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PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT:

LINEAR EQUATION / LINEAR INEQUALITIES / INDICES / ALGEBRAIC FORMULAE /


ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS

1. Solve each of the following linear equations.


(a) x + 10 = 4 PMR 2007
5x − 4
(b) =x (3 marks)
3

2. Factorise completely each of the following expressions


(a) 2y + 6 PMR 2007
(b) 12 – 3x2 (3 marks)

3. Expand each of the following expressions


(a) q (2 + p) PMR 2007
(b) (3m – n) 2 (3 marks)

5 2 − 3w
4. Express + as a single fraction in its simplest form. PMR 2007
3n 6n
(3 marks)

5. Solve each of the following inequalities :


(a) w – 6 < 2 PMR 2007
(b) 8 + 4v ≥ 9 − 2v (3 marks)

6. Given r 2 + 7 = p , express r in terms of p. PMR 2007


(2 marks)
3 1
7. a) Find the value of 5 2 ÷ 5 2
b) Simplify ( hg 4 ) x h 2
3
PMR 2007
(3 marks)

8. Simplify (2p-q) 2 + q(4p-q) (2 marks)


PMR 2005

9. Factorise completely each of the following expressions.


(a) 4e – 12ef
(b) 3x 2 − 48 (3 marks)
PMR 2005

1 m+2
10. Express - as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
2m 6m 2
PMR 2005

11. Simplify ( 3 x − 1) − (7 x + 4)
2
(2 marks)
PMR 2004

1
12. Simplify ( 2mk 2 ) x ( k 2 ) ÷ m5 k9
4 3
(3 marks)
PMR 2004
13. Factorise completely.
(a) 9 xy − 3 x
2

(b) p 2 − 6( p + 1) − (8 − p ) (3 marks)
PMR 2004
 1 
1− p 
3  2
14. Express −  as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
2m  mp 
 
 
PMR 2004

15. Solve each of the following questions:


(a) 2n = 3n – 4
3 − 7k
(b) 2k = (3 marks)
5
PMR 2005

16. Simplify (2mk 2 )4 x (k 2 )3 ÷ m5 k 9 . (3 marks)


PMR 2004

17. Solve each of the following equations:


(a) k = −14 − k
3
(b) f + (6 − 4 f ) = −31 (3 marks)
2
PMR 2004
18. Solve each of the following equations:
(a) h = 16 − h
2
(b) 3( 2k − 3) + (6 − 3k ) = −33 (3 marks)
3

19. Factorise completely.


(a) 4 xy − 12 x 2
(b) − y ( x + y ) + 6 x 2 (3 marks)

2( p +1) 4 − m
20. Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
mp 2m

21. a) Solve the inequality 2m −1 > 11 .


p
b) List all the integer values of p which satisfy both the inequalities 26 − 4 p > 2 and p ≥ 2 +
2
(4 marks)

7
22. Given that = 2 , express m in terms of n. (3 marks)
5m + n

23. Given that 3x −1 = 92 , calculate the value of x. (2 marks)

2
24. Simplify (2 x −1 y 3 )3 × xy ÷ x 2 y −3 (2 marks)
25. Simplify h(h − 2k ) − ( k − h) 2 (2 marks)

26. Simplify (m − n) 2 + n(2m − n) (2 marks)

x
27. a) Solve the inequality +2 <3
5
18 − x
b) List all the integer values of x which satisfy both the inequalities ≤ 3 and 3( x − 6) < 2(6 − x)
5
(4 marks)

28. Given that 27 ÷ 2 m = 8 , calculate the value of m. (2 marks)

7x − y
29. Given that = 2 , express x in terms of y. (3 marks)
3

30. Simplify xy −3 ×(2 xy 4 ) 2 ÷ 2 x 5 y 4 (3 marks)

31. Solve each of the following equations:


(a) 4m – 9 = 3m + 5
2
(b) w + 5 = 7 − (6 w − 9) (3 marks)
3

12 + x 3 y + x
32. Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
4x xy

33. Factorise completely.


(a) 18 x 2 − 2
(b) m( 2n −1) −8n + 4 (3 marks)

34. Solve each of the following equations:


(a) n = 4 + 2n
3x + 2
(b) =5 (3 marks)
x −4

5h − 2
35. Given that = h + k , express h in terms of k. (3 marks)
3

36. Simplify x( x − 2 y ) − ( x − y ) 2 (2 marks)

37. Factorise completely.


(a) 3m −12 mn
(b) 5h 2 − 4( h 2 +1) (3 marks)

38. Solve the inequality 12 − x > 3 x − 8 (2 marks)

3 1
9 × (2 )
2 2 2
39. Evaluate 1
(3 marks)
9 2

3
4 5n − 3
40. Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
3n 6n 2

41. Given that 53 x +2 = (5 x )( 56 ) , calculate the value of x. (2 marks)

42. Simplify (p + q)2 - p(p + 2q). (2 marks)

43. Factorise completely.


(a) p 2 + 3 p − 3q − pq
(b) x ( x − 2) −8 (3 marks)

3x
44. Given that y − 2 = 5 x , express y in terms of k. (3 marks)

5 h −4
45. Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
6h 2 h 2

46. Solve each of the following equations:


(a) 3 x − ( x − 4) =12
3m − 5
(b) m = (3 marks)
8
1 1 1
3 × (3 × 5 )
4 4 3 3
47. Evaluate 2
(3 marks)
27 3
n
 1
48. Given   × 64 = 2n , calculate the value of n. (3 marks)
4

49. Simplify each expression in its simplest form


(a) 3 x − y − ( x − y )
(b) n(n − 2m) − ( m − n) 2 (3 marks)

4 x8 × 20 x10
50. Simplify (2 marks)
16 x 6

4( h + k ) 16 − h
51. Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
hk 4h

52. Factorise completely.


(a) 9 x − x 3
(b) h 2 − 4(h + 2) − (2 − 7 h) (3 marks)

53. Solve each of the following equations:


(a) 13 − 4( n + 2) = 2n
3k + 17
(b) = k +1 (3 marks)
5

54. Given that 2 2 x −1 = 25 ÷ 2 x , calculate the value of x. (2 marks)

4
55. Solve the inequality 2 − 3 x < 5( x −1) (2 marks)
5r
56. Given that 3 p − = 4 , express p in terms of r. (3 marks)
2

57. Simplify ( p − q) 2 − ( p 2 + q 2 ) (2 marks)

58. (a) Solve the inequality 5k + 8 > 3k


k
(b) List all the integer values of k which satisfy both the inequalities 2 − k < 1 and +4 ≤5
4
(4 marks)

59. Simplify (2 x 4 n −1 )3 × x −10 n3 ÷ 2 x (3 marks)

60. Given that 28 ÷ 4 x = 4 , calculate the value of x. (2 marks)

n(3 − m)
61. Given that m = , express n in terms of m. (3 marks)
n −1

62. Solve each of the following equations:


(a) 2m = 6 − m
5x + 6 x + 2
(b) − =2 (3 marks)
4 3

63. (a) Solve the inequality 2 x − 5 ≤ 11


x
(b) List all the integer values of x which satisfy both the inequalities 5( x + 6) > 20 and 12 − ≥ 10
2
(3 marks)
1
64. Simplify (3hk 3 ) 4 × ( hk ) ÷ h8 k 12
3 3 (3 marks)

1
65. Given that 2−5 ÷ = 2n , calculate the value of n. (2 marks)
8

t2 +3
66. Given that = h −1 , express t in terms of h. (3 marks)
4

m +n 3+m
67. Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
5mn 15 m

68. Simplify each expression in its simplest form


(a) 3 p − 2( p −1)
(b) m( m + 2) − (m −1) 2 (3 marks)

69. Factorise completely.


(a) 8m 2 n − 2mn
(b) 2 x( x − 2) + ( x − 2) 2 (3 marks)

5
70. Simplify ( m − 4)( m + 3) − m( m − 2) (2 marks)

3
1
71. Given that ( ) x = ( 256 ) 4 , calculate the value of x. (3 marks)
4

6 4+r
72. Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
8r 4r 2

q (3 − 2 p )
73. Given that p = , express q in terms of p. (3 marks)
q −3

74. Solve each of the following equations:


(a) 5h − 4 = 8 − h
2x
(b) − 6 = 2x (3 marks)
3

75. Simplify (1 − m) 2 − m(m −1) (2 marks)

76. Factorise completely.


(a) 4h 2 k − hk
(b) (h - 2)(h + 8) -12h (3 marks)

1 2m − 1
77. Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
4m 8m 2

k
78. Given that = n 2 − 4k . Express n in term of k. (3 marks)
5

79. Solve each of the following equations:


2m
(a) = m −3
3
(b) k − 2(k + 5) = 4k (3 marks)

80. Evaluate 27 × (3 )
3 2 4
(3 marks)
812

p −3r 2
81. Simplify ( ) ×2 p 2r (2 marks)
2
x
82. Given that k ≤ x ≤ h satisfy both the inequalities 3 − ≥ 2 and 5 + 2 x ≥ 3. Find the value of k and h,
3
where k and h are integers.
(2 marks)

83. Simplify (e + k ) 2 − 2e(k − 3e) (2 marks)

84. (a) Solve the inequality 2k + 1 ≥ 7


6
(b) List all the integer values of x which satisfy both the inequalities 2k + 3 ≥ −3 and 2 − k ≥ 0
(4 marks)

1
85. Given that 27 ÷ 3x = , calculate the value of x (2 marks)
9

1
m2 p9
86. Simplify (4m −1n 2 ) 2 × (3 marks)
p3

5(m − 2)
87. Given that = 3 , express m in term of k (2 marks)
k

88. Solve each of the following equations:


(a) 4k − (3 − k ) =1
(b) 10 − 3( 2 − w) = 9 w + 2 (3 marks)

89. Factorise completely.


(a) 3h 2 k − 9hk 2
(b) 15 + m(m + 8) (3 marks)

1 9 −e
90. Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
3e 6e 2

91. Simplify m(m −1) + (1 − m) 2 ) (2 marks)

92. Factorise completely.


(a) 4 p 2 − 6 p
(b) 2h – 2k + hk – k2 (3 marks)

1 5 − 2m
93. Express − as a single fraction in its simplest form (3 marks)
5m 15 m 2

p −2 r
94. Given that = , express p in term of q and r (2 marks)
q 3

95. Solve each of the following equations:


n +8
(a) n =
3
(b) 3m − 4 = −3(m − 2) (3 marks)

96. Simplify (2b +1) 2 − (3 + b) (2 marks)

2
97. (a) Solve the inequality x − 3 < 2 and x + 3 > 7.
3
y 4
(b) List all the positive integers of y which satisfy the inequality 4 − ≥ y −1 and 2 − k ≥ 0
5 5
(4 marks)

7
98. Simplify (5e 2 f )3 ×ef ÷(ef 2 ) 2 (3 marks)

99. Given that 9 x −1 = 3 , find the value of x. (2 marks)

100. Given 3h 2 + 4k −1 = 2 , express k in terms of h. (3 marks)