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Results:

Part 1: Determination of the molarity of H2O2

Mass of KI (g) 2.0000 2.0003

Initial burette reading


0 0
(cm3)
Final burette reading
47.10 47.60
(cm3)
Volume of sodium
47.10 47.60
thoisulphate used (cm3)

2.0000 2.0003
Average mass of KI = 2 = 2.00015 g
47.10 47.60
Average volume of sodium thoisulphate used = 2 = 47.35 cm3
Part 2: Kinetic run
i. At 30C

Total titrant volume Total time from


[H2O2] (mol/l) ln [H2O2]
Vt (cm3) beginning, t (s)
5 39.33 0.2118 -1.5521
10 - 0.1868 -1.6777
15 68.54 0.1618 -1.8214
20 136.87 0.1368 -1.9892
23 198.72 0.1218 -2.1054
26 239.80 0.1068 -2.2368
29 284.38 0.0918 -2.3881
32 337.14 0.0768 -2.5666
34 397.84 0.0668 -2.7061
36 441.84 0.0568 -2.8682
38 492.74 0.0468 -3.0619
40 547.36 0.0368 -3.3023

ii. 40C

Total titrant volume Total time from


[H2O2] (mol/l) ln [H2O2]
Vt (cm3) beginning, t (s)
5 - 0.2118 -1.5521
10 - 0.1868 -1.6777
15 89.71 0.1618 -1.8214
20 128.45 0.1368 -1.9892
23 158.40 0.1218 -2.1054
26 185.36 0.1068 -2.2368
29 220.92 0.0918 -2.3881
32 261.36 0.0768 -2.5666
34 296.49 0.0668 -2.7061
36 329.46 0.0568 -2.8682
38 357.18 0.0468 -3.0619
40 388.16 0.0368 -3.3023
Calculations:
Part 1: Determination of the molarity of H2O2
2 HI + H2O2 I2 + 2 H2O
I2 + 2 Na2S2O3 Na2S4O6 + 2 NaI
1 mole of H2O2 form 1 mole of I2
1 mole of I2 reacts with 2 moles of Na2S2O3
M H 2O 2 VH 2O 2 1

M Na 2S2O3 VNa 2S2O3 2

(M H 2O 2 )(10cm 3 ) 1
3

(0.1M )( 47.35cm ) 2
M H2O2 = 0.2368 M

Part 2: Kinetic run


Initial [H2O2] = 0.2368 M

When x cm3 of sodium thoisulphate was added,


M H 2O 2 VH 2O 2 1

M Na 2S2O3 VNa 2S2O3 2

1 (M Na 2S2O3 )( VNa 2S2O3 )



2 VH 2O 2
[H2O2] reacted =
M Na 2S2O3 = Molarity of sodium thoisulphate (0.1 M)

VNa 2S2O3 = Total titrant volume Vt

VH 2O 2 = Volume of hydrogen peroxide added (10cm3)

[H2O2] remains at time t = initial [H2O2] - [H2O2] reacted


when 5 cm3 of sodium thoisulphate was added,
1 (M Na 2S2O3 )( VNa 2S2O3 )

2 VH 2O 2
[H2O2] reacted =
1 (0.1M )(5cm 3 )

= 2 10cm 3
= 0.025 M

[H2O2] remains at time t = initial [H2O2] - [H2O2] reacted


= 0.2368 M - 0.025 M
= 0.2118 M

Activation energy
At 30C,
-k1 = gradient of graph 1
(2.9) (2.0)
= 450 160
= -3.1034 x 10-3 s-1
k1 = 3.1034 x 10-3 s-1

At 40C,
-k1= gradient of graph 2
(3.2) (2.1)
= 400 150
= -4.4 x 10-3 s-1
k1 = 4.4 x 10-3 s-1

k1' ' E a T2 T1
ln
k1 ' R T1T2

4.4 x 10-3 s -1 Ea 313.15 303.15


ln -3 -1
1 K
3.1034 x 10 s 8.314 J K mol 303.15 313.15
-1

Ea = 27553 J mol-1
k2 for each temperature
H2SO4 + KI HI + K2SO4
mass
No of mol of KI = molar mass
2.00015 g
= 166.0028 g/mol
= 0.01205 mol
No of mol of KI 1000
[HI]0 = Volume
0.01205 mol 1000
= 265
= 0.04547 M

At 30C,
k1 = k2 [HI]0
3.1034 x 10-3 s-1 = k2 (0.04547 M)
k2 = 0.06673 M-1 s-1

At 40C,
k1= k2 [HI]0
4.4 x 10-3 s-1 = k2 (0.04547 M)
k2 = 0.09678 M-1 s-1