You are on page 1of 55

(1) Nombor | Numbers

Types of numbers
Nombor Bulat (Whole numbers)
Eg. : 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9,
Nombor Integer (Integer numbers )
Eg. : , 5, 4, 3, 2, 1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
Nombor Ganjil (Odd numbers )
Eg. : 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17,
Nombor Bulat (Even numbers )
Eg. : 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18,
Nombor Prima (Prime numbers)
Eg. : 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43,
47, ...
Nombor Kuasa Dua (Perfect square numbers )
Eg. : 1, 4, 9, 16, 25, 36, 49, 64, 81, 100, 121, 144, 169, ...
Nombor Kuasa Tiga (Cube numbers )
Eg. : 1, 8, 27, 64, 125, 216, 343, 512, ...

Poligon dan Sudut


3) Indices | Indeks
INDICES | Indeks Table for Numbers Power of n | Jadual nombor kuasa | Indices and Law of
Indices | Hukum Indeks |

(4) PYTHAGORAS THEOREM | Teori Pitagoras


PYTHAGORAS THEOREM | Teori Pitagoras | Pythagoras triplets | formula cepat teori pitagoras
|

5) Speed, Change of Rates - Laju, Perubahan kadar

Speed | Change of Rates | Laju | Perubahan Kadar | Formula laju | masa jarak | luas bawah
graf |

(6) Linear Equation - Persamaan Linear


Linear Equation | Persamaan Linear | simultaneous linear equation | persamaan serentak |

7) Linear Inequalities - Ketaksamaan Linear

Linear Inequalities | Ketaksamaan Linear | One Unknown | satu pembolehubah | gabungan


dua ketaksamaan | penyelesaian masalah |
(8) Algebraic Fractions - Pecahan Ungkapan Algebra

Algebraic Fractions | Pecahan Ungkapan Algebra | Penyelesaian dan contoh ungkapan


algebra bentuk pecahan |

(9) ALGEBRAIC FORMULAE - Formula Algebra


(10) CIRCUMFERENCE / PERIMETER AND AREA OF A CIRCLE - Ukurlilit / Perimeter
dan Luas Bulatan
CIRCUMFERENCE / PERIMETER AND AREA OF A CIRCLE | Ukurlilit / Perimeter dan Luas
Bulatan | Perimeter bulatan | length of arc AB | Luas bulatan | Area of circle | Area of sector |
Luas Sektor | perimeter of the whole diagram | Perimeter Keseluruhan rajah | area of the
shaded region | Luas Kawasan Berlorek
11) Luas Luas Permukaan - Isipadu
1534 /

AREA / TOTAL SURFACE AREA / VOLUME | Luas Luas Permukaan - Isipadu | Segiempat Sama
- Square | Segiempat Tepat - Rectangle | Segitiga - Triangle | Trapezium - Trapezium | Jumlah
Luas Permukaan - Total Surface Area of a Solid | Silinder - Cylinder | Sfera - Sphere |
Hemisfera - Hemisphere | Isipadu Pepejal - Volume of a Solid | Kiub - Cube | Kuboid - Cuboid |
luas tapak | Kon - Cone

(12) Nombor Piawai


STANDARD FORM | Nombor Piawai | Angka Beerti Significant figures | Nombor Bulat
whole number | Perpuluhan / decimal number < 1 | Perpuluhan / decimal number > 1 |
tempat perpuluhan | Nombor dalam format A 10n, dimana 1 A 10 dan n adalah
integer | Contoh Operasi Matematik

(13) PERSAMAAN KUADRATIK DAN UNGKAPAN


QUADRATIC EXPRESSIONS AND EQUATIONS | PERSAMAAN KUADRATIK DAN UNGKAPAN |
Kembangan Expanding Brackets | Faktorkan Factorization | Penyelesaian kaedah faktor
darab bersilang Solving quadratic equations | Formula |

(14) SET
SETS SET

Set Semesta / Universal sets nilai didalam carta venn, tiada nilai lain diluar
carta
Elemen benda di dalam set
Subset set dalam set
Set Kosong / empty set nilai dalam set kosong ataupun tiada
Tindanan / intersection - bertindih
Kesatuan / union kesemua nilai / tambah dua set
Set Pelengkap / complements of sets - nilai di luar set (Kecuali set semesta )
(15) PENAKULAN MANTIK
KEBARANGKALIAN | MATHEMATICAL REASONING | PERNYATAAN Statement |Pernyataan ~ Suatu
ayat yang BENAR atau SALAH | Bukan Pernyataan ~ Selain ayat yang benar / salah |
Penunjuk semua, sesetengah | Quantifier all, some | Negation | not or no |
P, not P |Tidak / Bukan | Operations on Statements |and or |Operasi dalam
Pernyataan dan atau | Implikasi Implication | Berbalik | Hujah Arguments | Premis |
Induction | the process of making a general conclusion from specific cases | Membuat
kesimpulan |

(16) STRAIGHT LINE, GARIS LURUS


THE STRAIGHT LINE - GARIS LURUS | Type of straight line and their respective gradient, m | Jenis
Garis Lurus, Kecerunan, m | y-intercept (c), and y-intercept of a straight line | Pintasan
pada paksi-y , Gradient of a straight line, m | Kecerunan, m | jarak menegak | jarak
melintang | Equation of a straight line |Form equation of a straight line, y = mx + c,
|Membentuk persamaan garis lurus, y = mx + c, dgn, m ialah kecerunan dan c
adalah pintasan pd paksi-y | Solve problems involving the equation of a straight line
Penyelesaian Masalah | Parallel lines Garis Selari, m1 = m2 | Form equation of a parallel line Menerbitkan
Persamaan dari Garis Selari | Distance Jarak , Midpoint Titik Tengah

(17) STATISTIK STATISTICS I, II, III


MODE DATA TAK TERKUMPUL Mode of a ungrounded
Mode = Nilai data yang mempunyai frikuensi paling tinggi (the value of data with
the highest frequency)
MEDIAN DATA TAK TERKUMPUL Median of a ungrounded data
Median = Nilai di tengah-tengah apabila set data dikumpul dalam susunan
menaik (the middle value when a set of data is arranged in ascending order)
MIN DATA TAK TERKUMPUL Mean of a ungrounded data | formula |

UKURAN SERAKAN ~ JARAK , KUARTIL BAWAH (PERTAMA) (Q1), KUARTIL ATAS (KETIGA)
(Q3), INTERKUARTIL (tengah/median)
Measure of Dispersion ~ range, first / lower quartile (Q 1), third / upper quartile
(Q3), interquartile rang

JARAK (range) = ( terbesar terkecil ) nilai data

Q1 = Nilai tengah antara nilai awal dan median(the value that divides the values of data
that are less than median into 2 equal parts)

Q3 = Nilai tengah antara nilai akhir dan median (the value that divides the values of data
that are greater than median into 2 equal parts)

Jarak Interkuartil (Interquatile range) = Q3 Q1

PENYELESAIAN MASALAH Solve problem involving ungorounded data

(18) KEBARANGKALIAN - PROBABILITY I / II


Kebarangkalian suatu peristiwa (Probability of an event) P (A)
Kebarangkalian pelengkap suatu peristiwa (Probability of the complement of an
event), P(A)
Kebarangkalian peristiwa gabungan - Probability of combined event

(19) BULATAN CIRCLES II / III

CIRI-CIRI SUDUT DALAM BULATAN, SISIEMPAT KITARAN


(Properties of angle in a circle, Cyclic Quadrilaterals)

CIRI-CIRI TANGEN BULATAN (Properties of the tangle to circle)


Tangen - garis luar yang membentuk sudut tepat kepada jejari bulatan

(21) SUDUT KENAIKAN DAN PENURUNAN (DONGAK DAN TUNDUK)


SUDUT DONGAK DAN TUNDUK (Angle of elevation and angle of depression) garis
mendatar (horizontal line)
PENYELESAIAN MASALAH (Solve problems involving angle of elevation and angle
of depression)

(22) GARIS DAN SATAH 3-DIMENSI


LINES AND PLANES IN 3-DIMENSIONS
NORMAL KEPADA SATAH, unjuran ortogon (Normal to a plane, Orthogonal
Projection)

Garis persilangan antara dua satah, titik persilangan antara dua satah
(The line of intersection between two planes, the point of intersection between
two planes)

Nota Tambahan

Langkah-langkah menentukan sudut antara garis dan satah / asas


tentukan dan lorek satah (asas).
tentukan dan melukis garisan (a) tanda mata lebih rendah (titik pada asas), (b) tanda titik
atas (titik di sisi lain).
dari sudut atas menarik yang normal kepada satah (asas)
kemudian, sambung ke titik yang lebih rendah (unjuran ortogon kepada barisan).
sudut adalah pada titik yang lebih rendah.
dengan menggunakan nisbah dgn Trigonometri, hitung sudut. (rujuk Rajah 1)

Steps of determine the angle between a line and a plane / base


determine and shade the plane (base).
determine and draw the line mark lower point (point on the base),
mark upper point (point on the other side).
from the upper point draw the normal to the plane (base)
then, connect it to the lower point (orthogonal projection to the line).
the angle is at the lower point.
by using trigonometrical ratios, calculate the angle. (see Rajah 1)
(23) ASAS NOMBOR (number bases)
JADUAL ASAS NOMBOR (Comparision between number in bases ten, two, five and
eight)

NILAI DIGIT (The value of a digit of a number in bases two, eight and five)

MENUKAR ASAS NOMBOR ASAS LAIN KE ASAS 10 (Changing numbers in base 2, base 8,
base 5 base 10)

MENUKAR ASAS 10 KE ASAS LAIN (Changing numbers in base 10 to base 2, base 8,


base 5)

Asas 2 kepada asas 8 (kaedah kumpulan 3 digit)

PENAMBAHAN DAN PENOLAKAN ASAS Addition and subtraction of two number in


base two

NOTA

Menggunakan Kalkulator

tekan mode --> mode (3)

base 10 --> DEC (d), base 2 --> BIN (b), base 8 --> OCT (o)

(24) GRAF FUNGSI (graph of function)


GRAF FUNGSI LINEAR (Graphs of linear functions)

GRAF FUNGSI KUADRATIK (Graphs of quadratic functions)

GRAF FUNGSI KUBIK (Graphs of cubic functions)

GRAF FUNGSI SALINGAN (Graphs of reciprocal functions)

MENYELESAIKAN MASALAH (Solve problems involving functions)

LUAS KAWASAN MEWAKILI KETAKSAMAAN LINEAR (Region representing


inequalities in two variables)

Kawasan berlorek yang memuaskan tiga ketaksamaan

(25) TRANSFORMASI (transformation I, II, III)


TRANSLASI translation

PANTULAN (Reflection)

Pantulan pada garis

Melukis garis pantulan diberi imej dan objek

PUTARAN (Rotation)

Putaran lawan jam, 90, di pusat C

An anticlockwise rotation of 90 about the centre C

PEMBESARAN (Enlargement)

Faktor Skala

Luas Imej

Pembesaran, pusat C, dengan faktor skala 2

An enlargement at centre C with a scale factor of 2

KOMBINASI DUA TRANSFORMASI (Combination of two transformations)

transformasi AB = transformasi B dilakukan dahulu, kemudian transformasi A.

transformasi A2 = transformasi AA.

(26) MATRIKS (matrices)


MATRIKS / MATRIKS SAMA (Matrices / Equal Matrices)
Susunan matriks (order of matrix )

PENAMBAHAN DAN PENOLAKAN MATRIKS (Addition and Subtration of matrices)

Pendaraban Skalar (Scalar multiplication)


PENDARABAN DUA MATRIKS (Multiplication of two matrices)

MATRIKS IDENTITI (Identity Matrices), I

MATRIKS SONGSANG (Inverse matrices), A1


tidak mempunyai songsang

PENYELESAIAN MASALAH (Solve simultabeous linear equations using matrices)

(27) Variasi (Variations)


Tag
BERKADAR LANGSUNG (Direct variations) | y berubah secara langsung dengan x
| y varies directly with x | y berkadar terus dengan x persegi | y is directly proportional
to square of x | y berubah secara langsung dengan kiub x | y varies directly with the
cube of x | y berubah secara langsung dengan punca kuasa x | y varies directly as the
square root of x |
BERKADAR SONGSANG (Inverse Variation) | y berkadar songsang dgn x | y varies
inversely as x | y berkadar songsang dengan kuasa dua x | y varies inversely as the
square of x | y berkadar songsang dengan kiub x | y varies inversely as the cube of x
| y berkadar songsang dengan punca kuasa dua x | y varies inversely as the square
root of x |
GABUNGAN PERKADARAN (Joint Variations) | GRAF FUNGSI LAIN (Graph of other
functions)

(28) Kecerunan,Luas Bawah Graf (Gradient, Area Under Graph)


Tags
GRAF JARAK MELAWAN MASA (Distance-time graph) | Berkadar tetap / halaju sekata |
constant | berhenti | KELAJUAN MELAWAN MASA (Speed-time graph) | Laju tetap /
sekata | Laju meningkat / pecutan | Nyahhalaju | Acceleration | Deceleration | Jarak = luas
dibawah graf | Perubahan halaju = kecerunan di bawah graf | Kadar perubahan halaju +if
pecutan | Kadar perubahan halaju -if nyahpecutan |

(29) Bearing

tag | Formula --> bearing of a point B from a point A is the angle at a measured clockwise
from the north to the line joining A and B, written in a three-digit form, from 000
to 360 |

(30) Bumi Sebagai Sfera (Earth As A Sphere)


Tag | Longitudes [ x T or yB ] U-Utara S-Selatan T-Timur B-Barat | meridian |
Greenwich | Latitudes [ xU or yS ] | latitude selari | Khatulistiwa
| PERBEZAAN ANTARA DUA LOGITUDE ATAUPUN LATITUDE, Difference between
longitudes or latitudes | Diameter of the earth, Diameter of the parallel of
latitude | Distance on the surface of the earth \ Jarak di permukaan bumi |
meridian | equator | Shortest distance ( distance along a great circle) | knot =
unit of speed nautical mile = unit of distance | jarak terpendek atas permukaan bumi
| knot unit kelajuan | batu nautika unit jarak | Soalan penyelesaian masalah | rumus masa
jarak |

(31) Pelan Dongakan (Plans Elevations)


Tag | Types of lines are used when drawing the plans and elevations of solids | thick
solid lines visible edges | thick dashed lines hidden or unvisible edges | Jenis garisan
yang digunakan | tebal - sisi nampak | putus-putus - sisi terlindung, tertutup atau siring
tertapuk | Pandangan pelan (plan) = pandangan atas | pandangan sisi dan pandangan
hadapan |