Site Code.

SOUTHBOROUGH17
Site identification
Modest Corner, Southborough, Kent
and address
County, district
Kent
and / or borough
O.S. grid ref. TQ57194243
Geology. Tunbridge Wells Sand
Project number. SNUFFLER1702
Fieldwork type. Geophysics
Site type.
Date of fieldwork. 04/03/17
Sponsor/client. Southborough and High Brooms Amateur Archaeological Society
Project manager. David Staveley
Project

supervisor.
Period summary Post Medieval

Project summary.
A geophysics survey on the site of a post mill in Southborough Common
(100 word max)
A Geophysics Survey on Southborough Common Post
Mill

by David Staveley
Introduction

The author was asked to survey the site of a post mill in Southborough Common. It is recorded that
there was a brick base to the mill, which was visible at one point, though nothing is visible
currently. The mill sat on an earth platform, rectangular in shape, with the longest edge aligned to
the track to the north, which runs SW-NE through the common. A further protrusion from the
platform is on the south-east side. An earthwork survey was unfortunately not possible due to the
tree cover interfering with the GPS.

Methodology

The magnetometer survey was undertaken using a Bartington GRAD601-2 fluxgate gradiometer.
Survey lines were spaced 1 metre apart were walked NW-SE with 4 readings per metre along the
line. The data was processed using Snuffler with despike, destripe and interpolation filters applied.
The data was displayed with display boundaries of +/-2 nT.

The earth resistance survey was set up on the same grid alignment as the magnetometry and
surveyed using a TR Systems earth resistance meter. The data was processed in Snuffler with
despike and interpolation filters applied.

Positioning

The baseline for the survey is roughly against the NW edge of the platform. The baseline on the
images is left edge. The SW point of the baseline matches the bottom-left corner of the survey area
shown in the results. The NE point of the baseline is 25m from the SW point, but the survey reaches
just past this point to 26m. Positions are given in OSGB36/OSTN02/Newlyn Datum.

Description E N
South-west of baseline 557181.11 142423.09
North-east of baseline 557197.34 142441.89
Lidar

The platform, while clear on the ground, does not show very well on the EA 1M DTM, almost
blending in to the trackway adjacent to the north. This is probably due to excessive undergrowth in
the area when the lidar was flown.

Magnetometry Results
Earth Resistance Results

Channel Merge
Interpretation

Discussion

The magnetometry shows no sign of a structure. A brick base would appear as a series of small
dipoles, so either the brick has been removed completely, or the structure is not in the survey area.
What does show, on the NW and part of the SE edges, are long features with a strength of 10-20nT
that suggest that some sort of metal fencing is buried just outside the survey area. There is also a
large dipole, from a single large piece of iron, towards the north-east end. The rest of the interior is
remarkably clean metal wise, though that may be to do with the metal detecting survey that
occurred just before the magnetometry. Other variation within the area of the platform may be
attributed to the area being made ground.

The earth resistance survey results were initially doubted as the absolute readings were unusually
high across the whole of the survey area. This was thought at the time to be down to a malfunction
with the machine, but that was tested later and found to be working correctly. The absolute readings
can probably be explained by the sandy geology being a poor conductor. Nevertheless, a high
resistance area is visible on the south-east side of the platform, within the sub-circular extension to
the main platform, with the highest readings being in the centre of that area. It doesn’t match the
expected structure of the post mill, but is currently the most likely candidate for its location. The
rest of the platform shows no notable features.