GPF38

3.

2008-09

2),Gobhi-sarson, 4. 2009-10 Under Front line demonstrations viz. Sunflower, Gobhi-sarson, Gram (PBG-5)) 40

Total samples analysed free of cost

353

Table No. 3 Total number of soil and water samples analysed (By charging fee and free of cost) from 2006 to june 2010.
Sr. No. Soil and water samples Samples analysed free of cost

analysed 1. Free of cost under Front line Demonstartion plots or under adaptive trials Samples analysed by charging fee for analysis @Rs 20 per sample 353

2.

1740

Total samples analysed free of cost

2093

Soil and water testing laboratory is well functioning at KVK, Kapurthala. Starting from the functioning of the lab to upto now we had analysed 1740/- samples (Soil and water) and thus submit Rs. 34,800 = 00 to the higher quarters by charging Rs. 20 per sample as analysing fee from the farmer. Instead of this, before conducting any FLD or any research trial, the soil samples of demonstration plots are analyzed for knowing it’s inherent soil fertility viz. pH, EC, Soil texture, O.C (%), K (Kg/ha) and P (Kg/ha free of cost and fertilizer recommendations are made accordingly and in this regard upto now analyse 353 soil samples free of cost for knowing the inherent fertility of the selected plot. Thus, a total of 2093 samples were analysed by this lab so far. We had also prepared the Soil Fertility Map of

KVK instructional farm after analyzing 100 soil samples (20 samples from 5 blocks). In addition, 100 samples of adopted village viz. Blerkhanpur were analyzed free of cost. Soil testing so far revealed that potash is now becoming to be a deficient nutrient in most of our soils because of the continue removal of this nutrient in our paddy-wheat cropping system. Organic carbon in 95% samples is in low range (<0.4%). As far phosphorus is concerned, it is observed that 75% samples fell into low phosphorous category (available potash <5 kg/acre) and 25% came in the medium range (available potash 5-9 kg/acre). Further, it is analysed that 60% of the soil samples of the farmers, whereas 74% of the selected Front Line Demonstration Plots were low in potash. Thus, inherent fertility of soils is declining day by day.

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