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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys.

C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

TESTS OF DISCRETE SPACE-TIME SYMMETRIES

CHARGE CONJUGATION (C ) INVARIANCE

( 0 3)/total <3.1 108 , CL = 90%


C-nonconserving decay parameters
+ 0 left-right asymmetry + 0.11 ) 102
(0.09 0.12
+ 0 sextant asymmetry + 0.10 ) 102
(0.12 0.11
+ 0 quadrant asymmetry ( 0.09 0.09) 102
+ left-right asymmetry (0.9 0.4) 102
+ parameter (D-wave) 0.02 0.07 (S = 1.3)
( 0 )/total <9 105 , CL = 90%
( 2 0 )/total <5 104 , CL = 90%
( 3 0 )/total <6 105 , CL = 90%
( 3)/total <1.6 105 , CL = 90%
( 0 e + e )/total [a] <4 105 , CL = 90%
( 0 + )/total [a] <5 106 , CL = 90%
((782) 0 )/total <2.1 104 , CL = 90%
((782) 2 0 )/total <2.1 104 , CL = 90%
((782) 3 0 )/total <2.3 104 , CL = 90%
asymmetry parameter for (958) + decay 0.03 0.04
( (958) 0 e + e )/total [a] <1.4 103 , CL = 90%
( (958) e + e )/total [a] <2.4 103 , CL = 90%
( (958) 3)/total <1.0 104 , CL = 90%
( (958) + 0 )/total [a] <6.0 105 , CL = 90%
( (958) + )/total [a] <1.5 105 , CL = 90%
(J/(1S) )/total <2.7 107 , CL = 90%
(J/(1S) )/total <1.4 106 , CL = 90%

PARITY (P) INVARIANCE

e electric dipole moment <0.87 1028 e cm, CL = 90%


electric dipole moment ( 0.1 0.9) 1019 e cm
Re(d = electric dipole moment) 0.220 to 0.45 1016 e cm, CL = 95%
( + )/total <1.3 105 , CL = 90%
( 2 0 )/total <3.5 104 , CL = 90%
( 4 0 )/total <6.9 107 , CL = 90%
( (958) + )/total <6 105 , CL = 90%
( (958) 0 0 )/total <4 104 , CL = 90%

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

(c (1S) + )/total <1.1 104 , CL = 90%


(c (1S) 0 0 )/total <4 105 , CL = 90%
(c (1S) K + K )/total <6 104 , CL = 90%
(c (1S) K 0 K 0 )/total <3.1 104 , CL = 90%
S S
p electric dipole moment <0.54 1023 e cm
n electric dipole moment <0.29 1025 e cm, CL = 90%
electric dipole moment <1.5 1016 e cm, CL = 95%

TIME REVERSAL (T ) INVARIANCE

e electric dipole moment <0.87 1028 e cm, CL = 90%


electric dipole moment ( 0.1 0.9) 1019 e cm
decay parameters
transverse e + polarization normal to plane of ( 2 8) 103
spin, e + momentum
/A ( 10 20) 103
/A (2 7) 103
Re(d = electric dipole moment) 0.220 to 0.45 1016 e cm, CL = 95%
PT in K + 0 + ( 1.7 2.5) 103
PT in K + + ( 0.6 1.9) 102
Im() in K + 0 + decay (from transverse 0.006 0.008
pol.)
asymmetry AT in K 0 -K 0 mixing (6.6 1.6) 103
Im() in K 0 decay (from transverse pol.) 0.007 0.026
3
AT (D K 0 K + ) [b] ( 12 11) 103
S
AT (D 0 K + K + ) [b] (1.7 2.7) 103
AT (D K 0 K + ) [b] ( 14 8) 103
s S
S + (S 0 S ++ 0 ) 1.37 0.15
T ,K S ,K S
+
S (S 0 S + 0 ) 1.17 0.21
T ,K S ,K S
C (C 0 C ++ 0 )
+ 0.10 0.16
T ,K S ,K S
+
C (C 0 C + 0 ) 0.04 0.16
T ,K S ,K S
p electric dipole moment <0.54 1023 e cm
n electric dipole moment <0.29 1025 e cm, CL = 90%
n p e e decay parameters
AV , phase of g A relative to g V [c] (180.017 0.026)
triple correlation coefficient D [d] ( 1.2 2.0) 104
triple correlation coefficient R [d] 0.004 0.013
electric dipole moment <1.5 1016 e cm, CL = 95%
triple correlation coefficient D for n e e 0.11 0.10

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

CP INVARIANCE
Re(d w ) <0.50 1017 e cm, CL = 95%

Im(d w ) <1.1 1017 e cm, CL = 95%

+ e + e decay-plane asymmetry ( 0.6 3.1) 102
( + )/total <1.3 105 , CL = 90%
( 2 0 )/total <3.5 104 , CL = 90%
( 4 0 )/total <6.9 107 , CL = 90%
( (958) + )/total <6 105 , CL = 90%
( (958) 0 0 )/total <4 104 , CL = 90%
K + rate difference/average (0.08 0.12)%
K 0 0 rate difference/average (0.0 0.6)%
K 0 rate difference/average (0.9 3.3)%
K + (g+ g ) / (g+ + g ) ( 1.5 2.2) 104
K 0 0 (g+ g ) / (g+ + g ) (1.8 1.8) 104
(K +
e e )(K e e )
(K ) = ( 2.2 1.6) 102
ee (K + )+(K )
ee ee
(K +
)(K )
(K ) = 0.010 0.023
(K +
)+(K )
(K +
)(K )
(K ) = (0.0 1.2) 103
(K + )+(K )

AS = [ (K 0 e + e ) - (K 0 + e e ) ] (2 10) 103
S S
/ SUM
Im( +0 ) = Im(A(K 0 + 0 , CP-violating) 0.002 0.009
S
/ A(K 0 + 0 ))
L
Im( 000 ) = Im(A(K 0 0 0 0 )/A(K 0 0.001 0.016
S L
0 0 0 ))

0 0 0 0
000 = A(K S 3 )/A(K L 3 ) <0.0088, CL = 90%

CP asymmetry A in K 0 + e + e ( 0.4 0.8)%
S
(K 0 3 0 )/total <2.6 108 , CL = 90%
S
linear coefficient j for K 0 + 0 0.0012 0.0008
L
quadratic coefficient f for K 0 + 0 0.004 0.006
L
/ for K 0 +

<0.3, CL = 90%
+ L
g for K 0 +

E1 <0.21, CL = 90%
L
(K 0 0 + )/total [e] <3.8 1010 , CL = 90%
L
(K 0 0 e + e )/total [e] <2.8 1010 , CL = 90%
L
(K 0 0 )/total [f ] <2.6 108 , CL = 90%
L
ACP (D ) (8 8)%
ACP (D K 0 ) ( 0.41 0.09)%
S
ACP (D K 2 ) ( 0.18 0.16)%
ACP (D K 0 ) ( 0.3 0.7)%
ACP (D K 0 0 ) ( 0.1 0.7)%
S

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

ACP (D K 0 + ) (0.0 1.2)%


S
ACP (D 0 ) (2.9 2.9)%
ACP (D ) (1.0 1.5)% (S = 1.4)
ACP (D (958)) ( 0.5 1.2)% (S = 1.1)
ACP (D K 0 K ) ( 0.11 0.25)%
S
ACP (D K + K ) (0.37 0.29)%
ACP (D K K 0 ) ( 0.3 0.4)%
ACP (D ) (0.09 0.19)% (S = 1.2)
ACP (D K K (1430)0 ) (8 + 7
6 )%
0
ACP (D K K (1430)0 ) (43 + 20
26 )%
2
ACP (D K K (800)) ( 12 + 18
13 )%
0
ACP (D a0 (1450)0 )
( 19 + 14
16 )%
ACP (D (1680) ) ( 9 26)%
ACP (D + ) ( 2 4)%
ACP (D K 0 K + ) ( 4 7)%
S
ACP (D K 0 ) ( 4 11)%
q/p of D 0 D 0 mixing
+ 0.12
0.92 0.09
A of D 0 D 0 mixing ( 0.125 0.526) 103
Where there is ambiguity, the CP test is labelled by the D 0 decay mode.
ACP (D 0 K + K ) ( 0.14 0.12)%
ACP (D 0 K 0 K 0 ) ( 23 19)%
S S
ACP (D 0 + ) (0.01 0.15)%
ACP (D 0 0 0 ) (0.0 0.6)%
ACP (D 0 + 0 ) (0.3 0.4)%
ACP (D 0 (770)+ + 0 ) [g ] (1.2 0.9)%
ACP (D 0 (770)0 0 + 0 ) [g ] ( 3.1 3.0)%
ACP (D 0 (770) + + 0 ) [g ] ( 1.0 1.7)%
ACP (D 0 (1450)+ + 0 ) [g ] (0 70)%
ACP (D 0 (1450)0 0 + 0 ) [g ] ( 20 40)%
ACP (D 0 (1450) + + 0 ) [g ] (6 9)%
ACP (D 0 (1700)+ + 0 ) [g ] ( 5 14)%
ACP (D 0 (1700)0 0 + 0 ) [g ] (13 9)%
ACP (D 0 (1700) + + 0 ) [g ] (8 11)%
ACP (D 0 f0 (980) 0 + 0 ) [g ] (0 35)%
ACP (D 0 f0 (1370) 0 + 0 ) [g ] (25 18)%
ACP (D 0 f0 (1500) 0 + 0 ) [g ] (0 18)%
ACP (D 0 f0 (1710) 0 + 0 ) [g ] (0 24)%
ACP (D 0 f2 (1270) 0 + 0 ) [g ] ( 4 6)%
ACP (D 0 (400) 0 + 0 ) [g ] (6 8)%
ACP (nonresonant D 0 + 0 ) [g ] ( 13 23)%
ACP (D 0 K + K 0 ) ( 1.0 1.7)%

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

ACP (D 0 K (892)+ K K + K 0 ) [g ] ( 0.9 1.3)%


ACP (D 0 K (1410)+ K K + K 0 ) [g ] ( 21 24)%
ACP (D 0 ( K + 0 )S K K + K 0 ) [g ] (7 15)%
ACP (D 0 (1020) 0 K + K 0 ) [g ] (1.1 2.2)%
ACP (D 0 f0 (980) 0 K + K 0 ) [g ] ( 3 19)%
ACP (D 0 a0 (980)0 0 K + K 0 ) [g ] ( 5 16)%
ACP (D 0 f (1525) 0 K + K 0 ) [g ] (0 160)%
2
ACP (D 0 K (892) K + K + K 0 ) [g ] ( 5 4)%
ACP (D 0 K (1410) K + K + K 0 ) [g ] ( 17 29)%
ACP (D 0 ( K 0 ) + + 0
Swave K K K ) [g ] ( 10 40)%
ACP (D 0 K 0 0 ) ( 0.20 0.17)%
S
ACP (D 0 K 0 ) (0.5 0.5)%
S
ACP (D 0 K 0 ) (1.0 0.7)%
S
ACP (D 0 K 0 ) ( 3 9)%
S
ACP (D 0 K + ) (0.3 0.7)%
ACP (D 0 K + ) (0.0 1.6)%
ACP (D 0 K + 0 ) (0.1 0.5)%
ACP (D 0 K + 0 ) (0 5)%
ACP (D 0 K 0 + ) ( 0.1 0.8)%
S
ACP (D 0 K (892) + K 0 + ) (0.4 0.5)%
S
ACP (D 0 K (892)+ K 0 + ) (1 6)%
S
ACP (D 0 K0S 0 K 0 + )
S ( 0.1 0.5)%
ACP (D 0 K 0 K 0 + ) ( 13 7)%
S S
ACP (D 0 K 0 f0 (980) K 0 + ) ( 0.4 2.7)%
S S
ACP (D 0 K 0 f2 (1270) K 0 + ) ( 4 5)%
S S
ACP (D 0 K 0 f0 (1370) K 0 + ) ( 1 9)%
S S
ACP (D 0 K 0 0 (1450) K 0 + ) ( 4 10)%
S
ACP (D 0 K 0 f0 (600) K 0 + ) ( 3 5)%
S
ACP (D 0 K (1410) + K 0 + ) ( 2 9)%
S
ACP (D 0 K (1430) + K 0 + ) (4 4)%
0 S
ACP (D 0 K (1430) + K 0 + ) (12 15)%
0 S
ACP (D 0 K (1430) + K 0 + ) (3 6)%
2 S
ACP (D 0 K (1430)+ K 0 + ) ( 10 32)%
2 S
ACP (D 0 K (1680) + K 0 + )
S
ACP (D 0 K + + ) (0.2 0.5)%
ACP (D 0 K + + ) ( 2 4)%
ACP (D 0 K + K + ) ( 8 7)%
ACP (D 0 K (1270)+ K K 0 + K ) ( 1 10)%
1
ACP (D 0 K (1270) K + K 0 K + ) ( 10 32)%
1

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

ACP (D 0 K (1270)+ K 0 K + K ) ( 7 17)%


1
ACP (D 0 K (1270) K + 0 K K + ) (10 13)%
1
ACP (D 0 K (1410)+ K K 0 + K ) ( 20 17)%
ACP (D 0 K (1410) K + K 0 K + ) ( 1 14)%
ACP (D 0 K 0 K 0 S-wave) (10 14)%
ACP (D 0 0 S-wave) ( 3 5)%
ACP (D 0 0 D-wave) ( 37 19)%
ACP (D 0 ( + )Swave ) ( 9 10)%
0
AD = ACP (K + K ) ACP ( + ) ( 0.32 0.22)% (S = 1.9)
CP
ACP (D ) (5 6)%
s
ACP (D K K 0 ) (0.08 0.26)%
s S
ACP (D K + K ) ( 0.5 0.9)%
s
ACP (D K + K 0 ) (0.0 3.0)%
s
ACP (D K 0 K 2 ) (4.1 2.8)%
s S
ACP (D + ) ( 0.7 3.1)%
s
ACP (D ) (1.1 3.1)%
s
ACP (D ) ( 2.2 2.3)%
s
ACP (D K 0 ) ( 27 24)%
s
ACP (D K 0 ) (3.1 2.6)% (S = 1.7)
s S
ACP (D K + ) (4 5)%
s
ACP (D K ) (9 15)%
s
ACP (D K (958)) (6 19)%
s
ACP (B + J/(1S) K + ) 0.003 0.006 (S = 1.8)
ACP (B + J/(1S) + ) (0.1 2.8) 102 (S = 1.2)
ACP (B + J/ + ) 0.11 0.14
ACP (B + J/ K (892)+ ) 0.048 0.033
ACP (B + c K + ) 0.01 0.07 (S = 2.2)
ACP (B + (2S) + ) 0.03 0.06
ACP (B + (2S) K + ) 0.012 0.020 (S = 1.5)
ACP (B + (2S) K (892)+ ) 0.08 0.21
ACP (B + c1 (1P) + ) 0.07 0.18
ACP (B + c0 K + ) 0.20 0.18 (S = 1.5)
ACP (B + c1 K + ) 0.009 0.033
ACP (B + c1 K (892)+ ) 0.5 0.5
ACP (B + D 0 + ) 0.007 0.007
ACP (B + DCP (+1) + ) 0.035 0.024
ACP (B + DCP (1) + ) 0.017 0.026
ACP (B + D 0 K + ) 0.01 0.05 (S = 2.1)
rB (B + D 0 K + ) 0.095 0.008
B (B + D 0 K + ) (123 10)

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

rB (B + D 0 K + ) 0.17 0.11 (S = 2.3)


B (B + D 0 K + ) (155 70) (S = 2.0)
ACP (B + [ K + ]D K + ) 0.58 0.21
ACP (B + [ K + ] K (892)+ ) 0.3 0.5
D
ACP (B + [ K + ]D + ) 0.00 0.09
ACP (B + [ K + ](D ) + ) 0.09 0.27
ACP (B + [ K + ](D ) + ) 0.7 0.6
ACP (B + [ K + ](D ) K + ) 0.8 0.4
ACP (B + [ K + ](D ) K + ) 0.4 1.0
ACP (B + [ + 0 ]D K + ) 0.02 0.15
AADS (B + D + ) 0.14 0.06
ACP (B + DCP ( 1) K + ) 0.10 0.07
ACP (B + D 0 + ) 0.014 0.015
ACP (B + (D )0 + ) 0.02 0.05
CP (+1)
ACP (B + (D )0 + ) 0.09 0.05
CP (1)
ACP (B + D 0 K + ) 0.07 0.04
r (B + D 0 K + ) + 0.023 (S = 1.2)
0.114
B 0.040
(B + D 0 K + ) (310 + 22 ) (S = 1.3)
28
B
ACP (B + D 0 K +) 0.12 0.08
CP (+1)
ACP (B + D K +) 0.07 0.10
CP (1)
ACP (B + DCP (+1) K (892)+ ) 0.09 0.14
ACP (B + DCP (1) K (892)+ ) 0.23 0.22
ACP (B + D + ) 0.0 0.4
s
ACP (B + D + D 0 ) 0.15 0.11
ACP (B + D + D 0 ) 0.06 0.13
ACP (B + D + D 0 ) 0.13 0.18
ACP (B + D + D 0 ) 0.03 0.07
ACP (B + K 0 + ) 0.017 0.016
S
ACP (B + K + 0 ) 0.037 0.021
ACP (B + K + ) 0.013 0.017
ACP (B + K (892)+ ) 0.26 0.27
ACP (B + K (1430)+ ) 0.06 0.20
0
ACP (B + K (1430)+ ) 0.15 0.13
2
ACP (B + K (892)+ ) 0.02 0.06
ACP (B + K +
0 (1430) ) 0.05 0.13
ACP (B + K (1430)+ ) 0.45 0.30
2
ACP (B + K + ) 0.02 0.04
ACP (B + K + ) 0.29 0.35

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

ACP (B + (K )+ ) 0.10 0.09


0
ACP (B + K (1430)+ ) 0.14 0.15
2
ACP (B + K 0 + ) 0.04 0.09 (S = 2.1)
ACP (B + K (892)+ 0 ) 0.06 0.24
ACP (B + K + + ) 0.027 0.008
ACP (B + K + K K + nonresonant) 0.06 0.05
ACP (B + f (980)0 K + ) 0.08 0.09
ACP (B + f0 (1500) K + ) 0.28 0.30
ACP (B + f (1525)0 K + ) + 0.05
0.08
2 0.04
ACP (B + K (1430)0 + ) 0.055 0.033
0
ACP (B + K (1430)0 + ) + 0.29
0.05
2 0.24
ACP (B + K + 0 0 ) 0.06 0.07
ACP (B + K 0 + ) 0.12 0.17
ACP (B + K + + ) 0.07 0.08
ACP (B + 0 K (892)+ ) 0.31 0.13
ACP (B + K (892)+ f0 (980)) 0.15 0.12
ACP (B + a+ K 0 ) 0.12 0.11
1
ACP (B + b+ K 0 ) 0.03 0.15
1
ACP (B + K (892)0 + ) 0.01 0.16
ACP (B + b0 K + ) 0.46 0.20
1
ACP (B + K 0 K +) 0.04 0.14
ACP (B + K+ K0 K0 ) + 0.04
0.04
S S 0.05
ACP (B + K + K +) 0.118 0.022
ACP (B + K + K K +) 0.033 0.008
ACP (B + K + ) 0.04 0.04 (S = 2.1)
ACP (B + X0 (1550) K + ) 0.04 0.07
ACP (B + K + K + K ) 0.11 0.09
ACP (B + K (892)+ ) 0.01 0.08
ACP (B + (K )+ ) 0.04 0.16
0
ACP (B + K1 (1270)+ ) 0.15 0.20
ACP (B + K (1430)+ ) 0.23 0.20
2
ACP (B + K + ) 0.10 0.08
ACP (B + K + [ ] ) 0.09 0.10
c
ACP (B + K (892)+ ) 0.018 0.029
ACP (B + K + ) 0.12 0.07
ACP (B + K + ) 0.13 0.11 (S = 1.1)
ACP (B + + ) 0.11 0.33
ACP (B + + 0 ) 0.03 0.04
ACP (B + + +) 0.057 0.013
ACP (B + 0 + ) + 0.09
0.18 0.17

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Citation: K.A. Olive et al. (Particle Data Group), Chin. Phys. C, 38, 090001 (2014) and 2015 update

ACP (B + f2 (1270) + ) 0.41 0.30


ACP (B + 0 (1450) + ) + 0.4
0.1 0.5
ACP (B + + + nonresonant) + 0.23
0.14 0.16
ACP (B + + 0 ) 0.02 0.11
ACP (B + + 0 ) 0.05 0.05
ACP (B + + ) 0.04 0.06
ACP (B + + ) 0.20 0.09
ACP (B + + ) 0.14 0.07 (S = 1.4)
ACP (B + + ) 0.11 0.11
ACP (B + + ) 0.06 0.16
ACP (B + + ) 0.26 0.17
ACP (B + b 0 + ) 0.05 0.16
1
ACP (B + p p + ) 0.00 0.04
ACP (B + p p K + ) 0.00 0.04 (S = 2.2)
ACP (B + p p K (892)+ ) 0.21 0.16 (S = 1.4)
ACP (B + p ) 0.17 0.17
ACP (B + p 0 ) 0.01 0.17
ACP (B + K + + ) 0.02 0.08
ACP (B + K + e + e ) 0.14 0.14
ACP (B + K + + ) 0.011 0.017
ACP (B + K + + ) 0.09 0.14
ACP (B + K e + e ) 0.14 0.23
ACP (B + K + ) 0.12 0.24
Re( 0 )/(1+ 0 2 ) ( 0.4 0.4) 103

B B
AT /CP 0.005 0.018
ACP (B 0 D (2010)+ D ) 0.037 0.034
ACP (B 0 [ K + K ]D K (892)0 ) 0.20 0.15
ACP (B 0 [ K + ]D K (892)0 ) 0.03 0.04
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 ) 0.07 0.18
ACP (B 0 K (1430)0 ) 0.19 0.17
0
ACP (B 0 K (1430)0 ) 0.14 0.18
2
ACP (B 0 K (1430)0 ) 0.06 0.13
0
ACP (B 0 K (1430)0 ) 0.07 0.19
2
ACP (B 0 b1 K + ) 0.07 0.12
ACP (B 0 K 0 ) 0.45 0.25
ACP (B 0 (K )0 ) 0.07 0.09
0
ACP (B 0 K (1430)0 ) 0.37 0.17
2
ACP (B 0 K + 0 ) (0 6) 102
ACP (B 0 K + ) 0.20 0.11
ACP (B 0 (1450) K + ) 0.10 0.33

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ACP (B 0 (1700) K + ) 0.4 0.6


ACP (B 0 K + 0 nonresonant) 0.10 0.18
ACP (B 0 K 0 + ) 0.01 0.05
ACP (B 0 K (892)+ ) 0.22 0.06
ACP (B 0 (K )+ ) 0.09 0.07
0
ACP (B 0 (K )0 0 ) 0.15 0.11
0
ACP (B 0 K 0 0 ) 0.15 0.13
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 + ) 0.07 0.05
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 0 ) 0.06 0.09
ACP (B 0 K 0 f0 (980)) 0.07 0.10
ACP (B 0 K + ) 0.21 0.15
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 K + K ) 0.01 0.05
ACP (B 0 a K + ) 0.16 0.12
1
ACP (B 0 K 0 K 0 ) 0.6 0.7
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 ) 0.00 0.04
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 K + ) 0.2 0.4
ACP (B 0 (K )0 ) 0.12 0.08
0
ACP (B 0 K (1430)0 ) 0.11 0.10
2
ACP (B 0 K (892)0 ) 0.002 0.015
ACP (B 0 K (1430)0 ) 0.08 0.15
2
ACP (B 0 + ) 0.13 0.06 (S = 1.1)
ACP (B 0 + ) 0.08 0.08
ACP (B 0 a1 (1260) ) 0.07 0.06
ACP (B 0 b + ) 0.05 0.10
1
ACP (B 0 p p K (892)0 ) 0.05 0.12
ACP (B 0 p ) 0.04 0.07
ACP (B 0 K 0 + ) 0.05 0.10
ACP (B 0 K 0 e + e ) 0.21 0.19
ACP (B 0 K 0 + ) 0.034 0.024
C (B 0 D (2010) D + ) 0.01 0.11
D (2010) D +
C (B 0 D (2010)+ D ) 0.00 0.13 (S = 1.3)
D (2010)+ D
C + (B 0 D + D ) 0.01 0.09 (S = 1.6)
D D
C+ (B 0 D + D ) 0.00 0.10 (S = 1.6)
C (B 0 D + D ) 0.19 0.31
S (B 0 D + D ) 0.1 1.6 (S = 3.5)
C (B 0 D (2010)+ D (2010) K 0 ) 0.01 0.29
S
S (B 0 D (2010)+ D (2010) K 0 ) 0.1 0.4
S
C + (B 0 D + D ) 0.46 0.21 (S = 1.8)
D D
C (B 0 J/(1S) 0 ) 0.13 0.13
J/(1S) 0

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() 0
C () (B 0 D h ) 0.23 0.16
D CP h0 CP
() 0
S () (B 0 D h ) 0.56 0.24
D CP h 0 CP
C 0 0 (B 0 K 0 0 ) 0.00 0.13 (S = 1.4)
K
C (B 0 (958) K 0 ) 0.04 0.20 (S = 2.5)
(958) K 0S S
S 0
(B (958) K ) 0 0.43 0.17 (S = 1.5)
(958) K 0S S
C 0 (B 0 K 0 ) 0.06 0.04
K
C (B 0 K 0 ) 0.0 0.4 (S = 3.0)
K 0S S
S 0
(B K ) 0 0.70 0.21
K 0S S
C (B 0 K 0 0 0
S ) 0.2 0.5
S (B 0 K 0 0 0 ) 0.7 0.7
S
C 0 0 (B 0 0 K 0 ) 0.04 0.20
KS S
0
S 0 0 (B K S ) 0 0 + 0.17
0.50
KS 0.21
C (B 0 f0 (980) K 0 ) 0.29 0.20
f0 (980) K 0S S
S 0
(B f0 (980) K ) 0 0.50 0.16
f0 (980) K 0S S
S (B 0 f2 (1270) K 0 ) 0.5 0.5
f2 (1270) K 0S S
C (B f2 (1270) K 0 )
0 0.3 0.4
f2 (1270) K 0S S
S (B 0 fx (1300) K 0 ) 0.2 0.5
fx (1300) K 0S S
C (B fx (1300) K 0 )
0 0.13 0.35
fx (1300) K 0S S
S 0 + (B 0 K 0 + nonresonant) 0.01 0.33
K
C 0 + (B 0 K 0 + nonresonant) 0.01 0.26
K
C 0 0 (B 0 K 0 K 0 ) 0.0 0.4 (S = 1.4)
KS KS S S
S 0 0 (B 0 K 0 K 0 ) 0.8 0.5
KS KS S S
C + 0 (B K + K K 0 nonresonant)
0 0.06 0.08
K K KS S
C + 0 (B 0 K + K K 0 inclusive) 0.01 0.09
K K KS S
C 0
(B K ) 0 0.01 0.14
K 0S S
S 0
(B K S ) 0 0.59 0.14
K 0S
CK K K (B 0 KS KS KS ) 0.23 0.14
S S S
SK K K (B 0 KS KS KS ) 0.5 0.6 (S = 3.0)
S S S
C 0 0 (B 0 K 0 0 ) 0.36 0.33
KS S
S 0 0 (B K 0 )
0 0 0.8 0.6
KS S
C (B 0 K (892)0 ) 0.04 0.16 (S = 1.2)
K (892)0

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S (B 0 K (892)0 ) 0.15 0.22


K (892)0
C (B 0 K 0 ) 0.3 0.4
K0
S (B 0 K 0 ) 0.2 0.5
K0
C 0 (B 0 K 0 ) 0.3 0.6
K
S 0 (B 0 K 0 ) + 0.7
0.7
K 1.1
C(B 0 K 0 0 ) 0.05 0.19
S
S(B 0 K 0 0 ) 0.11 0.34
S
C (B 0 0 ) 0.4 0.5
S (B 0 0 ) 0.8 0.7
C (B 0 + ) 0.31 0.05
C 0 0 (B 0 0 0 ) 0.43 0.24

C (B 0 + ) 0.03 0.07 (S = 1.2)
S (B 0 + ) 0.05 0.07
S (B 0 + ) 0.01 0.08
C 0 0 (B 0 0 0 ) 0.27 0.24

S 0 0 (B 0 0 0 ) 0.23 0.34

Ca (B 0 a1 (1260)+ ) 0.05 0.11
1
Sa (B 0 a1 (1260)+ ) 0.2 0.4 (S = 3.2)
1
Ca (B 0 a1 (1260)+ ) 0.43 0.14 (S = 1.3)
1
Sa (B 0 a1 (1260)+ ) 0.11 0.12
1
C (B 0 b K + ) 0.22 0.24
1
C (B 0 b + ) 1.04 0.24
1
C 0 0 (B 0 0 0 ) 0.2 0.9

S 0 0 (B 0 0 0 ) 0.3 0.7

C (B 0 + ) 0.05 0.13
S (B 0 + ) 0.06 0.17
(B 0 J/ K (892)0 )

<0.25, CL = 95%
cos 2 (B 0 J/ K (892)0 ) + 0.7 (S = 1.6)
1.7 0.9
cos 2 (B 0 [ K 0 + ] () h0 ) + 0.6 (S = 1.8)
1.0 0.7
S D
(S+ + S )/2 (B 0 D + ) 0.039 0.011
(S S+ )/2 (B 0 D + ) 0.009 0.015
(S+ + S )/2 (B 0 D + ) 0.046 0.023
(S S+ )/2 (B 0 D + ) 0.022 0.021
(S+ + S )/2 (B 0 D + ) 0.024 0.032
(S S+ )/2 (B 0 D + ) 0.10 0.06
C (B 0 c K 0 ) 0.08 0.13
c K 0S S
C (B c c K ()0 )
0 (0.5 1.7) 102
c c K ()0

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C (B 0 J/(nS) K 0 ) (0.5 2.0) 102


J/(nS) K 0
C (B 0 J/ K 0 ) 0.03 0.10
J/ K 0
S (B 0 J/ K 0 ) 0.60 0.25
J/ K 0
C (B 0 c0 K 0 ) + 0.5
0.3
c0 K 0S S 0.4
S 0
(B c0 K ) 0 0.7 0.5
c0 K 0S S
C (B 0 c1 K 0 ) 0.06 0.07
c1 K 0S S
0
sin(2eff )(B K ) 0 0.22 0.30
sin(2eff )(B 0 K0 (1430)0 ) + 0.03
0.97 0.52
sin(2eff )(B 0 [ K 0 + ] () h0 ) 0.45 0.28
S D
(B 0 [ K 0 + ] h0 )

() 1.01 0.08
S D
sin(2 + ) >0.40, CL = 90%
2+ (83 60)
(B 0 D 0 K 0 ) (162 60)
ACP (B K (892) ) 0.003 0.017
ACP (b s ) 0.015 0.020
ACP (b ( s + d ) ) 0.01 0.05
ACP (B Xs + ) 0.04 0.11
ACP (B K e + e ) 0.18 0.15
ACP (B K + ) 0.03 0.13
ACP (B K + ) 0.04 0.07
ACP (B anything) + 0.04
0.13 0.05
Re( 0 ) / (1 + 0 2 ) ( 1.9 1.0) 103

Bs Bs
CP Violation phase s (0.6 1.9) 102 rad
ACP (Bs + K ) 0.263 0.035
ACP (B 0 [ K + K ]D K (892)0 ) 0.04 0.07
s
(c (1S) + )/total <1.1 104 , CL = 90%
(c (1S) 0 0 )/total <4 105 , CL = 90%
(c (1S) K + K )/total <6 104 , CL = 90%
(c (1S) K 0 K 0 )/total <3.1 104 , CL = 90%
S S
( + )/( ) in p , p + 0.006 0.021
[( ) ()( + )+ ()]
(0 7) 104
[( ) ()+( + )+ ()]
( + )/( ) in K , + K + 0.02 0.13
( + )/( ) in + + , 0.07 0.31
c c
( + )/( ) in + e + e , e e 0.00 0.04
c c
ACP (b p ) 0.06 0.07
ACP (b p K ) 0.00 0.19 (S = 2.4)

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CP VIOLATION OBSERVED

Re() (1.596 0.013) 103


charge asymmetry in K 0 decays
3
AL = weighted average of AL () and AL (e) (0.332 0.006)%
AL () = [( + ) ( + )]/sum (0.304 0.025)%
AL (e) = [( e + e ) ( + e e )]/sum (0.334 0.007)%
parameters for K 0 2 decay
L
= A(K 0 2 0 ) / (2.220 0.011) 103 (S = 1.8)

00 L
A(K 0 2 0 )

S
0 + ) / A(K 0 (2.232 0.011) 103 (S = 1.8)


+ = A(K

+ L S
)
(2.228 0.011) 103 (S = 1.8)

= (2
+ + 00 )/3


/ [h] 0.9950 0.0007 (S = 1.6)
00 +

[h] (1.66 0.23) 103 (S = 1.6)

Re( /) = (1 00 / + )/3
Assuming CPT
+ , phase of + (43.51 0.05) (S = 1.2)
00 , phase of 00 (43.52 0.05) (S = 1.3)
= (2+ + 00 )/3 (43.52 0.05) (S = 1.2)
Not assuming CPT
+ , phase of + (43.4 0.5) (S = 1.2)
00 , phase of 00 (43.7 0.6) (S = 1.2)
= (2+ + 00 )/3 (43.5 0.5) (S = 1.3)
CP asymmetry A in K 0 + e + e (13.7 1.5)%
L
CP from K 0 e + e e + e 0.19 0.07
L
CP from K 0 e + e e + e 0.01 0.11 (S = 1.6)
L
parameters for K 0 + decay
L
= A(K 0 + , CP (2.35 0.07) 103


+ L
violating)/A(K 0 + )

S
+ = phase of + (44 4)
(K 0 + )/total [i] (1.967 0.010) 103 (S = 1.5)
L
(K 0 0 0 )/total (8.64 0.06) 104 (S = 1.8)
L
ACP (B + DCP (+ 1) K + ) 0.170 0.033 (S = 1.2)
AADS (B + D K + ) 0.52 0.15
ACP (B + K + ) 0.37 0.08
ACP (B + f2 (1270) K + ) + 0.19
0.68 0.17
ACP (B + 0 K + ) 0.37 0.10
ACP (B + f0 (1370) + ) 0.72 0.22
(B + D ()0 K ()+ ) (70 9)
ACP (B 0 K + ) 0.082 0.006

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ACP (B 0 K (892)0 ) 0.19 0.05


S (B 0 D (2010) D + ) 0.72 0.15
D (2010) D +
S (B 0 D (2010)+ D ) 0.73 0.14
D (2010)+ D
S + (B 0 D + D ) 0.59 0.14 (S = 1.8)
D D
S+ (B 0 D + D ) 0.73 0.09
S + (B 0 D + D ) + 0.17
0.99
D D 0.14
S (B 0 J/(1S) 0 ) 0.94 0.29 (S = 1.9)
J/(1S) 0
S 0 0 (B 0 K 0 0 ) 0.58 0.17
K
S 0 (B 0 K 0 ) 0.63 0.06
K
S + 0 (B 0 K + K K 0 nonresonant) 0.66 0.11
K K KS S
S + 0 (B K K K 0 inclusive)
0 + 0.65 0.12
K K KS S
0
S (B ) + 0.67 0.06
C (B 0 + ) 0.27 0.06
S (B 0 c K 0 ) 0.93 0.17
c K 0S S
sin(2) (B J/ K 0 )
0 0.682 0.019
S
S (B 0 J/(nS) K 0 ) 0.676 0.021
J/(nS) K 0
S (B 0 c1 K 0 ) 0.63 0.10
c1 K 0S S
sin(2eff )(B 0 K + K K 0 ) + 0.13
0.77
S 0.12
(91 6)
Re(b ) / (1 + b 2 ) (1.2 0.4) 103

CPT INVARIANCE

(m m ) / m average 0.002 0.007


W+ W
(m + m ) / m average <8 109 , CL = 90%
e e
q + q e <4 108
e+ e
(g + g ) / gaverage ( 0.5 2.1) 1012
e e
( + ) / average (2 8) 105

(g + g ) / g average ( 0.11 0.12) 108

(m + m )/maverage <2.8 104 , CL = 90%

mt mt 0.2 0.5 GeV (S = 1.1)
(m + m ) / m average (2 5) 104

( + ) / average (6 7) 104

(m + m ) / m average ( 0.6 1.8) 104
K K
( + ) / average (0.10 0.09)% (S = 1.2)
K K
K rate difference/average ( 0.5 0.4)%

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K 0 rate difference/average [j] (0.8 1.2)%


in K 0 K 0 mixing
real part of (2.5 2.3) 104
imaginary part of ( 1.5 1.6) 105
Re(y), Ke3 parameter (0.4 2.5) 103
Re(x ), Ke3 parameter ( 2.9 2.0) 103
[k] <6 1019 , CL = 90%

m m 0 / m average
K0 K
( 0 0 )/m average (8 8) 1018
K K
phase difference 00 + (0.34 0.32)
AL
Re( 2 1
3 + + 3 00 ) 2 ( 3 35) 106
ACP T (D 0 K + ) 0.008 0.008
S + (S + 0 S ++ 0 ) 0.16 0.23
CP T ,K S ,K S
S +
(S + 0 S + 0 ) 0.03 0.14
CP T ,K S ,K S
C + (C + 0 C ++ 0 )
0.14 0.17
CP T ,K S ,K S
C +
(C + 0 C + 0 ) 0.03 0.14
CP T ,K S ,K S
[l] <7 1010 , CL = 90%

m m /m
p p p
qp qp q
( m m )/ mp
( 9 9) 1011
p p p
[l] <7 1010 , CL = 90%

q + q e
p p
(0 5) 106

( p + p ) p
(m n m n )/ m n (9 6) 105
( 0.1 1.1) 105 (S = 1.6)

(m m ) m

( ) / 0.001 0.009

( + ) / + 0.0006 0.0012

( + + ) + 0.014 0.015

(m m + ) / m ( 3 9) 105

( + ) / 0.01 0.07

( + + ) / + 0.01 0.05

(m m + ) / m ( 1 8) 105

( + ) / 0.00 0.05

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TESTS OF NUMBER CONSERVATION LAWS

LEPTON FAMILY NUMBER

Lepton family number conservation means separate conservation of each of Le , L , L .

(Z e )/total [n] <7.5 107 , CL = 95%


(Z e )/total [n] <9.8 106 , CL = 95%
(Z )/total [n] <1.2 105 , CL = 95%
(e + e e ) / (e + e + ) <8.9 106 , CL = 95%
(e + e ) / (e + e + ) <4.0 106 , CL = 95%
limit on e conversion
( 32 S e 32 S) / <7 1011 , CL = 90%
( 32 S 32 P )
( Ti e Ti) / <4.3 1012 , CL = 90%
( Ti capture)
( Pb e Pb) / <4.6 1011 , CL = 90%
( Pb capture)
limit on muonium antimuonium conversion Rg = <0.0030, CL = 90%
GC / GF
( e e )/total
[o] <1.2 102 , CL = 90%
( e )/total <5.7 1013 , CL = 90%
( e e + e )/total <1.0 1012 , CL = 90%
( e 2)/total <7.2 1011 , CL = 90%
( e )/total <3.3 108 , CL = 90%
( )/total <4.4 108 , CL = 90%
( e 0 )/total <8.0 108 , CL = 90%
( 0 )/total <1.1 107 , CL = 90%
( e K 0 )/total <2.6 108 , CL = 90%
S
( K 0 )/total <2.3 108 , CL = 90%
S
( e )/total <9.2 108 , CL = 90%
( )/total <6.5 108 , CL = 90%
( e 0 )/total <1.8 108 , CL = 90%
( 0 )/total <1.2 108 , CL = 90%
( e )/total <4.8 108 , CL = 90%
( )/total <4.7 108 , CL = 90%
( e K (892)0 )/total <3.2 108 , CL = 90%
( K (892)0 )/total <5.9 108 , CL = 90%
( e K (892)0 )/total <3.4 108 , CL = 90%
( K (892)0 )/total <7.0 108 , CL = 90%
( e (958))/total <1.6 107 , CL = 90%

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( (958))/total <1.3 107 , CL = 90%


( e f0 (980) e + )/total <3.2 108 , CL = 90%
( f0 (980) + )/total <3.4 108 , CL = 90%
( e )/total <3.1 108 , CL = 90%
( )/total <8.4 108 , CL = 90%
+
( e e e )/total <2.7 108 , CL = 90%
( e + )/total <2.7 108 , CL = 90%
( e + )/total <1.7 108 , CL = 90%
( e + e )/total <1.8 108 , CL = 90%
( + e e )/total <1.5 108 , CL = 90%
( + )/total <2.1 108 , CL = 90%
+
( e )/total <2.3 108 , CL = 90%
( + )/total <2.1 108 , CL = 90%
( e + K )/total <3.7 108 , CL = 90%
( e K + )/total <3.1 108 , CL = 90%
( e K 0 K 0 )/total <7.1 108 , CL = 90%
S S
( e K + K )/total <3.4 108 , CL = 90%
( + K )/total <8.6 108 , CL = 90%

( K )/total + <4.5 108 , CL = 90%
( K 0 K 0 )/total <8.0 108 , CL = 90%
S S
( K + K )/total <4.4 108 , CL = 90%
( e 0 0 )/total <6.5 106 , CL = 90%
( 0 0 )/total <1.4 105 , CL = 90%
( e )/total <3.5 105 , CL = 90%
( )/total <6.0 105 , CL = 90%
( e 0 )/total <2.4 105 , CL = 90%
0
( )/total <2.2 105 , CL = 90%
( e light boson)/total <2.7 103 , CL = 95%
( light boson)/total <5 103 , CL = 95%
LEPTON FAMILY NUMBER VIOLATION IN NEUTRINOS
sin2 (12 ) 0.304 0.014
sin2 (212 ) 0.846 0.021
m2 (7.53 0.18) 105 eV2
21
sin2 (23 ) (normal mass hierarchy) + 0.055
0.514 0.056
2
sin (23 ) (inverted mass hierarchy) + 0.000
1.000 0.017
sin2 (223 ) (normal mass hierarchy) + 0.001
0.999 0.018
sin2 (223 ) (inverted mass hierarchy) + 0.000
1.000 0.017
m2 (normal mass hierarchy) [p] (2.44 0.06) 103 eV2
32
m2 (inverted mass hierarchy) [p] (2.49 0.06) 103 eV2
32
sin2 (13 ) (2.19 0.12) 102
sin2 (213 ) (8.5 0.5) 102

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( + + e )/total [q] <8.0 103 , CL = 90%


( + e + e + )/total <1.6 106 , CL = 90%
( 0 + e )/total <3.8 1010 , CL = 90%
( 0 e + )/total <3.4 109 , CL = 90%
( 0 + e + e + )/total <3.6 1010 , CL = 90%
( + e + e + )/total <6 106 , CL = 90%
( (958) e )/total <4.7 104 , CL = 90%
((1020) e )/total <2 106 , CL = 90%
(K + e + e + )/total <2.1 108 , CL = 90%
(K + + e )/total [q] <4 103 , CL = 90%
(K + + + e )/total <1.3 1011 , CL = 90%
(K + + e + )/total <5.2 1010 , CL = 90%
(K 0 e )/total [n] <4.7 1012 , CL = 90%
L
(K 0 e e )/total [n] <4.12 1011 , CL = 90%
L
(K 0 0 e )/total [n] <7.6 1011 , CL = 90%
L
(K 0 0 0 e )/total <1.7 1010 , CL = 90%
L
(D + + e + )/total <2.9 106 , CL = 90%
(D + + e + )/total <3.6 106 , CL = 90%
(D + K + e + )/total <1.2 106 , CL = 90%
(D + K + e + )/total <2.8 106 , CL = 90%
(D 0 e )/total [n] <2.6 107 , CL = 90%
(D 0 0 e )/total [n] <8.6 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 e )/total [n] <1.0 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 + e )/total [n] <1.5 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 0 e )/total [n] <4.9 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 e )/total [n] <1.2 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K K + e )/total [n] <1.8 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 e )/total [n] <3.4 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K 0 e )/total [n] <1.0 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K + e )/total [n] <5.53 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K (892)0 e )/total [n] <8.3 105 , CL = 90%
(D + + e + )/total <1.2 105 , CL = 90%
s
(D + + e + )/total <2.0 105 , CL = 90%
s
(D + K + e + )/total <1.4 105 , CL = 90%
s
(D + K + e + )/total <9.7 106 , CL = 90%
s
(B + + e + )/total <6.4 103 , CL = 90%
(B + + e + )/total <6.4 103 , CL = 90%
(B + + e )/total <1.7 107 , CL = 90%
(B + + e + )/total <7.4 105 , CL = 90%
(B + + e + )/total <2.0 105 , CL = 90%
(B + + e )/total <7.5 105 , CL = 90%

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(B + + + )/total <6.2 105 , CL = 90%


(B + + + )/total <4.5 105 , CL = 90%
(B + + )/total <7.2 105 , CL = 90%
(B + K + e + )/total <9.1 108 , CL = 90%
(B + K + e + )/total <1.3 107 , CL = 90%
(B + K + e )/total <9.1 108 , CL = 90%
(B + K + e + )/total <4.3 105 , CL = 90%
(B + K + e + )/total <1.5 105 , CL = 90%
(B + K + e )/total <3.0 105 , CL = 90%
(B + K + + )/total <4.5 105 , CL = 90%
(B + K + + )/total <2.8 105 , CL = 90%
(B + K + )/total <4.8 105 , CL = 90%
(B + K (892)+ e + )/total <1.3 106 , CL = 90%
(B + K (892)+ e + )/total <9.9 107 , CL = 90%
(B + K (892)+ e )/total <1.4 106 , CL = 90%
(B 0 e )/total [n] <2.8 109 , CL = 90%
(B 0 0 e )/total <1.4 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 K 0 e )/total <2.7 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 K (892)0 e + )/total <5.3 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 K (892)0 e + )/total <3.4 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 K (892)0 e )/total <5.8 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 e )/total [n] <2.8 105 , CL = 90%
(B 0 )/total [n] <2.2 105 , CL = 90%
(B s e )/total [n] <2.2 105 , CL = 90%
(B e )/total <9.2 108 , CL = 90%
(B e )/total <3.2 106 , CL = 90%
(B K e )/total <3.8 108 , CL = 90%
(B K (892) e )/total <5.1 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 e )/total [n] <1.1 108 , CL = 90%
s
(J/(1S) e )/total <1.6 107 , CL = 90%
(J/(1S) e )/total <8.3 106 , CL = 90%
(J/(1S) )/total <2.0 106 , CL = 90%
((1S) )/total <6.0 106 , CL = 95%
((2S) e )/total <3.2 106 , CL = 90%
((2S) )/total <3.3 106 , CL = 90%
((3S) e )/total <4.2 106 , CL = 90%
((3S) )/total <3.1 106 , CL = 90%
(+ p e + )/total <9.9 106 , CL = 90%
c
(+ p e + )/total <1.9 105 , CL = 90%
c

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TOTAL LEPTON NUMBER

Violation of total lepton number conservation also implies violation of lepton family
number conservation.

(Z p e)/total <1.8 106 , CL = 95%


(Z p )/total <1.8 106 , CL = 95%
limit on e + conversion
( 32 S e + 32 Si ) / <9 1010 , CL = 90%
( 32 S 32 P )
( 127 I e + 127 Sb ) / <3 1010 , CL = 90%
( 127 I anything)
( Ti e + Ca) / <3.6 1011 , CL = 90%
( Ti capture)
( e + )/total <2.0 108 , CL = 90%
( + )/total <3.9 108 , CL = 90%
( e + K )/total <3.2 108 , CL = 90%
( e + K K )/total <3.3 108 , CL = 90%
( + K )/total <4.8 108 , CL = 90%
( + K K )/total <4.7 108 , CL = 90%
( p )/total <4.4 107 , CL = 90%
( p + )/total <3.3 107 , CL = 90%
( p )/total <3.5 106 , CL = 90%
( p 0 )/total <1.5 105 , CL = 90%
( p 2 0 )/total <3.3 105 , CL = 90%
( p )/total <8.9 106 , CL = 90%
( p 0 )/total <2.7 105 , CL = 90%
( )/total <7.2 108 , CL = 90%
( )/total <1.4 107 , CL = 90%
t1/ ( 76 Ge 76 Se + 2 e ) >1.9 1025 yr, CL = 90%
2
( + + e )/total [q] <1.5 103 , CL = 90%
(K + + e + )/total <5.0 1010 , CL = 90%
(K + e + e + )/total <6.4 1010 , CL = 90%
(K + + + )/total [q] <1.1 109 , CL = 90%
(K + + e )/total [q] <3.3 103 , CL = 90%
(K + 0 e + e )/total <3 103 , CL = 90%
(D + 2e + )/total <1.1 106 , CL = 90%
(D + 2+ )/total <2.2 108 , CL = 90%
(D + e + + )/total <2.0 106 , CL = 90%
(D + 2+ )/total <5.6 104 , CL = 90%
(D + K 2e + )/total <9 107 , CL = 90%
(D + K 2+ )/total <1.0 105 , CL = 90%
(D + K e + + )/total <1.9 106 , CL = 90%

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(D + K (892) 2+ )/total <8.5 104 , CL = 90%


(D 0 2 2e + + c.c.)/total <1.12 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 2 2+ + c.c.)/total <2.9 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K 2e + + c.c.)/total <2.06 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K 2+ + c.c.)/total <3.9 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 2K 2e + + c.c.)/total <1.52 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 2K 2+ + c.c.)/total <9.4 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 e + + + c.c.)/total <7.9 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K e + + + c.c.)/total <2.18 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 2K e + + + c.c.)/total <5.7 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 p e )/total [r ] <1.0 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 p e + )/total [s] <1.1 105 , CL = 90%
(D + 2e + )/total <4.1 106 , CL = 90%
s
(D + 2+ )/total <1.2 107 , CL = 90%
s
(D + e + + )/total <8.4 106 , CL = 90%
s
(D + K 2e + )/total <5.2 106 , CL = 90%
s
(D + K 2+ )/total <1.3 105 , CL = 90%
s
(D + K e + + )/total <6.1 106 , CL = 90%
s
(D + K (892) 2+ )/total <1.4 103 , CL = 90%
s
(B + e + e + )/total <2.3 108 , CL = 90%
(B + + + )/total <4.0 109 , CL = 95%
(B + e + + )/total <1.5 107 , CL = 90%
(B + e + e + )/total <1.7 107 , CL = 90%
(B + + + )/total <4.2 107 , CL = 90%
(B + e + + )/total <4.7 107 , CL = 90%
(B + K e + e + )/total <3.0 108 , CL = 90%
(B + K + + )/total <4.1 108 , CL = 90%
(B + K e + + )/total <1.6 107 , CL = 90%
(B + K (892) e + e + )/total <4.0 107 , CL = 90%
(B + K (892) + + )/total <5.9 107 , CL = 90%
(B + K (892) e + + )/total <3.0 107 , CL = 90%
(B + D e + e + )/total <2.6 106 , CL = 90%
(B + D e + + )/total <1.8 106 , CL = 90%
(B + D + + )/total <6.9 107 , CL = 95%
(B + D + + )/total <2.4 106 , CL = 95%
(B + D + + )/total <5.8 107 , CL = 95%
s
(B + D 0 + + )/total <1.5 106 , CL = 95%
(B + 0 + )/total <6 108 , CL = 90%
(B + 0 e + )/total <3.2 108 , CL = 90%
(B + 0 + )/total <6 108 , CL = 90%
(B + 0 e + )/total <8 108 , CL = 90%

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(B 0 + )/total <1.3 106 , CL = 90%


c
(B 0 + e )/total <4 106 , CL = 90%
c
( p )/total <4 108 , CL = 90%
(+ p 2e + )/total <2.7 106 , CL = 90%
c
(+ p 2+ )/total <9.4 106 , CL = 90%
c
(+ p e + + )/total <1.6 105 , CL = 90%
c
(+ + + )/total <7.0 104 , CL = 90%
c

BARYON NUMBER

(Z p e)/total <1.8 106 , CL = 95%


(Z p )/total <1.8 106 , CL = 95%
( p )/total <4.4 107 , CL = 90%
( p + )/total <3.3 107 , CL = 90%
( p )/total <3.5 106 , CL = 90%
( p 0 )/total <1.5 105 , CL = 90%
0
( p 2 )/total <3.3 105 , CL = 90%
( p )/total <8.9 106 , CL = 90%
( p 0 )/total <2.7 105 , CL = 90%
( )/total <7.2 108 , CL = 90%
( )/total <1.4 107 , CL = 90%
(D 0 p e )/total [r ] <1.0 105 , CL = 90%
0 +
(D p e )/total [s] <1.1 105 , CL = 90%
(B + 0 + )/total <6 108 , CL = 90%
(B + 0 e + )/total <3.2 108 , CL = 90%
(B + 0 + )/total <6 108 , CL = 90%
(B + 0 e + )/total <8 108 , CL = 90%
0 +
(B )/total <1.3 106 , CL = 90%
c
(B 0 + e )/total <4 106 , CL = 90%
c
p mean life [t] >2.1 1029 years, CL = 90%
A few examples of proton or bound neutron decay follow. For limits on many other nucleon decay channels,
see the Baryon Summary Table.
(N e + ) > 2000 (n), > 8200 (p) 1030 years, CL
= 90%
(N + ) > 1000 (n), > 6600 (p) 1030 years, CL
= 90%
(N e + K ) > 17 (n), > 1000 (p) 1030 years, CL =
90%
(N + K ) > 26 (n), > 1600 (p) 1030 years, CL =
90%
limit on n n oscillations (free n) >0.86 108 s, CL = 90%
limit on n n oscillations (bound n) [u] >1.3 108 s, CL = 90%

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(+ p 2e + )/total <2.7 106 , CL = 90%


c
(+ p 2+ )/total <9.4 106 , CL = 90%
c
(+ p e + + )/total <1.6 105 , CL = 90%
c

ELECTRIC CHARGE (Q)

e e and astrophysical limits [v ] >4.6 1026 yr, CL = 90%


(n p e e )/total <8 1027 , CL = 68%

S = Q RULE

Violations allowed in second-order weak interactions.

(K + + + e e )/total <1.3 108 , CL = 90%


(K + + + )/total <3.0 106 , CL = 95%
Re(x+ ), Ke3 parameter ( 0.9 3.0) 103
x = A(K 0 + )/A(K 0 + ) = A(S=Q)/A(S=Q)
real part of x 0.002 0.006
imaginary part of x 0.0012 0.0021
n + / n
+
<0.043
( + n e + e )/total <5 106 , CL = 90%
( + n + )/total <3.0 105 , CL = 90%
( 0 e + e )/total <9 104 , CL = 90%
( 0 + )/total <9 104 , CL = 90%

S = 2 FORBIDDEN

Allowed in second-order weak interactions.

( 0 p )/total <8 106 , CL = 90%


( 0 p e e )/total <1.3 103
( 0 p )/total <1.3 103
( n )/total <1.9 105 , CL = 90%
( n e e )/total <3.2 103 , CL = 90%
( n )/total <1.5 102 , CL = 90%
( p )/total <4 104 , CL = 90%
( p e e )/total <4 104 , CL = 90%
( p )/total <4 104 , CL = 90%
( )/total <2.9 106 , CL = 90%

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S = 2 VIA MIXING

Allowed in second-order weak interactions, e.g. mixing.

m 0 m 0 (0.5293 0.0009) 1010


h s 1 (S = 1.3)
KL KS
m 0 m 0 (3.484 0.006) 1012 MeV
KL KS

C = 2 VIA MIXING

Allowed in second-order weak interactions, e.g. mixing.

m

m 0 = x + 0.41 ) 1010
(0.95 h s 1
D 01 D2 0.44
( 0 0 )/ = 2y + 0.14 ) 102
(1.29
D1 D2 0.18

B = 2 VIA MIXING

Allowed in second-order weak interactions, e.g. mixing.

d 0.1875 0.0017
m 0 = m 0 m 0 (0.510 0.003) 1012
h s 1
B BH BL
xd = m 0 / 0 0.775 0.006
B B
m 0 = m 0 m 0 (17.757 0.021) 1012
h s 1
Bs Bs H Bs L
xs = m 0 / 0 26.81 0.10
Bs Bs
s 0.499308 0.000005

S = 1 WEAK NEUTRAL CURRENT FORBIDDEN

Allowed by higher-order electroweak interactions.

(K + + e + e )/total (3.00 0.09) 107


(K + + + )/total (9.4 0.6) 108 (S = 2.6)
(K + + )/total (1.7 1.1) 1010
(K + + 0 )/total <4.3 105 , CL = 90%
(K 0 + )/total <9 109 , CL = 90%
S
(K 0 e + e )/total <9 109 , CL = 90%
S
(K 0 0 e + e )/total + 1.5 ) 109
[x] (3.0
S 1.2
(K 0 0 + )/total + 1.5 ) 109
(2.9
S 1.2
(K 0 + )/total (6.84 0.11) 109
L
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(K 0 e + e )/total (9 + 6
4 ) 10
12
L
(K 0 + e + e )/total [y ] (3.11 0.19) 107
L
(K 0 0 0 e + e )/total <6.6 109 , CL = 90%
L
(K 0 0 0 + )/total <9.2 1011 , CL = 90%
L
(K 0 + e + e )/total (2.69 0.27) 109
L
(K 0 e + e e + e )/total (3.56 0.21) 108
L
(K 0 0 + )/total <3.8 1010 , CL = 90%
L
(K 0 0 e + e )/total <2.8 1010 , CL = 90%
L
(K 0 0 )/total <2.6 108 , CL = 90%
L
(K 0 0 0 )/total <8.1 107 , CL = 90%
L
( + p e + e )/total <7 106
( + p + )/total (9 + 9
8 ) 10
8

C = 1 WEAK NEUTRAL CURRENT FORBIDDEN

Allowed by higher-order electroweak interactions.

(D + + e + e )/total <1.1 106 , CL = 90%


(D + + + )/total <7.3 108 , CL = 90%
(D + + + )/total <5.6 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 )/total <2.2 106 , CL = 90%
(D 0 e + e )/total <7.9 108 , CL = 90%
(D 0 + )/total <6.2 109 , CL = 90%
(D 0 0 e + e )/total <4.5 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 0 + )/total <1.8 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 e + e )/total <1.1 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 + )/total <5.3 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 + e + e )/total <3.73 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 0 e + e )/total <1.0 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 + + )/total <5.5 107 , CL = 90%
(D 0 0 + )/total <2.2 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 e + e )/total <1.8 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 + )/total <8.3 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K K + e + e )/total <3.15 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 e + e )/total <5.2 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K K + + )/total <3.3 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 + )/total <3.1 105 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K + e + e )/total <3.85 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 K + + )/total <3.59 104 , CL = 90%
(D 0 + 0 + )/total <8.1 104 , CL = 90%

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(D + K + e + e )/total <3.7 106 , CL = 90%


s
(D + K + + )/total <2.1 105 , CL = 90%
s
(D + K (892)+ + )/total <1.4 103 , CL = 90%
s
(+ p e + e )/total <5.5 106 , CL = 90%
c
(+ p + )/total <4.4 105 , CL = 90%
c

B = 1 WEAK NEUTRAL CURRENT FORBIDDEN

Allowed by higher-order electroweak interactions.

(B + + + )/total <4.9 108 , CL = 90%


(B + + e + e )/total <8.0 108 , CL = 90%
(B + + + )/total (2.3 0.6) 108
(B + + )/total <9.8 105 , CL = 90%
(B + K + + )/total [z] (4.51 0.23) 107 (S = 1.1)
(B + K + e + e )/total (5.5 0.7) 107
(B + K + + )/total (4.43 0.24) 107 (S = 1.2)
(B + K + )/total <1.6 105 , CL = 90%
(B + + )/total <2.13 104 , CL = 90%
(B + K (892)+ + )/total [z] (1.01 0.11) 106 (S = 1.1)
(B + K (892)+ e + e )/total + 0.40 ) 106
(1.55 0.31
(B + K (892)+ + )/total (9.6 1.0) 107
(B + K (892)+ )/total <4.0 105 , CL = 90%
(B + K + + + )/total (4.4 0.4) 107
(B + K + + )/total + 2.1 ) 108
(7.9 1.7
(B 0 )/total <3.2 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 e + e )/total <8.3 108 , CL = 90%
(B 0 e + e )/total <1.2 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 + )/total <6.3 1010 , CL = 90%
(B 0 + )/total <1.6 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 + + )/total <5.3 109 , CL = 90%
(B 0 S P, S + , P + )/total [aa] <5.1 109 , CL = 90%
(B 0 + )/total <4.1 103 , CL = 90%
(B 0 0 + )/total <5.3 108 , CL = 90%
(B 0 0 e + e )/total <8.4 108 , CL = 90%
(B 0 0 + )/total <6.9 108 , CL = 90%
(B 0 + )/total <6.4 108 , CL = 90%
(B 0 e + e )/total <1.08 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 + )/total <1.12 107 , CL = 90%
(B 0 0 )/total <6.9 105 , CL = 90%
(B 0 K 0 + )/total + 0.8 ) 107
[z] (3.1 0.7

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(B 0 K 0 e + e )/total + 1.0 ) 107


(1.6 0.8
(B 0 K 0 + )/total (3.39 0.34) 107
(B 0 K 0 )/total <4.9 105 , CL = 90%
(B 0 0 )/total <2.08 104 , CL = 90%
(B 0 K (892)0 + )/total + 1.2 ) 107
[z] (9.9 1.1
(B 0 K (892)0 e + e )/total + 0.19 ) 106
(1.03 0.17
(B 0 K (892)0 + )/total (1.05 0.10) 106
(B 0 K (892)0 )/total <5.5 105 , CL = 90%
(B 0 )/total <1.27 104 , CL = 90%
(B 0 invisible)/total <2.4 105 , CL = 90%
(B 0 )/total <1.7 105 , CL = 90%
(B s e + e )/total (6.7 1.7) 106 (S = 2.0)
(B s + )/total (4.3 1.0) 106
(B s + )/total [z] (5.8 1.3) 106 (S = 1.8)
(B + )/total <5.9 108 , CL = 90%
(B e + e )/total <1.10 107 , CL = 90%
(B + )/total <5.0 108 , CL = 90%
(B K e + e )/total (4.4 0.6) 107
(B K (892) e + e )/total (1.19 0.20) 106 (S = 1.2)
(B K + )/total (4.4 0.4) 107
(B K (892) + )/total (1.06 0.09) 106
(B K + )/total (4.8 0.4) 107
(B K (892) + )/total (1.05 0.10) 106
(B K )/total <1.7 105 , CL = 90%
(B K )/total <7.6 105 , CL = 90%
(b s )/total <6.4 104 , CL = 90%
(b e + e anything)/total
(b + anything)/total <3.2 104 , CL = 90%
(b anything)/total
(B 0 )/total <3.1 106 , CL = 90%
s
(B 0 + )/total (3.1 0.7) 109
s
(B 0 e + e )/total <2.8 107 , CL = 90%
s
(B 0 + + )/total <1.2 108 , CL = 90%
s
(B 0 S P, S + , P + )/total [aa] <1.2 108 , CL = 90%
s
(B 0 (1020) + )/total (7.7 1.5) 107
s
(B 0 )/total <5.4 103 , CL = 90%
s

T = 1 WEAK NEUTRAL CURRENT FORBIDDEN


Allowed by higher-order electroweak interactions.

(t Z q (q=u,c))/total [bb] <5 104 , CL = 95%

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NOTES

[a] C parity forbids this to occur as a single-photon process.


[b] See the Particle Listings for the (complicated) definition of this quantity.
[c] Time-reversal invariance requires this to be 0 or 180 .
[d] This coefficient is zero if time invariance is not violated.
[e] Allowed by higher-order electroweak interactions.
[f ] Violates CP in leading order. Test of direct CP violation since the in-
direct CP-violating and CP-conserving contributions are expected to be
suppressed.
[g ] In the 2010 Review, the values for these quantities were given using a
measure of the asymmetry that was inconsistent with the usual definition.
[h] Re( /) = / to a very good approximation provided the phases satisfy
CPT invariance.
[i ] This mode includes gammas from inner bremsstrahlung but not the direct
emission mode K 0L + (DE).
[j] Neglecting photon channels. See, e.g., A. Pais and S.B. Treiman, Phys.
Rev. D12 , 2744 (1975).

[k] Derived from measured values of + , 00 , , m K 0 m K 0 , and
L S
K 0 , as described in the introduction to Tests of Conservation Laws.
S

[l] The m p m p /m p and qp + qp /e are not independent, and both use

the more precise measurement of qp /m p /(qp /m p ).
[n] The value is for the sum of the charge states or particle/antiparticle
states indicated.
[o] A test of additive vs. multiplicative lepton family number conservation.
[p] The sign of m232 is not known at this time. The range quoted is for
the absolute value.
[q] Derived from an analysis of neutrino-oscillation experiments.
[r ] This limit is for either D 0 or D 0 to p e .
[s] This limit is for either D 0 or D 0 to p e + .
[t] The first limit is for p anything or disappearance modes of a bound
proton. The second entry, a rough range of limits, assumes the dominant
decay modes are among those investigated. For antiprotons the best
limit, inferred from the observation of cosmic ray ps is p > 107
yr, the cosmic-ray storage time, but this limit depends on a number of
assumptions. The best direct observation of stored antiprotons gives
p /B(p e ) > 7 105 yr.
[u] There is some controversy about whether nuclear physics and model
dependence complicate the analysis for bound neutrons (from which the

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best limit comes). The first limit here is from reactor experiments with
free neutrons.
[v ] This is the best limit for the mode e . The best limit for electron
disappearance is 6.4 1024 yr.
[x] See the K 0S Particle Listings for the energy limits used in this measure-
ment.
[y ] See the K 0L Particle Listings for the energy limits used in this measure-
ment.
[z] An indicates an e or a mode, not a sum over these modes.
[aa] Here S and P are the hypothetical scalar and pseudoscalar particles with
masses of 2.5 GeV/c2 and 214.3 MeV/c2 , respectively.
[bb] This limit is for (t Z q)/(t W b).

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