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The purpose of this visit to Coca-cola manufacturing plant is to conduct HIRARC.

HIRARC serves
to determine the overall factor that might cause harm to employees and other human being.
HIRARC also consider what is the chances that harm actually be falling anyone in the
circumstances of a particular case and the possible severity that could come from the risk and to
enable employers to plan, introduce and monitor preventive measures to ensure that the risk are
adequately controlled at all times.
First we have arrived with warm welcome from Coca-cola staff. Our first impression towards this
factory is that this is an isolated factory where the compound is free from pollutions such as
sound pollution, air pollution and very clean environment. Bandar Enstek in a town where
resident and municipal is practicing Halal rules. Halal is pork free and alcoholic free, that means
Coca-cola is certified to be operating in this town as Halal food production.
Environmental hazards

Dim light in production area bring harms

An environmental hazard is a release to the environment that may cause harm or
deleterious effects. An environmental release may not be obvious. For example, a worker
who drains a glycol system and release the liquid to a storm sewer may not be aware, of
the effect on the environment . Environmental hazards cause harm when controls and
work procedures are not followed.

First of all, when I first step into the production area, the environment is very dark and
light is very dim. I try to ask around from a staff there and they claim that time, all
production lines is not running and very less workers are on duty due to maintenance
carried out. Coca- cola factory is a green and environment friendly building which use
direct sunlight as the source of light. We observer there is multiple rectangular square
holes from the room which covers with transparent object, allows sun light directly
penetrates and shines to the production area. With the help of several electrical powered
light, the production area might clear and bright during the day time but unfortunately
during rainy days or night time for instance after 4pm, the sun light is not strong enough
to create a bright surrounding for the production area. ON my point of view, viewing label
from a machinery is difficult and reading a notes is not easy on the dim light condition.
The factory indoor uses normal light but not spot light. Only spot light are able to focus
light ray to a certain area but spot light consume a lot of electrical power.

Accident might occur due to dim light because rotating parts are hard to be seen. Coca-
cola production lines involves a lots of rotating parts such as conveyor belt with different
sizes. Staff might get injured easily if they are not aware of fast moving parts around
then when the light condition is bad.

To improve this, the staff who work inside the production lines during night time must
wear bright colour uniform, this is to create a greater contrast so that other people are
able to differentiate between human and machinery easily. Portable torch light must
provide in every station of production lines, whenever a worker walk into it, the worker
must carry along with a torch light to light up the pathway. The management should
check the condition of the light schedully so that they replace faulty light at the first

Lack of sign boards

One of the biggest tasks faced in ensuring good health and safety practice is the communication of
information. It is vital that everyone concerned understands risks and how they should be dealt with.
For this reason, the proper signage in a workplace is essential, as it is one of the main points of
reference and contact for staff. These signs should be found anywhere in which a potential hazard
might be found, and the aim is to clearly indicate the danger so that it may be avoided. Other signs
actually explain the precautions to take in order to avoid the hazard.

There are a great number of different signs in existence many may only be found once in a specific
location, but they are all important. These signs can convey a variety of meanings, because in many
cases, the simple warning of danger is not adequate. The very best health and safety systems use a
complete set of signs that not only help to prevent dangerous situations, but instruct workers in how
to deal with them. For instance, a hazardous gas sign may be accompanied by an instruction to wear
a gas mask. This is more effective than a lone warning symbol, which would not explain how to avoid
the potential hazard.

This is not to say that signs should be solely relied on; there is no substitute for a properly trained
workforce. Instead, the signs should serve as a reminder, and be of use to those who arent
necessarily familiar with an area or process. For this reason, it is critical that safety signs are easy to
understand. Simple graphics or words work far better than complex instruction in allowing a person to
make an immediate decision. Many are typically recognisable, such as the red circular prohibition
sign, but others might need to be more specific depending on the situation.

There are four main types of safety signage used in the workplace, and generally they use the same
colour schemes all over the world. Red is an indication of the potential of immediate danger, which
means action must be taken, or in fact something is prohibited. Yellow or amber is a warning that
precautionary steps should be taken to ensure safety. Blue is a mandatory instruction that often
accompanies danger or warning signs to ensure safety. Green is a safety sign, but does not mean
any kind of danger; instead it is used to indicate an escape route or first aid. A place of work which
has an effective health and safety system is likely to use all of these types of signs.

Having the proper signage in your place of work can significantly reduce accidents, and most
countries have legislation in place that means signs are legally required. Compliance is therefore both
beneficial and essential.
Emergency exits

One of the most effective ways to ensure that your workplace is safe is to have a well-thought out
crisis management plan in place. Part of this means taking the time to identify all emergency exit
routes. All and any exit within a building should be considered a potential exit to safety. However, on a
daily basis we see designated workplace doors marked with an Emergency Exit sign and a notice
not to open or an alarm will sound.

During the visit to Coca-cola factory, we noticed that there is no clear path or direction shown for
emergency exits. There is no briefing for student and visitors regarding the importance of emergency
route and person incharge. To improve this, the safety engineer must ensure there is enough
emergency exits suitable for number of workers in the factory. For example they should have
emergency staircase instead of using a electrical powered elevator during fire. On the other hand
they should design a quick pathway for worker to assembly during explosion because explosion occur
in a very short time where workers must escape this in a very short time.

However fire extinguisher can be seen indoor and outdoor where easily accessible despite they did
not provide contact number labeling for fire fighter. Overall the fire prevention is satisfying as they
design water spray on top of every production line, those nozzle will spray water evently incase the
smoke detector is sensed.