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CALCULATION OF EARTHING SYSTEM

Part - A Calculation for sizing the Earthing conductor


Page : 3 of 4

Project : UNIT : DAHEJ


LOCATION :
DOCUMENT NUMBER
REFERENCE DOCUMENT

Reference Standard : IS 3043

Inputs Results
Step : 1
Type of Earthing Conductor material :
Option = 4 as
1 For copper flat
2 For Aluminium
3 For Lead
4 For Steel (G.S. Flat)
Material Constants
B ( c ) Qc (J/ c mm3) 20 (mm) f i
Copper 234.5 3.45E-03 1.72E-05 395 40
Aluminium 228 2.50E-03 2.83E-05 325 40
Lead 230 1.45E-03 2.14E-04 300 40
Steel 202 3.80E-03 1.38E-04 500 40

For the conductor material selected, the following are the material constants :

Qc ==> Volumetric heat capacity of conductor material (J/ c mm3) = 0.0038


B ==> Reciprocal of temperature co-efficient of resistivity ( c ) = 202
at 0 c for the conductor
20 ==> Electrical resistivity of conductor material at 20 c (mm) = 0.000138
f ==> FInal temperature of conductor ( c ) = 500
i ==> Initial temperature of conductor ( c ) = 40

k = Qc ( B + 20 ) ( f - i )
ln 1+ = 80.6868322 ==> Constant
20 ( B + i )

Step :2
= I*t
Cross sectional area of Earth strip A ( mm2 )
k

where
I ==> Maximum R.M.S ground fault current = 25 KA

t ==> Operating time of fault clearing device = 0.5 secs


k ==> Factor dependant on material of earth conductor

Calculated Cross Section Area A= 219.09 ( mm2 )

Corrosion factor ( CBIP manual 302 : Earthing of AC system)


1) Soil resistivity up to 25 Ohm - Meter 30%
2) Soil resistivity >25 <100 Ohm - Meter 15%
3) Soil resistivity >100 Ohm - Meter 10%

Considering Corrosion factor of = 30 (%)

A= 284.82 ( mm2 )

===> Size of Earth strip chosen = 50 x 6 mm


Area of choosen Earth strip = 300 Sq mm