# PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT: GEOMETRICAL CONSTRUCTIONS

PMR 2004 Set squares and protractors are not allowed for this question. 1. Diagram 7 in the answer space shows a straight line AB. (a) Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, (i) construct a triangle ABC beginning from the straight line AB such that BC = 6 cm and AC = 5 cm, (ii) hence, construct the perpendicular line to the straight line AB which passes through the point C. (b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure the perpendicular distance between point C and the straight line AB. [6 marksl Answer :

A

B

PMR 2005 Set squares and protractors are not allowed for this question. 2. Diagram 7 shows triangle DEF
F

D

45o E

5 cm

Diagram 7 a) Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, construct diagram 7 using the measurements given, beginning from the straight line DE provided in the answer space. b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure the distance, in cm, between the point D and the point F. [6 marksl

D E

PMR 2006 Set squares and protractors are not allowed for par t(a)of this question. 3. Diagram 8 shows triangle PQR

R

6 cm P 120 o Q

Diagram 8 a) Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, construct triangle PQR using the measurements given, beginning from the straight line PQ provided in the answer space. b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure <PRQ using a proctractor [6 marksl Answer:

P

Q

PMR 2007 4. (a) Diagram 7 shows a triangle JKL.

Measure <JKL in Diagram 7, using a protractor. (b) Diagram 8 shows a quadrilateral MNPQ.

(i) Using only a ruler and a pair of compasses, construct Diagram 8 using the measurements given. Begin from the straight lines MN and NP provided in the answer space. (ii) Based on the diagram constructed in 18(b)(i), measure the length, in cm, of PQ. [5 marks] Answer (a) (b)

5. Set squares and protractors are not allowed for this question. Diagram 7 in the answer space shows a straight line AB. (a) Using a pair of compasses and a ruler only, (i) construct a quadrilateral ABCD beginning from the straight line AB such that AB = BC =6 cm, AD = 5 cm, <ABC = 60° and <DAB = 90°, (ii) hence, construct the perpendicular line CP from point C to the straight line AB such that P lies on the straight line AB. (b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure the length of CP [6 marks] Answer: (a) (i), (ii)

Diagram 7 (b) CP= _______________

6. Set squares and protractors are not allowed for this question. Diagram 8 shows a quadrilateral PQRS and T lies on the straight line QR. PQ is parallel to SR.

(a) Starting with the two straight lines, PQ and QR, in Diagram 9, construct (i) the quadrilateral PQRS, (ii) the perpendicular PT such that T lies on the straight line QR. (b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure (i) <PSR, (ii) the distance of P to R. [6 marks] Answer: (a) (i), (ii)

(b) (i) <PSR = ______ (ii) PR = ________ 7. Set squares and protractors are not allowed for this question. Diagram 6 in the answer space shows a straight line PQ. (a) Using a pair of compasses and a ruler only, (i) construct a triangle PQR beginning from the straight line PQ such that QR =7 cm and PR = 6 cm, (ii) hence construct the perpendicular line to the straight line QR which passes through the point P. (b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure the perpendicular distance between point P and the straight line QR. [5 marks]

(b) 8. Set squares and protractors are not allowed for this question. Diagram 6 shows a parallelogram ABCD.

(a) Starting from the triangle ABC in the answer space, construct (i) parallelogram ABCD, (ii) a perpendicular line DT such that T lies on the line AC. (b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure the length, in cm, of DT. [6 marks] Answer: (a) (i), (ii)

(b)

9. Diagram 6 in the answer space shows a straight line AB. (a) Using a pair of compasses and a ruler only, (i) construct a triangle ABC beginning from the straight line AB such that <ABC = 120o and BC =6 cm, (ii) hence construct the bisector of <BAC which intersects with the straight line BC at point T. (b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure the distance between point A and point T. [6 marks] Answer: (a) (1), (ii)

(b) 10. Diagram 7 shows a triangle FGH.

(a) Using a pair of compasses and a ruler only, construct Diagram 7 using the measurements given, beginning from the straight line GH provided in the answer space. (b) Based on the diagram constructed in (a), measure the distance, in cm, between point G and point F. [5 marks] Answer: (a)

(b)