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Sheet1

Pressure = 2*thickness*sigma/radius
Workpiece Material: 5052 Aluminum (annealed)
Workpiece yield strength: (13,000 psi) 13000

Pressure to yield a hemisphere Workpiece thickness (in) (These are 1/32, 2/32, etc.)
Workpiece radius (in) 0.0313 0.0625 0.0938 0.1250 0.1563
1.5 541.666667 1083.33333 1625 2166.66667 2708.33333
1.6 507.8125 1015.625 1523.4375 2031.25 2539.0625
1.7 477.941176 955.882353 1433.82353 1911.76471 2389.70588
1.8 451.388889 902.777778 1354.16667 1805.55556 2256.94444
1.9 427.631579 855.263158 1282.89474 1710.52632 2138.15789
2 406.25 812.5 1218.75 1625 2031.25
2.1 386.904762 773.809524 1160.71429 1547.61905 1934.52381
2.2 369.318182 738.636364 1107.95455 1477.27273 1846.59091
2.3 353.26087 706.521739 1059.78261 1413.04348 1766.30435
2.4 338.541667 677.083333 1015.625 1354.16667 1692.70833
2.5 325 650 975 1300 1625
2.6 312.5 625 937.5 1250 1562.5
2.7 300.925926 601.851852 902.777778 1203.7037 1504.62963
2.8 290.178571 580.357143 870.535714 1160.71429 1450.89286
2.9 280.172414 560.344828 840.517241 1120.68966 1400.86207
3 270.833333 541.666667 812.5 1083.33333 1354.16667

Calculations for thick-sphere epoxy vessel:


Max-sigma = (pressure/2)*(2*inner-radius^3+outer-radius^3)/(outer-radius^3-inner-radius^3)
Note: failure if max-sigma >=7000, also if pressure for that max-sigma >= 13500
Inner radius 3 Outer radius 5
Max-sigma in thick sphere Workpiece thickness (in) (These are 1/32, 2/32, etc.)
Workpiece radius (in) 0.0313 0.0625 0.0938 0.1250 0.1563
1.5 494.685374 989.370748 1484.05612 1978.7415 2473.42687
1.6 463.767538 927.535077 1391.30261 1855.07015 2318.83769
1.7 436.487095 872.97419 1309.46128 1745.94838 2182.43547
1.8 412.237812 824.475624 1236.71344 1648.95125 2061.18906
1.9 390.541085 781.08217 1171.62325 1562.16434 1952.70542
2 371.014031 742.028061 1113.04209 1484.05612 1855.07015
2.1 353.346696 706.693392 1060.04009 1413.38678 1766.73348
2.2 337.285482 674.570965 1011.85645 1349.14193 1686.42741
2.3 322.620896 645.241792 967.862689 1290.48358 1613.10448
2.4 309.178359 618.356718 927.535077 1236.71344 1545.89179
2.5 296.811224 593.622449 890.433673 1187.2449 1484.05612
2.6 285.395408 570.790816 856.186224 1141.58163 1426.97704
2.7 274.825208 549.650416 824.475624 1099.30083 1374.12604
2.8 265.010022 530.020044 795.030066 1060.04009 1325.05011
2.9 255.871745 511.74349 767.615236 1023.48698 1279.35873
3 247.342687 494.685374 742.028061 989.370748 1236.71344

Page 1
Sheet1

0.1875 0.2188 0.3478


3250 3791.66667 6028.98551
3046.875 3554.6875 5652.17391
2867.64706 3345.58824 5319.69309
2708.33333 3159.72222 5024.15459
2565.78947 2993.42105 4759.7254
2437.5 2843.75 4521.73913
2321.42857 2708.33333 4306.41822
2215.90909 2585.22727 4110.67194
2119.56522 2472.82609 3931.94707
2031.25 2369.79167 3768.11594
1950 2275 3617.3913
1875 2187.5 3478.26087
1805.55556 2106.48148 3349.43639
1741.07143 2031.25 3229.81366
1681.03448 1961.2069 3118.44078
1625 1895.83333 3014.49275

0.1875 0.2188 0.3478


2968.11224 3462.79762 5506.06329
2782.60523 3246.37277 5161.93434
2618.92257 3055.40966 4858.29114
2473.42687 2885.66468 4588.38608
2343.24651 2733.78759 4346.89207
2226.08418 2597.09821 4129.54747
2120.08017 2473.42687 3932.90235
2023.71289 2360.99838 3754.13406
1935.72538 2258.34627 3590.91084
1855.07015 2164.24851 3441.28956
1780.86735 2077.67857 3303.63798
1712.37245 1997.76786 3176.57498
1648.95125 1923.77646 3058.92405
1590.06013 1855.07015 2949.67677
1535.23047 1791.10222 2847.96377
1484.05612 1731.39881 2753.03165

Page 2
Sheet2

Pressure = 2*thickness*sigma/radius

Ti 6Al-4V yield strength (psi): 127600

Pressure to yield a thin hemisp Workpiece thickness (in) (These are 1/32, 2/32, etc.)
Workpiece radius (in) 0.0313 0.0625 0.0938 0.1250 0.1563
1.5 5316.66667 10633.3333 15950 21266.6667 26583.3333
1.6 4984.375 9968.75 14953.125 19937.5 24921.875
1.7 4691.17647 9382.35294 14073.5294 18764.7059 23455.8824
1.8 4430.55556 8861.11111 13291.6667 17722.2222 22152.7778
1.9 4197.36842 8394.73684 12592.1053 16789.4737 20986.8421
2 3987.5 7975 11962.5 15950 19937.5
2.1 3797.61905 7595.2381 11392.8571 15190.4762 18988.0952
2.2 3625 7250 10875 14500 18125
2.3 3467.3913 6934.78261 10402.1739 13869.5652 17336.9565
2.4 3322.91667 6645.83333 9968.75 13291.6667 16614.5833
2.5 3190 6380 9570 12760 15950
2.6 3067.30769 6134.61538 9201.92308 12269.2308 15336.5385
2.7 2953.7037 5907.40741 8861.11111 11814.8148 14768.5185
2.8 2848.21429 5696.42857 8544.64286 11392.8571 14241.0714
2.9 2750 5500 8250 11000 13750
3 2658.33333 5316.66667 7975 10633.3333 13291.6667

Pressure = thickness*sigma/radius

Mild Steel tensile yield strength 35000

Pressure to yield a thin cylinderTube thickness (in) (These are 4/32, 5/32, etc.)
tube radius (in) 0.2500 0.2813 0.3125 0.3438 0.3750
1.5 11666.6667 13125 14583.3333 16041.6667 17500
1.6 1367.1875 2734.375 4101.5625 5468.75 6835.9375
1.7 1286.76471 2573.52941 3860.29412 5147.05882 6433.82353
1.8 1215.27778 2430.55556 3645.83333 4861.11111 6076.38889
1.9 1151.31579 2302.63158 3453.94737 4605.26316 5756.57895
2 1093.75 2187.5 3281.25 4375 5468.75
2.1 1041.66667 2083.33333 3125 4166.66667 5208.33333
2.2 994.318182 1988.63636 2982.95455 3977.27273 4971.59091
2.3 951.086957 1902.17391 2853.26087 3804.34783 4755.43478
2.4 911.458333 1822.91667 2734.375 3645.83333 4557.29167
2.5 875 1750 2625 3500 4375
2.6 841.346154 1682.69231 2524.03846 3365.38462 4206.73077
2.7 810.185185 1620.37037 2430.55556 3240.74074 4050.92593
2.8 781.25 1562.5 2343.75 3125 3906.25
2.9 754.310345 1508.62069 2262.93103 3017.24138 3771.55172
3 729.166667 1458.33333 2187.5 2916.66667 3645.83333

Page 3
Sheet2

0.1875 0.2188 0.3478


31900 37216.6667 59176.8116
29906.25 34890.625 55478.2609
28147.0588 32838.2353 52214.8338
26583.3333 31013.8889 49314.0097
25184.2105 29381.5789 46718.5355
23925 27912.5 44382.6087
22785.7143 26583.3333 42269.1511
21750 25375 40347.8261
20804.3478 24271.7391 38593.5728
19937.5 23260.4167 36985.5072
19140 22330 35506.087
18403.8462 21471.1538 34140.4682
17722.2222 20675.9259 32876.0064
17089.2857 19937.5 31701.8634
16500 19250 30608.6957
15950 18608.3333 29588.4058

0.4063 0.4375 0.4688 0.5000


18958.3333 20416.6667 21875 23333.3333
8203.125 9570.3125 15217.3913 21875
7720.58824 9007.35294 14322.2506 20588.2353
7291.66667 8506.94444 13526.57 19444.4444
6907.89474 8059.21053 12814.6453 18421.0526
6562.5 7656.25 12173.913 17500
6250 7291.66667 11594.2029 16666.6667
5965.90909 6960.22727 11067.1937 15909.0909
5706.52174 6657.6087 10586.0113 15217.3913
5468.75 6380.20833 10144.9275 14583.3333
5250 6125 9739.13043 14000
5048.07692 5889.42308 9364.54849 13461.5385
4861.11111 5671.2963 9017.71337 12962.963
4687.5 5468.75 8695.65217 12500
4525.86207 5280.17241 8395.8021 12068.9655
4375 5104.16667 8115.94203 11666.6667

Page 4
Sheet3

Thick Tube:

Sigma-tangential=pressure*(inner-radius^2+outer-radius^2)/(outer-radius^2-inner-radius^2)

Pressure=sigma-tangential*(outer-radius^2-inner-radius^2)/(outer-radius^2+inner-radius^2)

Material = mild steel


Mild steel yield strength ( 30000
Maximum preOuter radius
Inner radius 3 3.25 3.5 3.75 4
1.5 18000 19463.4146 20689.6552 21724.1379 22602.7397
1.75 14766.8394 16513.7615 18000 19270.073 20360.6557
2 11538.4615 13519.3133 15230.7692 16712.8028 18000
2.25 8400 10560 12454.8736 14117.6471 15578.635
2.5 5409.83607 7695.16729 9729.72973 11538.4615 13146.0674
2.75 2603.77358 4965.51724 7097.7918 9017.34104 10742.7056
3 0 2396.16613 4588.23529 6585.36585 8400

Pressure on the wall/floor boundary of a bored-out vessel= internal-pressure/(pi*(outer-radius^2-inner-radius^2))


Pressure Outer radius
Inner radius 3 3.25 3.5 3.75 4
1.5 848.82708 745.311583 658.572735 585.397986 523.24957
1.75 791.652199 700.866396 623.628059 557.623629 500.947129
2 734.561896 655.746242 587.649517 528.681226 477.465233
2.25 679.061664 611.155498 551.584384 499.310047 453.379449
2.5 626.183912 567.988381 516.17863 470.119614 429.182232
2.75 576.56179 526.858188 481.983831 441.586342 405.275529
3 #DIV/0! 488.143369 449.379042 414.06199 381.972186

Page 5
Sheet3

4.5 7 8
24000
22117.9625
20103.0928
18000
15849.0566
13685.3933
11538.4615

^2-inner-radius^2))

4.5
424.41354
409.621647
393.785759
377.25648
360.351119
343.345785
326.471954

Page 6
Thick Sphere Calculations Max pressure= 2*tensile-yield-strength*(outer-radius^3-inner-radius^3)/(2*inner-radius^3+outer-
Metal yield strength (medium c 55000
Inner radius 3
Outer Radius 4
Pressure to yield it 34491.5254

Workpiece yield trenght (Al 50 13000

Thicknesses (1/32,1/16, 3/32,1/8)


Radius 0.0313 0.0625 0.0938 0.1250
1.50 542 1083 1625 2167
2.00 406 813 1219 1625
2.50 325 650 975 1300
3.00 271 542 813 1083

Thicknesses (1/32, 1/16, 3/32, 1/8)


Radius 0.0313 0.0625 0.0938 0.1250
1.50 542 1083 1625 2167
2.00 406 813 1219 1625
2.50 325 650 975 1300
3.00 271 542 813 1083
inner-radius^3)/(2*inner-radius^3+outer-radius^3)