Sean Tuley DVM
2750 Parkway Drive West
University Place, WA 98466
(253) 686-7345

September 8th 2016

Rebecca Thorley
11314 Goodwin Way NE
Seattle, WA 98125
(206) 239-8755

RE: Brad Pitt Necropsy


“Brad Pitt,” a 20 year old, Thoroughbred Stallion presented to Wayne Carver’s Ranch for necropsy
examination on Thursday, September 8th 2016 at approximately 5pm, with Ms. Thorley and Mr. Carver
present. History was provided by Brad’s owner Rebecca Thorley. Cause of death was claimed to be an
injection of a lethal cocktail administered by lay person Donny Nowlin, who is the owner/manager of a
Washington based feedlot. Lethal injection of unknown substance was deemed necessary due to the fact that
Brad had a severely swollen and broken right hind leg. The only viable option by the slaughter owner, Mr.
Nowlin, was for humane destruction. Alleged death occurred 2 days prior to necropsy on Tuesday September
6th 2016. When Ms. Thorley was alerted to the death of her recently purchased rescue horse, she had Brad Pitt
picked up and taken to Wayne Carver, who is a renderer and would allow Dr. Tuley to perform the
examination at his residence.

Physical Exam

Grossly, Brad Pitt, was covered in flies, as well as dried mud, he had multiple excoriations as well as
impalements covering his entire body. No evidence of predation by scavengers was evident. A post mortem
evisceration was most notable beginning at the left paralumbar fossa, extending ventrally, through the
perineum and ending 6 cm short of the anus. The wound was deep to the pelvic floor, created via sharp
dissection and showed no evidence of bleeding or bruising. This wound was created post-mortem. The left
hind pelvic limb was completely luxated and was only attached by the gluteal muscles and dorsal skin.
On the ventral sagittal abdomen at intercostal 17 an eviscerating lesion of 4cm was present. A deep puncture
wound on the medial left radius of 10cm was noted. Located on the left lateral antebrachium a sharp excision
of 12 cm was noted. The left elbow joint was completely dislocated. Blunt force trauma, with dried stained
blood was present near the lateral canthus of the right eye. The gum tissue was hyperemic and a vesicular
lesion on the gum tissue was consistent with aggressive use of a lip chain war bridle. On gross appearance the
cervical vertebrae appear to be luxated. Upon sharp dissection, a large hematoma approximately 8 cm in
diameter appeared deep to the Splenius mm. and dorsal to the longissimus mm. near the C6-C7 junction. Upon
further dissection the Cervical joint between C6 and C7 was completely luxated. This appears to be an
antemortem finding.
The ribs of the flank were exteriorized revealing the fecal contaminated peritoneum. The bladder appears to be
absent. The overall color of the organs appear to be that of forest or emerald green. Notably the right and left
kidney are grey in color and partially decomposed. The liver is nearly black in color and has stained any and
all surrounding organs that it has come into contact with a black color as well. Tissue samples from the
Kidney, Liver, Intestine, and lung were retrieved. A 20cc sample of uncoagulated blood was collected from the
jugular vein via a sterile cut down procedure. The organs of the lungs and heart appeared grossly normal. The
brain tissue was not examined.

The right hind leg was examined and appeared to have normal post mortem findings. No evidence of a fracture
or trauma was present.


1) 4-methylphenol
a. para-Cresol, also 4-methylphenol, is an organic compound with the
formula CH 3 C 6 H 4 (OH). It is a colourless solid that is widely used intermediate in the
production of other chemicals. Together with many other compounds, p-cresol is traditionally
extracted from coal tar.

2) Amphetamine
a. is a potent central nervous system (CNS) stimulant that is used in the treatment of attention
deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), narcolepsy, and obesity. Amphetamine is used by
some athletes for its psychological and athletic performance-enhancing effects, such as
increased endurance and alertness;[27][40] however, non-medical amphetamine use is
prohibited at sporting events that are regulated by collegiate, national, and international
anti-doping agencies.

3) Dimethyl disulfide/ Dimethyl trisulfide
a. Dimethyl disulfide along with dimethyl sulfide and dimethyl trisulfide have been confirmed
as volatile compounds given off by the fly-attracting plant known as dead-horse arum
(Helicodiceros muscivorus). DMDS is used as a food additive in onion, garlic, cheese, meats,
soups, savory flavors, and fruit flavors.[

4) Phenyl ethyl alcohol
a. Phenethyl alcohol is found in extract of rose, carnation, hyacinth, Aleppo pine, orange
blossom, ylang-ylang, geranium, neroli, and champaca. It is also an autoantibiotic produced
by the fungus Candida albicans[4]. It is therefore a common ingredient in flavors and
perfumery, particularly when the odor of rose is desired.[2] It is used as an additive in
cigarettes. It is also used as a preservative in soaps due to its stability in basic conditions. It is
of interest due to its antimicrobial properties.

5) Benzene ethanamine
a. Phenethylamine (PEA), also known as β-phenylethylamine (β-PEA) and
2-phenylethan-1-amine, is an organic compound and a natural monoamine alkaloid, a trace
amine, and also the name of a class of chemicals with many members that are well known for
their psychoactive and stimulant effects.[4]
6) Indole
a. Natural jasmine oil, used in the perfume industry, contains around 2.5% of indole

7) 5-methyl-2-phenyl-2-hexanal
a. Major component of flavoring cocoa.


In four years of veterinary school, performing routine necropsies, and 6 years of private practice-having now
euthanized over 50 cases personally, (this figure does not include my training at WSU-VTH or with Traber
Bergsma Simkins inc.,where significantly more euthanasias and necropsies were performed) I have yet to see
an animal present so poorly, in as bad of condition as I saw Brad. Injuries stemming from the lip chain,
battered right eye and broken neck, all occurred while Brad was still alive. These findings are evident by the
fact that bleeding and other signs of inflammation were present. Given the presence of multiple eviscerations
and leg dismemberment, even after death, Brad was not treated with much regard. Found in the toxicology
report: Two notable compounds stand out:

1) Amphetamine
2) Phenylethylamine, the diet pill (PhenPhen)

These two compounds under no circumstances belong in a horse. They are banned across racetracks
internationally for their performance enhancing ability. They can excite an animal to a degree to which they
are uncontrollable and are very likely to hurt either themselves or anyone near them.

CAUSE OF DEATH: Traumatic injury to the central nervous system due to fractured cervical

Did Brad experience stress and anxiety while under the influence of these illicit compounds? Did Brad
experience pain and suffering while accumulating these antemortem injuries? My visceral reaction is yes on
both instances. However, I cannot conclude for how long the suffering endured.



Dr. Sean Tuley

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