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# midas GTS

Seepage Analysis

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INDEX
1.Introduction

2. Types of Analysis

## 3. Functions in Seepage Analysis

4. Boundary Conditions

5. Application Areas

6. Results

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Introduction
Groundwater flow occurs due to head difference or change in flux
(inflow/outflow).

## Transient state Time dependent solution. (used to model effect of

changing BC).

Flow governed by Darcys Law (both for saturated and unsaturated flow).

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Types of Analysis
Steady State Analysis Used to model groundwater flow under equilibrium
conditions. (BC do not change with time).
Transient State Analysis Used to observe the immediate changes in flow due
to a change in hydraulic BC.
Function needed to define the change in permeability /water content with
pore pressure head in transient analysis.
Function can be defined to relate the variation in Degree of Saturation /
Water content with head and permeability.
User must specify the time steps for analysis.
Semi-coupled analysis Seepage Analysis coupled with stress analysis.
Seepage Analysis is performed first and stress analysis subsequently.
Used for determining stability of ground structures (e.g. Dams, sheet pile)
Results obtained include both stresses in soil and pore pressure.
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Functions in Seepage Analysis
In GTS the variation of permeability and water content can be considered
through the Unsaturated Property Function.

## Anisotropic permeability can be considered by defining permeability

coefficients along co-ordinate axes

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Functions in Seepage Analysis

Fig. on the
right shows
variation of
permeability
with pressure
variation of
water
content with
pore pressure

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Functions in Seepage Analysis

Define the
nonlinear
equations of
permeability
and
volumetric
water
content
separately or
at the same
time.

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Boundary Conditions
Boundary conditions describing pore pressure or flow conditions at a
boundary in seepage analysis termed Hydraulic Boundary Conditions.

## Ground Water Table The position of GWT can be explicitly defined

for the whole model or for individual mesh sets.

time.

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Application Areas
GTS can be used to model the following types of problems

Confined Flow - The flow does not involve phreatic surface e.g. around
sheet pile wall.

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Application Areas
Unconfined Flow The flow involves phreatic surface e.g. in Dams
Phreatic line
Phreatic Line

## Infiltration Can be modeled by specifying the flow rate at nodes or element

edges.

Infiltration at top of slope (left), with contour and vector plots for velocity.
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Application Areas
Sources and Sinks Can be modeled by using nodal flux BC. e.g. Pumping /
Injection.

## Initial water level

Final phreatic line Initial phreatic line

Drain

## Changes in water table at different time steps for sudden drawdown.

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Results
Results obtained include Flow rate, total & pore pressure head, pore pressu
re, velocity, hydraulic gradients, hydraulic conductivity and water content.

## Sign convention in seepage analysis is + for compressive pore water

pressure and vice-versa in stress analysis.

## Flow lines can be generated for any node at any stage.

Fig. shows the equi-potential lines (represented by the contour bands for
total head) with flow lines (white).
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Results
Floq quantity for any nod
e and for any step can a
Fig. shows the
lso be determined. contour plot for
flow rate with
Phreatic line for different flow quantity
through
stages can also be highlighted nodes

## generated using the multi-

step iso-surface function.

## Results can also be

exported in tabular form.

## Total head results in tabular form

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Problem

Stage 1 Soil 1

Soil 2
Stage 2
Soil 3
Stage 3

Soil 4

Problem

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