You are on page 1of 30

SPECIFICATION NO.

ETI/PSI/137 (8/89)

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT
RESEARCH DESIGNS AND STANDARDS ORGANISATION
MANAK NAGAR, LUCKNOW 226011

SPECIFICATION

FOR

110 kV LIGHTNING ARRESTOR

ISSUED BY

TRACTION INSTALLATION DIRECTORATE


RESEARCH DESIGN AND STANDARDS ORGANISATION
MANAK NAGAR, LUCKNOW 226 011.

239
GOVERNMENT OF INDIA
MINISTRY OF RAILWAYS
RESEARCH DESIGNS AND STANDARDS ORGANISATION
MANAK NAGAR, LUCKNOW 226 011.

SPECIFICATION NO. ETI / PSI / 137 ( 8 / 89)

LIGHTNING ARRESTER METAL OXIDE GAPLESS TYPE

1.0 SCOPE

1.1 This specification covers the design, manufacture, testing and supply of metal oxide
gapless type lightning arresters intended for outdoor installation for protection of 220
kV / 25 kV or 132 kV / 25 kV or 110 kV / 25 kv or 66 kV / 25 kV single phase, 50 Hz
transformers and other equipments of 245 / 132 / 110 / 66 kV class installed in
traction sub-stations.

2.0 GOVERNING SPECIFICATION

2.1 As no national or international standard has been finalized on the subject till date, the
lightning arresters alongwith its accessories shall generally conform to the draft
circulated by IEC TC 37 (Secretariat) 68 WG 4, January 1987 on non-linear metal
oxide surge arresters without gaps for a.c. system and latest amendment thereof,
except where specified otherwise.

2.2 Assistance has been taken from the following standards / documents also while
preparing this specification:

i) IS : 1570 (Pt. V) - 1972 - Stainless and heat resisting steels.

ii) IS : 2099 1973 - Bushing for alternating voltages above


1000 volts (1st Rev. ) with Ameniment
No. 1

iii) IS : 2629 1966 - Recommended practice for hot dip


galvanizing of iron & steel.

iv) IS : 2633 1972 - Methods of testing uniformity of coating


on zinc coated articles (1st Rev.).

v) IS : 3070 (Pt. I) 1985) - Non-linear resistor type lightning arresters


(2nd Rev.).

240
vi) IS : 5358 1969 - Hot-dip galvanised coating on fasterners.

vii) IS : 5621 1980 - Hollow insulators for use in Electrical


equipment (1st Rev.)

viii) IS : 5561 1970 - Electric power connectors.

ix) IS : 8704 1978 - Methods for artificial pollution test on high


voltage insulators for use on a.c. systems.

x) IEC Publication 99 - Lightning arresters. Pt. I ; Non-Linear


resistor type arresters for ac systems.

2.3 Equipment meeting any other authoritative standards which ensures an equal of better
quality than the standard mentioned at para 2.1 above shall also be accepted. The
salient points of comparison between standard mentioned at para 2.1 above and other
standards adopted shall be clearly brought out in the tender and a complete set of
such standards (in English language) shall be supplied by the Tenderer alongwith the
tender.

2.4. Any deviation from this specification calculated to improve the performance, utility
and efficiency of the equipment proposed by the tenderer, will be given due
consideration, provided full particulars with justification thereof are furnished.

3.0 TRACTION POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM.

3.1 General :

The signal phase, 50 Hz power supply for railway traction at 25 kV is obtained from
220 / 132 / 110 / 66 kV three phase grid system through a step down single phase
power transformer, the primary winding of which is connected to between two of the
phases of three phase effectively earthed transmission line net work of the electricity
board. In order to reduce the imbalance on three three phase grid system, the two
phases of the three phase transmission line are tapped in a cyclic order, for feeling
successive substations. The distance between adjacent substation is normally
between 40 to 50 km depending upon the density of the traffic and gradients of the
section etc.

3.1.1 One terminal of the 25 kV secondary winding of the traction transformer is connected
to the overhead equipment (OHE) and the other terminal is solidly earthed and
connected to the appropriate running returns through the rail (s) and earth to the
substation. Where booster transformers and return conductors are used the return
current flows through these and partly through the earth in the vicinity of the

241
substation. Approximately midway between two adjacent substations a dead zone
known as the neutral section is provided to separate the different phases. The
power to the OHE on one side of the substation is controlled by an interrupter. In
case of a fault on the OHE the feeder circuit breaker isolates it. The incoming 220 /
132/ 110 / 66 kV supply voltage may vary between + 10% and 12.5% as per I.E.
Rule No. 54. A arrangement at a traction substation is at Appendix A.

3.2 Protection system :

3.2.1 The following relays are provided for the protection of 220 kV side of traction
transformer :

a) Differential protection.
b) IDMT over current protection.
c) Restricted earth fault protection.

3.3 Insulation levels :

Basic insulation levels of the sub-station equipment on the 220 / 132 / 110 / 66 kV
side is as under :

------------------------------------------------------
220kV 132kV 110kV 66kV
-----------------------------------------------------
a) One minute power frequency : 395 275 230 140
with stand voltage in kV (rms)

b) 1.2 / 50 micro second impulse : 950 650 550 325


withstand voltage in kVp

3.4 Impedance of traction transformer :

The percentage impedance of 20 MVA, 220 / 25 kV on 132 / 25 kV or 110 / 25 kV or


66 / 25 kV traction transformer at the principal tap position is ( 2 +/ - 0.5 ) %. Only
one transformer is in service at a time.
3.5 Short Circuit level :
The short circuit level varies between limits indicated in the table below :
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Nominal system voltage
Item ----------------------------------------------------------
220kV 132kV 110kV 66kV
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Maximum fault MVA 10,000 5,000 5,000 3,500
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

242
4.0 ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

4.1 The equipments would be in use in moist tropical climate and in areas subjected to
heavy rain-fall and severe lightning in India. The atmospheric conditions are given
below :
Max. temperature of air in shade - 45 deg.C

Min. temperature of air in shade - 0 deg . C

Average ambient air temperature 35 deg. C


over a period of 24 hours
Max. relative humidity. - 100 %

Average annual rain fall - 1750 to 6250 mm

Max. no. of thunder storm days - 85

Max. number of dust storm days per - 35


per annum.
Max. number of rainy days per year. - 120

Basic wind pressure. - 200 Kg / sq.mm.

Max. altitude. - 1000 metres.

4.2 The lightning arrester would also be subjected to chemical pollution from the effluent
gases of chemical plants exhaust of steam / diesel locomotives and to saline
atmosphere in coastal areas.
4.3 Vibrations :
The lightning arrester being installed on steel structure located by the side of railway
tracks, are subject to vibrations with the passage of trains. The amplitude of these
vibrations lies in the range of 30 to 150 microns, with instantantaneous peaks going
up to 350 microns. These vibrations occur with rapidly varying time periods in the
range of 15 to 70 ms.

243
5.0 TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION.

5.1 Rating and other particulars of the lightning arresters.


i) System Three phase a.c. system, solidly earthed.
ii) Nominal system voltage 66kV 110kV 132kV 220kV
(phase to phase)
iii) Permissible variation 66 + 10% 110 + 10% 132 + 10% 220 + 10%
-12.5% - 12.5% - 12.5% -12.5%
iv) Rated frequency 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz 50 Hz
v) Type of lightning Non linear, metal oxide resistor type,
arrester. without gaps.

vi) Line discharge class class 3 class 3 class 3 class 3

vii) Continuous operating 50kV rms 80kV rms 95 kV rms 168 kv rms
voltage capability
(phase to earth).

viii) Maximum discharge 160kVp 250kVp 350kVp 550kVp


voltage at nominal
discharge current.

ix) Nominal discharge 10 kA 10kA 10kA 10kA


current (8 / 20 wave).

x) Power frequency 117kV rms 174kV rms 228kV rms 380kv rms
voltage withstand for
arrester insulator.

xi) Pressure relief class Class A Class A Class A Class A

244
5.2 Construction :
5.2.1 The lightning arrester shall comprise of a number of non-linear resistor blocks,
housed inside the porcelain housing. Suitable provision to arrest the relative
movement of blocks shall be provided inside the porcelain housing. Lightning
arrester shall be of hermetically sealed construction to prevent moisture ingress. The
arrester shall have means for relieving internal pressure to prevent explosive
shattering of the housing. The pressure relief device shall explosive shattering of the
housing. The pressure relief device shall be of the Class A as per IS : 3070 (Pt. I).

5.2.2 The arresters shall be provided, if necessary with metal guard ring, circular in shape
to modify electrostatically the voltage gradient.

5.2.3 The arrester shall have base support suitably designed for mounting on a base plate
over a steel supporting structure as per details given in following table :

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
220kV 132kV 110kV 66kV
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
No. of bolts 6 (60 deg. 3 (120 deg. 3 (120 deg. 3 (120 deg.
apart) apart) apart) apart)
Size of bolts. M 12 M 16 M 16 M 16

Pitch Circle diameter. 254 mm 222 mm 222 mm 222 mm

5.2.4 The arrester shall be provided with a terminal connector conforming to IS : 5561.
The connector shall be of robust design and as per approved drawing suitable for
securing in ACSR Zebra conductor (28.62 mm diameter) on the live side. Suitable
provision on the earth side of the arrester shall be made for connecting two numbers
45 x 6 mm MS flats. An earthing pad with two holes of 13.5 mm dia is preferable.
All the hardware required for mounting the lightning arrester, insulating base and
surge monitor etc. shall be supplied by the manufacturer.
5.2.5 All ferrous parts used in manufacture of lightning arrester, its assembly and the
insulating base shall be hot-dip galvanised. Hardware of diameter less than 12 mm
shall be made out of stainless steel conforming to grade 04 Crl7Nil2 Mo2 of IS : 1570
Pt. V and those above or equal to 12 mm shall preferably be of stainless steel or of
mild steel hot dip galvanised to RDSOs specification No. ETI / OHE / 18 (4/84).

245
5.3 Insulating base :
One number insulating base made from best available porcelain shall be supplied by
the manufacturer alongwith each arrester. The insulating base shall also have same
mounting dimensions as of the lightning arrester mentioned in Clause 5.2.3.
5.4 Surge monitor :
5.4.1 To monitor the healthiness of the lightning arrester, each arrester shall be provided
with a surge monitor. Surge monitor shall be designed to record directly the number
of surges handled by the lightning arrester on a cyclometric counter, and also indicate
the leakage current passing through the lightning arrester on an ammeter
continuously. No push button shall be provided in the ammeter circuit for taking the
reading of the leakage current. Surge monitors shall be interchangeable and suitable
for outdoor service. Suitable terminal connectors and leads etc. shall be supplied
alongwith the surge monitor so that these can be installed at a convenient height for
ease of visibility. Suitable provision on the earth side of the surge monitor shall be
made for connecting two numbers 45 x 6 mm M.S. flats as indicated in Para 5.2.4
above. The design of surge monitor shall be as indicated in Para 5.2.4 above. The
design of surge monitor shall be such that in the eventuality of its failure, the
lightning arrester base should automatically be connected to the earth system.
5.5 Tenderer shall quote separately for :
i) surge monitor, and
ii) insulating base.
5.6 Name Plate
Each lightning arrester shall be provided with name plate legibly and indelibly
marked with the following information :
ontinuous operating voltage.
i) Rated voltage.
ii) Rated frequency.
iii) Nominal discharge current.
iv) Long duration discharge current.
v) Pressure relief class.
vi) Manufacturers name or trade-mark, type and identification.
vii) Year of manufacture.
viii) Purchase order number.

5.7 The lightning arrester shall be suitable for outdoor installation where the maximum
temperature attainable by an object exposed to sun is 65 deg. C. If required, the
manufacturer shall use a porcelain of light colour instead of brown colour to avoid
over-heating of the internal components of the arrester, for its satisfactory service.

246
6.0 TYPE TESTS
Following type tests shall be carried out in accordance with draft IEC TC 37 WG4
January 87 to prove the general quality of design and its conformity with the
specifications.
i) Power frequency reference voltage test.
ii) Residual voltage tests :

a) Steep current impulse residual voltage test,


b) Lightning impulse residual voltage test,
c) Switching impulse residual voltage test.

iii) Long duration current impulse withstand test.


iv) Operating duty tests :

a) Accelerated ageing test,


b) Heat dissipation behaviour of test samples,
c) Switching surge operating duty test,
d) Evaluation of thermal stability in operating duty test.
e) Power frequency voltage versus time characteristics of arrester.

v) Pressure relief test,


vi) Artificial pollution test,
vii) Insulation withstand tests:

a) Lightning impulse voltage test,


b) Power frequency voltage test.

viii) Other miscellaneous tests :


a) Galvanising test on metal parts,
b) Porosity test on porcelain components,
c) Temperature cycle test on porcelain housing,
d) Visual Examination of porcelain housing.

247
6.1 Power frequency reference voltage test :
This test shall be carried out at power frequency voltage and at an ambinet
temperature of 20 + / - 15 dec. C. The reference voltage shall be measured at defined
current at the knee of the current voltage characteristic of the arrester. The crest value
of the resistive component of the above defined arrester current shall be in the range
of 1 to 20 mA, depending on the nominal discharge current and / or long duration
discharge class of the arrester.
In addition, the resistive and capacitive component of the leakage current shall be
measured at continuous operating voltage.
6.2 Residual voltage tests
The test shall be made on three samples of complete arrester or arrester sections. The
time between discharge must be sufficient to permit the sample to return to
approximately ambient temperature. The maximum envelope of the test points shall
be drawn in a residual voltage / discharge current curve.
6.2.1 Steep current impulse resiudal voltage test :
A current impulse with 1 micro-second virtual front time shall be used with limites in
the adjustments of equipment of + / - 10%. The virtual time to half value on the tail
shall be not longer than 20 micro second. One current impulse with peak value equal
to the nominal discharge current of the arrester + / - 5% shall be applied to each
sample.
6.2.2 Lightning impulse residual voltage test :
A 8/20 current impulse shall be used with limits on the adjustments of equipment
such that the measured values are from 7 micro second to 9 micro-second for the
virtual front time and from 18 micro-second to 22 micro-second for the time to half
value on the tall. Three current impulses shall be applied to each sample with peak
values of approximately 0.5, 1.0 and 2.0 times the nominal discharge current of the
arrester.
6.2.3 Switching impulse residual voltage test :
Two current impulses of approximately 250 and 1000 Amps (peak) + / - 5% having a
virtual front time greater than 30 micro-second but less than 100 micro-second, and a
virtual time to half value on the tail of roughly twice the virtual front time shall be
applied to each of the three samples.
6.3 Long duration current withstand test :
This test shall be carried out on three new samples of complete arresters, arrester
sections or resistor elements, as per clause 59.1.2 of IEC TC 37 WG 4 January 1987
(Draft). The rated voltage of the test samples shall be at least 3 kV and need not
exceed 6 kV. The test shall consist of 18 discharge operations divided into six groups
of 3 operations. Intervals between operations shall be 50 to 60 seconds and between
groups such that the device cools to near ambient temperature.

248
6.4 Operating duty tests :
Two test shall be made on three samples of complete arresters or arrester sections.
The rated voltage of the test samples shall be at least 3 kV and need not exceed 12
kV. The power frequency test voltage to be applied to the test arrester section shall
be the voltage of the complete arrester divided by the total number of similar arrester
sections.
6.4.1 Accelerated ageing test :

This test procedure is designed to determine the voltage value UC* and UR* used in
the operating duty tests (See Annexure B), which will allow those tests to be carried
out on new resistors.
6.4.1.1 Test procedure
Three resistor samples shall be stressed at a voltage equal to the continuous operating
voltage of the sample for 1000 house, during which the temperature hall be controlled
to keep the surface temperature of the resister at 115 + / - 4 dec. C.
During this accelerated ageing the resistor may be in the surrounding medium used in
the arresters. In this case, the procedure shall be carried out on single resistors in a
closed chamber where the volume of the chamber is at least twice the volume of the
resister and where the density of the medium in the chamber is not less than the
density of the medium in the arrester.
If the manufacturer can prove that this procedure carried out in open air is equivalent
to the procedure carried out according to the above paragraph, then the procedure can
be carried out in open air.

The relevant voltage for this procedure is the corrected maximum continuous
operating voltage (UCT) which the resisters must support in the arrester including
voltage unbalance effects. This voltage should be determined from the formula :
UCT = UC (1 + 0.03L)
where L is the total length of the arrester in metres, and UC is the continuous
operating voltage of the arrester.
The ageing procedure described above shall be carried out on 3 typical samples of
resistor elements.
6.4.1.2 Determination of elevated rated and continuous operating voltages.
The three test samples shall be heated to 115 + / - 4 deg. C and the resistor power
losses P1CT shall be measured at a voltage UCT, 1 to 2 hours after the voltage
application. The resister power losses P2CT shall be measured after 1000 h (-0 + 100
h) of ageing under the same conditions without intermediate de-energising of the test
samples. Within the temperature range allowed both measurements shall be made at
the same temperature + / - 1 deg. C.

249
If P2CT is greater than P1CT the ratio KCT = P2CT / P1CT, is determined for each sample.
In such case, when testing for the operating duty tests the continuous operating
voltage UC and the rated voltage UR shall be increated to UC* and UR* respectively, in
order to match the increase of power losses due to ageing. If P2CT is equal or less than
P1CT, UC and UR should be used without any correction.
UC* and UR* are the highest of three values respectively, determined in the following
way :
On three new resistors at ambient temperature the power losses P1C and P1E shall be
measured at UC and UR respectively. Thereafter the voltage shall be increased to UC*
and UR* so that the corresponding power losses P2C and P2R fulfil the relation:
P2C P2R
------ = KCT : ---------- = KCT
P1C P1R
Where KCT is the biggest of three power loss ratios determined in the ageing test.

The measuring time should be short enough to avoid increased power loss due to
heating.
6.4.2 Heat dissipation behaviour of test sample
The test samples shall meet the requirements of Clause 60.3 of IEC TC 37 WG
4 (Draft) January 1987.
6.4.3 Switching surge operating duty test :

6.4.3.1 General
Before the switching surge operating duty test, the lightning impulse residual voltage
at nominal discharge current of each three test samples (resister elements) shall be
determined at ambient temperature.
Thereafter, the samples shall be exposed to a conditioning test consisting of twenty
current impulses with a time interval between the impulses of 50 to 60 seconds and
having an 8 / 20 impulse shape and peak value equal to the nominal discharge current
of the arrester. This first part of the conditioning may be carried out of the resistor
elements in open air at a still air temperature of 20 + / - 15 deg. C. This is followed
by two high current impulses of 65 kA, 4/ 10 microsecond impulse shape. The
measured peak value of the current impulses shall be within 90% and 110% of the
specified peak value. After this conditioning the sections are stored for future use in
this switching surge operating duty test (Annexure B).
6.4.3.2 Test procedure
At the beginning of the switching surge operating duty test the temperature of the
complete section shall be 60 + / - 3 deg. C.

250
The arresters shall be subjected to two long duration current impulses as specified in
clause 6.3. The time interval between the impulses shall be 50 to 60 seconds. The
conditioning impulses and the long duration current impulses shall be applied with
the same polarity.
After the second long duration current impulse the section shall be disconnected from
the line and connected to the power frequency source instantaneously, but not later
than 100 milliseconds after the impulse. The corrected rated voltage (UR) and the
corrected continuous operating voltage (UC) determined from the accelerated against
procedure describe shall be applied for a time period of 10 seconds and 30 minutes
respectively to prove thermal stability or thermal run-away.
Non-linear metal oxide resistor temperature or resistive component of current or
power dissipation shall be monitored during the power frequency voltage application
to prove thermal stability or thermal run-away.
Oscillographic records of the voltage and current through the test, sample shall be
made at the second long duration current impulse. The energy dissipated by the test
sample during the second operation shall be determined from the voltage and current
oscillograms and the energy value shall be reported in the type test report. The
current and voltage shall be registered continuously during the power frequency
voltage, application.
Following the complete test sequence and after the test sample has cooled to near
ambient temperature the residual voltage tests which were made at the beginning of
the test sequences, shall be repeated. The complete test sequence is illustrated in
Annexure B.
The arrester has passed the test if thermal stability is achieved (Ref : Clause 6.4.4), if
the change in residual voltage measured before and after the test is not hanged by
more than 5 % and if examined of the test samples after the test removals no evidence
of puncture, flashover or crack of the non-linear metal resistors.
6.4.4 Evaluation of thermal stability in the operating duty tests :
The arrester sections subjected to the operating duty tests are considered to be
thermally stable and pass the test if the peak of the resistive component of the
leakage current or power dissipation or resistor temperature is stabilised or steadily
decreases at least during the last part of the 30 minutes of UC* voltage application in
the procedures shown in Annexure B.
6.4.5 Power frequency voltage versus time characteristics of an arrester :
The manufacturer shall furnish the information as required by Clause 60.7 of IEC TC
37 WG 4 January 1987 (Draft).
6.5 Pressure Relief Test :
This test shall be carried out as per Clause 7.11 of IS 3070 (Pt. I).
6.6 Artificial Pollution Test :
This test is made to show that the temperature rise of the non-linear metal oxide
resistor elements of the arrester does not exceed the value on which the operating

251
duty tests are based on which the specified life performance characteristics of the
arrester are based.
The salt fog / solid layer method prescribed in IS : 8704 1978 shall be adopted for
carrying out this test.
The testing procedure is as follows :
The complete arrester shall be energised at its continuous operating voltage. At
different salinities which correspond to non-significant pollution, light pollution,
heavy pollution and very heavy pollution (refer IS : 3716 1976 Table 2), the
steady state temperature on the non-linear metal oxide resistors at different points of
the arrester shall be measured.
The temperature on the non-linear metal oxide resistance may be measured by
thermocouples through holes in the arrester housing, that may to a negligible extent
change the conditions of heat dissipation from the resistors. Alternatively, the
temperature on the non-linear metal oxide resistors can be registered with temperature
sensitive tape built in on the arrester assembly.
6.7 Insulation withstand test :
This test demonstrate the voltage withstand capability of the external insulation of
separately housed arresters.
6.7.1 Fifteen consecutive impulses at the test voltage value shall be applied for each
polarity. The arrester shall be considered to have passed the test if no internal
disruptive discharges occur and if the number of the external disruptive discharge
does not exceed two for each series of 15 impulses.

6.7.2 Power frequency voltage test :

This test shall be carried out as per Clause 7.5 of IS : 3070 (Pt. I)

6.8 Other miscellaneous tests :

6.8.1 Galvanising test on metal parts :

This test shall be carried out as per Clause 7.15 of IS : 3070 (Pt. I).

6.8.2 Porosity test on Porcelain components :

This test shall be carried out as per Clause 7.14 of IS : 3070 (Pt. I).

6.8.3 Temperature cycle test on porcelain housing :

The test shall be carried out as per Clause 7.13 of IS 3070 (Pt. I)

6.8.4 Visual examination of porcelain housing :

This test shall be carried out as per Clause 7.16 of IS : 3070 (Pt. I).

252
7.0 Before giving the call to RDSO / The Chief Electrical Engineer for inspection and
testing of the prototype of the system, the manufacturer shall submit a detailed test
schedule consisting of schematic circuit diagrams for each of the test and nature of
the test, venue of the test and the duration of each test and the total number of days
required to complete the test at one stretch. Once the schedule is approved, the test
shall invariably be done accordingly. However, during the process of type testing or
even later, RDSO representative reserves the right to conduct any additional test (s)
besides those specified herein on any equipment / sub-system or system so as to test
the system to his satisfaction or for gaining additional information and knowledge. In
case any dispute or disagreement arises between the manufacturer and RDSO / the
Chief Electrical Engineer during the process of testing as regards the type tests and /
or the interpretation and acceptability of the type test results, it shall be brought to the
notice of the Director General (Traction Installations), RDSO / the Chief Electrical
Engineer as the case may be, whose decision shall be final and binding.

8.0 Bulk manufacture of the lightning arrester shall be taken up only after specific written
approval is given by the purchaser to the successful tenderer on the basis of the tests
conducted on the prototype unit manufactured according to approved design and
drawings.

9.0 ACCEPTANCE TESTS

(a) Measurement of power frequency reference voltage.

(b) Lightning impulse residual voltage test at nominal and twice the nominal
discharge current..

(c) Partial discharge test: The power frequency voltage applied to the arrester
shall be increased up to its rated voltage and after less than 10 seconds
decreased to 1.05 times its continuous operating voltage. At that voltage the
partial discharge level according to IEC Publ. 270 shall be measured. The
measured value shall not exceed 50 pc.

10.0 ROUTINE TESTS

(a) Visual examination.

(b) Measurement of power frequency reference voltage.

(c) Lightning impulse residual voltage test at nominal discharge current of 10 kA.

(d) Measurement of leakage current at continuous operating voltage.

(e) Satisfactory absence from partial discharges and contact noise by any
sensitive method

253
11.0 TESTS ON SURGE MONITOR AND INSULATING BASE

While carrying out the prototype tests on the lightning arrester, following tests shall
also be done on the surge monitor and insulating base :

11.1 Surge monitor :

(i) Tests for satisfactory operation of surge counter while discharging surges.

(ii) Tests for correctness of leakage current meter before and after the passage of
surges.

(iii) Visual examination tests.

The above tests shall also form part of the routine tests.

11.2 Insulating base :

On the prototype insulating base, all tests stipulated vide Clause 6.8 above shall be
carried out. During routine tests, only visual examination of the insulating base shall
be done.

12. TECHNICAL DATA AND DRAWINGS

12.1 The tenderer shall indicate his compliance or otherwise against each clause and sub-
clause of the technical specification. The tenderer shall for this purpose enclose a
separate statement, if necessary, indicating the clause reference and compliance or
otherwise. Wherever the tenderer deviates from the provisions of the clauses, he shall
furnish his detailed remarks.

12.2 The tenderer shall furnish guaranteed performance data, technical and other
particulars for the lightning arresters in the proforma attached as Annexure A.

12.3 The information furnished in Schedule of guaranteed technical, performance, data and
other particulars shall be complete in all respects. If there is any entry like shall be
furnished later or blanks are left against any item, the tender is not likely to be
considered as such omissions causes delays in finalising the tender.

12.4 Drawings showing the overall dimensions of the lightning arrester, a cross-sectional
view indicating non-linear resistor blocks, retainer arrangement, terminal details,
method of connecting high tension on earthing leads and mounting arrangements and
evidence in the form of type test reports for the arrester, if available, shall be
submitted along with the tender.

12.5 The successful tenderer shall be required to submit the above mentioned detailed
dimensioned drawings for approval and shall also furnish six copies of the approved
drawings along with copies of transparent reproducible prints, as per Railway
Standards. (Standard proforma enclosed as Appendix III B).

254
12.6 The successful tender shall also be required to submit, copies of the technical
booklets, information manuals, test reports etc.

13.0 TECHNICAL COLLABORATION & INDIGENISATION

Progressive indigenisation of lightning arresters covered by this specification, is


contemplated. Design calculations, detailed manufacturing process and all relevant
information pertaining to transfer of technical know-how in this regard will be carried
out in such a manner between the overseas manufacturer and the Indian Manufacturer
as to ensure that the indigenous content of the lightning arrester made in India
increases progressively and rapidly without sacrificing quality and reliability.
Research Designs & Standards Organisation of the Indian Railways are to be
associated at various stages of indigenisation so as to take into account service
experience stages of indigenisation so as to take into account service experience while
attempting progressive indigenisation.

14.0 WARRANTY

14.1 All lightning arresters supplied against this contract irrespective of origin
(imported/indigenous) shall be guaranteed for trouble-free and fully satisfactory
performance for a period of 24 months from the date of supply or 18 months from the
date of commissioning, whichever is earlier. Details of the warranty clause, the
extent of responsibility on the part of the supplier and other relevant aspects will be
included in the contract. The tenderer may furnish his detailed terms in this regard in
his offer.

14.2 The supplier shall make necessary arrangement for close monitoring of performance
of lightning arresters through periodical visits to traction power sub-station/switching
posts for observations.

14.3 Technical guidance and assistance for proper operation and maintenance, trouble-
shooting investigation and generally all aspects of technical liaison that may be
required, shall also be organised by the supplier.

-----------------

This supersedes Specification numbers ETI / PSI / 53 (8 / 79) ETI / PSI / 42 (8/75),
ETI / PSI / 18 (8/75), ETI / PSI / 82 (2/87) with Addendum & Corrigenum Slip No. 1
issued in March 87 and ETI / PSI / 89 (4 / 87).

255
ANNEXURE A

SPECIFICATION NO. ETI / PSI / 89 (8 / 89) FOR LIGHTNING ARRESTER.

SCHEDULE OF GUARANTEED PERFORMANCE,

TECHNICAL AND OTHER PARTICULARS.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Sl.No. Description Unit of measurement

(1) (2) (3)

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Name of the manufacturer.

2. Country of origin.

3. Standard specification on which performance is based.

4. Manufacturers type designation.

5. Rated voltage (rms). kV

6. Continuous operating voltage. kV

7. Watt-loss at continuous operating voltage. Watt / kV

256
8. Watt loss at rated voltage. Watt / kV

9. Leakage current at C.O.V. mA

10. Leakage current at rated voltage mA

11. Rated frequency. Hz

12. Nominal discharge current (8/20 microsecond wave). kV

13. Residual voltage :

a) at 0.5 times nominal discharge current. kV (peak)

b) at nominal discharge current. kV (peak)

c) at twice the nominal discharge current. kV (peak)

14. Switching impulse residual voltage test with 45 x 90 kVp

microsecond current wave of 250 Amp & 1000 Amp.

15. Steep current impulse residual voltage test with 1 kVp

microsecond front time current wave of 10 kA peak.

16. High current impulse withstand (4/10 microsecond wave). kAp

17. Long duration current impulse rating :

257
a) Peak current. A Microsecond.

b) Virtual duration of peak.

c) Line discharge class of arrester.

18. Power frequency voltage withstand of arrester insulation

(rms).
kV

a) Dry.
kV

b) Wet.

19. Lightning impulse withstand voltage of arrester. kVp

20. Type of non-linear resistor disc, size (dia, height) and Dia mm Height mm kV

voltage rating.

21. No. of non-linear discs per section of arrester. No.

22. No. of sections in one arrester. No.

23. Material of retainer use inside lightning arrester bakelite,

ceramic, rubber or other material.

24. Is pressure relief device provided, if so, its class?

258
25. Overall dimensions :

a) Height mm

b) Diameter. mm

26. Net weight

27. Mounting base :

i) No. of holes. No.

ii) Dia of holes. mm

iii) Pitch circle dia. mm

28. Are the live and earth ends of arrester suitable

jumper/flats as specified?

29. Are grading rings provided?

30. V I characteristic curves of the Zn0 element at different

temperatures.

31. Any other technical data, the manufacturer may like to

furnish.

259
ANNEXURE B

Operating duty test for 10,000 A arresters line discharge Class 3, Clause 6.4.3.

Residual voltage measurement at In 8 / 20 1 x In 8 / 20

Time interval not specified.

Conditioning test 20 imp at In 8 / 20 20 x In 8 / 20


Conditioning.

1 Minute interval

Time interval not specified.

High current impulse conditioning on sections. 2 x 65 kA 4 / 10

Cooling to ambient temp. High current impulse

conditioning on sections.
Switching surge operating duty test

Hold for future use.

Cool to or preheat to 60 + 30 C

Long duration current impulse.

50 60 seconds.

Long duration current impulse.

260
As short as possible. Not longer than 100 m sec.

Rated voltage, 10 seconds. UR *

Continuous operating voltage 30 minutes. UC *

0
Cool to ambient 25 + 10 C

Residual voltage measurement at In 8 / 20 1 x In 8 / 20

Examination of test samples.

In. = nominal discharge current.

261
Sept. ` 1990

ADDENDUM & CORRIGENDUM SLIP NO. 1 TO SPECIFICATION NO. ETI / PSI /


137 (8 /89) FOR METAL OXIDE GAPLESS TYPE LIGHTNING ARRESTER FOR
USE ON 220 kV, 132 kV, 110 kV, 66 kV SIDE OF RAILWAY AC TRACTION SUB-
STATIONS.
__________________________________________________________________________

Page 7, Artificial pollution test

Clause 6. 0 (vi) :
Delete the clause.

Page 12, This clause may be re-read as under : -


Clause 9. 0 (d) :
Lightning impulse residual voltage on the complete arrester
or arrester unit at nominal discharge current if possible or at
current value in the range of 0.01 to 0.25 times nominal
discharge current of the lightning arrester.

Page 14, This clause may be re-read as under : -


Clause 10.0 (c) :
Lightning impulse residual voltage test either on complete
arrester, assembled arrester unit on or single or several
register elements at a suitable lightning impulse current in
the range between 0.01 & 2 times the nominal current at
which the residual voltage is measured.

Page 14, Add (f) leakage check by any sensitive method to see the
Clause 10.0 : efficacy of the sealing system.

----------------------------

262
FEBRUARY 1991.

Addendum & Corrigendum Slip No. 2 to Specification. No. ETI / PSI / 137 (8 / 89) for
metal oxide gapless type lightning arrester for use on 220 kV, 132 kV, 110 kV, 66 kV
side of railway a.c. Traction Sub-stations.

Page 6 This clause may be re-read as under :


Clause 5.6 (viii) Month & year of manufacture .
(X)

Page 6 Add : manufacturers


Clause 5.6 Serial number.

263
DECEMBER 1991

Addendum & Corrigendum slip No. 3 to Specification No. ETI / PSI / 137 (8 / 89) for
metal oxide gapless type lightning arrester for use on 220 kV, 132 kV, 110 kV, 66 kV
side of Railway a.c. traction Sub-stations.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
S. No. Clause No. & description. As amended
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Page 5, Clause 5.2.5 Substitute the following for the existing matter : -

5.2.5 all ferrous parts used in manufacture of


lightning arrester, its assembly and the insulating
bass shall be hot-dip galvanized. All fasteners of
diameter upto 12 mm shall be of stainless steel
conforming to grade 04 Cr 17 Ni 12 M02 of IS :
1570 Pt. V and those above 12 mm shall
preferably be of stainless steel or of mild steel hot
dip galvanized to RDSOs specification. No. ETI /
OHE / 18 (4 / 84).

2. Page No. 13 Substitute the following with the existing matter.


Clause - 6.8.1 6.3.1 Galvanising tests on metal parts.

3 samples of the cut pieces of galvanized


component shall be tested for conformity to RDSO
specification. No. ETI / OHE / 13 (4 / 84).

3. Page No. 17
Anexure A 6. No. 5 Substitute the following with the existing matter : -
5
(i) Rated voltage (r.m.s.) - kV
(ii) Rated frequency Hz.

4. Page. No. 17
Annexure A S. No. 11 Substitute the following with the existing matter : -
11
(i) Rated voltage of the Section (metal
Oxide disc.) kV
(ii) Maximum power frequency reference
voltage of the section kV.
(iii) Minimum power frequency reference
voltage of the section kV
Reference current of the lightning arrester ma.

264
AUGUST 1994

Addendum & Corrigendum slip No. 4 to Specification No. ETI / PSI / 137 (8 / 89) for
metal oxide gapless type lightning arrester for use on 220 kV, 132 kV, 110 kV and
66 kV side of Railway AC traction Sub-station.

----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
S. No. Clause No. & description. As amended
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

1. Page 7, Artificial Pollution Test : -


Clause 6.0 (vi)
Add this test. This test is to be carried out as per
ANSI / IEEE C6 2.11.1987.

2. Page 6, Add this clause after clause 5.4.


Clause 5.4.2
Surge Monitor shall be provided only on 198 kV
Lightning Arrestor.

3. Page 6, Existing line may be read as under :


Clause 5.3,
Para 1, Shall be supplied by the manufacturer with
Line 2. 198 kV lightning arrestor only.

265
APRIL 2001

Addendum & Corrigendum slip No. 5 to Specification No. ETI / PSI / 137 (8 / 89) for
metal oxide gapless type lightning arrester for use on 220 kV, 132 kV, 110 kV, 66 kV
and 22 kV side of Railway AC traction Sub-station.

S. No. Clause No. & As amended


description

1. Clause 1.1 This clause may be re-read as under :

This specification covers the design, manufacture, testing and


supply of metal oxide gapless type lightning arrester intended for
outdoor installation for protection of 220 kV / 25 kV or 132 kV / 25
kV or 110 kV / 25 kV or 66 kV / 25 kV or 22 kV / 25 kV single
phase, 50 Hz transformer and other equipment of 245/ 132/ 110 /66
/22 kV class installed in traction substation.

2. Clause 3.1 First line of this clause may be re-read as under :

The single phase, 50 Hz power supply for Railway traction at 25kV


is obtained from 220/132/110/66 & 22 kV three phase grid system
through a step down / step up single phase power transformer. The
primary winding of which is connected to between two of the
phases of 3 effectively earthed transmission line network of the
electricity Board.

3. Clause 3.1.1 Second last line of this clause may be re-read as under :

The incoming 220/132/110/66/22 kV power supply may vary


between +10% and 12.5% as per IE rule no. 5.1.

4. Clause 3.3 Add the following in existing table : 22 kV


i) one minute power frequency 50
withstand voltage in kV rms.

ii) 1.2/50 micro second impulse 125


withstand voltage kVp.

5. Clause 3.4 Impedance of traction transformer. This clause may be re-read as


under :
The % impedance of 20 MVA, 220 kV / 25 kV or 132 kV / 25 kV
or 110 kV / 25 kV or 66 kV / 25 kV or 22 kV / 25 kV traction
transformer at the principal tap position is (12 = / - 0.5 ) %. Only
one transformer is in service at a time.

266
6. Clause 3.5 Add in this clause as under : 22 kV

Maximum fault in MVA 1000

7. Clause 5.1 Add the clause as under :

i. System ------------------------------ do ----------------------------


ii. Nominal system voltage (phase to phase) 22 kV
iii. Permissible variation 22+10%
- 12.5%
iv. Rated frequency 50 Hz
v. Type of lightning arrester ---------- do --------------------------
vi. Line discharge class 2
vii. Continuous operating voltage (phase to earth) 15 kVrms
viii. Maximum discharge voltage at nominal 56 kVp
discharge current.
ix. Nominal discharge current (8/20 wave) 10 kA
x. Power frequency voltage withstand for 50 kVrms
Arrester insulator
xi. Pressure relief class. A

8. Clause 5 Add the existing clause as under :

No. of bolts (equally spaced) 3(120 apart) 3(120 apart)


Size of bolts M-16 M-16
Pitch circle diameter 222 222

267
RDSO Specification No. ETI / PSI / 137 / (8/89) Specification for 110 kV
Lightning Arrestor.

The following amendments are made in addition to the addendum and corrigendum
slips issued to the specification.

Sl.No. Para No. Amendment

1. Para 3.1 In line 8, substitute 40 km and 50 km with 6.5 km and 25


km

2. Para 3.1.1 In line 8, substitute the word interrupter with the


word
Circuit Breaker.

3. Para 4.1 In line 5, Substitute 0C with 5C


In line 12, substitute 200 Kg./sq.mm with 112.5
kg/sq.mm.

4. 5.2.4 In line 5, substitute 45 x 6 mm with 50 x 6 mm

5. 5.4 In line 10, substitute 45 x 6 mm with 50 x 6 mm

6. 5.5 Deleted.

7. 13.0 Deleted.

8. 14.1 In line 3, substitute 24 with 36

and 18 with 24

Delete the sentences starting with Details of the


warranty clause till . in this regard in his
offer

268