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Dr.

Mik Balzs
miko.balazs@bgk.bmf.hu Content
BAGIM1ENNB
 Identification of injection location
Design and manufacturing of
 Cold sprue
plastic injection mould
 Runner system
 Type of gates
08 Runner system  Hot drop
 Hot runner

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Aim of injection system Type of injection system

 Drive the melted  Parts  Cold injection system


plastic to the  Sprue  Hot injection system (heated)
cavities  Runners
 Combinated system
 Gate

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Identify the gate location Computer aided analysis


Best gate location
 Equal filling up of the cavities
 Minimal welding line
 Minimal distance
 Parting line geometry
 Esthetic viewpoint

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1
Fill time Injection pressure

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Melt front temperature Quality prediction

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Welding line Air bubble / trap

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Sprue bushing Sprue bushing

R 0 / 15,5 / 40

0,5/ 1

R0,5 / R2

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Role of radii Catalogue components

With radius 0 / 15.5 / 40


Angle 0.5/ 1
Diameter d2

  
Rs > Rm 15 16

Size of the sprue diameter Runner system


2624
2460  Short length
2296
0,9 mm
2132  Balancing
1 in3 = 16,4 cm3

1968
1804
1640
 Optimal cross section
1476
1312 0,7 mm  Simple manufacturing
1148
984
820
656
492 0,55 mm
328
164
0 0,4 mm

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Balancing Natural balancing

 Aim: same fill up time

 Naturally balancing: equal


runner length
 Artificial balancing: adjust
runner cross section

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Artificial balancing Combined balancing

A
A/2 * 2/3 A/2

A/2 * 2/3 * 1/2

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Runner cross section Cold slug well

Collect the not too good quality material of the melt front.

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Runner diameter Runner size

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Runner diameter Runner diameter

82 82 12 mm
12 mm

65,6 65,6 11 mm

11 mm

49,2 49,2 10 mm
10 mm

32,8 32,8 8 mm
cm3/s

cm3/s

8 mm
6 mm

16,4 6 mm
16,4
4,5 mm 4,5 mm

3 mm 3 mm
0 0
0 76,2 152,4 228,6 304,8 0 76,2 152,4 228,6 304,8

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Maximum runner length Gate type


 Sprue gate
 Edge gate / Side gate / Fan gate
 Pin gate / Drop gate
 Tab gate
 Diafragm gate
 Internal ring gate
 External ring gate
 Flash gate / Film gate
 Submarine gate / Tunel gate
 Curved tunel gate / Banana gate
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Sprue gate Edge gate / Side gate / Fan gate

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Edge gate / Side gate Examples

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Pin gate / Drop gate Pin gate / Drop gate

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Tab gate Diaphragm gate

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Internal ring gate External ring gate

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Flash gate / Film gate Submarine gate / Tunnel gate


Flow length (mm)

Thickness of the gate

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Submarine gate / Tunnel gate Submarine gate / Tunnel gate

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Submarine gate / Tunnel gate Insert for family mould

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Curved tunnel gate / Banana gate Curved tunnel gate / Banana gate

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Hot runner system System elements
Temperature
control
 Less material cost (no waste) Manifold Electric
connector
system

 Shorter cycle time

 More expensive mould


 Nozzle min. 650
 Manifold min. 1200

Hot drop

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Parts of manifold Nozzle types


Open gate
General
Simple

Valve gate
Special
Complex
The order of opening is programmable
Pneumatic of electro magnetic actuator
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Typical use: long parts

System elements Type of gates

 Material
 Weight
 Cycle time

 ASK HELP
FROM THE
DISTRIBUTOR!
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Combined single nozzle system New trends

 More waste
 Cheaper mould
 Typical use: Deep cavity and high A plate

Adjustable manifold Complete injection size


with valve gate as catalogue part
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