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Design of Rectangular Beam The values are Displayed in Blue color are the Input values

1 Section Forces (From STAAD)

Beam Number = 118


Load Case = 101
Bending Moment at Support = 299 KN.m
Bending Moment at Mid Span = 299 KN.m
Max Shear Force at support, Vu = 857 KN
Max Shear Force at mid span, Vu = 810 KN
Torsional Moment at support, Tu = 757 KN.m
Torsional Moment at mid span, Tu = 757 KN.m

2 Section Geometry
0.0035 0.45 fck
3/7xu
0.002
x
N Asc A
xu
0.42 xu
D

4/7xu c=0.36 fck b xu


Ast
Es
T
b 0.87fy/Es+0.002
Strain diagram Stress diagram
3 Design Datas

1. Length of Beam = 8 m
2. Width of Support = 230 mm
3. Depth of beam, D = 1000 mm
4. Width of Beam, B = 300 mm
5. Compressive strength of Concrete, Fck = 25 N/mm2
6. Yield Strength of steel, Fy = 415 N/mm2
7. Clear cover to the reinforcement, C = 30 mm
8. Diameter of Bar = 20 mm
9. Diameter of Shear reinforcement = 8 mm

4 Calculation of Design Forces


At support
Equivalent bending moment, Me1 = Mu + Mt As per Clause 41.4.2,
where IS:456:2000
Mu = bending moment at the cross-section
Mt = Tu(1+D/b/1.7)
Mt = 757000000((1 + (1000/300)/1.7)
= 1929.61 KN.m
1929.61>299
Provide additional tensile
As per Clause
reinforcement for torsion at support 41.4.2.1,
IS:456:2000
Me1 = 2228.6 KN.m
At mid Span
Equivalent bending moment, Me1 = Mu + Mt
where
Mu = bending moment at the cross-section
Mt = Tu(1+D/b/1.7)
Mt = 757000000((1 + (1000/300)/1.7)
= 1929.61 KN.m
1929.61>299
Provide additional tensile
reinforcement for torsion at mid
span

Me1 = 2228.6 KN.m


5 Effective depth required
Overall Depth, Dprovided = 1000 mm
Effective depth provided, dprovided = (D-CC-1/2 of bar)
= (1000-30-1/2 x 20)
= 960 mm
Mu.lim = (0.36 x Fck x (xu.max/d) x (IS:456:2000,
(1-0.42(xu.max/d)) x bd2 Annex G, clause
xu.max/d = 0.48 G.1.1.c)
Mu.lim = 3.45 bd2
d,reqd = (Mu.lim/Qb)1/2
= (2228610000 / ( 3.45 x 300 )) 1/2
= 1467.4 mm
1467.39 > 960
Revise the depth or Provide
doubly rein. beam
Mu.lim = 953.86 KN.m
Mu>Mu.lim
Doubly

6 Calculation of Longitudinal reinforcement

I) Longitudinal Reinforcement for Singly Reinforced Section

a) At Support
Mu/bd2 = 0
= 0
pt = 0
Ast = 0 mm2
Ast.min = 589.88 mm2
Ast = 589.88 mm2
No of bars = 0 Nos

b) At mid span
Mu/bd2 = 0
= 0
pt = 0
Ast = 0 mm2
Ast.min = 589.88 mm2
Ast = 589.88 mm2
No of bars = 0 Nos

II) Longitudinal Reinforcement for doubly Reinforced Section


As per ANNEX -G,
a) At Support (Tension reinforcement) Clause G.1.2,
IS:456:2000
Total tension steel,Ast = Ast1+Ast2
Mu.lim/bd2 = (953856000)/(300x960x960)
= 3.45
pt = 1.188
Ast1 = 3421.44 mm2

As2 = Mu-Mu.lim/0.87fy(d-d')
= 3837.7 mm2
Ast = 7259.1 mm2
No of bars = 24 Nos

b) At support (Compression reinforcement)

Asc = 0.87fyAst2/(fsc-0.447fck)
fsc = 0.87 fy
d' = 40 mm
fsc = 361.05 N/mm2
Asc = 3960.3 mm2
No of bars = 13 Nos

d) At mid span (Tension reinforcement)


Mu/bd2 = (953856000)/(300x960x960)
= 3.45
pt = 1.19
Ast = 3421.44 mm2
As2 = Mu-Mu.lim/0.87fy(d-d')
= 3837.7 mm2
Ast = 7259.1 mm2
No of bars = 24 Nos

e) At mid span (Compression reinforcement)

Asc = 0.87fyAst2/(fsc-0.447fck)
fsc = 0.87 fy
d' = 40 mm
fsc = 361.05 N/mm2
Asc = 3960.3 mm2
No of bars = 13 Nos
7 Check for shear capacity

Equivalent Shear at support, Ve = Vu +1.6(Tu/b)


= 857+(1.6x757/300)
= 861.04 KN
Equivalent Shear at mid span, Ve = Vu +1.6(Tu/b)
= 810+(1.6x757/300)
= 814.04 KN

Nominal shear stress at support, tve = Ve/bd As per clause 40.1,


= 861040/(300x960) IS:456:2000
= 2.976 N/mm2
pt = 2.5205
= 0.87fck/6.89pt
= 7.9567
Allowable shear stress at support, tc = 0.429 N/mm2
2.976>0.429
Provide shear reinforcement
tc.max = 4.15 N/mm2
2.976<4.15
O.K

Minimum reinforcement Asv/sv b = 0.4/0.87fy spacing


sv = 0 mm 47 mm
min spacing
Shear reinforcement Vus = Vu-tc bd 300 mm
= 733.45 KN
sv = 47 mm

Nominal shear stress at mid span, tve = Ve/bd


= 814040/(300x960)
= 2.827 N/mm2
pt = 1.3751
= 0.87fck/6.89pt
= 4.3408
Allowable shear stress at mid span, tc = 0.549 N/mm2
2.827>0.549
Provide shear reinforcement
tc.max = 4.15 N/mm2
2.827<4.15
O.K

Minimum reinforcement Asv/sv b = 0.4/0.87fy spacing


sv = 0 mm 53 mm
min spacing
Shear reinforcement Vus = Vu-tc bd 300 mm
= 655.93 KN
sv = 53 mm
Longitudinal reinforcement

Beam Dimensions Reinforcement, Area


Beam type At support At mid span
B, mm D, mm
top Bottom Top Bottom
300 1000 Doubly 7259.1 3960.3 3960.3 7259.1
Bar dia 25 20 16 25
25 0 0 20
Nos 15 2 3 5
0 0 0 0
7359.4 628 602.88 2453.1
Shear reinforcement at support
Bar dia 8 mm
Spacing 47 mm No of Stirrups Legged = 2

Shear reinforcement at support


Bar dia 8 mm
Spacing 53 mm No of Stirrups Legged = 2

8 Check for deflection

l/d, Actual = 8.33


l/d, Max = B.V x M.F
pt, = 100Ast/bd
= 2.52
fs = 0.58x fyx(Ast required/Ast provided)
fs = 712.27 N/mm2
Modification Factor = 0.4
l/d, Max = 0.4 X 26
= 10.4
10.4>8.33
O.K